10 Steps to Writing a Research Paper


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10 Steps to Writing a Research Paper

  1. 1. How to Write a Research Paper<br />SJSJ Middle SchoolMs. Pirtle’s Technology Class<br />
  2. 2. The 11 Steps<br />Select Topic <br />Narrow the Topic<br />Search for Sources<br />Read and take notes<br />Create an Outline<br />Write Rough Draft<br />In-text Citations<br />Reference Page<br />Revise and Rewrite<br /> Write & Proof Final Draft<br />
  3. 3. 1. Select a Topic<br />If your topic has not been assigned, you’ll need to decide on one.<br />Brainstorm!<br />Some questions to ask yourself:<br />What interests me? <br />Where will I find the information?<br />Who else cares about this?<br />
  4. 4. 2. Narrow Your Topic<br />Does your topic address who, what, why, where, when?<br />Example:<br />Cyberbullying is too broad<br />Cyberbullyingin schools is still too broad<br />Effects of Cyberbullyngin Middle School <br />
  5. 5. 3. Search for Sources<br />Check with your teacher<br />Google might be too time consuming!<br />Topic-specific search engines<br />Online libraries<br />Encyclopedias<br />NEVER cite Wikipedia!<br />ALWAYS cross check your information!<br />
  6. 6. 4. Read and Take Notes<br />Start a Word file for your notes<br />Tile your windows <br />Windows Key + Left or Right Arrow Key<br />Copy / paste passages you wish to quote paraphrase—be sure to copy the link, too!<br />Ctrl + c >Ctrl + v or, <br />Right click > copy > Right click paste<br />Use menu commands<br />+<br />
  7. 7. 5. Outline<br />An outline makes your paper much easier to write<br />An outline will have:<br />Introduction <br />Tell what paper is about<br />Pique the reader’s interst<br />Body<br />3 - 5 Main Points with Sub Points<br />Support ideas with quotes<br />Conclusion <br />Very briefly review your main points<br />State your “take away” message<br />Do NOT include new or detailed information <br />
  8. 8. 6. Rough Draft<br />Use your outline to keep organized<br />Be sure you have downloaded and saved your paper template<br />Tile your windows so you can work between your outline, your sources and your paper<br />If you have trouble getting started, try free writing.<br />Get as many ideas down as you can <br />Worry about grammar, spelling and punctuation later<br />Use quotes and paraphrased passages to prove your claims<br />Learn about paraphrasing here: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/619/01/<br />
  9. 9. 7. In-Text Citations <br />All quotes and paraphrased passages need text citations. <br />Here are some examples of in-line citations:http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/02/<br />Use a Citation Generator like citationmachine.net/<br />
  10. 10. 8. Create Reference Page<br />List all sources you used<br />Examples here: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/06/<br />Use Citation Generator: citationmachine.net/<br />
  11. 11. 9. Write and Revise<br />Proper formatting?<br />Effective introduction?<br />Assertions are supported with quotes, examples or facts?<br />Citations?<br />For quotes and paraphrased passages<br />For images, charts, graphs, etc. <br />Copyright terms?<br />Spelling, grammar and punctuation?<br />Word count requirement?<br />Self check for plagiarism: http://www.plagiarismchecker.com/<br />Effective conclusion?<br />
  12. 12. 10 . Write & Proof Final Draft<br />Check organization<br />Do a final check of grammar, spelling, punctuation, citations and formatting<br />Read your paper aloud<br />Make sure your title page is complete—including your name!<br />