STD Slide Presentation
RISKY SEXUAL PRACTICES & STD’S <ul><li>High risk sexual partners </li></ul><ul><li>Risky  activities in addition to vagina...
Bacterial/Other STD’s <ul><li>Chlamydia </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>Trichomon...
CHLAMYDIA <ul><li>No symptoms in up to 75% of infected women  and up to 50% men </li></ul><ul><li>A major cause of pelvic ...
Symptoms of Chlamydia <ul><li>Abnormal  discharge from penis </li></ul><ul><li>Burning  sensation  when urinating </li></u...
Chlamydia Testing and Treatments <ul><li>Some sites do urine testing for Chlamydia </li></ul><ul><li>Others require that a...
Gonorrhea <ul><li>Gonorrhea is sometimes called clap, drip, dose, strain, gleet or the whites </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea ...
Symptoms of Gonorrhea <ul><li>Most women who are infected have NO symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Easily mistaken for a bladder...
Gonorrhea Testing and Treatments <ul><li>Easily detected by a urine test or swab </li></ul><ul><li>Several antibiotics can...
Gonorrhea Testing for Men
Syphilis <ul><li>It has been called “the great imitator” because so many of the signs and symptoms are indistinguishable f...
Syphilis Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Many people infected do not have any symptoms for years, yet remain at risk for late c...
Primary Stage <ul><li>A painless sore called a chancre may be located on the genitals, lips, anus  or other area of direct...
Syphilis Secondary Stage <ul><li>Skin rashes lasting 2 – 6 weeks (average of 4 weeks) on the palms of the hands, bottoms o...
Symptoms of Syphilis Late Stage <ul><li>Paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Insanity </li></ul><ul><li>Blindness </li></ul><ul><li...
Syphilis Testing and Treatment <ul><li>Easily detected by a blood test </li></ul><ul><li>Easily cured with antibiotics </l...
Trichomoniasis <ul><li>Is a common sexually transmitted disease that affects both women and men, although symptoms are mor...
Trichomoniasis Symptoms in Women <ul><li>May develop a frothy, yellow-green vaginal discharge with a strong odor </li></ul...
Trichomoniasis Symptoms in Men <ul><li>Most men have NO symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Some men may temporarily have an irrita...
Trichomoniasis  Testing and Treatments <ul><li>For both men and women, a health care provider must perform a physical exam...
Pubic Lice/Crabs <ul><li>Pubic lice are parasitic insects found in the genital area of “humans” </li></ul><ul><li>It is sp...
Pubic Lice Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Itching in the genital area </li></ul><ul><li>Visible nits (lice eggs) or crawling l...
Pubic Lice Testing and Treatments <ul><li>A lice infestation is diagnosed by looking closely through pubic hair for lice/n...
Women and PID <ul><li>Sexually active women in their childbearing years are most at risk, and those under age 25 are more ...
PID  Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Symptoms of PID vary from none to severe </li></ul><ul><li>Women who have symptoms of PID ...
 
 
 
 
 
PID Testing and Treatment <ul><li>PID is difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are often subtle and mild. </li></ul><...
Viral STD’s <ul><li>Genital Herpes </li></ul><ul><li>Human Papilloma Virus (Genital Warts) </li></ul>
Genital Herpes <ul><li>HSV -1 causes oral infections (cold sores, fever blisters) and some genital infections </li></ul><u...
Genital Herpes Without Symptoms <ul><li>Many people with herpes do not have any symptoms or do not recognize that they hav...
Genital Herpes Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Numerous painful lesions (sores) on the penis, vagina, anus, buttocks, thighs, m...
Genital Herpes Testing and Treatment <ul><li>Can be detected by culturing the lesion or by a blood test </li></ul><ul><li>...
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Genital Warts <ul><li>It is the most common  sexually transmitted infection. </li></ul><ul><li...
Symptoms of HPV <ul><li>Appears as small bumps or groups of bumps, usually in the genital area </li></ul><ul><li>Warts may...
How does HPV cause  Genital Warts and Cancer <ul><li>HPV can cause normal cells on infected skin or mucous membranes to tu...
HPV Testing and Treatment <ul><li>There is not a general test on the market to check HPV </li></ul><ul><li>The Pap test ca...
HISTORY OF STD’S <ul><li>Pre 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Syphilis and gonorrhea are the only major STD’s </li></ul><ul><li>1976...
STD’S TODAY
Sex  can be GREAT! <ul><li>Studies show that married people have the most frequent, most satisfying sex.  </li></ul><ul><l...
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STD Information

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Information on STDs presented by the Macomb County Abstinence Partnership

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STD Information

  1. 1. STD Slide Presentation
  2. 2. RISKY SEXUAL PRACTICES & STD’S <ul><li>High risk sexual partners </li></ul><ul><li>Risky activities in addition to vaginal intercourse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skin to Skin Contact </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Bacterial/Other STD’s <ul><li>Chlamydia </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>Trichomoniasis </li></ul><ul><li>Pubic Lice </li></ul><ul><li>PID </li></ul>
  4. 4. CHLAMYDIA <ul><li>No symptoms in up to 75% of infected women and up to 50% men </li></ul><ul><li>A major cause of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility among women </li></ul><ul><li>Chlamydia is caused by a bacteria </li></ul>*CDC 2006 Data
  5. 5. Symptoms of Chlamydia <ul><li>Abnormal discharge from penis </li></ul><ul><li>Burning sensation when urinating </li></ul><ul><li>Burning or itching around opening of the penis </li></ul><ul><li>Pain and swelling of the testicles </li></ul>Males Females <ul><li>Abnormal vaginal discharge </li></ul><ul><li>Burning sensation when urinating </li></ul><ul><li>Lower back or abdominal pain </li></ul><ul><li>Fever, nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Bleeding in between periods </li></ul><ul><li>Pain during intercourse </li></ul>* About 75% of women and 50% of men do not experience any symptoms of Chlamydia. If symptoms do occur, they usually appear within 1 – 3 weeks after exposure
  6. 6. Chlamydia Testing and Treatments <ul><li>Some sites do urine testing for Chlamydia </li></ul><ul><li>Others require that a specimen be collected from a site such as the penis or cervix (cotton swap) </li></ul><ul><li>Chlamydia can be easily treated and cured with antibiotics. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Gonorrhea <ul><li>Gonorrhea is sometimes called clap, drip, dose, strain, gleet or the whites </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea is spread through contact with the penis, vagina, mouth or anus. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Symptoms of Gonorrhea <ul><li>Most women who are infected have NO symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Easily mistaken for a bladder and vaginal infections. </li></ul><ul><li>Initial symptoms may include a painful or burning sensation when urinating. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased vaginal discharge </li></ul><ul><li>Vaginal bleeding between periods </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea is a major cause of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) </li></ul><ul><li>Some men will have NO symptoms at all </li></ul><ul><li>Some will have signs or symptoms that appear 2 to 5 days after infection; symptoms can take as long as 30 days to appear. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms or signs include: </li></ul><ul><li>Burning sensation when urinating </li></ul><ul><li>White, yellow, or green discharge from the penis </li></ul><ul><li>Painful or swollen testicles </li></ul>*Most men and women do not experience any symptoms of Gonorrhea. If symptoms do occur, they usually appear within 2-5 days after exposure, but can take up to 30 days. Males Females
  9. 9. Gonorrhea Testing and Treatments <ul><li>Easily detected by a urine test or swab </li></ul><ul><li>Several antibiotics can successfully cure gonorrhea in adolescents and adults. However, drug-resistant strains of gonorrhea are increasing in many areas of the world, including the United States, and successful treatment of gonorrhea is becoming more difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Any damage to the body cannot be repaired </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gonorrhea Testing for Men
  11. 11. Syphilis <ul><li>It has been called “the great imitator” because so many of the signs and symptoms are indistinguishable from those of other diseases </li></ul><ul><li>It is caused by a bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>Can cause infections in men, women, and unborn babies during pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Syphilis cannot be spread through contact with toilet seats, doorknobs, swimming pools, hot tubs, bathtubs, shared clothing or eating utensils </li></ul>
  12. 12. Syphilis Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Many people infected do not have any symptoms for years, yet remain at risk for late complications if they are not treated </li></ul><ul><li>Although transmission occurs from person with sores who are in the primary and secondary stage, many of these sores are unrecognized. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Primary Stage <ul><li>A painless sore called a chancre may be located on the genitals, lips, anus or other area of direct contact </li></ul><ul><li>The time between infection with syphilis and the start of the first symptoms can range from 10 to 90 days (average 21 days). </li></ul><ul><li>The chancre last 3 to 6 weeks and it heals without treatment. However, if adequate treatment is not administered , the infection progresses to the secondary stage </li></ul>
  14. 14. Syphilis Secondary Stage <ul><li>Skin rashes lasting 2 – 6 weeks (average of 4 weeks) on the palms of the hands, bottoms of the feet, or any part of the body </li></ul><ul><li>Other symptoms include fever, swollen lymph glands, headache, hair loss, and muscle ache </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms will go away without treatment </li></ul>
  15. 15. Symptoms of Syphilis Late Stage <ul><li>Paralysis </li></ul><ul><li>Insanity </li></ul><ul><li>Blindness </li></ul><ul><li>Damage to knee joints </li></ul><ul><li>Personality Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Infertility </li></ul><ul><li>Aneurysm </li></ul><ul><li>Tumor on the skin or internal organs </li></ul>
  16. 16. Syphilis Testing and Treatment <ul><li>Easily detected by a blood test </li></ul><ul><li>Easily cured with antibiotics </li></ul><ul><li>Any damage done to the body cannot be repaired </li></ul>
  17. 17. Trichomoniasis <ul><li>Is a common sexually transmitted disease that affects both women and men, although symptoms are more common in women </li></ul><ul><li>Is the most common curable sexually transmitted disease in young sexually active women </li></ul><ul><li>An estimated 7.4 million new cases occur each year in women and men </li></ul>
  18. 18. Trichomoniasis Symptoms in Women <ul><li>May develop a frothy, yellow-green vaginal discharge with a strong odor </li></ul><ul><li>Can cause discomfort during intercourse and urination, as well as irritation and itching of the female genital area </li></ul><ul><li>In rare cases, lower abdominal pain can occur </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms usually appear in women within 5 to 28 days of exposure </li></ul><ul><li>The genital inflammation caused by trichomoniasis can increase a woman’s susceptibility to HIV infection if she is exposed to the virus </li></ul>
  19. 19. Trichomoniasis Symptoms in Men <ul><li>Most men have NO symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Some men may temporarily have an irritation inside the penis, mild discharge or slight burning after urination or ejaculation </li></ul>
  20. 20. Trichomoniasis Testing and Treatments <ul><li>For both men and women, a health care provider must perform a physical examination and laboratory test to diagnose Trichomoniasis. </li></ul><ul><li>The parasite is harder to detect in men than in women. </li></ul><ul><li>In women, a pelvic exam can reveal small red ulcerations (sores) on the vaginal wall or cervix </li></ul>
  21. 21. Pubic Lice/Crabs <ul><li>Pubic lice are parasitic insects found in the genital area of “humans” </li></ul><ul><li>It is spread usually through sexual contact </li></ul><ul><li>Rarely, infestation can be spread through contact with an infested person’s bed linens, towels or clothes. </li></ul><ul><li>A common misunderstanding is that pubic lice are spread by sitting on a toilet seat. This is unlikely since lice cannot live long away from a warm human body. Also, lice do not have feet designed to hold onto or walk on smooth surfaces such as toilet seats. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Pubic Lice Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Itching in the genital area </li></ul><ul><li>Visible nits (lice eggs) or crawling lice </li></ul><ul><li>Pubic lice are generally found in the genital area on pubic hair; but they may occasionally be found on other coarse body hair; such as hair on the legs, armpits, mustache, beard, eyebrows, or eyelashes </li></ul>
  23. 23. Pubic Lice Testing and Treatments <ul><li>A lice infestation is diagnosed by looking closely through pubic hair for lice/nits </li></ul><ul><li>It is treated with a lice-killing lotion, shampoo, or mousse made of 1% permethrin or pryrethrin. </li></ul><ul><li>These products are the same as those used to treat head lice and are available without a prescription at your local drug store </li></ul>
  24. 24. Women and PID <ul><li>Sexually active women in their childbearing years are most at risk, and those under age 25 are more likely to develop PID than those older than 25. </li></ul><ul><li>This is partly because the cervix of teenage girls and young women is not fully matured, increasing their susceptibility to the STD’s that are linked to PID </li></ul><ul><li>About 1 in 10 women with PID becomes infertile. </li></ul>
  25. 25. PID Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Symptoms of PID vary from none to severe </li></ul><ul><li>Women who have symptoms of PID most commonly have lower abdominal pain. </li></ul><ul><li>Other signs and symptoms include fever, unusual vaginal discharge that may have a foul odor, painful intercourse, painful urination, irregular menstrual bleeding, and pain in the right upper abdomen (rare) </li></ul>
  26. 31. PID Testing and Treatment <ul><li>PID is difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are often subtle and mild. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no precise test for PID, a diagnosis is usually based on clinical findings. </li></ul><ul><li>Doctor may perform a pelvic ultrasound or a laparoscopy to confirm the diagnosis </li></ul><ul><li>PID can be cured with antibiotics </li></ul><ul><li>Antibiotics DO NOT reverse any damage that has already occurred to the reproductive organs </li></ul><ul><li>The longer a woman delays treatment for PID, the more likely she is to become infertile or to have an ectopic pregnancy because of damage to the fallopian tubes </li></ul>
  27. 32. Viral STD’s <ul><li>Genital Herpes </li></ul><ul><li>Human Papilloma Virus (Genital Warts) </li></ul>
  28. 33. Genital Herpes <ul><li>HSV -1 causes oral infections (cold sores, fever blisters) and some genital infections </li></ul><ul><li>HSV-2 causes most genital infections </li></ul><ul><li>In the United States at least 45 million people ages 12 and older, or one out of five adolescents and adults, have had genital HSV infection </li></ul>
  29. 34. Genital Herpes Without Symptoms <ul><li>Many people with herpes do not have any symptoms or do not recognize that they have symptoms. </li></ul><ul><li>Most people with herpes can pass the virus to sex partners even when they do not have symptoms </li></ul>
  30. 35. Genital Herpes Signs and Symptoms <ul><li>Numerous painful lesions (sores) on the penis, vagina, anus, buttocks, thighs, mouth or finger </li></ul><ul><li>Last up to 4-21 days </li></ul><ul><li>Other symptoms include headache, fever, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes, and difficult urination </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms may or may not come back </li></ul>
  31. 36. Genital Herpes Testing and Treatment <ul><li>Can be detected by culturing the lesion or by a blood test </li></ul><ul><li>It cannot be cured, but symptoms can be treated with medicines called antivirals </li></ul><ul><li>You can still spread herpes even if you are taking antiviral medicine </li></ul>
  32. 37. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Genital Warts <ul><li>It is the most common sexually transmitted infection. </li></ul><ul><li>There are more than 40 types that can infect the genital area of men and women, including the skin of the penis, vulva (area outside the vagina), anus, and the lining of the vagina, cervix, and rectum </li></ul><ul><li>Most people who become infected with HPV do not even know they have it </li></ul><ul><li>50% of sexually active men and women acquire genital HPV infection at some point of their lives </li></ul>
  33. 38. Symptoms of HPV <ul><li>Appears as small bumps or groups of bumps, usually in the genital area </li></ul><ul><li>Warts may appear within weeks or months after sexual contact with an infected person, or they may not appear at all </li></ul><ul><li>If left untreated, genital warts may go away, remain unchanged, or increase in size or number </li></ul>
  34. 39. How does HPV cause Genital Warts and Cancer <ul><li>HPV can cause normal cells on infected skin or mucous membranes to turn abnormal </li></ul><ul><li>10% of women with HPV will develop long-lasting HPV infections that put them at risk for cervical cancer </li></ul><ul><li>When HPV lingers and infects the cells of the penis, anus, vulva, or vagina, it can cause cancer if those areas (although much less common than cervical cancer) </li></ul><ul><li>The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2008, 11,070 women will be diagnosed with cervical cancer in the U.S. </li></ul>
  35. 40. HPV Testing and Treatment <ul><li>There is not a general test on the market to check HPV </li></ul><ul><li>The Pap test can identify abnormal or precancerous changes in the cervix so that they can be removed before cancer develops. </li></ul><ul><li>A vaccine can protect females from the four types of HPV that cause most cervical cancers and genital warts (expensive and still not enough testing) </li></ul>
  36. 41. HISTORY OF STD’S <ul><li>Pre 1960 </li></ul><ul><li>Syphilis and gonorrhea are the only major STD’s </li></ul><ul><li>1976 </li></ul><ul><li>Chlamydia first recognized as a cause of genital infection </li></ul><ul><li>1981 </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS indentified </li></ul>
  37. 42. STD’S TODAY
  38. 43. Sex can be GREAT! <ul><li>Studies show that married people have the most frequent, most satisfying sex. </li></ul><ul><li>Choosing to remain abstinent means that you will not be exposing yourself or your future spouse/partner to any STIs or other consequences of adolescent sex. </li></ul>

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