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  1. 1. Aug. 2, 2013 Stanford University and PARC 1
  2. 2. Stanford University 2
  3. 3. The Facts of Stanford university  Overview  An American private university located in Stanford, California  Situated in the northwestern Silicon Valley, approximately 20 miles (32 km) northwest of San Jose and 37 miles (60 km) southeast of San Francisco.  known for its entrepreneurial character, drawn from the legacy of its founders, Jane and Leland Stanford, and its relationship to Silicon Valley  Areas of excellence range from the humanities to social sciences to engineering and the sciences. 3
  4. 4. The Facts of Stanford university  The most prestigious university  One of the most prestigious universities in the world       19 Nobel Prize laureates 152 members of the National Academy of Sciences 95 members of National Academy of Engineering 66 members of Institute of Medicine 268 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 4 Pulitzer Prize winners University rankings National Global ARWU ARWU 2 Forbes 1 QS 15 U.S. News & World Report 6 Times 2 Washington Monthly 4 2 3
  5. 5. The Facts of Stanford university  Students and faculties Main source of money 5
  6. 6. The Facts of Stanford university  Endowment Hoover Tower from the President Hoover Packard Electrical Engineering Building William Gates Building from Bill Gates (not an alumnus!) Hewlett Teaching Center Has been developing the strong network with IT people around Silicon Valley 6
  7. 7. The History of Stanford university  Origins  Stanford was founded by Leland Stanford, a railroad magnate, United States senator, and former California governor, and his wife, Jane Lathrop Stanford.  With the belief of "The children of California shall be our children.” after their child’s death.  The university officially opened on October 1, 1891 to 559 students. 7
  8. 8. The History of Stanford university  Early stage of 20th century  The Hoover Institution Library and Archives (official name: Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace) at Stanford was set up in 1920 by Herbert Hoover, one of Stanford’s first graduates.  Aimed American relief efforts in Europe after World War I 8
  9. 9. The History of Stanford university  Post-1945  Mainly started to focus on Biology, High tech, and Physics  High tech: During the 1940s and 1950s, Frederick Terman, as dean of engineering and provost, encouraged faculty and graduates to start their own companies. He is credited with nurturing Hewlett-Packard, Varian Associates, and other high-tech firms, until what would become Silicon Valley grew up around the Stanford campus.  Stanford University supplied laboratories and money to any entrepreneurs A start of Silicon Valley growth! From the beginning, mentor system and venture capitalism existed 9
  10. 10. The History of Stanford university  Recent history  Since 2000, Stanford has expanded dramatically. In February 2012, Stanford announced the conclusion of the Stanford Challenge. In a period of five years, Stanford raised $6.2 billion, exceeding its initial goal by $2 billion, making it the most successful university fundraising campaign in history  ‘The start of internet era’  The Internet is central to the story of the relationship between Stanford University and Silicon Valley  Google got its start at Stanford when Sergey Brin and Larry Page developed their page rank algorithm as graduate students in the 1990s  Before them, alumni Jerry Yang and David Filo founded Yahoo  Other legendary Silicon Valley companies with strong ties to Stanford include Cisco Systems, Hewlett-Packard Company, Intuit, Silicon Graphics, and Sun Microsystems. 10
  11. 11. StartX project in Stanford  What they do  Community: A close-knit peer community of the best Stanford entrepreneurs  Alumni Network: A network of 250+ high quality StartX alumni founders in all industries  Mentorship: Top tier mentorship from 200+ serial entrepreneurs, investors, and industry experts  Training: Access to training and information from relevant experts in any industry  Resources: Over $100,000 of free resources: office space, free legal, banking, $60k cloud computing, accounting, software  Financial Aid: We offer need-based financial aid to our founders  Access to Capital: Connections to every top investment firm and angel group, as well as a large number of individual angel investors 11
  12. 12. StartX project in Stanford  What they do not  StartX is a nonprofit organization, and they take no equity from participants  How they can fund  StartX is a community of the best startup founders out of Stanford designed, built and run by other founders  They supply only to Stanforders from undergrads to PhDs, postdocs, professors, and alumni  Well-evaluated before the participation to StartX 12
  13. 13. Social Innovation in Stanford  The definition A novel solution to a social problem that is more effective, efficient, or sustainable than existing solutions and for which the value created accrues primarily to society as a whole rather than private individuals. Innovation criteria New to user Improvement 13 Social criteria Sustainable Public value Social Innovation
  14. 14. Social Innovation in Stanford  Social entrepreneurs  Social entrepreneurs play the role of change agents in the social sector, by:  Adopting a mission to create and sustain social value (not just private value),  Recognizing and pursuing new opportunities to serve that mission,  Engaging in a process of continuous innovation, adaptation, and learning, and  Acting boldly without being limited by resources currently in hand 14
  15. 15. Social Innovation in Stanford Micro Finance 15 Emissions Trading Charter Schools Socially Responsible Investing Fair Trade
  16. 16. Social Innovation in Stanford Arts, Culture, and Religion Social Entrepr eneursh ip CSR Nonprof it Manage ment Human Rights Econom ic Develop ment Center for Social InnovationEducati Change lives. Change organizations. on Change the world. Healthc are Environ ment Leaders hip 16 Govern ment
  17. 17. PARC 17
  18. 18. Introduction  Overview  Xerox PARC is a research and development company in Palo Alto with a distinguished reputation for its contributions to information technology and hardware systems  Founded in 1970 as a division of Xerox  PARC has been responsible for such well known and important developments as laser printing, Ethernet, the modern personal computer, GUI, object-oriented programming, ubiquitous computing, amorphous silicon applications 18
  19. 19. Introduction  History  In 1969, Chief Scientist at Xerox Jack Goldman approached George Pake, a physicist specializing in nuclear magnetic resonance about starting a second research center  PARC's West Coast location proved to be advantageous in the mid1970s, when the lab was able to hire many employees of the nearby SRI Augmentation Research Center as that facility's funding from DARPA, NASA, and the U.S. Air Force began to diminish 19
  20. 20. Their philosophy  Strengthens  Flexibilities  PARC was selected Palo Alto as the site, although the 3,000 mile buffer between it and Xerox headquarters in Rochester, New York  Afforded scientists at the new lab great freedom to undertake their work, the distance also served as an impediment in persuading management of the promise of some of their greatest achievements  Wide range of research field           20 Innovation Services Content-Centric Networking Printed and Flexible Electronics Cleantech and Energy Big Data Clean Water Contextual Intelligence Design and Digital Manufacturing Health and Wellness Intelligent Automation
  21. 21. Their philosophy  Network to Stanford University  Being situated on Stanford Research Park land leased from Stanford University allowed Stanford graduate students to be involved in PARC research projects, and PARC scientists to collaborate with academic seminars and projects  The relationship with Apple  Apple firstly succeeded GUI on its Macintosh, inspired by PARC’s GUI technology  Supports to venture clients  Technology supports and joint researches with startups  Capital rent to them as a form of rooms, PCs, software, research facilities 21
  22. 22. Their business model  How they are earning  Even though sponsored research from Xerox is a main source of money to support their business model, others have been increasing recently  One is the sponsored research from other corporates such as Vmware, Fujitsu, DNP, Samsung, NEC, and so forth  Another is the payback from the investment to venture capital 22 Venture clients Sales from Xerox as a main customer Other corporate
  23. 23. Thank you for your attention. We are looking forward to seeing novel findings in Silicon Valley… 23