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Water, water, everywhere
 

Water, water, everywhere

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    Water, water, everywhere Water, water, everywhere Presentation Transcript

    • Water, Water, Everywhere. So Many Drops We Spare
      “Water and air, the two
      essential fluids on which
      all life depends, have
      become global garbage cans.”
      Jacques Cousteau
    • Water
      The world depends on its bodies of water for survival. Without these bodies of water, life would not be able to survive on earth.
      The oceans of the earth cover 71% of our earth’s surface.
    • Water
      Every year millions of chemicals and foreign bodies are dumped into our oceans, rivers and lakes.
      . In addition, millions of ocean and lake habitats are destroyed due to commercial fishing and oil industries that destroy the habitats of the creatures that inhabit the bodies of water in the world.
    • Water
      Oceans, which are actually one continuous body of water, and lakes, are home to thousands of different species of fish, marine worms, plankton, mammals and coral that not only create beauty in the oceans, but help sustain life as well.
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Offshore Drilling
      Every day oil rigs are pumping millions of gallons of contaminated water into the ocean.
      This water, what they call PFW or produced formation water, is returned back into the ocean after it is separated from the oil.
      However, not all the oil or chemicals used for drill the crude oil is able to be removed from the PFW.
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Offshore Drilling
      One rig can contaminate 8,000 square feet of oceans with over a meter of thick drilling waste.
      This waste can last up to 40 years before it is destroyed
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Oil Spills
      Oil spills are the single biggest killer of animals and habitats within the world oceans.
      Ninty-seven percent of all oil spills that occur are not even reported because they are under 1000 barrels
      Estimates state that only 5%-15% of any oil spill can actually be cleaned up.
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Oil Spills (Exxon Valdez)
      This video gives a
      good insight as to what led
      up to the spill, and
      its aftermath
      http://youtu.be/YkzB1ZYcTwM
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Oil Spills (Exxon Valdez)
      Up to 12 million gallons of oil was spilt into the water of the Prince William Sound.
      The oil eventually covered 11,000 square miles of ocean and 1,300 miles of coast line.
      A quarter million sea birds, 2,800 sea otters, and countless numbers of fish and other ocean baring creatures such as salmon were killed due to the Exxon Valdez oil spill
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Oil Spills (Deepwater Horizon)
      The Deepwater Horizon oil spill allowed 4.9 million barrels, or 53,000 barrels a day, worth of oil spill into the gulf coast.
      This spills 3,850 square mile area of oil contaminated ocean effects much more than just the area of the spill.
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Oil Spills (Deepwater Horizon)
      The spill resulted in 86,985 square miles of the gulf fishery to be closed to fishing because of unknown contaminates that may have reached these regions of the Gulf. This area accounts for about 36% of the Gulf of Mexico’s waters.
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Commercial Fishing
      Bycatch
      Every year 20 million pounds of fish and other marine creatures are killed and discarded as a result of overfishing and bycatch
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Commercial Fishing
      Over Fishing
      Over fishing creates long term ecological changes to marine ecosystems.
      Over fishing has resulted in the depletion and extinction of over 90 species of marine animals.
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Commercial Fishing
      Commercial Fishing Method Promote Habitat Destruction
      Trawling-Trawling refers to towing a large net behind a boat.
      Trawling for these creatures usually results in up to 25% of an areas seabed life being destroyed in a single pass.
      The nets and other fishing equipment that these companies use can be lost or intentionally thrown into the ocean.
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Cruises
      The largest cruise ship in the world is 1,181 feet long and can carry up to 6,400 passengers for weeks at a time.
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Cruises
      In one week, an average cruise ship is able to generate
      210,000 gallons of sewage.
      1,000,000 gallons of grey water
      37,000 gallon of oily bilge water
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Fresh water pollution
      Forty-six percent of America’s rivers are too polluted to fish
      pales in comparison to America’s lakes in which 46% are plagued by pollution
      Every year 1.2 trillion gallons of untreated sewage and other wastes are dumped into our rivers and lakes.
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Fresh water pollution
      Milfoil
      Pollution is the main cause for milfoil
      Milfoil spreads so fast in bodies of water that it literally suffocates the native plants
      Asian Jumping Carp
      There are numerous reasons as to how these carp got here, but the main reason is international trade.
      Asian carp eat the majority of food found in these ecosystems causing the other native animals and plants to leave or die out.
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Wasting water
    • How We Harm Our Waters-Wasting water
      The average American citizen uses about 176 gallons, 681 liters, 704 quarts, or 1,408 pints of water a day.
      That is equivalent in volume to 1,877 cans of Mountain Dew.
      . A family of 4 therefore uses 256,960 gallons of water a year
      This is enough water to fill 2.5 average high school pools full of water.
    • How We Can Save Our Water
      Eliminate Straight pipes
      Eliminating these would mean 60 million gallons of oil, 2 billion pounds of trash, 850 million gallons of raw sewage, and 34 billion liters of chemicals waste would not be dumped into the world bodies of water.
      Regulate Bycatch and Overfishing
      Eliminate oil spills
      Simply use less water
      take 5 or even 7 minute showers instead of 10
      run the sink less