Water, Water, Everywhere. So Many Drops We Spare “Water and air, the two essential fluids on which all life depends, have become global garbage cans.” Jacques Cousteau
Water The world depends on its bodies of water for survival. Without these bodies of water, life would not be able to survive on earth. The oceans of the earth cover 71% of our earth’s surface.
Water Every year millions of chemicals and foreign bodies are dumped into our oceans, rivers and lakes. . In addition, millions of ocean and lake habitats are destroyed due to commercial fishing and oil industries that destroy the habitats of the creatures that inhabit the bodies of water in the world.
Water Oceans, which are actually one continuous body of water, and lakes, are home to thousands of different species of fish, marine worms, plankton, mammals and coral that not only create beauty in the oceans, but help sustain life as well.
How We Harm Our Waters-Offshore Drilling Every day oil rigs are pumping millions of gallons of contaminated water into the ocean. This water, what they call PFW or produced formation water, is returned back into the ocean after it is separated from the oil. However, not all the oil or chemicals used for drill the crude oil is able to be removed from the PFW.
How We Harm Our Waters-Offshore Drilling One rig can contaminate 8,000 square feet of oceans with over a meter of thick drilling waste. This waste can last up to 40 years before it is destroyed
How We Harm Our Waters-Oil Spills Oil spills are the single biggest killer of animals and habitats within the world oceans. Ninty-seven percent of all oil spills that occur are not even reported because they are under 1000 barrels Estimates state that only 5%-15% of any oil spill can actually be cleaned up.
How We Harm Our Waters-Oil Spills (Exxon Valdez) This video gives a good insight as to what led up to the spill, and its aftermath http://youtu.be/YkzB1ZYcTwM
How We Harm Our Waters-Oil Spills (Exxon Valdez) Up to 12 million gallons of oil was spilt into the water of the Prince William Sound. The oil eventually covered 11,000 square miles of ocean and 1,300 miles of coast line. A quarter million sea birds, 2,800 sea otters, and countless numbers of fish and other ocean baring creatures such as salmon were killed due to the Exxon Valdez oil spill
How We Harm Our Waters-Oil Spills (Deepwater Horizon) The Deepwater Horizon oil spill allowed 4.9 million barrels, or 53,000 barrels a day, worth of oil spill into the gulf coast. This spills 3,850 square mile area of oil contaminated ocean effects much more than just the area of the spill.
How We Harm Our Waters-Oil Spills (Deepwater Horizon) The spill resulted in 86,985 square miles of the gulf fishery to be closed to fishing because of unknown contaminates that may have reached these regions of the Gulf. This area accounts for about 36% of the Gulf of Mexico’s waters.
How We Harm Our Waters-Commercial Fishing Bycatch Every year 20 million pounds of fish and other marine creatures are killed and discarded as a result of overfishing and bycatch
How We Harm Our Waters-Commercial Fishing Over Fishing Over fishing creates long term ecological changes to marine ecosystems. Over fishing has resulted in the depletion and extinction of over 90 species of marine animals.
How We Harm Our Waters-Commercial Fishing Commercial Fishing Method Promote Habitat Destruction Trawling-Trawling refers to towing a large net behind a boat. Trawling for these creatures usually results in up to 25% of an areas seabed life being destroyed in a single pass. The nets and other fishing equipment that these companies use can be lost or intentionally thrown into the ocean.
How We Harm Our Waters-Cruises The largest cruise ship in the world is 1,181 feet long and can carry up to 6,400 passengers for weeks at a time.
How We Harm Our Waters-Cruises In one week, an average cruise ship is able to generate 210,000 gallons of sewage. 1,000,000 gallons of grey water 37,000 gallon of oily bilge water
How We Harm Our Waters-Fresh water pollution Forty-six percent of America’s rivers are too polluted to fish pales in comparison to America’s lakes in which 46% are plagued by pollution Every year 1.2 trillion gallons of untreated sewage and other wastes are dumped into our rivers and lakes.
How We Harm Our Waters-Fresh water pollution Milfoil Pollution is the main cause for milfoil Milfoil spreads so fast in bodies of water that it literally suffocates the native plants Asian Jumping Carp There are numerous reasons as to how these carp got here, but the main reason is international trade. Asian carp eat the majority of food found in these ecosystems causing the other native animals and plants to leave or die out.
How We Harm Our Waters-Wasting water The average American citizen uses about 176 gallons, 681 liters, 704 quarts, or 1,408 pints of water a day. That is equivalent in volume to 1,877 cans of Mountain Dew. . A family of 4 therefore uses 256,960 gallons of water a year This is enough water to fill 2.5 average high school pools full of water.
How We Can Save Our Water Eliminate Straight pipes Eliminating these would mean 60 million gallons of oil, 2 billion pounds of trash, 850 million gallons of raw sewage, and 34 billion liters of chemicals waste would not be dumped into the world bodies of water. Regulate Bycatch and Overfishing Eliminate oil spills Simply use less water take 5 or even 7 minute showers instead of 10 run the sink less