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Internet Training For Teachers


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048 Internet Training For Teachers

048 Internet Training For Teachers

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  • 2. Rationalizing Use of ICTs
  • 3. Motivation
    Gaining learner attention
    First step to optimal learning
    Visual and interactive features of ICTs help focus attention
    Engaging learner through production work
    creation of their own products
    Increasing perceptions of control
  • 4. Unique instructional capabilities
    Linking learners to information sources
    links to new information
    Helping learners visualize problems and solutions
    representations of knowledge
    Tracking learner progress
    capture student performance
    Linking learners to learning tools
  • 5. Support for new instructional approaches
    Cooperative learning
    cooperative, small group work
    Shared intelligence
    Problem-solving and higher-order skills
    setting of higher-ordered, complex goals
    students learn basics at the same time as they acquire higher-level ones
  • 6. Increased teacher productivity
    Less time on record-keeping and preparation
    More time on analyzing student performance and needs
  • 7. Required skills for the information age
    Technology literacy
    familiarization with computer technology
    Information literacy
    task definition, information seeking, location and access, use of information, synthesis, evaluation
    Visual literacy
    processing of images
    communication through visuals
  • 8. What is the Internet?
    The Internet is a large system of computer networks that are linked together by a common language “protocol” called the TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol).
  • 9. What is the Internet?
    refers to the global network of networks that is publicly accessible and administratively unmoderated
    basis for the World Wide Web, Email, P2P applications, VOIP, and hundreds of other uses
  • 10. History of the Internet
    1969 - DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) contracts with BBN (Bolt, Beranek & Newman) to create ARPAnet
    1983 – TCP/IP protocol was first implemented when the United States' National Science Foundation established their university network
  • 11. Equipment Needed
    An IBM compatible, Macintosh or UNIX computer can be used for an Internet connection
    We require special programs to use the Internet. These programs are given free of charge.
    A modem serves as a medium to exchange information between a computer and the Internet.
    ISP(Internet Service Provider)
    it is a company which gives us the facility to gain access to the Internet against a fee.
  • 12. What the Internet offers?
    any information can be obtained easily on the Internet.
  • 13. What the Internet offers?
    E-Mail (electronic mail)
    enables us to exchange messages throughout the world with people- friends, colleagues, relatives and even strangers.
    Now, millions of people have e-mail addresses which can be recognized by the “@” sign
    Examples of web based e-mail programs are Yahoo!, Hotmail / MSN, Google Mail
  • 14. What the Internet offers?
    Programs and Applications
    games, utility programs, freeware softwares and others
    Downloadable or run from the web
  • 15. What the Internet offers?
    Discussion groups / Forums
    we can meet people with similar taste and preference as ours.
  • 16. What the Internet offers?
    browse at current movies or listen to over thousands of sound files including MP3 files
  • 17. What the Internet offers?
    Social Networking
    - Online networking among friends, acquaintances and the like
  • 18. What the Internet offers?
    File Sharing
    Website or FTP server
    Mirror servers
    P2P networks (ex.
  • 19. What the Internet offers?
    Wiki is a piece of server software that allows users to freely create and edit Web page content using any Web browser. Wiki supports hyperlinks and has a simple text syntax for creating new pages and crosslinks between internal pages on the fly.
  • 20. What the Internet offers?
    Streaming Media
    Many existing radio and television broadcasters provide Internet 'feeds' of their live audio and video streams
    Webcast / Podcast
    Video chatrooms and Video Conferencing
  • 21. What the Internet offers?
    Voice Telephony (VoIP)
    VoIP stands for Voice over IP, where IP refers to the Internet Protocol that underlies all Internet communication. This phenomenon began as an optional two-way voice extension to some of the Instant Messaging systems
    VoIP can be free or cost much less than a normal telephone call, especially over long distances.
  • 22. What the Internet offers?
    Instant messaging or IM
    • a form of real-time communication between two or more people based on typed text. The text is conveyed via computers connected over a network such as the Internet.
    • 23. real-time communication and allows easy collaboration
    • 24. Most systems allow the user to set an online status or away message so peers are notified when the user is available, busy, or away from the computer
    • 25. It is possible to save a conversation, so as to refer to it later
  • Instant Messaging
    Samples of Instant Messaging Programs
    - Yahoo Messenger
    - MSN Messenger
    - Google Talk
    - Meebo
    Mobile instant messaging
  • 26. What the Internet offers?
    Blog (short for web log)
    • a user-generated website where entries are made in journal style and displayed in a reverse chronological order.
    • 27. Blogs provide commentary or news on a particular subject, such as food, politics, or local news; some function as more personal online diaries
  • Blogging Sites
    Blogger –
    Wordpress –
    Typepad –
    Livejournal –
    MSN Spaces -
    Yahoo 360 –
  • 28. What the Internet offers?
    On-line shopping
    order goods and services on the Internet just sitting comfortably.
  • 29. The Internet is useful when yourstudents need to know somethingthat is...
    not in their textbooks or library
    Latest / up to date information
    Coming from specialists / experts
    From eyewitness accounts / testimonials
  • 30. The Internet is also good for :
    collaborating on projects with students and teachers all over the world
    getting real-world experience in researching and evaluating information
    publishing students’ (and teachers’) projects
  • 31. QUESTIONS?
  • 32. Internet Services
  • 33. The World Wide Web (WWW)
    • Also known as “the Web”
    Technical definition:
    WWW is all the users on the Internet that are using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
  • 34. What is a website/ page/ homepage & hotspots?
    A Web site is a collection of related Web pages that you can access electronically.
    Web pageis an electronic document on the Web.
    The first page in a series of related documents or a site is called a home page
    Hot spot is a portion of an image or a piece of text that changes the arrow to a hand with a pointing finger,indicating the location of a hyperlink. You can click on a hot spot to go to a linked Web page.
  • 35. HTML : Hypertext Markup Language
    The standard set of codes used on the Internet to design and view World Wide Web pages.
    Sample HTML
    <p><b>Welcome to Quipayo High School</b></p>
  • 36. Example of a WWW Page
  • 37. Q & A
    Q: How do you reach a Web site/page?
    All you do is tell a browser to take you to the address you want. The long way to do this is to type in the entire address “URL”.
    URL(Uniform Resource Locator) -is an address of a file or document on the Web.
  • 38. Internet Address
    Berners-Lee created a simple coding mechanism involving a string of characters called URL that identifies the name and address of each documents available to the Web
    Tim Berners-Lee of European Particle Physics Laboratory (CERN) invented the WWW
  • 39. Web Browser
    A browser is a computer program that enables you to view web pages and access the Internet
    Examples of browsers are: Internet Explorer (IE), Firefox, Safari, Opera, and Netscape
  • 40. Anatomy of a URL
    Directory on the server
    Hypertext Transfer Protocol
    Address of web server
  • 41. Different Protocols on the Net
    http://hypertext transfer protocol (WWW)
    ftp:// file transfer protocol
    gopher://gopher site
    mailto:e-mail address
    Protocol-an agreed upon set of rules that govern the exchange of information.
  • 42. Different Domains on the Net
    .com commercial
    .net network
    .edu educational
    .org organization
    .mil military
    .gov government
  • 43. Starting Internet Explorer
    In order to get connected to the WWW, we are going to open the Internet Explorer program. Do this now by double-clicking on the Internet Explorer icon on the desktop. Throughout this training, Internet Explorer will also be referred to as Explorer or IE.
    A screen similar to the picture below should appear:
    Address Bar and URL
  • 44. IE Toolbars and Pulldown Menu
    • The Internet Explorer toolbar is a group of button or icons that give you easy access to your frequently used Explorer commands
    The Main Toolbar
  • 45.
  • 46. Favorites (Bookmarks)
    As you use the Web, you will find sites that you want to re-visit. You do not have to write down the URL for those sites. You can use Explorer to save your favourite URLs for you in the Favourites folder. To do this, once you arrive at a site that you want to save, click on:
    1. Favorites
    2. Add to Favorites
    The term ‘Favorites’ is often used interchangeably with ‘bookmarks’; saved URLs are, in fact, better known as bookmarks.
  • 47. Adding Favorites
  • 48. Organizing your Favorites Collection
    To start organizing your bookmarks, select Favorites, Organize Favorites. After you do that, a new dialog window will appear.
  • 49. You may organize your bookmarks by placing them in subfolders, renaming the bookmarks, deleting them, just as you would with your files in Windows Explorer.
  • 50. Bookmarking on the Web
  • 51. Links
    Links or hyperlinks are usually words or pictures in a document or Web page that connect to another document or Web page. Links are usually underlined or in a different colour than the regular text in the Web page so that it is easy to spot.
  • 52. Scrolling
    Most Web documents contain more information than can be presented on one screen. To see the rest of the document, you use the scroll bar on the right-hand side of the window. Clicking on the downward pointing black triangle will scroll down. Clicking on the upward pointing black triangle will scroll up. You can also pick up the sliding button in the middle of the triangle buttons and reveal more of the screen that way.
  • 53. QUESTIONS?
  • 54. Issues about the Internet
    Objectionable materials and predators
    Viruses, privacy and security
    Intellectual property rights
    Critical thinking skills
  • 55. CRITICAL EVALUATIONWhy Evaluate What You Find on the Web?
    Anyone can put up a Web page
    about anything
    Many pages not kept up-to-date
    No quality control
    most sites not “peer-reviewed”
    less trustworthy than scholarly publications
    no selection guidelines for search engines
  • 56. Web Evaluation TechniquesBefore you click to view the page...
    Look at theURL -personal page or site ?
    Domain name appropriate for the content ?edu, com, org, net, gov,, uk, etc.
    Published by an entity that makes sense ?
    News from its source?
    Advice from valid agency?
  • 57. Web Evaluation TechniquesScan the perimeter of the page
    Can you tell who wrote it ?
    name of page author
    organization, institution, agency you recognize
    e-mail contact by itself not enough
    Credentials for the subject matter ?
    Look for links to:
    “About us” “Philosophy” “Background” “Biography”
    Is it recent or current enough ?
    Look for “last updated” date - usually at bottom
    If no links or other clues...
    truncate back the URL
  • 58. Web Evaluation TechniquesIndicators of quality
    Sources documented
    links, footnotes, etc.
    As detailed as you expect in print publications ?
    do the links work ?
    Information retyped or forged
    why not a link to published version instead ?
    Links to other resources
    biased, slanted ?
  • 59. Web Evaluation TechniquesWhat Do Others Say ?
    Search the URL in
    Who links to the site? Who owns the domain?
    Type or paste the URL into the basic search box
    Traffic for top 100,000 sites
    See what links are in Google’s Similar pages
    Look up the page author in Google
  • 60. Web Evaluation TechniquesSTEP BACK & ASK: Does it all add up ?
    Why was the page put on the Web ?
    inform with facts and data?
    explain, persuade?
    sell, entice?
    share, disclose?
    as a parody or satire?
    Is it appropriate for your purpose?
  • 61. Internet Searching
  • 62. Search Services
    Web Portal
    A Web portal is a single point of access to information which is
    Linked from various logically related internet based applications and
    of interest to various type of users
    Portals present information from diverse sources in a unified way. They provide an excellent way for enterprises to provide a consistent look and feel with access control and procedures for multiple applications, which otherwise would have been different entities altogether.
    Examples are Yahoo, MSN
  • 63. Search Services
    Search Engines
    Google –
    Yahoo! Search
    Altavista –
    Hotbot –
    Excite –
    Ask –
  • 64. Search Services
    How do search engines work?
    Search engine databases are selected and built by computer robot programs called spiders – crawling on the WWW.
    They cannot think or type a URL or use judgment to "decide" to go look something up and see what's on the web about it. (Computers are getting more sophisticated all the time, but they are still brainless.)
  • 65. If a web page is never linked to in any other page, search engine spiders cannot find it, unless its URL is sent to the search engine companies as a request that the new page be included.
    After spiders find pages, they pass them on to another computer program for "indexing." Text, links, and other content in the page are stored in the search engine database's files so that the database can be searched by keyword and whatever more advanced approaches are offered, and the page will be found if your search matches its content.
  • 66. Ranking of websites
    Word proximity and placement
    Popularity - a link to a page is a vote for it
    Importance - traffic, popularity of pages linking to a page
    Subject specific
    Some types of pages and links are excluded from most search engines by policy. Others are excluded because search engine spiders cannot access them. Pages that are excluded are referred to as the "Invisible Web" -- what you don't see in search engine results.
  • 67. QUESTIONS?
  • 68. Tips on Searching the Internet
    Choosing search terms
    • Multiple search terms
    • 69. Phrases
    • 70. Do not include common or question-oriented words like a, an, the, and what
    Negative and positive terms
    • minus sign ("-") in front of words related to the meaning you want to avoid
    • 71. plus (+) sign to that word or those words in your search
  • Tips on Searching the Internet
    Filter or field searches
    Boolean operators and parentheses
    AND, OR, NOT or AND NOT, and ( ). Must be capitalized.
    You must enclose terms joined by OR in parentheses (classic Boolean).
    Note: ( ) or nesting is not available in Google or Ask
  • 74. Tips on Searching the Internet
    Quotation marks (“ “)
    - put around the search terms that you want
    Truncation (*)
    - ex. develop* - searches phrases or sentences that contains develops, developed, developing, development
    Hyphenation in between words
    - searches all forms of the term, whether spelled as a single word, a phrase or hypenated
  • 75. Tips on Searching the Internet
    Similar words (~)
    - searches for a word and all its synonyms
    Number range search
    - Follow search terms with beginning and ending numbers, separated by two periods.
    - Can be used one sided, as less than or greater than
    Limiting searches to filetypes
    - filetype: or ext:
    Definitions and encyclopedic lookups
    - define:
  • 76. Tips on Searching the Internet
    • Click Translate the page after a page in a foreign language
    • 77. Paste a URL or a piece of text at
    Calculator and Conversions
    - Mathematical functions (+,-,*,/,% of, nth root of, sqrt(nn), ^ for exponentiation)
    - Advanced math (Trig: sin, cos, tan, sec, csc, cot, etc.; Inverse trig: arcsin, arcos, arctan, etc.; Hyperbolic trig: sinh, cosh, tanh, etc.; Logarithms; Exponential functions; Factorials; and more)
  • 78. Tips on Searching the Internet
    Units of measure and conversions
    MASS: kilograms or kg, grams or g, grains, pounds or lbs, carats, stones, tons, tonnes, etc.
    LENGTH: meters or m, miles, feet, inches, Angstroms, cubits, furlongs, etc.
    VOLUME: gallons, liters or l, bushels, teaspoons, pints, drops, etc.
    AREA: square miles, square kilometers, acres, hectares, etc.
    TIME: day, seconds or s, years, centuries, sidereal years, fortnights, etc.
    ELECTRICITY: volts, amps, ohms, henrys, etc.
    ENERGY: Calories, British thermal units or BTU, joules, ergs, foot-pounds, etc.
    POWER: watt, kilowatts, horsepower or hp, etc.
    INFORMATION: bits, bytes, kbytes, etc.
    QUANTITY: dozen, baker's dozen, percent, gross, great gross, score, etc.
    NUMBERING SYSTEMS: decimal, hexadecimal or hex, binary, roman numerals, etc.
    QUICK FACTS: currency in countries, population, biographies
    Physical constants (atomic mass units or amu, Avogadro's number, Botzmann constant, Faraday constant, gravitational constant, mass of a proton, mass of each planet and of the sun, permeability of free space, etc.)
  • 79. Tips on Searching the Internet
    Safe Searching in Google
    Go to Safe Search Filtering
    I’m Feeling Lucky
    takes you straight to the most relevant website that Google found for your query. You won't see the search results page at all, but if you did, the "I'm Feeling Lucky" site would be listed on top.
  • 80. Search Services
    One of the largest images database - 1.3+ billion (Yahoo Images boasts 1.5 billion)
    4,500 news feeds, 30 days of news
    Froogle - shopping sites from Google web page database + merchant-supplied machine-readable catalogs
    Google Groups - Usenet Newsgroups back to 1981
    Videos submitted by people, from broadcasts and TV
    Viewable in Flash if ? button in the thumbnail
    Search close captioning to locate
  • 81. Search Services
    Google Labs –
    Various tools developed by Google
    Google Scholar –
    journal articles and publications
    Google Book Search –
    full text of some books with links on where to buy
  • 82. More on Search Services
    Subject Directories
    Built by information specialists
    Selected, evaluated, annotated
    Organized into subject categories
    Librarians’ Internet Index (
    By a group of California library professionals
    Infomine (
    By UC consortium of library professionals
    Academic Info
    By a librarian in Arizona
  • 83. More on Search Services
    Large Directories
    Google Web directory
    5+ million pages - less than 0.04% of Google web – a collection of specialized directories
    search by subject
    Yahoo’s directory
    4 million UNevaluated pages - about 0.06% of Yahoo! search
  • 84. Exercise on Searching
  • 85. THE END