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Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
Faith Hope Love Asian American History
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Faith Hope Love Asian American History

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Actually, an interpretation of the history of Chinese American Christianity

Actually, an interpretation of the history of Chinese American Christianity

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  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • http://www.ocac.gov.tw/english/public/public.asp?selno=1163&no=1163&level=B











  • Creation of distinct Chinese Christian Culture
  • Creation of distinct Chinese Christian Culture
  • Creation of distinct Chinese Christian Culture
  • Creation of distinct Chinese Christian Culture


  • 1929 - 1945 - 1959
  • 1929 - 1945 - 1959
  • 1929 - 1945 - 1959
  • predominant theological ethos of Chinese American Christian communities before the 1960s; inherited from Protestant missionary culture, nationalism, community engagement, orthodox liberal range. Examples: quote from Tong, ministry of Frank Mar (1922-1989) and Rev. Dr. Yam Tong Hoh (1989-1987).
  • predominant theological ethos of Chinese American Christian communities before the 1960s; inherited from Protestant missionary culture, nationalism, community engagement, orthodox liberal range. Examples: quote from Tong, ministry of Frank Mar (1922-1989) and Rev. Dr. Yam Tong Hoh (1989-1987).
  • predominant theological ethos of Chinese American Christian communities before the 1960s; inherited from Protestant missionary culture, nationalism, community engagement, orthodox liberal range. Examples: quote from Tong, ministry of Frank Mar (1922-1989) and Rev. Dr. Yam Tong Hoh (1989-1987).
  • predominant theological ethos of Chinese American Christian communities before the 1960s; inherited from Protestant missionary culture, nationalism, community engagement, orthodox liberal range. Examples: quote from Tong, ministry of Frank Mar (1922-1989) and Rev. Dr. Yam Tong Hoh (1989-1987).































  • Sources: Wing Ning Pang, The Chinese Church in North America (CCCOWE, 1990); Sharon Wai-man Chan, “The Dynamics of Expansion of the Chiinese Churches in the Los Angeles Basin” (PhD Dissertation, Fuller Theological Seminary, 2996); James Chuck, An Exploratory Study of the Growth of Chinese Protestant Congregations (1996); James Chuck and Timothy Tseng, ed., The 2009 Report of the Bay Area Chinese Churches Project (ISAAC, 2009)












  • Bible study groups (international students) led to church plants of diverse Chinese groups:
    1950-60s Cantonese urban immigrants and refugees
    1970s Students from Taiwan
    Since 1980s Students from China
    1990s Escape from Hong Kong!
    Since 1990s Fujien (mainland China)

    Indigenous Chinese denominations
    Formosan Evangelical Church (Fuller Seminary, charismatic)
    Chinese for Christ (indigenous seminaries)
    Home of Christ
    First Evangelical Church
    Christian Missionary Alliance, Southern Baptist
  • Bible study groups (international students) led to church plants of diverse Chinese groups:
    1950-60s Cantonese urban immigrants and refugees
    1970s Students from Taiwan
    Since 1980s Students from China
    1990s Escape from Hong Kong!
    Since 1990s Fujien (mainland China)

    Indigenous Chinese denominations
    Formosan Evangelical Church (Fuller Seminary, charismatic)
    Chinese for Christ (indigenous seminaries)
    Home of Christ
    First Evangelical Church
    Christian Missionary Alliance, Southern Baptist
  • Bible study groups (international students) led to church plants of diverse Chinese groups:
    1950-60s Cantonese urban immigrants and refugees
    1970s Students from Taiwan
    Since 1980s Students from China
    1990s Escape from Hong Kong!
    Since 1990s Fujien (mainland China)

    Indigenous Chinese denominations
    Formosan Evangelical Church (Fuller Seminary, charismatic)
    Chinese for Christ (indigenous seminaries)
    Home of Christ
    First Evangelical Church
    Christian Missionary Alliance, Southern Baptist
  • Bible study groups (international students) led to church plants of diverse Chinese groups:
    1950-60s Cantonese urban immigrants and refugees
    1970s Students from Taiwan
    Since 1980s Students from China
    1990s Escape from Hong Kong!
    Since 1990s Fujien (mainland China)

    Indigenous Chinese denominations
    Formosan Evangelical Church (Fuller Seminary, charismatic)
    Chinese for Christ (indigenous seminaries)
    Home of Christ
    First Evangelical Church
    Christian Missionary Alliance, Southern Baptist


















  • Asian American Voting on Prop 8 Influenced by Age, English Proficiency and Religiosity
    http://www.asianweek.com/2009/02/02/020209/

    LOS ANGELES, CA - Asian Pacific American Legal Center, API Equality-LA, API Equality, and California Faith for Equality (CAFFE), has released data showing Asian American voting trends on Proposition 8 during the November 2008 election.

    APALC surveyed 1,200 Asian American voters in Los Angeles and Orange Counties, including hundreds of voters who identified as limited English speaking.

    Preliminary data shows that, similar to other racial and ethnic groups, age and religiosity are determining factors in voting on Proposition 8, with younger voters and those who “never” attend religious services significantly more likely to oppose Prop 8. In addition, the survey shows that level of English proficiency is also critical, with fluent English speakers much more likely to vote against Prop 8.
  • Asian American Voting on Prop 8 Influenced by Age, English Proficiency and Religiosity
    http://www.asianweek.com/2009/02/02/020209/

    LOS ANGELES, CA - Asian Pacific American Legal Center, API Equality-LA, API Equality, and California Faith for Equality (CAFFE), has released data showing Asian American voting trends on Proposition 8 during the November 2008 election.

    APALC surveyed 1,200 Asian American voters in Los Angeles and Orange Counties, including hundreds of voters who identified as limited English speaking.

    Preliminary data shows that, similar to other racial and ethnic groups, age and religiosity are determining factors in voting on Proposition 8, with younger voters and those who “never” attend religious services significantly more likely to oppose Prop 8. In addition, the survey shows that level of English proficiency is also critical, with fluent English speakers much more likely to vote against Prop 8.
  • Asian American Voting on Prop 8 Influenced by Age, English Proficiency and Religiosity
    http://www.asianweek.com/2009/02/02/020209/

    LOS ANGELES, CA - Asian Pacific American Legal Center, API Equality-LA, API Equality, and California Faith for Equality (CAFFE), has released data showing Asian American voting trends on Proposition 8 during the November 2008 election.

    APALC surveyed 1,200 Asian American voters in Los Angeles and Orange Counties, including hundreds of voters who identified as limited English speaking.

    Preliminary data shows that, similar to other racial and ethnic groups, age and religiosity are determining factors in voting on Proposition 8, with younger voters and those who “never” attend religious services significantly more likely to oppose Prop 8. In addition, the survey shows that level of English proficiency is also critical, with fluent English speakers much more likely to vote against Prop 8.










  • Transcript

    • 1. Faith, Hope, Love & the Asian American Christian Story 2009 N.A. Bridging Conference Thursday, February 19, 2009 **** Dr. Timothy Tseng Institute for the Study of Asian American Christianity Castro Valley, California Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 2. 2 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 3. 2 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 4. 2 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 5. isaacweb.org 2 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 6. My family Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 7. My family Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 8. My family Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 9. My family Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 10. My family Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 11. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 12. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 13. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 14. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 15. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 16. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 17. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 18. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 19. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 20. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 21. Overseas Chinese Journey 30.7 million overseas Chinese in 1990 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 22. Overseas Chinese Journey 30.7 million overseas Chinese in 1990 40 million overseas Chinese today Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 23. Regions with Significant Chinese Populations Cambodia: 343,855 Singapore: 3,496,710 France: 230,515 Indonesia: 7,566,200 India: 189,470 Thailand:7,153,240 Laos: 185,765 Malaysia: 7,070,500 Brazil: 151,649 United States: 3,376,031 New Zealand: 147,570 Canada: 1,612,173 Italy: 144,885 Peru: 1,300,000 Netherlands: 144,928 Vietnam: 1,263,570 South Korea: 137,790 Philippines: 1,146,250 Panama: 135,000 Burma: 1,101,314 Spain: 124,022 Russia: 998,000 Cuba: 114,242 Australia: Germany: 100,000 669,896 Japan: 606,889 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 24. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 25. And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love. I Cor. 13:13 (NIV) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 26. And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love. I Cor. 13:13 (NIV) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 27. And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love. I Cor. 13:13 (NIV)  Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 28. And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love. I Cor. 13:13 (NIV)  Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s  Period of Hope: 1959-present Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 29. And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love. I Cor. 13:13 (NIV)  Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s  Period of Hope: 1959-present  Period of Love: ? Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 30. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 31. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s • Now faith is being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do not see. - Heb. 11:1, NIV Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 32. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 33. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Otis Gibson and the SF Chinese Methodist Mission - 1870s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 34. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Otis Gibson and the SF Chinese Methodist Mission - 1870s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 35. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners”  Male dominant - a religious fraternity? Otis Gibson and the SF Chinese Methodist Mission - 1870s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 36. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Anti-Chinese sentiment, racial segregation  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 37. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Anti-Chinese sentiment, racial segregation  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 38. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Anti-Chinese sentiment, racial segregation  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 39. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 40. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 41. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Mainline Protestant missionary dependent (high  interracial relationships) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 42. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Mainline Protestant missionary dependent (high  interracial relationships) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 43. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Mainline Protestant missionary dependent (high  interracial relationships) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 44. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Religious nationalism - revolutionary  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 45. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Religious nationalism - revolutionary  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 46. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Religious nationalism - revolutionary  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 47. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches Emerging families  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 48. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches Emerging families  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 49. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches Emerging families  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 50. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches Emerging families  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 51. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 52. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 53. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches  San Francisco centered Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 54. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches  San Francisco centered  Mainline denomination and seminary Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 55. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches  San Francisco centered  Mainline denomination and seminary  Chinese Christian Union, SF & CONFAB Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 56. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Rise of second generation. English speaking - U.S. orientation Image: assimilated Americans Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 57. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Rise of second generation. English speaking - U.S. orientation Image: assimilated Americans Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 58. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Rise of second generation. English speaking - U.S. orientation Image: assimilated Americans Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 59. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Rise of second generation. English speaking - U.S. orientation Image: assimilated Americans Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 60. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Empowerment of women •Dr. Mabel Lee, New York Chinese Baptist Church (1930s-1950s) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 61. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Empowerment of women •Dr. Mabel Lee, New York Chinese Baptist Church (1930s-1950s) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 62. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Empowerment of women •Dr. Mabel Lee, New York Chinese Baptist Church (1930s-1950s) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 63. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Civic Protestant ethos Presbyterian Church in SF Chinatown - protesting Iraqi invasion Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 64. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 65. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 66. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s  Salvation Army, San Francisco Chinatown Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 67. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s  Salvation Army, San Francisco Chinatown  Longer history, but part of evangelical tradition Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 68. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s  Salvation Army, San Francisco Chinatown  Longer history, but part of evangelical tradition  Community making - impacting Chinese and wider culture Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 69. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 70. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Build Community Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 71. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Build Community Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 72. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Build Renew Chinese Community American Christian Culture Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 73. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Build Renew Chinese Community American Christian Culture Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 74. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Build Renew Chinese Community American Christian Culture Impact Society and World for Christ Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 75. The Tipping Point Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 76. The Tipping Point Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 77. The Tipping Point  Communist victory in China Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 78. The Tipping Point  Communist victory in China  Cold War Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 79. The Tipping Point  Communist victory in China  Cold War  Asian nation-state formation Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 80. The Tipping Point  Communist victory in China  Cold War  Asian nation-state formation  Mainline Protestant - racial integration, assimilation Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 81. The Tipping Point  Communist victory in China  Cold War  Asian nation-state formation  Mainline Protestant - racial integration, assimilation  CONFAB 1955 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 82. Before and after 1950 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 83. Before and after 1950 Before 1950 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 84. Before and after 1950 Before 1950 Trans-national networks Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 85. Before and after 1950 Before Local family 1950 networks Trans-national networks Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 86. Before and after 1950 Before Global Local family Diaspora 1950 networks networks Trans-national networks Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 87. Before and after 1950 Global Local family Diaspora networks networks Trans-national networks Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 88. Before and after 1950 After Global Local family Diaspora 1950 networks networks Trans-national networks Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 89. Before and after 1950 After Global Local family Diaspora 1950 networks networks Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 90. Period of Hope: 1959-present Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 91. Period of Hope: 1959-present • Not only so, but we also rejoice in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; perseverance, character; and character, hope. And hope does not disappoint us, because God has poured out his love into our hearts by the Holy Spirit, whom he has given us – Romans 5:3-5 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 92. Since 1965 Asian American Population Growth Year Chinese Japanese Filipino Korean Indian 1860 34,933 -- -- -- -- 1870 64,199 -- -- -- -- 1880 105,465 -- -- -- -- 1890 107,488 -- -- -- -- 1900 118,746 85,716 -- -- -- 1910 94,414 152,745 2,767 5,008 5,424 1920 85,202 220,596 26,634 6,181 -- 1930 102,159 278,743 108,424 8,332 3,130 1940 106,334 285,115 98,535 8,568 2,405 1950 150,005 326,379 122,707 7.030 -- 1960 237,292 464,332 176,310 11,000 12,296 1970 436,062 591,290 343,060 69,150 72,500 1980 812,178 716,331 781,894 357,393 387,223 1990 1,645,472 847,562 1,406,770 798,849 815,4447 2000* 2,858,291 1,152,324 2,385,216 1,226,825 1,899,590 *Source: U.S. Census Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 93. Asian American Population Other Asians 1990 2000 Vietnamese 615,000 1,212,465 Cambodian 128,000 212,633 Pakistani 209,273 Laotian 196,000 196,893 Hmong 184,842 Thai 150,093 Indonesian 63,073 Bangladeshi 57,412 Sri Lankan 24,587 Malaysian 18,566 Burmese 16,720 Other Asian 561,485** Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 94. Growth of Chinese Churches in 20th Century America Year Los Angeles San Francisco United States 15 Pre-1950 4 18 62 1950s 17 31 1960s 88 112 523 1980s 173 158 819 1990s 197 1,000+? Today Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 95. Since 1965: Second Wave Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 96. Since 1965: Second Wave 1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 97. Since 1965: Second Wave 1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.) 2. Astronaut families (multiple homelands) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 98. Since 1965: Second Wave 1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.) 2. Astronaut families (multiple homelands) 3. Asian language dominance Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 99. Since 1965: Second Wave 1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.) 2. Astronaut families (multiple homelands) 3. Asian language dominance 4. Low interaction with white Christians Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 100. Since 1965: Second Wave 1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.) 2. Astronaut families (multiple homelands) 3. Asian language dominance 4. Low interaction with white Christians 5. Separatist theology - roots in Fundamentalism Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 101. Since 1965: Second Wave 1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.) 2. Astronaut families (multiple homelands) 3. Asian language dominance 4. Low interaction with white Christians 5. Separatist theology - roots in Fundamentalism 6. Evangelical seminaries & “trickle down” of Americanized evangelical ethos Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 102. Since 1965: Second Wave 1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.) 2. Astronaut families (multiple homelands) 3. Asian language dominance 4. Low interaction with white Christians 5. Separatist theology - roots in Fundamentalism 6. Evangelical seminaries & “trickle down” of Americanized evangelical ethos 7. Disempowered women & professionalization of ministry Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 103. Period of Hope: 1959-present Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 104. Period of Hope: 1959-present 1. Chinese Evangelical Separatism Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 105. Period of Hope: 1959-present 1. Chinese Evangelical Separatism  Independent-minded Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 106. Period of Hope: 1959-present 1. Chinese Evangelical Separatism  Independent-minded  Anti-denominational Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 107. Period of Hope: 1959-present 1. Chinese Evangelical Separatism  Independent-minded  Anti-denominational  Called out of the world Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 108. Period of Hope: 1959-present 1. Chinese Evangelical Separatism  Independent-minded  Anti-denominational  Called out of the world  Personal holiness Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 109. Period of Hope: 1959-present Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 110. Period of Hope: 1959-present 2. Diasporic Immigration Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 111. Period of Hope: 1959-present 2. Diasporic Immigration  Diasporic roots (e.g., Andrew Gih and EFC, Rev. Philip Lee) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 112. Period of Hope: 1959-present 2. Diasporic Immigration  Diasporic roots (e.g., Andrew Gih and EFC, Rev. Philip Lee)  Bible study groups (international students) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 113. Period of Hope: 1959-present 2. Diasporic Immigration  Diasporic roots (e.g., Andrew Gih and EFC, Rev. Philip Lee)  Bible study groups (international students)  Indigenous Chinese denominations (EFC, CCIC, CFC, HOC, etc.) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 114. Period of Hope: 1959-present Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 115. Period of Hope: 1959-present 3. American-born Bible church movement Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 116. Period of Hope: 1959-present 3. American-born Bible church movement  Liberal-fundamentalist split: Bible Conferences Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 117. Period of Hope: 1959-present 3. American-born Bible church movement  Liberal-fundamentalist split: Bible Conferences  Sen Wong and the Chinese Bible church movement Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 118. Period of Hope: 1959-present 3. American-born Bible church movement  Liberal-fundamentalist split: Bible Conferences  Sen Wong and the Chinese Bible church movement  Oakland Chinese Independent Baptist Church and Dallas Theological Seminary Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 119. Period of Hope: 1959-present 3. American-born Bible church movement  Liberal-fundamentalist split: Bible Conferences  Sen Wong and the Chinese Bible church movement  Oakland Chinese Independent Baptist Church and Dallas Theological Seminary  Shift towards pan-Asian and multi-ethnic orientation Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 120. Period of Hope: 1959-present Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 121. Period of Hope: 1959-present 4. Congregational Conflicts Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 122. Period of Hope: 1959-present 4. Congregational Conflicts Evangelical takeover  (Chinese Christian Church & Center, Philadelphia; Chinese Christian Union Church, Chicago) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 123. Period of Hope: 1959-present 4. Congregational Conflicts Evangelical takeover  (Chinese Christian Church & Center, Philadelphia; Chinese Christian Union Church, Chicago) Splits (Boston Chinese  Evangelical Church, Chinese Congregational Community Church, San Diego ) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 124. Period of Hope: 1959-present Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 125. Period of Hope: 1959-present 5. Para-church ministries and leaders Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 126. Period of Hope: 1959-present 5. Para-church ministries and leaders Thomas Wang ◗ and Chinese Christian Mission Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 127. Period of Hope: 1959-present 5. Para-church ministries and leaders Thomas Wang ◗ and Chinese Christian Mission Moses Chow and ◗ Ambassadors for Christ Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 128. Period of Hope: 1959-present 5. Para-church ministries and leaders Thomas Wang ◗ and Chinese Christian Mission Moses Chow and ◗ Ambassadors for Christ NACOCE and CCCOWE- ◗ NA Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 129. Hopeful Consequences Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 130. Hopeful Consequences 1. Revitalization of historic Chinese missions (Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston). Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 131. Hopeful Consequences 1. Revitalization of historic Chinese missions (Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston). 2. Bible study groups became new churches. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 132. Hopeful Consequences 1. Revitalization of historic Chinese missions (Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston). 2. Bible study groups became new churches. 3. Global Diasporic Para- church networks. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 133. Hopeful Consequences 1. Revitalization of historic Chinese missions (Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston). 2. Bible study groups became new churches. 3. Global Diasporic Para- church networks. 4. Contribute to mainstream evangelicalism (e.g. IVCF, Campus Crusade, etc.) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 134. Hopeful Consequences 1. Revitalization of historic Chinese missions (Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston). 2. Bible study groups became new churches. 3. Global Diasporic Para- church networks. 4. Contribute to mainstream evangelicalism (e.g. IVCF, Campus Crusade, etc.) 5. Potential to globalize American Evangelicalism. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 135. Hopeful Consequences 1. Revitalization of historic Chinese missions (Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston). 2. Bible study groups became new churches. 3. Global Diasporic Para- church networks. 4. Contribute to mainstream evangelicalism (e.g. IVCF, Campus Crusade, etc.) 5. Potential to globalize American Evangelicalism. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 136. Potential Pitfalls Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 137. Potential Pitfalls Fragmentation around theology, personality, and generations 1. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 138. Potential Pitfalls Fragmentation around theology, personality, and generations 1. Continued Isolation and self-marginalization 2. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 139. Potential Pitfalls Fragmentation around theology, personality, and generations 1. Continued Isolation and self-marginalization 2. Lack of wisdom in engaging civic responsibilities & global church 3. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 140. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 141. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices 1. We are called to live in and transform the world, not separate and isolate ourselves from the world Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 142. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices 1. We are called to live in and transform the world, not separate and isolate ourselves from the world 2. We are called to care for our host society, therefore invest in second generation, Asian American, and American needs also (not just Asia) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 143. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices 1. We are called to live in and transform the world, not separate and isolate ourselves from the world 2. We are called to care for our host society, therefore invest in second generation, Asian American, and American needs also (not just Asia) 3. Spiritual maturity = community making across differences (cross-cultural, inter- generational, historical awareness) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 144. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 145. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices What about our Asian Culture and History? Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 146. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices What about our Asian Culture and History? Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 147. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices What about our Asian Culture and History? Think Apple MacIntosh Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 148. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices What about our Asian Culture and History? Think Apple MacIntosh Mac OS in PC world Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 149. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices What about our Asian Culture and History? Think Apple MacIntosh Mac OS in PC world Dual platform Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 150. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices What about our Asian Culture and History? Think Apple MacIntosh Mac OS in PC world Dual platform Innovative & cool Sunday, March 1, 2009
    • 151. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices What about our Asian Culture and History? Think Apple MacIntosh Mac OS in PC world Dual platform Innovative & cool There is no fear in love. But perfect love drives out fear, because fear has to do with punishment. The one who fears is not made perfect in love. I John 4:18, NIV Sunday, March 1, 2009

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