Marina barrage (09/10s2)

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Marina barrage (09/10s2)

  1. 1. Chan Shu Wen Kimberly, Chua Hui Xuan Michelle, Chua Hui Xin Amanda, Ng Jing Xiu, Tan Zhi Qian Nathalie, Tan Yi Zhen Marina Barrage 1
  2. 2. Presentation Outline 1) Introduction 2) Layout and Planning of the Development 3) Site Context 4) Interior Layout 5) Architectural Detailing 6) Learning Points 7) Conclusion 2
  3. 3. 3 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  4. 4. Background of the Development “In 20 years, it is possible that there could be breakthroughs in technology, both antipollution and filtration. Then we can dam up, or put a barrage at the mouth of the Marina, the neck that joins the sea. And we will have a huge fresh water lake.“ - Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew 4 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  5. 5. Background of the Development • Dam built across the Marina Channel between Marina East and Marina South • Officially opened on 1st November 2008 • Singapore’s 15th reservoir • 1st reservoir in the city • Architect: Architects Team 3 • Constructed by Koh Brothers Building Civil Engineering Contractor Pte. Ltd. • Project cost: S$226 million 5 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  6. 6. Background of the Development • Part of Singapore’s National Climate Change Strategy – Global temperatures projected to rise by 1.1°C to 6.4°C – Global mean sea levels projected to rise by 18 cm to 59 cm over 1990 levels by around 2100 – Temperature extremes, heat waves and heavy rainfall events projected to become more frequent – Annual rainfall in Southeast Asia projected to increase by about 7% 6 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  7. 7. Background of the Development • Singapore’s vulnerability to climate change – Relatively low-lying, densely populated island in the tropics – Potential impacts of climate change on Singapore include: 1) Increased flooding 2) Coastal land loss 3) Water resource scarcity 4) Public health impact from resurgence of diseases 5) Heat stress 6) Increased energy demand 7) Impacts on biodiversity • Marina Barrage one of the existing measures to help address potential climate change impacts 8 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  8. 8. Design Intention • Water supply • Flood Control • Lifestyle Attraction 8 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  9. 9. Design Intention 1) Water Supply • Increase local water supply source, which is one of the Four National Taps • Local water catchment area increased to two-thirds by 2011 when Marina, Punggol and Serangoon Reservoirs are completed 9 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  10. 10. Design Intention 1) Water Supply • 9 crest gates built across 350m wide Marina Channel to keep out seawater • Marina Basin will turn into a body of freshwater through natural flushing in 1 to 2 years – Similar to Kranji and Lower Seletar Reservoir schemes • Freshwater treated using advanced membrane technology 10 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  11. 11. Design Intention 2) Flood Control • Part of a comprehensive flood control scheme • Alleviate flooding in low-lying areas in the city • Separates seawater from freshwater and acts as tidal barrier to keep out high tides 11 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  12. 12. Design Intention 3) Lifestyle attraction • Water in the Marina Basin will be unaffected by the tides - Water level will be constant all year round • Ideal venue for various recreational land and water activities • Venue for many international and local sporting events and activities 12 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  13. 13. Architectural Concept • Designed on green principles • Number ‘9’ shape • Resembles a seashell and sails of a ship 13 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  14. 14. Architectural Concept • Designed to be attractive and able to blend into the prime location 14 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  15. 15. 15 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  16. 16. Structural System Crest Gates • Barrage consists of 9 crest gates • Each gate 30m tall, 5m high, weighs 70 tonnes 16 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  17. 17. Structural System 17 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  18. 18. • Barrage structure supported by approximately 850 bored piles • Each between 1 and 1.5m in diameter and up to 74m deep Structural System 18 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  19. 19. Roof Canopy • Structure covers an area of 383sqm • Consists of 2 curve arches of different radii • Supported via 3 inclined steel columns and 2 supported end frames • Structural System 19 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  20. 20. Construction System 20 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  21. 21. • Completion at end of 2008 • 2 phases • Construct 2 temporary cofferdams to facilitate construction of barrage in the dry • Engage independent professional engineer to counter-check design Construction System 21 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  22. 22. • 9 crest gates for blocking out tides -Lifted from a barge and lowered onto the concrete bedding with nine pivots • Precision engineering -Tolerance for mistakes was 2 millimetres for centerline of the nine pivot pins of each crest gate Construction System 22 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  23. 23. •Floating cranes that are used to install the 70- tonne gates, nine pivot pins were then used to lock the gate in place. Construction System 23 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  24. 24. Building Services • Reservoir, provide water supply • Flood control for low-lying areas • Lifestyle attraction for Singaporeans 24 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  25. 25. • Home to Singapore’s largest solar park covering 1,200 square metres • Sustainable Singapore Gallery educates the public on important environmental and water issues through interactive multi media displays, exhibits and games Building Services 25 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  26. 26. Air Conditioning • Energy efficient air-conditioning system used for its function rooms 26 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  27. 27. Air conditioning • Green roof (650 sq m) • Double-glazed glass panels • Insulation to reduce heat penetration and minimize energy consumption of the air- conditioning 27 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  28. 28. • Automatic sprinkler at green roof - Prevents grasses from catching fire due to the blazing sun • Automatic fire alarm system around Marina Barrage and gallery • Engineered smoke control system Fire-Protection System 28 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  29. 29. 29 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  30. 30. Environmental Impact of the Green Environment Development 30 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  31. 31. • The Marina Barrage was officially opened, together with the launch of the annual Clean and Green Singapore “In 10 years, Singapore will have many waterways and park connectors, creating more recreational areas and an aesthetic environment. Future generations must keep this city beautiful, distinctive.” - Minister Mentor 31 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  32. 32. Green features at Marina Barrage: 1. Energy Efficient The Green Roof • An eco-friendly feature; grass- carpeted roof • Acts as natural heat insulation • Double-glazed glass panels to reduce heat penetration • 100% recycled plastics and eco- friendly drainage cells * energy savings of 1102 MWh per year! * 32 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  33. 33. Drainage pumps • Job: to drain out excess water during flooding • Leverage on the siphon effect that occurs shortly after the pumps’ activation, so less energy is used *energy savings of 105 MWh per year!* 33 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  34. 34. Close-up of solar panels Solar Park • 405 solar panels • Generates about 50% of the daytime electricity 34 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  35. 35. Green features at Marina Barrage: 2. Water Efficient • A rainwater collection system • The automated irrigation sprinkler system on the rooftop is linked to rain sensors • Water-efficient fixtures such as waterless urinals and water-efficient taps 35 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  36. 36. • Green Mark Platinum Infrastructure Award the top award at the annual BCA Awards organised by the Building and Construction Authority (BCA) 36 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  37. 37. Building form 37 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  38. 38. Pump house Contains 7 massive water pumps → 38 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  39. 39. • Curvilinear curtain wall suspend above the ground like a cliff face • Hovers protectively over ground storey; serving as a shade for ground storey in hot sunny days 39 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  40. 40. • Made up mainly of perforated aluminum cladding (good reflector of heat) • Combination of grilles and louvers, designed to facilitate air movement • Sun shading are heavily used 40 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  41. 41. • Main discharge channel in courtyard is turned into a water feature 41 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  42. 42. Fountain - Water signifies health and wealth - Water shoots up and flows back into the fountain - Signifies bringing health and wealth into the building 42 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  43. 43. Exploration of Building's Material and Aesthetic considerations 43 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  44. 44. • Roof garden with view of the Singapore Flyer 44 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  45. 45. • Influence of Modern Movement - concrete and steel construction method • Usage of water 45 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  46. 46. • Rocks and stones collected on site during construction were re- used as building materials • 100% recycled plastics and eco-friendly drainage cells are used on the Green Roof 46 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  47. 47. 47 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  48. 48. Interior Layout • Concrete Floor & Ceiling – Advantages: • Versatile: Poles & columns have intricate line designs • Durable & Low maintenance • Fire resistant • Environmentally sustainable • Energy efficiency • Cost less in the long run 48 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  49. 49. Interior Design: Materials • 2 Materials • 3 Textures: lines, rocks, stones • Distinctive texture & beauty • Wall is patterned: tiles of different sizes 49 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  50. 50. Interior Layout: Ceiling • Ceiling Creases & folds – Increase surface area to lose heat in the day – Expansion and contraction • Reduce formation of cracks • Structural stability 50 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  51. 51. Interior layout – Double glazed glass In the DAY, building can be lit up by natural sunlight At NIGHT, light penetrates from the inside, minimizing need for street lamps 51 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  52. 52. Interior Layout: Glass • Incorporate passive-energy-conserving strategies responsive to local climate • Transparent: – sense of generous space – vantage view of internal facilities • Double glazed glass panels with vacuum in between – Reduce heat penetration – Minimizing energy consumption – Futuristic and elegant look • Reflective – Minimize mid-day sun • Heavily tinted – Reduce the amount of heat entering • Natural light  Save energy and cost Sustainable Building 52 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  53. 53. • Use of design- screened glass dividers •Resulting in opacity and a sense of privacy 53 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  54. 54. Interior Design • Advanced green building technologies • Integrated façade devices to shade the building from solar gains and glare • Open space – Natural lighting – Natural Ventilation: Healthy, comfortable and productive – Optimize use & flexibility of spaces 54 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  55. 55. Interior Design • Water Fountain • Reconnect with environment • Emotional and therapeutic benefits that nature provides – Sounds of water – Children’s laughter 55 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  56. 56. Interior Layout • Internal structures create an Earth-look-alike picture • Interior layout – Ecologically & socially responsive – Raise awareness of environmental issues – Energy-conservation – Sustainability practices 56 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  57. 57. Sustainable Singapore Exhibition Gallery 57 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  58. 58. Sustainable Singapore Exhibition Gallery • 5 dimensional: Light, sound, 3D visual – Use of water sounds, natural sound in the gallery and lighting – Emphasize on the LED Lighting used to give a futuristic, vibrant feeling, wide selection of colour – High ceiling: Less enclosed 58 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  59. 59. Sustainable Singapore Gallery (SSG) • Purpose: Environmental sustainability • Sustainable: – Clean air – Affordable water – Quality living environment • Spectacular sensory experience • Timeline gallery – Singapore’s efforts towards environmental sustainability 59 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  60. 60. Sustainable Singapore Exhibition Gallery 1 • Current environmental challenges • “Organic Tree” • Colour switches from: – blue to red to green • Uncertain state of environment Selection of colors: – colors can transmit messages • Feature wall: NEWater bottles – NEWater: treated wastewater • Sustainable water supply • 3-Dimensional: Visual and Texture 60 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  61. 61. Sustainable Singapore Exhibition Gallery 2 • Story of the Singapore River: – polluted to a clean water way • Environmental story of Singapore • Use of reflective materials: Mirrors – Modernized and futuristic 61 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  62. 62. Sustainable Singapore Exhibition Gallery 3 • Active, Beautiful, Clean waters programme • Aim: – Raise awareness of water-conservation – Public responsibility 62 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  63. 63. Sustainable Singapore Exhibition Gallery 4 • Innovative barrage model demostration – Details the intricate construction & operations of the dam • Deeper understanding of underlying mechanisms • Educational tool – Man-environment interactions 63 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  64. 64. Sustainable Singapore Exhibition Gallery 5 • Jewel box • Sustainability from different angles: – Industrialization – Waste management – Housing – Commerce – Nature • Careful planning and management – Limited land – Maximize potential 64 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  65. 65. Sustainable Singapore Exhibition Gallery 5 • Blue LED lighting – Symbolizes water • 71% earth surface – Create transformational experience – Calm and soothing color – Creates a conducive environment • Environmentally sustainable practices • Intervene and resolve 65 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  66. 66. Sustainable Singapore Exhibition Gallery 6 • Steadfast commitment in caring for the environment: – 3P • Interactive walkway to engage people • Futuristic feel – “journey to the future” • Memorable experience 66 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  67. 67. 67 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  68. 68. Special green architectural features • Solar Park • Double-glazed glass panels Green Roof • Rainwater Collection System • Automated Irrigation • Water-efficient flushing systems Water Sustainability • Garden City • Waterscape designs Ecological Landscape 68 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  69. 69. 1. Iconic Green Roof Green Roof • Natural heat insulation • Reduces indoor temperature by approximately 3°C Double-glazed Glass Panels • Reduces heat penetration • Minimizes energy consumption of air-con system Solar Park • Green renewable energy • Reduces daytime electricity demands by 50% • Powers some of the barrage’s public spaces 69 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  70. 70. 2. Water Sustainability Design Rainwater Collection System • Harnesses rainwater to meet the irrigation requirements • Supports water independence Automated Irrigation Sprinkler System • Linked to rain sensors that will be deactivate the system when it rains Water-saving Flushing systems • Waterless urinals • Water-efficient taps 70 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  71. 71. 3. Ecological Landscape Singapore’s Garden City Reputation • Connects a tropical botanical park to the city, extending from downtown and along the reservoir PUB: “Active, Beautiful, Clean Waters” • Transform infrastructural waterways  Central Courtyard and Community Play areas • Learn water conservation methods through play interaction 71 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  72. 72. 72 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  73. 73. Family Outings - Lifestyle attraction right at the heart of the city Educational Field Trips - Community education on important environmental & water issues Photography excursions - Aesthetic Features Site Observation 73 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  74. 74. Similar Architectural Features - ADM • Helical Grass Roof • 2 interlocking spirals • Extensive use of glass panels • Fountain in courtyard • Curvilinear shape • Illusion of a bigger area Marina Barrage ADM 74 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  75. 75. 75 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  76. 76. Prizes won • Green Platinum Award in new Green Mark category introduced at the annual Building and Construction Authority (BCA) Awards • ASEAN Outstanding Engineering Achievement Award 76 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  77. 77. Prizes won • Superior Achievement Award at the American Academy of Environmental Engineers (AAEE)’s Excellence in Environmental Engineering competition • Grand Conceptor Award at the American Council of Engineering Companies of Massachusetts' 2009 Engineering Excellence Awards 77 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  78. 78. Conclusion • New scenic icon that graces Singapore’s city skyline with numerous benefits – Educational, practical benefits and lifestyle hot spot • Important milestone in efforts to maximise Singapore’s rainwater harvesting capacity and to create a sustainable water supply 78 Introduction Layout/ Planning Site Context Interior Layout Architectural Detailing Learning Points Conclusion
  79. 79. Conclusion The End Thank You! (: 79

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