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Historic account of circumstances of the writing the lyrics of the USA National Anthem. Historic and Emotonal Event

Historic account of circumstances of the writing the lyrics of the USA National Anthem. Historic and Emotonal Event

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  • 1. Is It Still There? Presented by Brenda Music: The Star Spangled Banner by GVB
  • 2. Is It Still There?
  • 3. Is It Still There?
  • 4. Is It Still There?
  • 5. Is It Still There?
  • 6. Is It Still There?
  • 7. Is It Still There?
  • 8.   During the war of 1812, Key, accompanied by the British Prisoner Exchange Agent Colonel John  Stuart Skinner, dined aboard the British ship HMS Tonnant, as the guests of three British officers:  Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane, Rear Admiral George Cockburn, and Major General  Robert Ross. Skinner and Key were there to negotiate the release of prisoners, one of whom was  Dr. William Beanes, a resident of Upper Marlboro, Maryland who had been arrested after putting  rowdy stragglers under citizen's arrest. Skinner, Key, and Beanes were not allowed to return to their  own sloop because they had become familiar with the strength and position of the British units and  with the British intent to attack Baltimore. As a result of this, Key was unable to do anything but  watch the bombarding of the American forces at Fort McHenry during the Battle of Baltimore on the  night of September 13–14, 1814.[5] At dawn, Key was able to see an American flag still waving and reported this to the prisoners below  deck. On the way back to Baltimore, he was inspired to write a poem describing his experience,  "Defence of Fort McHenry", which he published in the Patriot on September 20, 1814. He intended  to fit it to the rhythms of composer John Stafford Smith's "To Anacreon in Heaven",[5]  a popular tune  Key had already used as a setting for his 1805 song "When the Warrior Returns," celebrating U.S.  heroes of the First Barbary War. (Key used the "star spangled" flag imagery in the earlier song.)[6]  It  has become better known as "The Star Spangled Banner". Under this name, the song was adopted  as the American national anthem, first by an Executive Order from President Woodrow Wilson in  1916 (which had little effect beyond requiring military bands to play it) and then by a Congressional  resolution in 1931, signed by President Herbert Hoover Francis Scott Key
  • 9. Is It Still There?
  • 10.     George Armistead Armistead was born in Newmarket, Caroline County, Virginia.[1]  He was one of five brothers who  served in the War of 1812, either in the regular army or militia. He distinguished himself at the  capture of Fort George from the British, near the mouth of Niagara River in Canada on May 27,  1813 while serving as an artillery officer at Fort Niagara. He would later carry the captured  British flags to President James Madison. Upon his arrival in Washington, Armistead was  ordered to "take command of Fort McHenry."[2] When he arrived at Fort McHenry, located in the outer harbor of Baltimore, Maryland, Armistead  ordered "a flag so large that the British would have no difficulty seeing it from a distance".[3]  That  flag, known as the Star Spangled Banner Flag, measured 42' x 30', and was made by Baltimore  resident Mary Pickersgill, her daughter, and seven seamtresses, and would be later  memorialized by Francis Scott Key in the poem "The Star Spangled Banner", which later  became the American national anthem. During the nearly 25-hour bombardment of Fort McHenry, commencing before dawn on  September 13 until the morning of September 14, 1814, Armistead alone knew the fort’s  magazine was not bombproof. When a shell crashed through the roof of the magazine but failed  to explode, Armistead ordered the powder barrels cleared out and placed under the rear walls of  the fort. Remarkably, only four men were killed, when two shells smashed into the fort's  southwest bastion, despite a deadly rain of some 2,000 mortar shells that the British  bombardment fleet fired at the fort. Because the Royal Navy proved unable to capture or reduce  the fort in order to enter Baltimore harbor to bombard the main American defense line east of  the city, British commander-in-chief Vice Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane wrote to British Army  commander Colonel Arthur Brooke that it was up to him whether to decide to attack or withdraw.  Brooke, who had taken over from Major-General Robert Ross, who was mortally wounded just  before the Battle of North Point on September 12, decided to withdraw.  
  • 11. Commander George Armistead
  • 12. (“The Star-Spangled Banner”) by Francis Scott Key (1779-1843) O! say can you see by the dawn’s early light What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming? Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight, O’er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming? And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there. O! say does that star-spangled banner yet wave O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave? On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep, Where the foe’s haughty host in dread silence reposes, What is that which the breeze, o’er the towering steep, As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses? Now it catches the gleam of the morning’s first beam, In full glory reflected now shines in the stream: ’Tis the star-spangled banner! Oh long may it wave O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave. And where is that band who so vauntingly swore That the havoc of war and the battle’s confusion, A home and a country should leave us no more! Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps’ pollution. No refuge could save the hireling and slave From the terror of flight, or the gloom of the grave: And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave. O! thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand Between their loved home and the war’s desolation! Blest with victory and peace, may the heav’n rescued land Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation. Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just, And this be our motto: ’In God is our trust.’ And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave!
  • 13. The Smithsonian THE END