The International Space Station is now fully assembled and serves as the cornerstone of NASA’s Human Space Flight Operations and serve as a national laboratory. A six-member crew will continue to live and work aboard the International Space Station 24/7 until at least 2020. Station will be the centerpiece of our human spaceflight activities for the coming years, and the research and technology breakthroughs aboard Station will facilitate our travel to destinations beyond low Earth orbit. 1,200 experiment supporting 1,600 scientists in 59 countiesECLSS (environmental control and life support systems) – Achieved 70-80% water and air recycling on ISS; on the way to reducing logistics to support humans in space by 85% Human Research – Advancing knowledge needed to send humans on exploration missions beyond Earth and improve human health on EarthMaterials Testbed– Better understanding of materials properties has shortened satellite component development time by as much as 50% and is important to future spacecraft designEarth Observations – Daily ISS passes over 95% of population centers documenting global change & geographic eventsReaching Students –30+ million students have participated in human space flight though communication downlinks and interactive experiments with the ISS astronauts ISS Research and Developmental Technologies: Closed-loop life support, Advanced monitoring & control, In-space assembly, Maintainability, supportability and logistics, Solar panels and batteries, EVA technologies, Automated systems, Exercise systems, Medical care, Food systems
ECLSS (environmental control and life support systems) – Achieved 70-80% water and air recycling on ISS; on the way to reducing logistics to support humans in space by 85% Human Research – Advancing knowledge needed to send humans on exploration missions beyond Earth and improve human health on Earth**Materials Testbed– Better understanding of materials properties has shortened satellite component development time by as much as 50% and is important to future spacecraft designEarth Observations – Daily ISS passes over 95% of population centers documenting global change & geographic eventsReaching Students –30+ million students have participated in human space flight though communication downlinks and interactive experiments with the ISS astronauts **ISS028-E-016111 (12 July 2011) --- This close-up image, recorded during a July 12 spacewalk, shows the Materials on International Space Station Experiment - 8 (MISSE-8). The experiment package is a test bed for materials and computing elements attached to the outside of the orbiting complex. These materials and computing elements are being evaluated for the effects of atomic oxygen, ultraviolet, direct sunlight, radiation, and extremes of heat and cold. This experiment allows the development and testing of new materials and computing elements that can better withstand the rigors of space environments. Results will provide a better understanding of the durability of various materials and computing elements when they are exposed to the space environment, with applications in the design of future spacecraft.
Transcript of "Olson aas 2012 goddard v briefed"
National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationInternational Engagement & Partnerships:Building on the Past, Boldly Collaboratingfor the FutureGoddard Memorial Symposium28 Mar 2012Dr. John OlsonDirector, Strategic Analysis & Integration DivisionHuman Exploration & Operations Mission DirectorateNASA Headquarters
Cornerstone of Exploration:The International Space Station Scientific Laboratory • Technology Test Bed • Orbiting Outpost • Galactic Observatory New Approach: CASIS Sustain Human Health and Performance • Ensure Systems Readiness • Validate Operational Procedures 2
International Space Station: Research and Technology Applications & Demo Testbed1,200 experiments supporting 1,600 scientists in 63 counties Improving Life Support: Improving Zero-G Health: Observing Planet Earth: 70-80% water and air Bone loss prevention Documenting global change and geographic recycling on ISS through exercise and space events; aiding in disaster relief medicine Leveraging a Materials Testbed: Teaching 30+ million students from ISS: Improving satellite component development Students participate in downlinks and and spacecraft design interactive experiments with ISS astronauts ISS Research and Developmental Technologies: Closed-loop life support • Advanced monitoring & control • In- space assembly • Maintainability • supportability and logistics • Solar panels and batteries • EVA technologies 3 • Automated systems • Exercise systems • Medical care • Food systems
A History of Collaboration and Cooperation:ISS as a Stepping-Stone for Deep-Space Exploration International Cooperation = Vital 4
International Space Exploration Coordination Group:ISECGTerms of Reference• Work collectively in a non-binding, consensus-driven manner toward advancing the Global Exploration Strategy – Provide a forum for discussion of interests, objectives and plans – Provide a forum for development of conceptual products – Enable the multilateral or bilateral partnerships necessary to accomplish complex exploration missions – Promote interest and engagement in space exploration among citizens and society• ISECG operating principles – Open and inclusive, flexible and evolutionary, effective, mutual interest• ISECG chairmanship rotates approximately once per year 5
The ISECG Global Exploration Roadmap The first iteration of the Global Exploration Roadmap (GER) was released by ISECG in September 2011 Second iteration planned end 2012/early 2013 The GER reflects the international effort to collaboratively define technically feasible and programmatically implementable exploration mission scenarios with the common goal of humans on the surface of Mars Asteroid Next, Moon Next GER serves as a non-binding reference for agencies to inform near-term decisions related to exploration preparatory activities 6
ISECG Global Exploration Roadmap: Two Exploration Pathways in a Common Strategy Mars: Ultimate Deep Space Habitat at Goal for All Earth-Moon Lagrange Point1 Scenarios ① Lunar ＩＳＳ LEO Asteroid Surface & （LEO）ISS Lunar Mars Surface Surface Earth-Moon ② Astreroid or Lagrange L1 Mars Orbit Next Steps Near-term Focus on Guiding Capabilities, Long-term Focus is Discovery Driven and Enhanced 7 Technologies and Leveraging ISS by Emerging Technologies Given their broad-based benefits, International Partnerships are essential.The Global Exploration Roadmap is consistent with NASA’s Capability-Driven Framework for Human Space Exploration.
ISECG Global Exploration RoadmapIteration 1: Sept 2011
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