What Happens When
Robots Join Law Firms
Joshua Lenon
Lawyer-in-Residence
Clio
JUDGMENT DAY
The robot takeover has
already happened.
Computer Prices 2005+
0.0#
20.0#
40.0#
60.0#
80.0#
100.0#
120.0#
140.0#
160.0#
180.0#
2005# 2006# 2007# 2008# 2009# 2010# ...
Legal Service Prices 2005+
0.0#
50.0#
100.0#
150.0#
200.0#
250.0#
2005# 2006# 2007# 2008# 2009# 2010# 2011# 2012# 2013# 20...
Compared Prices 2005+
0.0#
50.0#
100.0#
150.0#
200.0#
250.0#
2005# 2006# 2007# 2008# 2009# 2010# 2011# 2012# 2013# 2014#
C...
It is now cheaper to
program a computer
than hire a
professional lawyer.
Why does this matter?
Constant Information Growth
•  Number of Treaties on File with the UN: 550
•  Number of Pages in the U.S.C.A: 200,000
•  N...
Constant Information Change
J20%#
J15%#
J10%#
J5%#
0%#
5%#
10%#
15%#
20%#
25%#
60000#
65000#
70000#
75000#
80000#
85000#
2...
Rapid changes in law
affect every part
of our lives.
It has become impossible
for legal professionals to know
every relevant aspect
of the law
It is possible
for computers to know every
relevant aspect
of the law
THE FIRST SHOT
Legal is not the only
knowledge sector
growing.
Medical Information is Exploding
•  Journal articles published last year:
1,113,989
•  Pharmaceutical trials undergone: 16...
IBM Watson
Mines:
•  patient data
•  treatment
guidelines
•  Eletronic
medical data
•  Doctor’s notes
•  Clinical
studies
...
Leveraging Increasing Powerful,
Increasing Cheap
Computer Processing Power
0#
100#
200#
300#
400#
500#
600#
2005# 2006# 20...
Technology allows medicine to
predict and react from an
informed position.
ROBOT INVASION
Technology should allow
lawyers to predict and react
from an informed position.
Personal Processing Power Cannot
Compete on Price or Power
0#
100#
200#
300#
400#
500#
600#
2005# 2006# 2007# 2008# 2009# ...
Technology to React
•  Many services already issue alerts to
changes in law, like Fastcase’s Bad Law Bot
Fewer robotic services exist
that predict legal outcomes
from the basis of expansive
information.
Predictive robotic services
require construction by
specialized professionals
Robot Invasion
•  Expert Trusted
Advisor
•  Enhanced
Practitioner
•  Legal
Knowledge
Engineer
•  Legal Process
Analyst
•  ...
Some predictive legal robots
are already emerging.
Predict Rather Than React
Source:#Neota#Logic#
Neota Logic’s
Family &
Medical Leave
Robot
•  Rules:
– Family Medical Leave Act
– State Law
•  Factual Variations: 15m
•  ...
Neota Logic’s
EU Collateral
Directive Robot
•  Rules:
– 21 jurisdictions
– 93 types of financial
obligations
– 10 forms of...
Using Robots Saves
Firms Money
Embracing
technology has
reduced the costs
of producing
bound volumes by
60% and time to
di...
POST-INVASION
It is cheaper to program a
computer than to hire a lawyer
Because of this, many changes
are happening
in the legal sphere
Reduced Territory
Since 2010, more than 20 law firms in
Washington, DC have reduced their office
space.
•  Contracted 270,...
Reduced Population
Applications to law school have dropped 20%
since 2008
Of those students completing law school in
2012,...
Reduced Trade
•  Business steering work away from law firms
– In-house legal departments hiring technology
vendors over la...
CONCLUSION
Robots will not replace Lawyers
Robots WILL do the work of many traditional
lawyer duties, like e-discovery & compliance,
...
Thank You
Joshua Lenon
joshua@goclio.com
@JoshuaLenon
Linkedin.com/in/joshualenon
Image#by#Richard#Stevens,#creator#of#Diesel#Swee;es,#used#without#permission.##
What Happens When Robots Join Law Firms
What Happens When Robots Join Law Firms
What Happens When Robots Join Law Firms
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What Happens When Robots Join Law Firms

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Technology is increases in reach, power, and simplicity. How should law firms be reacting to tools that can do some of the work traditional done by lawyers?

Joshua Lenon explores this question in his talk for MIT MediaLab's first ever Legal Science Salon.

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What Happens When Robots Join Law Firms

  1. 1. What Happens When Robots Join Law Firms Joshua Lenon Lawyer-in-Residence Clio
  2. 2. JUDGMENT DAY
  3. 3. The robot takeover has already happened.
  4. 4. Computer Prices 2005+ 0.0# 20.0# 40.0# 60.0# 80.0# 100.0# 120.0# 140.0# 160.0# 180.0# 2005# 2006# 2007# 2008# 2009# 2010# 2011# 2012# 2013# 2014# From#the#Bureau#of#Labor#Sta;s;cs’#Consumer#Price#Index#–#pulled#03/11/2014#
  5. 5. Legal Service Prices 2005+ 0.0# 50.0# 100.0# 150.0# 200.0# 250.0# 2005# 2006# 2007# 2008# 2009# 2010# 2011# 2012# 2013# 2014# From#the#Bureau#of#Labor#Sta;s;cs’#Producer#Price#Index#J#Legal#Services#–#pulled#03/11/2014#
  6. 6. Compared Prices 2005+ 0.0# 50.0# 100.0# 150.0# 200.0# 250.0# 2005# 2006# 2007# 2008# 2009# 2010# 2011# 2012# 2013# 2014# Computer# Legal# From#the#Bureau#of#Labor#Sta;s;cs##–#pulled#03/11/2014#
  7. 7. It is now cheaper to program a computer than hire a professional lawyer.
  8. 8. Why does this matter?
  9. 9. Constant Information Growth •  Number of Treaties on File with the UN: 550 •  Number of Pages in the U.S.C.A: 200,000 •  Number of Federal Court Civil Cases Filed Last Year: 271,950 •  Number of Federal Court Civil Cases Terminated: 254,619.
  10. 10. Constant Information Change J20%# J15%# J10%# J5%# 0%# 5%# 10%# 15%# 20%# 25%# 60000# 65000# 70000# 75000# 80000# 85000# 2005# 2006# 2007# 2008# 2009# 2010# 2011# 2012# FR#Pages# %#Increase# Source:#Federal#Register#Pages#Published#1936J2012#
  11. 11. Rapid changes in law affect every part of our lives.
  12. 12. It has become impossible for legal professionals to know every relevant aspect of the law
  13. 13. It is possible for computers to know every relevant aspect of the law
  14. 14. THE FIRST SHOT
  15. 15. Legal is not the only knowledge sector growing.
  16. 16. Medical Information is Exploding •  Journal articles published last year: 1,113,989 •  Pharmaceutical trials undergone: 162,866 •  Malpractice cases payouts 2012: 12,142
  17. 17. IBM Watson Mines: •  patient data •  treatment guidelines •  Eletronic medical data •  Doctor’s notes •  Clinical studies Medical’s Solution
  18. 18. Leveraging Increasing Powerful, Increasing Cheap Computer Processing Power 0# 100# 200# 300# 400# 500# 600# 2005# 2006# 2007# 2008# 2009# 2010# 2011# 2012# 2013# 2014#
  19. 19. Technology allows medicine to predict and react from an informed position.
  20. 20. ROBOT INVASION
  21. 21. Technology should allow lawyers to predict and react from an informed position.
  22. 22. Personal Processing Power Cannot Compete on Price or Power 0# 100# 200# 300# 400# 500# 600# 2005# 2006# 2007# 2008# 2009# 2010# 2011# 2012# 2013# 2014# CPU# Mind# Computer# Legal# From#the#Bureau#of#Labor#Sta;s;cs##–#pulled#03/11/2014#
  23. 23. Technology to React •  Many services already issue alerts to changes in law, like Fastcase’s Bad Law Bot
  24. 24. Fewer robotic services exist that predict legal outcomes from the basis of expansive information.
  25. 25. Predictive robotic services require construction by specialized professionals
  26. 26. Robot Invasion •  Expert Trusted Advisor •  Enhanced Practitioner •  Legal Knowledge Engineer •  Legal Process Analyst •  Legal Risk Manager
  27. 27. Some predictive legal robots are already emerging.
  28. 28. Predict Rather Than React Source:#Neota#Logic#
  29. 29. Neota Logic’s Family & Medical Leave Robot •  Rules: – Family Medical Leave Act – State Law •  Factual Variations: 15m •  Questions Asked: 16-25 •  Time: 2-6 minutes User: Corporate Managers Source:#Neota#Logic#
  30. 30. Neota Logic’s EU Collateral Directive Robot •  Rules: – 21 jurisdictions – 93 types of financial obligations – 10 forms of agreement – 4 types of collateral – 11 types of counterparties – 16 types of financial institutions •  Factual Variations: 13m •  Questions Asked: 8-12 •  Time: 1 minute User: Lawyers Source:#Neota#Logic#
  31. 31. Using Robots Saves Firms Money Embracing technology has reduced the costs of producing bound volumes by 60% and time to dispatch by 80%. Source:#Applying#Con;nuous#Improvement#to#highJend#legal#services,#Clifford#Chance#2014#
  32. 32. POST-INVASION
  33. 33. It is cheaper to program a computer than to hire a lawyer
  34. 34. Because of this, many changes are happening in the legal sphere
  35. 35. Reduced Territory Since 2010, more than 20 law firms in Washington, DC have reduced their office space. •  Contracted 270,000 Square Feet •  Backend operations moved out of town Source:#Washington#Post,#March#11,#2014#
  36. 36. Reduced Population Applications to law school have dropped 20% since 2008 Of those students completing law school in 2012, only 56% had long-term, full-time jobs that required Bar passage – i.e. lawyers Law firms are shedding non-professional staff Source:#American#Bar#Assoc.#Sec;on#of#Legal#Educa;on#2012#Law#Graduate#Employment#Data#
  37. 37. Reduced Trade •  Business steering work away from law firms – In-house legal departments hiring technology vendors over law firms for discovery •  Consumers unable to afford traditional legal services – Average person must work 7-10 hours to pay for 1 hour of lawyer’s time Source:#Gartner#Legal#IT#2020#Scenario## #
  38. 38. CONCLUSION
  39. 39. Robots will not replace Lawyers Robots WILL do the work of many traditional lawyer duties, like e-discovery & compliance, taking some business and driving efficiencies Law firms that embrace robot colleagues will have a competitive advantage Lawyers that can build robots will be in demand
  40. 40. Thank You Joshua Lenon joshua@goclio.com @JoshuaLenon Linkedin.com/in/joshualenon
  41. 41. Image#by#Richard#Stevens,#creator#of#Diesel#Swee;es,#used#without#permission.##

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