Faith, Hope, Love & the Asian
             American Christian Story
                        2009 N.A. Bridging Conference
...
2
Sunday, March 1, 2009
2
Sunday, March 1, 2009
2
Sunday, March 1, 2009
isaacweb.org




                                 2
Sunday, March 1, 2009
My family




Sunday, March 1, 2009
My family




Sunday, March 1, 2009
My family




Sunday, March 1, 2009
My family




Sunday, March 1, 2009
My family




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Overseas Chinese Journey




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Overseas Chinese Journey




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Overseas Chinese Journey




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Overseas Chinese Journey




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Overseas Chinese Journey




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Overseas Chinese Journey




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Overseas Chinese Journey




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Overseas Chinese Journey




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Overseas Chinese Journey




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Overseas Chinese Journey




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Overseas Chinese Journey




             30.7 million overseas Chinese in 1990



Sunday, March 1, 2009
Overseas Chinese Journey




             30.7 million overseas Chinese in 1990
             40 million overseas Chinese t...
Regions with Significant
                    Chinese Populations
                                             Cambodia: 34...
Sunday, March 1, 2009
And now these three remain: faith, hope
       and love. But the greatest of these is
                        love.
      ...
And now these three remain: faith, hope
       and love. But the greatest of these is
                        love.
      ...
And now these three remain: faith, hope
       and love. But the greatest of these is
                        love.
      ...
And now these three remain: faith, hope
       and love. But the greatest of these is
                        love.
      ...
And now these three remain: faith, hope
       and love. But the greatest of these is
                        love.
      ...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




Sunday, March 1, 2009
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s
         • Now faith is being sure of what we hope
             for and certain of what w...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




Sunday, March 1, 2009
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                                Otis Gibson and the SF
                              ...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s
                                 1855-1930:
                                 “foreigners”...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s
                                 1855-1930:
                                 “foreigners”...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners”
                Anti-Chinese...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners”
                Anti-Chinese...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners”
                Anti-Chinese...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




Sunday, March 1, 2009
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners”



Sunday, March 1, 2009
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners”
                Mainline Pro...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners”
                Mainline Pro...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners”
                Mainline Pro...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners”
                 Religious ...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners”
                 Religious ...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners”
                 Religious ...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                               1930-1968:
                               Chinatown fa...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                               1930-1968:
                               Chinatown fa...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                               1930-1968:
                               Chinatown fa...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                               1930-1968:
                               Chinatown fa...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




Sunday, March 1, 2009
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s
                                1930-1968:
                                Chinatown fami...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s
                                1930-1968:
                                Chinatown fami...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s
                                1930-1968:
                                Chinatown fami...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s
                                1930-1968:
                                Chinatown fami...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s
    Rise of second
    generation.
    English speaking
    - U.S. orientation
    Ima...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s
    Rise of second
    generation.
    English speaking
    - U.S. orientation
    Ima...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s
    Rise of second
    generation.
    English speaking
    - U.S. orientation
    Ima...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s
    Rise of second
    generation.
    English speaking
    - U.S. orientation
    Ima...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                        Empowerment of women
                        •Dr. Mabel Lee, ...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                        Empowerment of women
                        •Dr. Mabel Lee, ...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




                        Empowerment of women
                        •Dr. Mabel Lee, ...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




             Civic Protestant ethos
                  Presbyterian Church in SF China...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




Sunday, March 1, 2009
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




Sunday, March 1, 2009
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s
                              Salvation Army,
                                San Franci...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s
                              Salvation Army,
                               San Francis...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s
                              Salvation Army,
                               San Francis...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s




Sunday, March 1, 2009
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s

          Build
        Community




Sunday, March 1, 2009
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s

          Build
        Community




Sunday, March 1, 2009
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s

          Build                   Renew
                                  Chinese
      ...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s

          Build                   Renew
                                  Chinese
      ...
The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s

          Build                           Renew
                                        ...
The Tipping Point




Sunday, March 1, 2009
The Tipping Point




Sunday, March 1, 2009
The Tipping Point
    Communist victory in
       China




Sunday, March 1, 2009
The Tipping Point
    Communist victory in
     China
    Cold War




Sunday, March 1, 2009
The Tipping Point
    Communist victory in
     China
    Cold War
    Asian nation-state
     formation




Sunday, Ma...
The Tipping Point
    Communist victory in
     China
    Cold War
    Asian nation-state
     formation
    Mainline ...
The Tipping Point
    Communist victory in
     China
    Cold War
    Asian nation-state
     formation
    Mainline ...
Before and after 1950




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Before and after 1950

                                 Before
                                 1950




Sunday, March 1, ...
Before and after 1950

                                  Before
                                   1950




              ...
Before and after 1950

                                          Before
                        Local family
             ...
Before and after 1950

                                          Before         Global
                        Local famil...
Before and after 1950

                                                         Global
                        Local famil...
Before and after 1950

                                           After         Global
                        Local famil...
Before and after 1950

                                       After    Global
                        Local family
       ...
Period of Hope: 1959-present




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Period of Hope: 1959-present
         • Not only so, but we also rejoice in our
             sufferings, because we know t...
Since 1965
            Asian American Population Growth
 Year           Chinese      Japanese     Filipino     Korean     ...
Asian American Population
                        Other Asians  1990      2000
                        Vietnamese 615,000 ...
Growth of Chinese Churches
             in 20th Century America
       Year             Los Angeles   San Francisco   Unit...
Since 1965: Second Wave




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Since 1965: Second Wave
    1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey
       Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.)




Su...
Since 1965: Second Wave
    1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey
       Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.)
    2....
Since 1965: Second Wave
    1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey
       Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.)
    2....
Since 1965: Second Wave
    1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey
       Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.)
    2....
Since 1965: Second Wave
    1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey
       Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.)
    2....
Since 1965: Second Wave
    1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey
       Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.)
    2....
Since 1965: Second Wave
    1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey
       Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.)
    2....
Period of Hope: 1959-present




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Period of Hope: 1959-present
                        1. Chinese Evangelical
                           Separatism




Sund...
Period of Hope: 1959-present
                        1. Chinese Evangelical
                           Separatism
        ...
Period of Hope: 1959-present
                        1. Chinese Evangelical
                           Separatism
        ...
Period of Hope: 1959-present
                        1. Chinese Evangelical
                           Separatism
        ...
Period of Hope: 1959-present
                        1. Chinese Evangelical
                           Separatism
        ...
Period of Hope: 1959-present




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Period of Hope: 1959-present
                         2. Diasporic
                            Immigration




Sunday, Mar...
Period of Hope: 1959-present
                         2. Diasporic
                            Immigration
               ...
Period of Hope: 1959-present
                         2. Diasporic
                            Immigration
               ...
Period of Hope: 1959-present
                         2. Diasporic
                            Immigration
               ...
Period of Hope: 1959-present




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Period of Hope: 1959-present




        3. American-born Bible church movement




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Period of Hope: 1959-present




        3. American-born Bible church movement
         Liberal-fundamentalist split: Bi...
Period of Hope: 1959-present




        3. American-born Bible church movement
         Liberal-fundamentalist split: Bi...
Period of Hope: 1959-present




        3. American-born Bible church movement
         Liberal-fundamentalist split: Bi...
Period of Hope: 1959-present




        3. American-born Bible church movement
         Liberal-fundamentalist split: Bi...
Period of Hope: 1959-present




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Period of Hope: 1959-present
    4. Congregational
       Conflicts




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Period of Hope: 1959-present
    4. Congregational
       Conflicts
           Evangelical takeover
    
           (Chin...
Period of Hope: 1959-present
    4. Congregational
       Conflicts
           Evangelical takeover
    
           (Chin...
Period of Hope: 1959-present




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Period of Hope: 1959-present
                        5. Para-church ministries
                           and leaders




...
Period of Hope: 1959-present
                        5. Para-church ministries
                            and leaders
   ...
Period of Hope: 1959-present
                        5. Para-church ministries
                            and leaders
   ...
Period of Hope: 1959-present
                        5. Para-church ministries
                            and leaders
   ...
Hopeful Consequences




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Hopeful Consequences
   1. Revitalization of historic
      Chinese missions
      (Philadelphia, Chicago,
      Boston).
...
Hopeful Consequences
   1. Revitalization of historic
      Chinese missions
      (Philadelphia, Chicago,
      Boston).
...
Hopeful Consequences
   1. Revitalization of historic
      Chinese missions
      (Philadelphia, Chicago,
      Boston).
...
Hopeful Consequences
   1. Revitalization of historic
      Chinese missions
      (Philadelphia, Chicago,
      Boston).
...
Hopeful Consequences
   1. Revitalization of historic
      Chinese missions
      (Philadelphia, Chicago,
      Boston).
...
Hopeful Consequences
   1. Revitalization of historic
      Chinese missions
      (Philadelphia, Chicago,
      Boston).
...
Potential Pitfalls




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Potential Pitfalls




          Fragmentation around theology, personality, and generations
   1.




Sunday, March 1, 20...
Potential Pitfalls




          Fragmentation around theology, personality, and generations
   1.
          Continued Iso...
Potential Pitfalls




          Fragmentation around theology, personality, and generations
   1.
          Continued Iso...
Period of Love ?
               A renewal of heart and practices




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Period of Love ?
               A renewal of heart and practices
  1. We are called to live in and transform the
     worl...
Period of Love ?
               A renewal of heart and practices
  1. We are called to live in and transform the
     worl...
Period of Love ?
               A renewal of heart and practices
  1. We are called to live in and transform the
     worl...
Period of Love ?
               A renewal of heart and practices




Sunday, March 1, 2009
Period of Love ?
               A renewal of heart and practices
   What about our Asian Culture and History?




Sunday, ...
Period of Love ?
               A renewal of heart and practices
   What about our Asian Culture and History?




Sunday, ...
Period of Love ?
               A renewal of heart and practices
   What about our Asian Culture and History?


          ...
Period of Love ?
               A renewal of heart and practices
   What about our Asian Culture and History?


          ...
Period of Love ?
               A renewal of heart and practices
   What about our Asian Culture and History?


          ...
Period of Love ?
               A renewal of heart and practices
   What about our Asian Culture and History?


          ...
Period of Love ?
               A renewal of heart and practices
   What about our Asian Culture and History?


          ...
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Faith Hope Love Asian American History

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  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • Lynn Pan, ed., The Encyclopedia of the Chinese Overseas (1999), 58.
    Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overseas_Chinese
  • http://www.ocac.gov.tw/english/public/public.asp?selno=1163&no=1163&level=B











  • Creation of distinct Chinese Christian Culture
  • Creation of distinct Chinese Christian Culture
  • Creation of distinct Chinese Christian Culture
  • Creation of distinct Chinese Christian Culture


  • 1929 - 1945 - 1959
  • 1929 - 1945 - 1959
  • 1929 - 1945 - 1959
  • predominant theological ethos of Chinese American Christian communities before the 1960s; inherited from Protestant missionary culture, nationalism, community engagement, orthodox liberal range. Examples: quote from Tong, ministry of Frank Mar (1922-1989) and Rev. Dr. Yam Tong Hoh (1989-1987).
  • predominant theological ethos of Chinese American Christian communities before the 1960s; inherited from Protestant missionary culture, nationalism, community engagement, orthodox liberal range. Examples: quote from Tong, ministry of Frank Mar (1922-1989) and Rev. Dr. Yam Tong Hoh (1989-1987).
  • predominant theological ethos of Chinese American Christian communities before the 1960s; inherited from Protestant missionary culture, nationalism, community engagement, orthodox liberal range. Examples: quote from Tong, ministry of Frank Mar (1922-1989) and Rev. Dr. Yam Tong Hoh (1989-1987).
  • predominant theological ethos of Chinese American Christian communities before the 1960s; inherited from Protestant missionary culture, nationalism, community engagement, orthodox liberal range. Examples: quote from Tong, ministry of Frank Mar (1922-1989) and Rev. Dr. Yam Tong Hoh (1989-1987).































  • Sources: Wing Ning Pang, The Chinese Church in North America (CCCOWE, 1990); Sharon Wai-man Chan, “The Dynamics of Expansion of the Chiinese Churches in the Los Angeles Basin” (PhD Dissertation, Fuller Theological Seminary, 2996); James Chuck, An Exploratory Study of the Growth of Chinese Protestant Congregations (1996); James Chuck and Timothy Tseng, ed., The 2009 Report of the Bay Area Chinese Churches Project (ISAAC, 2009)












  • Bible study groups (international students) led to church plants of diverse Chinese groups:
    1950-60s Cantonese urban immigrants and refugees
    1970s Students from Taiwan
    Since 1980s Students from China
    1990s Escape from Hong Kong!
    Since 1990s Fujien (mainland China)

    Indigenous Chinese denominations
    Formosan Evangelical Church (Fuller Seminary, charismatic)
    Chinese for Christ (indigenous seminaries)
    Home of Christ
    First Evangelical Church
    Christian Missionary Alliance, Southern Baptist
  • Bible study groups (international students) led to church plants of diverse Chinese groups:
    1950-60s Cantonese urban immigrants and refugees
    1970s Students from Taiwan
    Since 1980s Students from China
    1990s Escape from Hong Kong!
    Since 1990s Fujien (mainland China)

    Indigenous Chinese denominations
    Formosan Evangelical Church (Fuller Seminary, charismatic)
    Chinese for Christ (indigenous seminaries)
    Home of Christ
    First Evangelical Church
    Christian Missionary Alliance, Southern Baptist
  • Bible study groups (international students) led to church plants of diverse Chinese groups:
    1950-60s Cantonese urban immigrants and refugees
    1970s Students from Taiwan
    Since 1980s Students from China
    1990s Escape from Hong Kong!
    Since 1990s Fujien (mainland China)

    Indigenous Chinese denominations
    Formosan Evangelical Church (Fuller Seminary, charismatic)
    Chinese for Christ (indigenous seminaries)
    Home of Christ
    First Evangelical Church
    Christian Missionary Alliance, Southern Baptist
  • Bible study groups (international students) led to church plants of diverse Chinese groups:
    1950-60s Cantonese urban immigrants and refugees
    1970s Students from Taiwan
    Since 1980s Students from China
    1990s Escape from Hong Kong!
    Since 1990s Fujien (mainland China)

    Indigenous Chinese denominations
    Formosan Evangelical Church (Fuller Seminary, charismatic)
    Chinese for Christ (indigenous seminaries)
    Home of Christ
    First Evangelical Church
    Christian Missionary Alliance, Southern Baptist


















  • Asian American Voting on Prop 8 Influenced by Age, English Proficiency and Religiosity
    http://www.asianweek.com/2009/02/02/020209/

    LOS ANGELES, CA - Asian Pacific American Legal Center, API Equality-LA, API Equality, and California Faith for Equality (CAFFE), has released data showing Asian American voting trends on Proposition 8 during the November 2008 election.

    APALC surveyed 1,200 Asian American voters in Los Angeles and Orange Counties, including hundreds of voters who identified as limited English speaking.

    Preliminary data shows that, similar to other racial and ethnic groups, age and religiosity are determining factors in voting on Proposition 8, with younger voters and those who “never” attend religious services significantly more likely to oppose Prop 8. In addition, the survey shows that level of English proficiency is also critical, with fluent English speakers much more likely to vote against Prop 8.
  • Asian American Voting on Prop 8 Influenced by Age, English Proficiency and Religiosity
    http://www.asianweek.com/2009/02/02/020209/

    LOS ANGELES, CA - Asian Pacific American Legal Center, API Equality-LA, API Equality, and California Faith for Equality (CAFFE), has released data showing Asian American voting trends on Proposition 8 during the November 2008 election.

    APALC surveyed 1,200 Asian American voters in Los Angeles and Orange Counties, including hundreds of voters who identified as limited English speaking.

    Preliminary data shows that, similar to other racial and ethnic groups, age and religiosity are determining factors in voting on Proposition 8, with younger voters and those who “never” attend religious services significantly more likely to oppose Prop 8. In addition, the survey shows that level of English proficiency is also critical, with fluent English speakers much more likely to vote against Prop 8.
  • Asian American Voting on Prop 8 Influenced by Age, English Proficiency and Religiosity
    http://www.asianweek.com/2009/02/02/020209/

    LOS ANGELES, CA - Asian Pacific American Legal Center, API Equality-LA, API Equality, and California Faith for Equality (CAFFE), has released data showing Asian American voting trends on Proposition 8 during the November 2008 election.

    APALC surveyed 1,200 Asian American voters in Los Angeles and Orange Counties, including hundreds of voters who identified as limited English speaking.

    Preliminary data shows that, similar to other racial and ethnic groups, age and religiosity are determining factors in voting on Proposition 8, with younger voters and those who “never” attend religious services significantly more likely to oppose Prop 8. In addition, the survey shows that level of English proficiency is also critical, with fluent English speakers much more likely to vote against Prop 8.










  • Faith Hope Love Asian American History

    1. 1. Faith, Hope, Love & the Asian American Christian Story 2009 N.A. Bridging Conference Thursday, February 19, 2009 **** Dr. Timothy Tseng Institute for the Study of Asian American Christianity Castro Valley, California Sunday, March 1, 2009
    2. 2. 2 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    3. 3. 2 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    4. 4. 2 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    5. 5. isaacweb.org 2 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    6. 6. My family Sunday, March 1, 2009
    7. 7. My family Sunday, March 1, 2009
    8. 8. My family Sunday, March 1, 2009
    9. 9. My family Sunday, March 1, 2009
    10. 10. My family Sunday, March 1, 2009
    11. 11. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    12. 12. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    13. 13. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    14. 14. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    15. 15. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    16. 16. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    17. 17. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    18. 18. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    19. 19. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    20. 20. Overseas Chinese Journey Sunday, March 1, 2009
    21. 21. Overseas Chinese Journey 30.7 million overseas Chinese in 1990 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    22. 22. Overseas Chinese Journey 30.7 million overseas Chinese in 1990 40 million overseas Chinese today Sunday, March 1, 2009
    23. 23. Regions with Significant Chinese Populations Cambodia: 343,855 Singapore: 3,496,710 France: 230,515 Indonesia: 7,566,200 India: 189,470 Thailand:7,153,240 Laos: 185,765 Malaysia: 7,070,500 Brazil: 151,649 United States: 3,376,031 New Zealand: 147,570 Canada: 1,612,173 Italy: 144,885 Peru: 1,300,000 Netherlands: 144,928 Vietnam: 1,263,570 South Korea: 137,790 Philippines: 1,146,250 Panama: 135,000 Burma: 1,101,314 Spain: 124,022 Russia: 998,000 Cuba: 114,242 Australia: Germany: 100,000 669,896 Japan: 606,889 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    24. 24. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    25. 25. And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love. I Cor. 13:13 (NIV) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    26. 26. And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love. I Cor. 13:13 (NIV) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    27. 27. And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love. I Cor. 13:13 (NIV)  Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    28. 28. And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love. I Cor. 13:13 (NIV)  Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s  Period of Hope: 1959-present Sunday, March 1, 2009
    29. 29. And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love. I Cor. 13:13 (NIV)  Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s  Period of Hope: 1959-present  Period of Love: ? Sunday, March 1, 2009
    30. 30. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    31. 31. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s • Now faith is being sure of what we hope for and certain of what we do not see. - Heb. 11:1, NIV Sunday, March 1, 2009
    32. 32. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    33. 33. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Otis Gibson and the SF Chinese Methodist Mission - 1870s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    34. 34. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Otis Gibson and the SF Chinese Methodist Mission - 1870s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    35. 35. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners”  Male dominant - a religious fraternity? Otis Gibson and the SF Chinese Methodist Mission - 1870s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    36. 36. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Anti-Chinese sentiment, racial segregation  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    37. 37. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Anti-Chinese sentiment, racial segregation  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    38. 38. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Anti-Chinese sentiment, racial segregation  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    39. 39. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    40. 40. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Sunday, March 1, 2009
    41. 41. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Mainline Protestant missionary dependent (high  interracial relationships) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    42. 42. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Mainline Protestant missionary dependent (high  interracial relationships) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    43. 43. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Mainline Protestant missionary dependent (high  interracial relationships) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    44. 44. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Religious nationalism - revolutionary  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    45. 45. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Religious nationalism - revolutionary  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    46. 46. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1855-1930: “foreigners” and “sojourners” Religious nationalism - revolutionary  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    47. 47. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches Emerging families  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    48. 48. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches Emerging families  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    49. 49. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches Emerging families  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    50. 50. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches Emerging families  Sunday, March 1, 2009
    51. 51. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    52. 52. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches Sunday, March 1, 2009
    53. 53. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches  San Francisco centered Sunday, March 1, 2009
    54. 54. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches  San Francisco centered  Mainline denomination and seminary Sunday, March 1, 2009
    55. 55. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s 1930-1968: Chinatown family churches  San Francisco centered  Mainline denomination and seminary  Chinese Christian Union, SF & CONFAB Sunday, March 1, 2009
    56. 56. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Rise of second generation. English speaking - U.S. orientation Image: assimilated Americans Sunday, March 1, 2009
    57. 57. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Rise of second generation. English speaking - U.S. orientation Image: assimilated Americans Sunday, March 1, 2009
    58. 58. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Rise of second generation. English speaking - U.S. orientation Image: assimilated Americans Sunday, March 1, 2009
    59. 59. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Rise of second generation. English speaking - U.S. orientation Image: assimilated Americans Sunday, March 1, 2009
    60. 60. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Empowerment of women •Dr. Mabel Lee, New York Chinese Baptist Church (1930s-1950s) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    61. 61. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Empowerment of women •Dr. Mabel Lee, New York Chinese Baptist Church (1930s-1950s) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    62. 62. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Empowerment of women •Dr. Mabel Lee, New York Chinese Baptist Church (1930s-1950s) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    63. 63. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Civic Protestant ethos Presbyterian Church in SF Chinatown - protesting Iraqi invasion Sunday, March 1, 2009
    64. 64. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    65. 65. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    66. 66. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s  Salvation Army, San Francisco Chinatown Sunday, March 1, 2009
    67. 67. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s  Salvation Army, San Francisco Chinatown  Longer history, but part of evangelical tradition Sunday, March 1, 2009
    68. 68. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s  Salvation Army, San Francisco Chinatown  Longer history, but part of evangelical tradition  Community making - impacting Chinese and wider culture Sunday, March 1, 2009
    69. 69. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Sunday, March 1, 2009
    70. 70. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Build Community Sunday, March 1, 2009
    71. 71. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Build Community Sunday, March 1, 2009
    72. 72. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Build Renew Chinese Community American Christian Culture Sunday, March 1, 2009
    73. 73. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Build Renew Chinese Community American Christian Culture Sunday, March 1, 2009
    74. 74. The Period of Faith: 1850s-1970s Build Renew Chinese Community American Christian Culture Impact Society and World for Christ Sunday, March 1, 2009
    75. 75. The Tipping Point Sunday, March 1, 2009
    76. 76. The Tipping Point Sunday, March 1, 2009
    77. 77. The Tipping Point  Communist victory in China Sunday, March 1, 2009
    78. 78. The Tipping Point  Communist victory in China  Cold War Sunday, March 1, 2009
    79. 79. The Tipping Point  Communist victory in China  Cold War  Asian nation-state formation Sunday, March 1, 2009
    80. 80. The Tipping Point  Communist victory in China  Cold War  Asian nation-state formation  Mainline Protestant - racial integration, assimilation Sunday, March 1, 2009
    81. 81. The Tipping Point  Communist victory in China  Cold War  Asian nation-state formation  Mainline Protestant - racial integration, assimilation  CONFAB 1955 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    82. 82. Before and after 1950 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    83. 83. Before and after 1950 Before 1950 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    84. 84. Before and after 1950 Before 1950 Trans-national networks Sunday, March 1, 2009
    85. 85. Before and after 1950 Before Local family 1950 networks Trans-national networks Sunday, March 1, 2009
    86. 86. Before and after 1950 Before Global Local family Diaspora 1950 networks networks Trans-national networks Sunday, March 1, 2009
    87. 87. Before and after 1950 Global Local family Diaspora networks networks Trans-national networks Sunday, March 1, 2009
    88. 88. Before and after 1950 After Global Local family Diaspora 1950 networks networks Trans-national networks Sunday, March 1, 2009
    89. 89. Before and after 1950 After Global Local family Diaspora 1950 networks networks Sunday, March 1, 2009
    90. 90. Period of Hope: 1959-present Sunday, March 1, 2009
    91. 91. Period of Hope: 1959-present • Not only so, but we also rejoice in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; perseverance, character; and character, hope. And hope does not disappoint us, because God has poured out his love into our hearts by the Holy Spirit, whom he has given us – Romans 5:3-5 Sunday, March 1, 2009
    92. 92. Since 1965 Asian American Population Growth Year Chinese Japanese Filipino Korean Indian 1860 34,933 -- -- -- -- 1870 64,199 -- -- -- -- 1880 105,465 -- -- -- -- 1890 107,488 -- -- -- -- 1900 118,746 85,716 -- -- -- 1910 94,414 152,745 2,767 5,008 5,424 1920 85,202 220,596 26,634 6,181 -- 1930 102,159 278,743 108,424 8,332 3,130 1940 106,334 285,115 98,535 8,568 2,405 1950 150,005 326,379 122,707 7.030 -- 1960 237,292 464,332 176,310 11,000 12,296 1970 436,062 591,290 343,060 69,150 72,500 1980 812,178 716,331 781,894 357,393 387,223 1990 1,645,472 847,562 1,406,770 798,849 815,4447 2000* 2,858,291 1,152,324 2,385,216 1,226,825 1,899,590 *Source: U.S. Census Sunday, March 1, 2009
    93. 93. Asian American Population Other Asians 1990 2000 Vietnamese 615,000 1,212,465 Cambodian 128,000 212,633 Pakistani 209,273 Laotian 196,000 196,893 Hmong 184,842 Thai 150,093 Indonesian 63,073 Bangladeshi 57,412 Sri Lankan 24,587 Malaysian 18,566 Burmese 16,720 Other Asian 561,485** Sunday, March 1, 2009
    94. 94. Growth of Chinese Churches in 20th Century America Year Los Angeles San Francisco United States 15 Pre-1950 4 18 62 1950s 17 31 1960s 88 112 523 1980s 173 158 819 1990s 197 1,000+? Today Sunday, March 1, 2009
    95. 95. Since 1965: Second Wave Sunday, March 1, 2009
    96. 96. Since 1965: Second Wave 1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    97. 97. Since 1965: Second Wave 1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.) 2. Astronaut families (multiple homelands) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    98. 98. Since 1965: Second Wave 1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.) 2. Astronaut families (multiple homelands) 3. Asian language dominance Sunday, March 1, 2009
    99. 99. Since 1965: Second Wave 1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.) 2. Astronaut families (multiple homelands) 3. Asian language dominance 4. Low interaction with white Christians Sunday, March 1, 2009
    100. 100. Since 1965: Second Wave 1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.) 2. Astronaut families (multiple homelands) 3. Asian language dominance 4. Low interaction with white Christians 5. Separatist theology - roots in Fundamentalism Sunday, March 1, 2009
    101. 101. Since 1965: Second Wave 1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.) 2. Astronaut families (multiple homelands) 3. Asian language dominance 4. Low interaction with white Christians 5. Separatist theology - roots in Fundamentalism 6. Evangelical seminaries & “trickle down” of Americanized evangelical ethos Sunday, March 1, 2009
    102. 102. Since 1965: Second Wave 1. Porous ethno-burb communities (Monterey Park, Little Saigon, Koreatown, etc.) 2. Astronaut families (multiple homelands) 3. Asian language dominance 4. Low interaction with white Christians 5. Separatist theology - roots in Fundamentalism 6. Evangelical seminaries & “trickle down” of Americanized evangelical ethos 7. Disempowered women & professionalization of ministry Sunday, March 1, 2009
    103. 103. Period of Hope: 1959-present Sunday, March 1, 2009
    104. 104. Period of Hope: 1959-present 1. Chinese Evangelical Separatism Sunday, March 1, 2009
    105. 105. Period of Hope: 1959-present 1. Chinese Evangelical Separatism  Independent-minded Sunday, March 1, 2009
    106. 106. Period of Hope: 1959-present 1. Chinese Evangelical Separatism  Independent-minded  Anti-denominational Sunday, March 1, 2009
    107. 107. Period of Hope: 1959-present 1. Chinese Evangelical Separatism  Independent-minded  Anti-denominational  Called out of the world Sunday, March 1, 2009
    108. 108. Period of Hope: 1959-present 1. Chinese Evangelical Separatism  Independent-minded  Anti-denominational  Called out of the world  Personal holiness Sunday, March 1, 2009
    109. 109. Period of Hope: 1959-present Sunday, March 1, 2009
    110. 110. Period of Hope: 1959-present 2. Diasporic Immigration Sunday, March 1, 2009
    111. 111. Period of Hope: 1959-present 2. Diasporic Immigration  Diasporic roots (e.g., Andrew Gih and EFC, Rev. Philip Lee) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    112. 112. Period of Hope: 1959-present 2. Diasporic Immigration  Diasporic roots (e.g., Andrew Gih and EFC, Rev. Philip Lee)  Bible study groups (international students) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    113. 113. Period of Hope: 1959-present 2. Diasporic Immigration  Diasporic roots (e.g., Andrew Gih and EFC, Rev. Philip Lee)  Bible study groups (international students)  Indigenous Chinese denominations (EFC, CCIC, CFC, HOC, etc.) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    114. 114. Period of Hope: 1959-present Sunday, March 1, 2009
    115. 115. Period of Hope: 1959-present 3. American-born Bible church movement Sunday, March 1, 2009
    116. 116. Period of Hope: 1959-present 3. American-born Bible church movement  Liberal-fundamentalist split: Bible Conferences Sunday, March 1, 2009
    117. 117. Period of Hope: 1959-present 3. American-born Bible church movement  Liberal-fundamentalist split: Bible Conferences  Sen Wong and the Chinese Bible church movement Sunday, March 1, 2009
    118. 118. Period of Hope: 1959-present 3. American-born Bible church movement  Liberal-fundamentalist split: Bible Conferences  Sen Wong and the Chinese Bible church movement  Oakland Chinese Independent Baptist Church and Dallas Theological Seminary Sunday, March 1, 2009
    119. 119. Period of Hope: 1959-present 3. American-born Bible church movement  Liberal-fundamentalist split: Bible Conferences  Sen Wong and the Chinese Bible church movement  Oakland Chinese Independent Baptist Church and Dallas Theological Seminary  Shift towards pan-Asian and multi-ethnic orientation Sunday, March 1, 2009
    120. 120. Period of Hope: 1959-present Sunday, March 1, 2009
    121. 121. Period of Hope: 1959-present 4. Congregational Conflicts Sunday, March 1, 2009
    122. 122. Period of Hope: 1959-present 4. Congregational Conflicts Evangelical takeover  (Chinese Christian Church & Center, Philadelphia; Chinese Christian Union Church, Chicago) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    123. 123. Period of Hope: 1959-present 4. Congregational Conflicts Evangelical takeover  (Chinese Christian Church & Center, Philadelphia; Chinese Christian Union Church, Chicago) Splits (Boston Chinese  Evangelical Church, Chinese Congregational Community Church, San Diego ) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    124. 124. Period of Hope: 1959-present Sunday, March 1, 2009
    125. 125. Period of Hope: 1959-present 5. Para-church ministries and leaders Sunday, March 1, 2009
    126. 126. Period of Hope: 1959-present 5. Para-church ministries and leaders Thomas Wang ◗ and Chinese Christian Mission Sunday, March 1, 2009
    127. 127. Period of Hope: 1959-present 5. Para-church ministries and leaders Thomas Wang ◗ and Chinese Christian Mission Moses Chow and ◗ Ambassadors for Christ Sunday, March 1, 2009
    128. 128. Period of Hope: 1959-present 5. Para-church ministries and leaders Thomas Wang ◗ and Chinese Christian Mission Moses Chow and ◗ Ambassadors for Christ NACOCE and CCCOWE- ◗ NA Sunday, March 1, 2009
    129. 129. Hopeful Consequences Sunday, March 1, 2009
    130. 130. Hopeful Consequences 1. Revitalization of historic Chinese missions (Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston). Sunday, March 1, 2009
    131. 131. Hopeful Consequences 1. Revitalization of historic Chinese missions (Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston). 2. Bible study groups became new churches. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    132. 132. Hopeful Consequences 1. Revitalization of historic Chinese missions (Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston). 2. Bible study groups became new churches. 3. Global Diasporic Para- church networks. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    133. 133. Hopeful Consequences 1. Revitalization of historic Chinese missions (Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston). 2. Bible study groups became new churches. 3. Global Diasporic Para- church networks. 4. Contribute to mainstream evangelicalism (e.g. IVCF, Campus Crusade, etc.) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    134. 134. Hopeful Consequences 1. Revitalization of historic Chinese missions (Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston). 2. Bible study groups became new churches. 3. Global Diasporic Para- church networks. 4. Contribute to mainstream evangelicalism (e.g. IVCF, Campus Crusade, etc.) 5. Potential to globalize American Evangelicalism. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    135. 135. Hopeful Consequences 1. Revitalization of historic Chinese missions (Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston). 2. Bible study groups became new churches. 3. Global Diasporic Para- church networks. 4. Contribute to mainstream evangelicalism (e.g. IVCF, Campus Crusade, etc.) 5. Potential to globalize American Evangelicalism. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    136. 136. Potential Pitfalls Sunday, March 1, 2009
    137. 137. Potential Pitfalls Fragmentation around theology, personality, and generations 1. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    138. 138. Potential Pitfalls Fragmentation around theology, personality, and generations 1. Continued Isolation and self-marginalization 2. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    139. 139. Potential Pitfalls Fragmentation around theology, personality, and generations 1. Continued Isolation and self-marginalization 2. Lack of wisdom in engaging civic responsibilities & global church 3. Sunday, March 1, 2009
    140. 140. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices Sunday, March 1, 2009
    141. 141. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices 1. We are called to live in and transform the world, not separate and isolate ourselves from the world Sunday, March 1, 2009
    142. 142. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices 1. We are called to live in and transform the world, not separate and isolate ourselves from the world 2. We are called to care for our host society, therefore invest in second generation, Asian American, and American needs also (not just Asia) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    143. 143. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices 1. We are called to live in and transform the world, not separate and isolate ourselves from the world 2. We are called to care for our host society, therefore invest in second generation, Asian American, and American needs also (not just Asia) 3. Spiritual maturity = community making across differences (cross-cultural, inter- generational, historical awareness) Sunday, March 1, 2009
    144. 144. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices Sunday, March 1, 2009
    145. 145. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices What about our Asian Culture and History? Sunday, March 1, 2009
    146. 146. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices What about our Asian Culture and History? Sunday, March 1, 2009
    147. 147. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices What about our Asian Culture and History? Think Apple MacIntosh Sunday, March 1, 2009
    148. 148. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices What about our Asian Culture and History? Think Apple MacIntosh Mac OS in PC world Sunday, March 1, 2009
    149. 149. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices What about our Asian Culture and History? Think Apple MacIntosh Mac OS in PC world Dual platform Sunday, March 1, 2009
    150. 150. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices What about our Asian Culture and History? Think Apple MacIntosh Mac OS in PC world Dual platform Innovative & cool Sunday, March 1, 2009
    151. 151. Period of Love ? A renewal of heart and practices What about our Asian Culture and History? Think Apple MacIntosh Mac OS in PC world Dual platform Innovative & cool There is no fear in love. But perfect love drives out fear, because fear has to do with punishment. The one who fears is not made perfect in love. I John 4:18, NIV Sunday, March 1, 2009

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