虚拟化技术作为云计算的平台

                                                                                  李严冰,博士
                  ...
Agenda

                        云计算概述
                        虚拟化作为云计算平台
                                虚拟数据中心操作系统:VDC-OS...
计算模式演变之三国版

           主体机                                                              服务器, PC                           ...
云计算:$1600+ 亿市场潜力

        The transformation is more profound that is yet understood,
        cloud done right will:

    ...
云计算时代的到来

           第一届云计算国际会展                                                                                           ...
现有方案的局限

            Vertical offered by a single vendor
            No on-premise offering
            Limited largely to...
Agenda

                        云计算概述
                        虚拟化作为云计算平台
                                虚拟数据中心操作系统:VDC-OS...
虚拟化基本介绍

                    Virtualization decouples                                                            Create sh...
VDC-OS: 虚拟数据中心操作系统
               The Cloud… as Architecture

                                                            ...
VMware VDC-OS: vSphere
                                                                          Firewall
               ...
vCompute: Powerful Enough for All Applications

                                                                         P...
Single VM Performance:

                                                                            9.0    Next Generation...
Multi-Core + VMware = Record Performance




                                               8,000 Mailboxes               ...
Multi-Core + VMware = Record Performance
   Tester Name                    System Name                   Cores      Result...
Building the Giant Computer




                                 64-Nodes of RAM
                                      64T...
Distributed Power Management:
               Make the Giant Computer Power Thrifty


                                     ...
云联邦 Cloud Federation




                                                                                       Security
 ...
Federating Clouds: Site Recovery Manager
                Internal Cloud (Primary)                                         ...
Federating Clouds: Long Distance VMotion
                         Internal Cloud                                          ...
Federating Clouds:



          Longer                                    Follow the Sun
         Distance

              ...
vCloud API: Interoperability


                           vCloud APIs: Programmatic Access to Resources



               ...
Cloud as Service… Enabling Choice



                                                                                     ...
虚拟化: 驱动 “IT即服务”



                                                                                                       ...
Agenda

                        云计算概述
                        虚拟化作为云计算平台
                                虚拟数据中心操作系统:VDC-OS...
Terremark: Enterprise Cloud




                        Paradigm shift from




                                          ...
EngineYard Solo: Cloud Federation



                         Ruby on Rails as                                            ...
Savvis: Open Cloud Compute



                        Paradigm shift from
                        dedicated virtual comput...
Sungard: Disaster Recovery as Cloud Service



                        Turnkey managed
                        solution fo...
Test/Dev as a Cloud Service



                        Paradigm shift from
                        permanent dedicated
   ...
Agenda

                        云计算概述
                        虚拟化作为云计算平台
                                虚拟数据中心操作系统:VDC-OS...
终端虚拟技术: 桌面即服务 Desktop as a Thin Clients
               Centralized Management of Thick and Service
                       ...
虚拟移动平台: Mobile Virtualization Platform
           (MVP)
   • Thin layer of virtualization software (~30KB) that runs on ph...
MVP: 虚拟移动平台的用途


               手机厂商                                                                                      ...
Summary
     企业内部云: VDC-OS
                高效,可伸缩,易管理,安全
     云联邦:内部及外部云的联结
                   支持所有的(现有的和未来的)应用
     终端虚拟技...
VMware: Delivering IT as a Service


                   Efficiency


                   Control

                   Choice...
© 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without th...
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Vmware 虚拟花技术作为云计算的平台

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Vmware 虚拟花技术作为云计算的平台

  1. 1. 虚拟化技术作为云计算的平台 李严冰,博士 VMware China R&D 威睿信息技术(中国)有限公司 1 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  2. 2. Agenda 云计算概述 虚拟化作为云计算平台 虚拟数据中心操作系统:VDC-OS 云联邦:Cloud federation 实际案例 终端和移动虚拟化:Client and Mobile virtualization 2 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  3. 3. 计算模式演变之三国版 主体机 服务器, PC 云计算 合久必分 分久必合 Commoditization of computers Commoditization of computing 3 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  4. 4. 云计算:$1600+ 亿市场潜力 The transformation is more profound that is yet understood, cloud done right will: be used for all applications, change how we deploy and develop applications, enable new OSes, new programming models, new servers, new storage solutions enable new markets for computer services …, in other words, it will change everything 4 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  5. 5. 云计算时代的到来 第一届云计算国际会展 “Best Overall Cloud Product” 1st International Cloud Computing Conference & Expo VMware February 2009 “Best Cloud Platform” VMware 5 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  6. 6. 现有方案的局限 Vertical offered by a single vendor No on-premise offering Limited largely to web applications Can not support old and existing applications How to connect multiple clouds 6 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  7. 7. Agenda 云计算概述 虚拟化作为云计算平台 虚拟数据中心操作系统:VDC-OS 云联邦:Cloud federation 实际案例 终端和移动虚拟化:Client and Mobile virtualization 虚拟化 ? 云计算 7 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  8. 8. 虚拟化基本介绍 Virtualization decouples Create shared pools of resources to software from hardware. optimize your infrastructure. Applications Operating System (unmodified) VMotion Operating System Virtualization layer 8 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  9. 9. VDC-OS: 虚拟数据中心操作系统 The Cloud… as Architecture Virtualization is the key to making all of this happen in an 数据中心发展成 evolutionary way 内部云 VDC-OS Existing Apps New Apps Existing and multiple future app models Management SLA management model Policies Security, Compliance… Software Scale and availability through software Hardware Industry standard building blocks 9 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  10. 10. VMware VDC-OS: vSphere  Firewall  Data Protection  Anti-Virus  Dynamic Resource  Clustering Applications  Intrusion Prevention  Compliance Sizing 服务及政策 Availability Security Scalability vSphere 资源整合 vCompute vStorage vNetwork  Hardware Assist for  Storage Virtualization Management  Network  Extended Live  Storage Replication Management Migration  Storage Virtual Compatibility Appliances 10 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  11. 11. vCompute: Powerful Enough for All Applications PAST CURRENT 2009 CPU 1 to 2 CPUs 4 VCPUs 8 VCPUs Memory < 4 GB per VM 64 GB per VM 256 GB per VM % of Applications Network < 300 Kb/s 9 Gb/s 40 Gb/s IOPS < 10,000 100,000 200,000+ Application’s Performance Requirements 11 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  12. 12. Single VM Performance: 9.0 Next Generation Intel® Xeon® based 8-pCPU server RHEL 5.1 8.0 Oracle 11gR1 < 7.0 overhead for 8 vCPU VM 15% In-house ESX Server Transaction Rate (Ratio to 1-way VM) 6.0 8,900 5.0 total DB transactions per second VM 4.0 Near-perfect scalability from 1 to 8 vCPUs 3.0 Na3 2.0 1.0 250 MB/sec of disk I/O †Non-comparable implementation of 0 TPC-CTM workload; results not TPC-C compliant; deviations from the spec: 1‐way 2‐way 4‐way 8‐way batch benchmark, undersized database 12 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  13. 13. Multi-Core + VMware = Record Performance 8,000 Mailboxes 16,000 Mailboxes 13 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  14. 14. Multi-Core + VMware = Record Performance Tester Name System Name Cores Results PRIMERGY RX600 SF, SPECweb2005 Scores Fujitsu Siemens 16 42783 Intel Xeon processor X7350 HP ProLiant DL585 G5 80000 VMware (with VMware ESX Server 3.5) 16 44,000 HP ProLiant Hewlett-Packard 16 30261 DL580 G5 HP ProLiant Hewlett-Packard DL580 G5 16 26119 60000 Hewlett-Packard HP ProLiant High16 score to date on 16 core system 40046 DL580 G5 Hewlett-Packard Would serve 43854billion traffic(Banking) HP ProLiant DL585 G5 16Gbits/sec web 143,000 16 page(Support) 3HTTP ops/sec 40000 views per day Sun Microsystems, “On a typical day, there are 1 billion page Sun Fire X4450 16 39793 Inc. 20000 VMware Inc., USA HP ProLiant DL585 G5 (with VMware ESX Server 3.5) 16 44000 views.” - Pierre Omidyar, eBay Founder 0 techtarget.com (July 07) e ce g t or in at er pp nk eg m Ba gr Su om Ag eC 14 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  15. 15. Building the Giant Computer 64-Nodes of RAM 64TB per cluster VMware DRS automatically balances VMs 4,096 processor cores 6 Million IOPs 15 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  16. 16. Distributed Power Management: Make the Giant Computer Power Thrifty 2000 1800 No DPM 1600 1400 Watts 1200 1000 800 600 400 With DPM 200 0 50% Savings During VMmark™ 16 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  17. 17. 云联邦 Cloud Federation Security Networks Storage Monitoring Management Management VDC-OS VDC-OS Internal External Cloud Clouds 17 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  18. 18. Federating Clouds: Site Recovery Manager Internal Cloud (Primary) Internal/External Cloud (Recovery) VMware Site Recovery VMware Site Recovery vCenter Manager vCenter Manager VMware VMware Physical Datacenter Physical Datacenter 18 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  19. 19. Federating Clouds: Long Distance VMotion Internal Cloud Internal/External Cloud Partnering VMware vCenter to Address Several VMware vCenter Challenges Moving the VM's memory Moving the VM's disk images Maintaining the VM's network connections VMware VMware Physical Datacenter Physical Datacenter 19 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  20. 20. Federating Clouds: Longer Follow the Sun Distance DC Disaster Avoidance DC Maintenance Shorter Distance DRS across DCs 20 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  21. 21. vCloud API: Interoperability vCloud APIs: Programmatic Access to Resources OVF Open Virtualization Format Management Management VDC-OS VDC-OS Internal External Cloud Clouds 21 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  22. 22. Cloud as Service… Enabling Choice Private Cloud App Load s Management Management Federation & Choice VDC-OS VDC-OS Standards Internal External Cloud Clouds 22 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  23. 23. 虚拟化: 驱动 “IT即服务” IT即服务 联邦的虚拟数据中心 操作系统VDC-OS 虚拟数据中心操作系统 (VDC-OS) 协作,兼容的 系统管理程序 可选择 系统管理程序 (Hypervisor) 灵活性 有效性 服务器池: 云联邦: 单一服务器: 内部云: 增强有效性和 内部云和外部云 “IT即服务” 更有效 可扩展和自动化 灵活性 的联结 23 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  24. 24. Agenda 云计算概述 虚拟化作为云计算平台 虚拟数据中心操作系统:VDC-OS 云联邦:Cloud federation 实际案例 终端和移动虚拟化:Client and Mobile virtualization 虚拟化 ? 云计算 24 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  25. 25. Terremark: Enterprise Cloud Paradigm shift from Before incremental server hosting Customer gets a resource pool of compute, memory, End Users IT Service Provider storage Can now dynamically configure and provision new VMs as needed After End Users Resource Pool 25 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  26. 26. EngineYard Solo: Cloud Federation Ruby on Rails as Ruby on Rails as Managed Service Managed Service vCenter vCenter VDC-OS VDC-OS Internal Cloud External Clouds 26 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  27. 27. Savvis: Open Cloud Compute Paradigm shift from dedicated virtual compute Fractional computing resources by the instance Dynamic capacity over time 27 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  28. 28. Sungard: Disaster Recovery as Cloud Service Turnkey managed solution for virtual replication and recovery for mission- critical applications SunGard will Disparate No Utilizes standard manage Windows/ specialized failover to Cost internet bandwidth VMware customer the always effective Server replication and leverages a Replication skills needed available cloud infrastructure SunGard site across secure, fully managed SunGard sites 28 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  29. 29. Test/Dev as a Cloud Service Paradigm shift from permanent dedicated test environments Development QA Helpdesk, Remote Users Leverages VMware Demos, Training Lab Manager Developers can dynamically provision VMware Lab Manager 3.0 n-tier application Dev Lab QA Lab Support, Demo Lab Offshore Lab environments for test and development Logica through a self-service portal 29 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  30. 30. Agenda 云计算概述 虚拟化作为云计算平台 虚拟数据中心操作系统:VDC-OS 云联邦:Cloud federation 实际案例 终端和移动虚拟化:Client and Mobile virtualization 虚拟化 ? 云计算 30 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  31. 31. 终端虚拟技术: 桌面即服务 Desktop as a Thin Clients Centralized Management of Thick and Service WAN Client Master VM Linked Clones LAN VMware View Client Management VDC-OS/vSphere Hardware Thick Client 31 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  32. 32. 虚拟移动平台: Mobile Virtualization Platform (MVP) • Thin layer of virtualization software (~30KB) that runs on phones • Allows multiple operating systems and applications to run simultaneously. App App App App OS #1 OS #2 OS #3 OS #4 VMware MVP ARMv4/v5 line ARMv6/v7 line 32 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  33. 33. MVP: 虚拟移动平台的用途 手机厂商 用户 Fewer chips Work and Home phones Software test Security 服务商 企业 New services Save work access Safer software Employee-owned phones 33 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  34. 34. Summary 企业内部云: VDC-OS 高效,可伸缩,易管理,安全 云联邦:内部及外部云的联结 支持所有的(现有的和未来的)应用 终端虚拟技术: 桌面即服务 Desktop as a Service 虚拟移动平台: Mobile Virtualization Platform (MVP) 虚拟技术无处不在 虚拟技术是当前及未来运算模式的平台 34 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  35. 35. VMware: Delivering IT as a Service Efficiency Control Choice 35 © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.
  36. 36. © 2009 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. No distribution, reproduction or display of this document is permitted without the express written consent of the copyright holder.

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