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Resident Aliens from a Different Shore, presented at SPU Asian American Ministry inaugural conference (June 13, 2011)

Resident Aliens from a Different Shore, presented at SPU Asian American Ministry inaugural conference (June 13, 2011)

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  • Creation of distinct Chinese Christian Culture\n
  • Creation of distinct Chinese Christian Culture\n
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  • Japanese on Sisal Plantation, Hawaii\nDate Created/Published: [between ca. 1910 and ca. 1915] - Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Bain Collection - Reproduction number: LC-DIG-ggbain-13386 (digital file from original negative) - Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication.\nhttp://luirig.altervista.org/naturaitaliana/viewpics.php?title=Japanese+on+Sisal+Plantation,+Hawaii\n
  • Japanese Sugar WorkersImage from Bishop Museum Archives, Honolulu, Hawaii. Images are not to be re-used without permission.Japanese man and women sugar workers in canefield, Hawai‘i,ca. 1910.http://www.hawaiialive.org/viewer.php?resource=274&hostType=sub&hostID=47\n
  • Japanese residences, Honolulu\nDate Created/Published: [between 1900 and 1915] - Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Bain Collection - Reproduction number: LC-USZ62-98386 (b&w film copy neg.) - Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication.\nhttp://luirig.altervista.org/naturaitaliana/viewpics.php?title=Japanese+residences,+Honolulu\n
  • Japs in Honolulu cheering emperor at a celebration\nDate Created/Published: 1916 Jan. 20. - Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Bain Collection - Reproduction number: LC-USZ62-98385 (b&w film copy neg.) - Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on publication.\nhttp://luirig.altervista.org/cpm/thumbnails2.php?search=Japs+in+Honolulu+cheering+emperor+at+a+celebration\n
  • From A More Perfect Union: Japanese Americans and the U.S. Constitution (Smithsonian Institute)\nhttp://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/collection/image.asp?ID=405\nTITLE: Children in front of Japanese Primary School\nDESCRIPTION\nOriginal capation: "The first Japanese Primary School on O'ahu, with its founder, Rev. Takie Okumura, in kimono, 1896. \nRev. Okumura was inspired to establish the school by a little girl's comment. In response to his inquiry about her mother, the girl said in a mixture of English, Hawaiian, and Japanese, "Me mama hana yo konai." ("My mother is at work and is not able to come.") Hideo Kuwabara, in a dark suit, was the teacher." - A Pictorial History of the Japanese in Hawai'i\n\nCONTEXT\n"Reverend Takie Okumura (on stairs, left) founded the first Japanese language school on the island of Oahu. Chuo Gakuin, the successor to his school, became one of the finest Japanese language schools in Hawaii." - A Pictorial History of the Japanese in Hawai'i\nCREDIT Courtesy of Bishop Museum \nDATE 1896\n\n
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  • Nisei Baseball roots started in Hawaii in 1899, with the Excelsior Team in Hawaii, with Reverend Takie Okumura. It came to the mainland in 1903 in San Francisco, the Fuji Athletic Club with Chiura Obata - whose son built Pac Bell Ballpark, Enron Field, Comerica, Camden Yards, Jacobs Fields and others. - http://us_asians.tripod.com/timeline-1990.html\nhttp://www.niseibaseball.com/\nhttp://www.thediamondangle.com/marasco/jaball.html\n
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  • http://groups.yahoo.com/group/asianamericanartistry/message/15074\nhttp://us_asians.tripod.com/timeline-1930.html\n\n\n
  • The treatment of... http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/hb9j49p075/?order=2&brand=calisphere\nA Statement \nhttp://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://covers.openlibrary.org/b/id/5575245-L.jpg&imgrefurl=http://openlibrary.org/ia/statementfornone00healrich&usg=__MmgmAJfGpoZ_Fg21DG7x3umMEhI=&h=500&w=281&sz=20&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=T9WR9mX_dX_PoM:&tbnh=158&tbnw=107&ei=uYv2TbK3FJC4sAPy5Li6Bw&prev=/search%3Fq%3DA%2BStatement%2Bfor%2BNon-Exclusion%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Doff%26sa%3DN%26sig%3Dr3o6eyS0AWNh0Iu_K8PSBW8hiH8%26biw%3D1280%26bih%3D635%26tbm%3Disch&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=392&vpy=52&dur=463&hovh=158&hovw=107&tx=83&ty=210&page=1&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0&biw=1280&bih=635\n
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RDMc35rnk8c\n
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  • http://depts.washington.edu/civilr/antimiscegenation.htm#_ednref8\n
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  • http://www.umc.org/atf/cf/%7BDB6A45E4-C446-4248-82C8-E131B6424741%7D/umns10_536_4_lightbox.jpg\nAuthor: Ginny Underwood\nSource: UMNS\nPhoto Date: 11/18/2010\nLong Description: Retired Bishop Roy Sano poses questions to the Call To Action presenters on some of the terms used in the report. UMNS photos by Ginny Underwood. Accompanies UMNS story # 536. 11/18/10.\nKeywords: Call to Action Report, Bishop Roy Sano, Connectional Table, Ginny Underwood\n\nhttp://www.umc.org/site/apps/nlnet/content2.aspx?c=lwL4KnN1LtH&b=6387671&ct=7274597\nBio: Roy Sano was born in Brawley, California. His parents had emigrated from Japan, and were converted to Christ upon the death of their third child. When Roy was eleven years old, after the start of World War II, the family was sent to the Poston Relocation Center. The family moved to Pennsylvania, under the sponsorship of a Quaker family. It was during this time that Roy felt a call to the Christian ministry and accepted Christ. After World War II, the Sanos returned to California, and their family was reunited after the war. One brother served in the U. S. Armed Forces in the Pacific. Another brother, who had been adopted by a maternal uncle in Japan, served in the Japanese Imperial Army and was imprisoned in Siberia, before returning the U.S. \nRoy Sano’s education includes a B.A. from the University of California at Los Angeles, an M.Div. from Union Theological Seminary, in New York City, an M. Th. from the Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley, and a Ph. D. from the Claremont Graduate University. \nHe served in student pastorates, and upon his ordination he served in Loomis, San Jose, and Los Angeles. Later, Roy was the chaplain and taught at Mills College, Oakland, CA, and served on the faculty of Pacific School of Religion, Berkeley, CA. From 1972-78 Roy was Director of the Pacific and Asian American Center for Theology and Strategies in Berkeley. \nBishop Sano was elected to the Episcopacy in 1984, and served the Denver and Los Angeles Areas, until his retirement in 2000. He was assigned to several Boards and Agencies of the UMC. He was a delegate to five plenary session of the Consultation on Church Union, and to three Assemblies of the WCC. He was the President of the Council of Bishops, 1991-92; COB Liaison to Association of United Methodist Theological Schools, 2000-04; and served as the first Executive Secretary of the Council of Bishops from 2004-2008. \nHe is married to Kathleen Thomas-Sano and his children are Topaz, Timothy, and Barton who is married to Sharon King, with grandchildren, Evan and Kira.\n\n
  • http://www.pacificasiantheology.org\n
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  • http://vimeo.com/9876587\nInterviewed Dec. 17, 2009 (Honolulu, HI) - uploaded March 3, 2010: Mentions Gwen Wong as first IVCF staff in Hawaii\nK... Union Church\n
  • http://balikatan.org/\nThank you to the Ates in IVCF Philippines by Julie Rustia\n“Many daughters have done well but you excel them all.” (Prov 31:29) This verse reminds me of the many wonderful “Ates” in Inter Varsity Christian Fellowship (IVCF) like Gwen Wong, who have obediently crossed another culture to pioneer the student movement of the IVCF in the Philippines. “Ate” is what Filipinos call an older sister, or an older woman and “Kuya” for an older brother and older man, to show respect for them. IVCF Philippines is surrounded with “Ates” and “Kuyas”.\n\n
  • Bible study groups (international students) led to church plants of diverse Chinese groups:\n1950-60s Cantonese urban immigrants and refugees\n1970s Students from Taiwan\nSince 1980s Students from China \n1990s Escape from Hong Kong!\nSince 1990s Fujien (mainland China)\n\nIndigenous Chinese denominations\nFormosan Evangelical Church (Fuller Seminary, charismatic)\nChinese for Christ (indigenous seminaries)\nHome of Christ\nFirst Evangelical Church\nChristian Missionary Alliance, Southern Baptist\n
  • Bible study groups (international students) led to church plants of diverse Chinese groups:\n1950-60s Cantonese urban immigrants and refugees\n1970s Students from Taiwan\nSince 1980s Students from China \n1990s Escape from Hong Kong!\nSince 1990s Fujien (mainland China)\n\nIndigenous Chinese denominations\nFormosan Evangelical Church (Fuller Seminary, charismatic)\nChinese for Christ (indigenous seminaries)\nHome of Christ\nFirst Evangelical Church\nChristian Missionary Alliance, Southern Baptist\n
  • Bible study groups (international students) led to church plants of diverse Chinese groups:\n1950-60s Cantonese urban immigrants and refugees\n1970s Students from Taiwan\nSince 1980s Students from China \n1990s Escape from Hong Kong!\nSince 1990s Fujien (mainland China)\n\nIndigenous Chinese denominations\nFormosan Evangelical Church (Fuller Seminary, charismatic)\nChinese for Christ (indigenous seminaries)\nHome of Christ\nFirst Evangelical Church\nChristian Missionary Alliance, Southern Baptist\n
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Transcript

  • 1. RESIDENT ALIENS FROM A DIFFERENT SHOREA history of Asian American ministry through the eyes of Asian American Christian leaders
  • 2. But Moses said to God, “Who am I that I should go toPharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt?” - Ex 3:11 (NIV)
  • 3. Stream of Praise ministry
  • 4. Stream of Praise ministry
  • 5. RACIAL COMMON SENSE IN AMERICAN HISTORY
  • 6. RACIAL COMMON SENSE IN AMERICAN HISTORYRacial Segregation (1877-1954)
  • 7. RACIAL COMMON SENSE IN AMERICAN HISTORYRacial Segregation (1877-1954)Racial Integration (1954-1989)
  • 8. RACIAL COMMON SENSE IN AMERICAN HISTORYRacial Segregation (1877-1954)Racial Integration (1954-1989)Racial Deconstruction (since 1989)
  • 9. HOW DID ASIAN AMERICAN CHURCHLEADERS DO MINISTRY IN A RACIALIZED SOCIETY OVER THE PAST150 YEARS?
  • 10. TONIGHT’S RESIDENT ALIENS
  • 11. TONIGHT’S RESIDENT ALIENSTakie Okumura (1865-1945)
  • 12. TONIGHT’S RESIDENT ALIENSTakie Okumura (1865-1945)Ng Poon Chew (1866-1931)
  • 13. TONIGHT’S RESIDENT ALIENSTakie Okumura (1865-1945)Ng Poon Chew (1866-1931)Roy I. Sano (1931- )
  • 14. TONIGHT’S RESIDENT ALIENSTakie Okumura (1865-1945)Ng Poon Chew (1866-1931)Roy I. Sano (1931- )Paul M. Nagano (1921-)
  • 15. TONIGHT’S RESIDENT ALIENSTakie Okumura (1865-1945)Ng Poon Chew (1866-1931)Roy I. Sano (1931- )Paul M. Nagano (1921-)Ronald Takaki, Strangers from a Different Shore
  • 16. HEART MOUNTAINJAPANESE AMERICAN INTERNMENT CAMP
  • 17. BIRTH OF ASIAN AMERICAN CHRISTIANITY
  • 18. BIRTH OF ASIAN AMERICAN CHRISTIANITY Otis Gibson and the Chinese and Japanese Methodist Mission in San Francisco - 1870s
  • 19. LIBERALISM Types of Liberals
  • 20. LIBERALISM Types of LiberalsCharacteristics•Intellectual Freedom•Arminian or Pelagian•Ethical Preaching•Progress•Benign Naturalism•Monistic•Religious Education
  • 21. LIBERALISM Types of Liberals Religion: Moralists PhenomenologistsCharacteristics•Intellectual Freedom Revelation:•Arminian or Pelagian•Ethical Preaching Evangelical Liberals•Progress Modernist Liberals•Benign Naturalism•Monistic•Religious Education
  • 22. LIBERALISM Types of Liberals Religion: Moralists PhenomenologistsCharacteristics•Intellectual Freedom Revelation:•Arminian or Pelagian•Ethical Preaching Evangelical Liberals•Progress Modernist Liberals•Benign Naturalism•Monistic•Religious Education
  • 23. LIBERALISM Types of Liberals Religion: Moralists PhenomenologistsCharacteristics•Intellectual Freedom Revelation:•Arminian or Pelagian•Ethical Preaching Evangelical Liberals•Progress Modernist Liberals•Benign Naturalism•Monistic•Religious Education Kernel
  • 24. LIBERALISM Types of Liberals Husk Religion: Moralists PhenomenologistsCharacteristics•Intellectual Freedom Revelation:•Arminian or Pelagian•Ethical Preaching Evangelical Liberals•Progress Modernist Liberals•Benign Naturalism•Monistic•Religious Education Kernel
  • 25. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s)
  • 26. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s) PremillennialDispensationalism
  • 27. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s) PremillennialDispensationalismReformed Theology Princeton Seminary B. B. Warfield G. Machen
  • 28. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s) PremillennialDispensationalismReformed Theology Princeton Seminary B. B. Warfield G. Machen Holiness & Pentecostalism
  • 29. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s) PremillennialDispensationalismReformed Theology Princeton Seminary B. B. Warfield G. Machen Holiness & Pentecostalism
  • 30. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s) PremillennialDispensationalismReformed Theology Princeton Seminary B. B. Warfield G. Machen Holiness & Pentecostalism
  • 31. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s) PremillennialDispensationalismReformed Theology Princeton Seminary B. B. Warfield G. Machen Holiness & Pentecostalism
  • 32. FUNDAMENTALISM (1910s-1930s) PremillennialDispensationalism Five Fundamentals •Biblical Inerrancy •Virgin Birth •Bodily Resurrection •Substitutionary Atonement •Real Return of ChristReformed Theology Princeton Seminary B. B. Warfield G. Machen Holiness & Pentecostalism
  • 33. THE GREAT REVERSAL INAMERICAN EVANGELICALISM
  • 34. THE GREAT REVERSAL IN AMERICAN EVANGELICALISM Reforming Impulse Religious Freedom Frontier Expansion Evangelical Domination•Abolitionism•Woman’s Rights•Prohibition•Missions•Postmillennial Optimism•Scottish Common SensePhilosophy
  • 35. THE GREAT REVERSAL IN AMERICAN EVANGELICALISM Reforming Impulse Religious Freedom Frontier Expansion Evangelical Domination•Abolitionism•Woman’s Rights•Prohibition•Missions•Postmillennial Optimism•Scottish Common SensePhilosophy 1800-1865
  • 36. THE GREAT REVERSAL IN AMERICAN EVANGELICALISM Reforming Impulse Religious Freedom Frontier Expansion Evangelical Domination•Abolitionism•Woman’s Rights•Prohibition•Missions•Postmillennial Optimism•Scottish Common SensePhilosophy 1800-1865
  • 37. THE GREAT REVERSAL IN AMERICAN EVANGELICALISM Reforming Disestablishment Impulse  Urbanization Religious Freedom  Immigration Frontier Expansion  New Science Evangelical Domination •Fundamentalism•Abolitionism•Woman’s Rights •Reject Social Gospel•Prohibition •Revivalistic missions•Missions •Reject Woman’s rights•Postmillennial Optimism •Reject modernity•Scottish Common Sense •PremillennialismPhilosophy •Anti-intellectualism 1800-1865
  • 38. THE GREAT REVERSAL IN AMERICAN EVANGELICALISM Reforming Disestablishment Impulse  Urbanization Religious Freedom  Immigration Frontier Expansion  New Science Evangelical Domination •Fundamentalism•Abolitionism•Woman’s Rights •Reject Social Gospel•Prohibition •Revivalistic missions•Missions •Reject Woman’s rights•Postmillennial Optimism •Reject modernity•Scottish Common Sense •PremillennialismPhilosophy •Anti-intellectualism 1800-1865 1866-1945
  • 39. THE GREAT REVERSAL IN AMERICAN EVANGELICALISM Neo- Reforming Disestablishment evangelicals Impulse  Urbanization  Rise & fall of New Deal Religious Freedom  Immigration liberalism  New Science  Civil Rights Movement Frontier Expansion  Religious Pluralism Evangelical Domination  Post 1965 Immigration •Fundamentalism•Abolitionism •Billy Graham•Woman’s Rights •Reject Social Gospel •Fuller Theological•Prohibition •Revivalistic missions Seminary•Missions •Reject Woman’s rights •Christianity Today •Charismatic Movement•Postmillennial Optimism •Reject modernity •Jesus Movement (1970s)•Scottish Common Sense •Premillennialism •Evangelicals for SocialPhilosophy Action •Anti-intellectualism •Sojourners Community •Religious Right 1800-1865 1866-1945
  • 40. THE GREAT REVERSAL IN AMERICAN EVANGELICALISM Neo- Reforming Disestablishment evangelicals Impulse  Urbanization  Rise & fall of New Deal Religious Freedom  Immigration liberalism  New Science  Civil Rights Movement Frontier Expansion  Religious Pluralism Evangelical Domination  Post 1965 Immigration •Fundamentalism•Abolitionism •Billy Graham•Woman’s Rights •Reject Social Gospel •Fuller Theological•Prohibition •Revivalistic missions Seminary•Missions •Reject Woman’s rights •Christianity Today •Charismatic Movement•Postmillennial Optimism •Reject modernity •Jesus Movement (1970s)•Scottish Common Sense •Premillennialism •Evangelicals for SocialPhilosophy Action •Anti-intellectualism •Sojourners Community •Religious Right 1800-1865 1866-1945 Since 1945
  • 41. TAKIE OKUMURA (1865-1945)
  • 42. Source: http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/collection/image.asp?ID=405
  • 43. Source: http://americanhistory.si.edu/perfectunion/collection/image.asp?ID=405
  • 44. NG POON CHEW (1866-1931)
  • 45. MAINLINE PROTESTANTISM THEOLOGY OF ENGAGEMENT
  • 46. 1937 - WASHINGTON STATE ATTEMPTS TO ELIMINATE INTERRACIAL MARRIAGESWashington state legislature attempts to pass ananti-miscegenation law prohibiting "... any personof the Caucasian or white race to intermarry withany person of the Ethiopian or black race, theMalayan or brown race, or Mongolian or yellowrace."Stefanie Johnson, “Blocking Racial Intermarriage Laws in1935 and 1937: Seattles First Civil Rights Coalition” (2005)
  • 47. ROY ISAO SANO (1931- )
  • 48. Roy Isao Sano is a retired Japanese-American Bishop of the United Methodist Church, elected in 1984.
  • 49. PAUL M. NAGANO (1920- )
  • 50. JAPANESE EVANGELICALMISSIONARY SOCIETY • F. 1951
  • 51. 37
  • 52. EVANGELICAL RESURGENCE
  • 53. EVANGELICAL RESURGENCEThe Fundamentalist inheritance:A theology of separation
  • 54. EVANGELICAL RESURGENCEThe Fundamentalist inheritance:A theology of separationRacial and ethnic diversity:lack of tools- Michael Emerson and Christian Smith, Divided byFaith: Evangelical Religion and the Problem of Race inAmerica (2001)
  • 55. EVANGELICAL RESURGENCEThe Fundamentalist inheritance:A theology of separationRacial and ethnic diversity:lack of tools- Michael Emerson and Christian Smith, Divided byFaith: Evangelical Religion and the Problem of Race inAmerica (2001)
  • 56. POST 1965 ASIAN AMERICA
  • 57. POST 1965 ASIAN AMERICANew immigrants and refuges from otherparts of Asia
  • 58. POST 1965 ASIAN AMERICANew immigrants and refuges from otherparts of AsiaNisei --> Sansei --> Yonsei
  • 59. POST 1965 ASIAN AMERICANew immigrants and refuges from otherparts of AsiaNisei --> Sansei --> YonseiChinese diversity: Guandong, Taiwan,Southeast Asia, Latin America, Fujian
  • 60. POST 1965 ASIAN AMERICANew immigrants and refuges from otherparts of AsiaNisei --> Sansei --> YonseiChinese diversity: Guandong, Taiwan,Southeast Asia, Latin America, FujianMore pan-ethnic and interracial relationships
  • 61. Asian American evangelicals today
  • 62. Asian American evangelicals today Theology of separation
  • 63. Asian American evangelicals today Theology of separation Theology of non-engagement with culture and out identities
  • 64. POSTRACIAL & POSTETHNIC Racial Deconstruction
  • 65. AMERICANIZATION VERSUSRACIAL-ETHNIC TRIBALISM
  • 66. Are we moving from color-conscious to color-blind (post-racial) America?
  • 67. Are we moving from color-conscious to color-blind (post-racial) America?What is the fate of AsianAmerican consciousness?
  • 68. But Moses said to God, “Who am I that I should go toPharaoh and bring the Israelites out of Egypt?” - Ex 3:11 (NIV) THEOLOGY OF ENGAGEMENT WITH ASIAN AMERICAN IDENTITY AND EXPERIENCES