National Digital Library
        Nat Torkington
(1) The context
7. Purpose of National Library
   The purpose of the National Library is to enrich the cultural and economic life
   of Ne...
7. Purpose of National Library
   The purpose of the National Library is to enrich the cultural and economic life
   of Ne...
7. Purpose of National Library
   The purpose of the National Library is to enrich the cultural and economic life
   of Ne...
7. Purpose of National Library
   The purpose of the National Library is to enrich the cultural and economic life
   of Ne...
7. Purpose of National Library
   The purpose of the National Library is to enrich the cultural and economic life
   of Ne...
NLNZ’s Digital
         Activities
• Collect, preserve, protect, and share
  cultural heritage ... ONLINE.
• Supplement ot...
(2) The Internet
The greatest machine
yet devised for making
        copies
Two-way
Groups and
conversations
Connects people
across space and time:
    open source,
  crowdsourcing, ...
End-to-end principle:
innovate at the edges
Platforms (APIs,
widgets, gibberish)
The Cloud
Cloud = making
 something someone’s
else’s problem over the
         Internet
“we don’t have all the
   smart people”
“create more value
 than you capture”
(3) Fit
Lot we can do

• Digital acquisition (harvest)
• Digital preservation (scanning)
• Digital access (web, audiovideo, APIs, ...
(4) Harsh reality
We gots no $
There’s more offline
work than we can do.
$ are rivalrous
Revenue is scarce and
     speculative
Government
    departments are
frightfully conservative
Sod it
(5) Let’s dream
Vision


All NZ’s literary+ heritage digitally findable,
usable, and preserved for generations to
come.
Google digitises everything

• Because you can’t afford to do it any other
  way.
• Because other nations are doing it and...
Distributed Proofreaders
       improves it

• Scans by anyone aren’t great.
• OCR is crud.
• Crowdsource corrections and ...
Turnbull’s backlog
 cleared by the crowd

• Boxes without descriptions for individual
  items
• We can fix that!
Search and tagging
     makes it findable
• 1.5 million books
• 1 million photos
• 60,000 maps
• Umpty maps, drawings, pain...
A Useful Corpus Fuels
      Research
• The country has a useful corpus of
  meaningful text
• Universities and polytechnic...
Free content spreads
      NZ culture
• Out of (c) works go online
• Someone else profiting is a success
• Inefficient to ch...
NLNZ catalogue is built
    for the web
  http://natlib.govt.nz/photo/
  http://natlib.govt.nz/photo/18236
  http://natlib...
Platform Services

• Libraries: you don’t have to do it yourselves
• Scan your stuff too
• Hook into our proofreading
• Va...
(6) Some keys
Core competency of IT
Digital integrated, not
      segregated
We can’t do it all
  ourselves
Another competency
 will be partnerships
You shouldn’t do it all
     yourselves
This isn’t about you
It’s about all
New Zealand
Thank You
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National Digital Library

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I was asked to kick off a set of 7x7 talks for the National Library of New Zealand as they tried to figure out what the "National Digital Library" should be and do. I threw a few grenades in a provocative talk.

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  • National Digital Library

    1. 1. National Digital Library Nat Torkington
    2. 2. (1) The context
    3. 3. 7. Purpose of National Library The purpose of the National Library is to enrich the cultural and economic life of New Zealand and its interchanges with other nations by, as appropriate,— (a)collecting, preserving, and protecting documents, particularly those relating to New Zealand, and making them accessible for all the people of New Zealand, in a manner consistent with their status as documentary heritage and taonga; and (b)supplementing and furthering the work of other libraries in New Zealand; and (c)working collaboratively with other institutions having similar purposes,
    4. 4. 7. Purpose of National Library The purpose of the National Library is to enrich the cultural and economic life of New Zealand and its interchanges with other nations by, as appropriate,— (a)collecting, preserving, and protecting documents, particularly those relating to New Zealand, and making them accessible for all the people of New Zealand, in a manner consistent with their status as documentary heritage and taonga; and (b)supplementing and furthering the work of other libraries in New Zealand; and (c)working collaboratively with other institutions having similar purposes,
    5. 5. 7. Purpose of National Library The purpose of the National Library is to enrich the cultural and economic life of New Zealand and its interchanges with other nations by, as appropriate,— (a)collecting, preserving, and protecting documents, particularly those relating to New Zealand, and making them accessible for all the people of New Zealand, in a manner consistent with their status as documentary heritage and taonga; and (b)supplementing and furthering the work of other libraries in New Zealand; and (c)working collaboratively with other institutions having similar purposes,
    6. 6. 7. Purpose of National Library The purpose of the National Library is to enrich the cultural and economic life of New Zealand and its interchanges with other nations by, as appropriate,— (a)collecting, preserving, and protecting documents, particularly those relating to New Zealand, and making them accessible for all the people of New Zealand, in a manner consistent with their status as documentary heritage and taonga; and (b)supplementing and furthering the work of other libraries in New Zealand; and (c)working collaboratively with other institutions having similar purposes,
    7. 7. 7. Purpose of National Library The purpose of the National Library is to enrich the cultural and economic life of New Zealand and its interchanges with other nations by, as appropriate,— (a)collecting, preserving, and protecting documents, particularly those relating to New Zealand, and making them accessible for all the people of New Zealand, in a manner consistent with their status as documentary heritage and taonga; and (b)supplementing and furthering the work of other libraries in New Zealand; and (c)working collaboratively with other institutions having similar purposes,
    8. 8. NLNZ’s Digital Activities • Collect, preserve, protect, and share cultural heritage ... ONLINE. • Supplement other libraries ... ONLINE. • Work collaboratively with other institutions sharing purpose ... ONLINE.
    9. 9. (2) The Internet
    10. 10. The greatest machine yet devised for making copies
    11. 11. Two-way
    12. 12. Groups and conversations
    13. 13. Connects people across space and time: open source, crowdsourcing, ...
    14. 14. End-to-end principle: innovate at the edges
    15. 15. Platforms (APIs, widgets, gibberish)
    16. 16. The Cloud
    17. 17. Cloud = making something someone’s else’s problem over the Internet
    18. 18. “we don’t have all the smart people”
    19. 19. “create more value than you capture”
    20. 20. (3) Fit
    21. 21. Lot we can do • Digital acquisition (harvest) • Digital preservation (scanning) • Digital access (web, audiovideo, APIs, CC) • Digital collaboration and support (groups, cloud)
    22. 22. (4) Harsh reality
    23. 23. We gots no $
    24. 24. There’s more offline work than we can do.
    25. 25. $ are rivalrous
    26. 26. Revenue is scarce and speculative
    27. 27. Government departments are frightfully conservative
    28. 28. Sod it
    29. 29. (5) Let’s dream
    30. 30. Vision All NZ’s literary+ heritage digitally findable, usable, and preserved for generations to come.
    31. 31. Google digitises everything • Because you can’t afford to do it any other way. • Because other nations are doing it and we don’t know what the benefits will be. • What if it all goes horribly wrong? Stop doing nothing because you’re afraid of doing something. Just stop it.
    32. 32. Distributed Proofreaders improves it • Scans by anyone aren’t great. • OCR is crud. • Crowdsource corrections and updates.
    33. 33. Turnbull’s backlog cleared by the crowd • Boxes without descriptions for individual items • We can fix that!
    34. 34. Search and tagging makes it findable • 1.5 million books • 1 million photos • 60,000 maps • Umpty maps, drawings, paintings, and ephemera
    35. 35. A Useful Corpus Fuels Research • The country has a useful corpus of meaningful text • Universities and polytechnics build programmes around it: computer vision, natural language processing, search, user interfaces • New Zealand becomes world leader in these disciplines
    36. 36. Free content spreads NZ culture • Out of (c) works go online • Someone else profiting is a success • Inefficient to charge for it • Promote NZ culture to NZ and • ... we get the world for free
    37. 37. NLNZ catalogue is built for the web http://natlib.govt.nz/photo/ http://natlib.govt.nz/photo/18236 http://natlib.govt.nz/book/ http://natlib.govt.nz/book/183745 • Survives software change • Gives people something to talk to • Lets you collect links
    38. 38. Platform Services • Libraries: you don’t have to do it yourselves • Scan your stuff too • Hook into our proofreading • Value proposition: We’ll host it for you, you just worry about content.
    39. 39. (6) Some keys
    40. 40. Core competency of IT
    41. 41. Digital integrated, not segregated
    42. 42. We can’t do it all ourselves
    43. 43. Another competency will be partnerships
    44. 44. You shouldn’t do it all yourselves
    45. 45. This isn’t about you
    46. 46. It’s about all New Zealand
    47. 47. Thank You
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