Spreading Splendour NANOTITANIUMDIOXIDE –  A BRIEF DISCUSSION The Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited (A Government of Kera...
The Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited
<ul><li>INDIA’S ONLY RUTILE GRADE TITANIUM DIOXIDE MANUFACTURING FACILITY (THROUGH CHLORIDE ROUTE) </li></ul>Spreading Spl...
<ul><li>HISTORY </li></ul><ul><li>In 1932, M/s F.X.Periera & Sons (Travancore) Pvt. Ltd., established the first full fledg...
<ul><li>KMML is the only integrated plant in the world of Titanium Chemicals and Metals that undertakes   </li></ul><ul><l...
MINING AREA 22 KM LONG BEACH FROM NEENDAKARA TO KAYAMKULAM Mining Rights - 50% TO KMML and 50 % TO IRE Spreading Splendour...
MINING AREA Spreading Splendour KMML – AN INTRODUCTION
<ul><li>M.S. UNIT </li></ul><ul><li>ILMENITE </li></ul><ul><li>NATURAL RUTILE </li></ul><ul><li>LEUCOXENE </li></ul><ul><l...
KMML– PROCESS CHART INDEX Spreading Splendour
OUR PRODUCTS INCLUDE <ul><li>TITANIUM DIOXIDE PIGMENT (DIFFERENT GRADES) </li></ul><ul><li>CAPACITY - 40,000T/annum   </li...
TITANIUM DIOXIDE PIGMENT GRADES <ul><li>KMML presently offers a wide range of titanium dioxide grades as shown below  </li...
APPLICATIONS <ul><li>PAINTS – Architectural, Outdoor, Indoor, Industrial, Glossy, Matty…. </li></ul><ul><li>POWDER COATING...
PACKING AND PALLETING Spreading Splendour KMML – AN INTRODUCTION
TITANIUM SPONGE <ul><li>KMML has taken a big leap into aerospace working towards value addition of its Titanium Tetra Chlo...
NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>Nanomaterials - Particles with Dimension in the range of 1-100 Nm </li></ul><ul><li>The Avera...
NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE – GLOBAL OVERVIEW <ul><li>Recently there has been a surge in Nano TiO2 products in the international ...
NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE – GLOBAL OVERVIEW <ul><li>IMPORT DETAILS </li></ul>Spreading Splendour S.N Year Quantity (MT) Rate / ...
<ul><li>The leading Global Manufacturers of Nanotitanium Dioxide are: </li></ul><ul><li>-  Kemira </li></ul><ul><li>- Tayc...
<ul><li>SACHTLEBEN </li></ul>NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE – GLOBAL OVERVIEW Spreading Splendour Grade Applications Hombitec RM300 ...
<ul><li>TAYCA </li></ul>NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE – GLOBAL OVERVIEW Spreading Splendour Grade Applications MT-100S, MT-100HD, M...
<ul><li>KEMIRA </li></ul>NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE – GLOBAL OVERVIEW Spreading Splendour Grade Applications L-181, L-230, L-530...
<ul><li>Particle Size </li></ul><ul><li>-  Pigmentary TiO2: 250 - 350 NM </li></ul><ul><li>- Nano TiO2: 20 – 50 NM </li></...
<ul><li>Nanotitanium Dioxide have higher Surface Area and high Photocatalytic Activity,  </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy Surface C...
NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>APPLICATIONS OF NANORUTILES </li></ul><ul><li>Paint Industry: Nano particles provide better U...
NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>APPLICATIONS OF NANORUTILES </li></ul><ul><li>Plastics: Nano titanium dioxide particles in co...
NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>SYNTHETIC ROUTES </li></ul><ul><li>The main commercial routes for manufacture of nano titaniu...
NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>NANO TIO2 AT KMML </li></ul><ul><li>KMML R&D has developed a process for making Nanotitanium ...
NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>NANO TIO2 AT KMML </li></ul><ul><li>Currently KMML is setting up a pilot plant for making nan...
NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>NANO TIO2 AT KMML </li></ul><ul><li>H2O  Titanium Oxychloride </li></ul><ul><li>TiCl4 Vapors ...
NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>SPECIFICATION OF TITANIUM TETRACHLORIDE (STARTING RAW MATERIAL) </li></ul>Spreading Splendour...
NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>TITANIUM OXYCHLORIDE DATA COMPARISON </li></ul>Spreading Splendour COMPOSITION KRONOS KERMCGE...
KMML WORLDS RICHEST SOURCE OF MINERAL SANDS
THANK YOU Spreading Splendour
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T 7 nano titanium dioxide - kmml

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T 7 nano titanium dioxide - kmml

  1. 1. Spreading Splendour NANOTITANIUMDIOXIDE – A BRIEF DISCUSSION The Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited (A Government of Kerala undertaking ) Kollam, Kerala RAJENDRA PRASAD Deputy General Manager (Technical Service& R&D/Marketing)
  2. 2. The Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited
  3. 3. <ul><li>INDIA’S ONLY RUTILE GRADE TITANIUM DIOXIDE MANUFACTURING FACILITY (THROUGH CHLORIDE ROUTE) </li></ul>Spreading Splendour KMML – AN INTRODUCTION
  4. 4. <ul><li>HISTORY </li></ul><ul><li>In 1932, M/s F.X.Periera & Sons (Travancore) Pvt. Ltd., established the first full fledged Mineral Industry in Chavara </li></ul><ul><li>Taken over by the Govt. of Kerala in 1956 </li></ul><ul><li>Converted as a limited company in 1972 in the </li></ul><ul><li>name “THE KERALA MINERALS & METALS LTD” </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial production of Titanium Dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>started in 1985 with an installed capacity of </li></ul><ul><li>22,000 tones per year </li></ul>Spreading Splendour KMML – AN INTRODUCTION
  5. 5. <ul><li>KMML is the only integrated plant in the world of Titanium Chemicals and Metals that undertakes </li></ul><ul><li>MINING – MINERAL SEPARATION – TITANIUM DIOXIDE PIGMENT MANUFACTURE at one complex </li></ul><ul><li>The company has two units: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mineral Separation Unit (MS Unit) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Titanium Dioxide Pigment Unit (TP Unit) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Spreading Splendour KMML – AN INTRODUCTION
  6. 6. MINING AREA 22 KM LONG BEACH FROM NEENDAKARA TO KAYAMKULAM Mining Rights - 50% TO KMML and 50 % TO IRE Spreading Splendour KMML – AN INTRODUCTION
  7. 7. MINING AREA Spreading Splendour KMML – AN INTRODUCTION
  8. 8. <ul><li>M.S. UNIT </li></ul><ul><li>ILMENITE </li></ul><ul><li>NATURAL RUTILE </li></ul><ul><li>LEUCOXENE </li></ul><ul><li>ZIRCON </li></ul><ul><li>TP UNIT </li></ul><ul><li>TITANIUM DIOXIDE (RUTILE) – Various Grades </li></ul><ul><li>TITANIUM TETRA CHLORIDE </li></ul>UNITS & PRODUCTS Spreading Splendour KMML – AN INTRODUCTION
  9. 9. KMML– PROCESS CHART INDEX Spreading Splendour
  10. 10. OUR PRODUCTS INCLUDE <ul><li>TITANIUM DIOXIDE PIGMENT (DIFFERENT GRADES) </li></ul><ul><li>CAPACITY - 40,000T/annum </li></ul><ul><li>TITANIUM TETRACHLORIDE </li></ul><ul><li>CAPACITY - 90,000T/annum </li></ul><ul><li>TITANIUM METAL SPONGE </li></ul><ul><li>CAPACITY 500/annum </li></ul><ul><li>(to be commissioned in Feb,2010) </li></ul>Spreading Splendour KMML – AN INTRODUCTION
  11. 11. TITANIUM DIOXIDE PIGMENT GRADES <ul><li>KMML presently offers a wide range of titanium dioxide grades as shown below </li></ul><ul><ul><li>KEMOX – RC 800 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KEMOX – RC 800 PG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KEMOX – RC 813 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KEMOX – RC 822 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KEMOX – RC 808 </li></ul></ul>Spreading Splendour KMML – AN INTRODUCTION
  12. 12. APPLICATIONS <ul><li>PAINTS – Architectural, Outdoor, Indoor, Industrial, Glossy, Matty…. </li></ul><ul><li>POWDER COATINGS </li></ul><ul><li>PRINTING INKS </li></ul><ul><li>PAPERS </li></ul><ul><li>RUBBER </li></ul><ul><li>TEXTILES </li></ul><ul><li>and many more….. </li></ul>Spreading Splendour KMML – AN INTRODUCTION
  13. 13. PACKING AND PALLETING Spreading Splendour KMML – AN INTRODUCTION
  14. 14. TITANIUM SPONGE <ul><li>KMML has taken a big leap into aerospace working towards value addition of its Titanium Tetra Chloride with the launch of Titanium Sponge Plant </li></ul><ul><li>Titanium Metal derived from Titanium Sponge finds use in a variety of fields like aerospace industry, atomic energy, defence etc </li></ul><ul><li>Due to its lightweight, higher strength, non-corrosive and non-reactive quality, it finds use in surgical and orthopaedic transplants </li></ul><ul><li>KMML’s foray into the </li></ul><ul><li>production of Titanium Sponge </li></ul><ul><li>makes it the first and only </li></ul><ul><li>company in India, and the </li></ul><ul><li>7 th country in the world, </li></ul><ul><li>to produce Titanium Sponge </li></ul>Spreading Splendour KMML – AN INTRODUCTION
  15. 15. NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>Nanomaterials - Particles with Dimension in the range of 1-100 Nm </li></ul><ul><li>The Average Density and Coordination between the neighbors changes as Crystal Size is reduced, hence properties of Nanomaterials differ from Parent Material </li></ul><ul><li>As Size Decreases the following properties increases </li></ul><ul><li>- Hardness & Strength of Metals and Alloys </li></ul><ul><li>- Electrical Conductivity in Ceramics and Magnetic Nanocomposites </li></ul><ul><li>Nanomaterials finds application mainly in Nanoelectronics, Catalysis, Semiconductors, Coatings, Ceramics Etc </li></ul>Spreading Splendour
  16. 16. NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE – GLOBAL OVERVIEW <ul><li>Recently there has been a surge in Nano TiO2 products in the international arena </li></ul><ul><li>The Global Production of Nanotitanium Dioxide is Approximately 5000 Tonnes/Annum </li></ul><ul><li>In India Currently 10-20 tonnes of Nanotitanium Dioxide is Imported Annually for Various Applications </li></ul>Spreading Splendour
  17. 17. NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE – GLOBAL OVERVIEW <ul><li>IMPORT DETAILS </li></ul>Spreading Splendour S.N Year Quantity (MT) Rate / Kg 1 2004 9.1 1150 2 2005 2.8 939.4 3 2006 11.6 1161.7 4 2007 10.5 859.1 5 2008 4 1095 6 2009 10 1028
  18. 18. <ul><li>The leading Global Manufacturers of Nanotitanium Dioxide are: </li></ul><ul><li>- Kemira </li></ul><ul><li>- Tayca </li></ul><ul><li>- Sachtleben </li></ul><ul><li>- Millenium </li></ul><ul><li>and numerous Chinese Companies </li></ul><ul><li>At present two types of TiO2 are commercially available </li></ul><ul><li>- NANORUTILE TITANIUM DIOXIDE & </li></ul><ul><li>- NANOANATASE TITANIUM DIOXIDE </li></ul>NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE – GLOBAL OVERVIEW Spreading Splendour
  19. 19. <ul><li>SACHTLEBEN </li></ul>NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE – GLOBAL OVERVIEW Spreading Splendour Grade Applications Hombitec RM300 Paints & Coaings Hombitec RM400 Wood Coating Hombitec RM230L Plastics Hombitec RM220 Automobile Coatings Hombitec RM200 Electronics Hombitec RM130F Food Packing
  20. 20. <ul><li>TAYCA </li></ul>NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE – GLOBAL OVERVIEW Spreading Splendour Grade Applications MT-100S, MT-100HD, MT-500HD, MT-500B, MT-500SA, MT-600SA, MT-700HD Automotive Coatings MT-100T, MT-100TV, MT-100Z, MT-100F, MT-150W, MT-100SA, MT-100SAS, MT-500H, MT-500H, MT-500SA Cosmetics MT-100S Plastics
  21. 21. <ul><li>KEMIRA </li></ul>NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE – GLOBAL OVERVIEW Spreading Splendour Grade Applications L-181, L-230, L-530, L-531, L-830 Coatings M170, M160, M212, M262, M263, M610, M111 Cosmetics P160, P170, P190, P580 Plastics
  22. 22. <ul><li>Particle Size </li></ul><ul><li>- Pigmentary TiO2: 250 - 350 NM </li></ul><ul><li>- Nano TiO2: 20 – 50 NM </li></ul><ul><li>Pigmentary TiO2 - Scatter visible Light and absorb UV light </li></ul><ul><li>Nano TiO2 - Scatter and reflect UV light effectively and transmit Visible light through the crystal </li></ul>NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE – PROPERTIES Spreading Splendour
  23. 23. <ul><li>Nanotitanium Dioxide have higher Surface Area and high Photocatalytic Activity, </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy Surface Coatings are required to suppress the Photocatalytic Activity </li></ul><ul><li>For Coating applications, Nanorutile is surface coated with Silica, Alumina and Zirconia </li></ul><ul><li>Nanoanatase has higher Photocatalytic Activity, hence used in Self Cleaning Paints Etc </li></ul>NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE – PROPERTIES Spreading Splendour
  24. 24. NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>APPLICATIONS OF NANORUTILES </li></ul><ul><li>Paint Industry: Nano particles provide better UV protection against chalking and fading when used in coatings </li></ul><ul><li>Metallic Coatings: Nanorutile mixed with Aluminium flakes is used to impart Metallic Look in the Automobile industry This is based on scattering of visible light by nano TiO2 particles and Aluminum flakes </li></ul>Spreading Splendour
  25. 25. NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>APPLICATIONS OF NANORUTILES </li></ul><ul><li>Plastics: Nano titanium dioxide particles in combination with polymers provide better UV stability </li></ul><ul><li>Cosmetic Industry: The UV scattering ability finds extensive application in Sunscreen Cosmetics </li></ul><ul><li>Wood Coatings: Nanorutiles provide better UV shielding and hence lower wood yellowing when used in wood coatings </li></ul>Spreading Splendour
  26. 26. NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>SYNTHETIC ROUTES </li></ul><ul><li>The main commercial routes for manufacture of nano titanium dioxide are </li></ul><ul><li>Vapor phase synthesis from Titanium Tetrachloride and Oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>Thermal Hydrolysis From Titanium Oxy Chloride And Titanyl Sulphate </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrothermal Synthesis </li></ul>Spreading Splendour
  27. 27. NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>NANO TIO2 AT KMML </li></ul><ul><li>KMML R&D has developed a process for making Nanotitanium Dioxide from Titanium Tetrachloride </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Patent has been filed for the process developed (application Number: 5789/Che/2010 Dated 5/3/10) </li></ul><ul><li>The Process involves scrubbing of Titanium Tetrachloride with water to make Titanium Oxy Chloride and then precipitating Nano Tio2 from Oxy chloride Solution at low temperature by Water addition </li></ul><ul><li>Thus precipitated Nano TiO2 is washed, filtered, calcined and fluid jet milled to obtain the final product </li></ul>Spreading Splendour
  28. 28. NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>NANO TIO2 AT KMML </li></ul><ul><li>Currently KMML is setting up a pilot plant for making nanotitanium dioxide of capacity 10MT/annum and is expected to be commissioned soon </li></ul>Spreading Splendour Nano Titanium dioxide developed at KMML
  29. 29. NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>NANO TIO2 AT KMML </li></ul><ul><li>H2O Titanium Oxychloride </li></ul><ul><li>TiCl4 Vapors </li></ul><ul><li>Nano Particles </li></ul>Spreading Splendour Filtration Calcination Micronizing Surface Treatment Filtration Drying in Calciner Micronising Scrubber Precipitation of Pigment
  30. 30. NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>SPECIFICATION OF TITANIUM TETRACHLORIDE (STARTING RAW MATERIAL) </li></ul>Spreading Splendour TiCl4 (%) > 99.5 Vanadium 10ppm (max) Silicon 50 ppm (max) Aluminum 20 ppm (max) Iron 5 ppm Residue remaining at 150 oC 0.1%
  31. 31. NANOTITANIUM DIOXIDE <ul><li>TITANIUM OXYCHLORIDE DATA COMPARISON </li></ul>Spreading Splendour COMPOSITION KRONOS KERMCGEE DUPONT MILLENIUM KMML HCl (%) 12 19 19 – 21 19 – 20 TiOCl2 (%) 43 36 35 – 39 35 – 38 35 – 39 H2O Balance Balance 40 – 46 Balance Sp. Gravity 1.55 1.45 - 1.50 1.49
  32. 32. KMML WORLDS RICHEST SOURCE OF MINERAL SANDS
  33. 33. THANK YOU Spreading Splendour
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