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Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02
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Judicialbranchslideshareversion 091213105049-phpapp02

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  • Lowest LevelExample: Bucks County Courthouse AppealsExample: PA Court of AppealsState Supreme CourtExample: PA Supreme Court
  • Supreme Court JusticesPresident nominates and appoints with approval of Congress Concepts of judicial activism and judicial restraint affect the judicial selection process
  • Current (2009) salary for the Chief Justice is $217,400 per year, while the Associate Justices each make $208,100
  • Judicial Restraint Follow a strict interpretation of the ConstitutionBelieve judges should also follow precedent Judicial Activism Loosely interpret the Constitution Argue law should be interpreted and applied in the light of ongoing changes in conditions and valuesResults in the expansion of judicial powers
  • Transcript

    • 1. “It is emphatically the province and duty of the judicial department to say what the law is…If two laws conflict with each other; the courts must decide on the operation of each”
    • 2. Essential Question
    • 3. Inferior Courts = lower federal courts beneath the Supreme Court
    • 4.  The authority of a court to hear (to try and decide) a case Federal courts hear cases for two reasons: • Subject Matter  Application of the U.S. Constitution • Parties Involved  State v. State  Citizen v. State
    • 5. Types of Jurisdiction Exclusive JurisdictionThose cases that can only be heard in the federal courts Concurrent JurisdictionStates and Federal Courts share power to hear cases Original Jurisdiction A court in which a case is first heard Appellate JurisdictionA court that hears a case on appeal from a lower court
    • 6. Define FederalismPower is split between the Federal government and state governments.Applying federalism to court jurisdictionAll cases not heard by Federal Courts are in the jurisdiction of State Courts…
    • 7. InferiorState (lower)Courts Federal Courts
    • 8. Why do youWhat does think it might Highest rank the word be important and authority;“Supreme” to have a ultimate, final mean? “Supreme” Court?
    • 9. Chief Justice and eightassociate judgesNominated and appointed byPresident, with Senateapproval.Concepts of judicial activismand judicial restrain affect thejudicial selection process
    • 10.  Maintain their neutrality Protect the rights of people to express unpopular views Promote consistent interpretations of laws
    • 11.  Supreme Court Justices can retire: • At age 70  Must have served 10 years to receive full salary for life • At age 65  Must have served 15 years to receive full salary for life Chief Justice Associate $217,400 Justices per year $208,100
    • 12.  Vary in their political and legal philosophies... Judicial Activism Judicial Restraint Loosely interpret and Follow a strict apply the interpretation of the Constitution based Constitution on ongoing changes Believe judges should and values. also follow precedent
    • 13. OF THE CASE RELEVANTTEXT OF THE JUDICIAL
    • 14.  Both original and appellate jurisdiction • Most cases come on appeal from the lower courts. Original jurisdiction exists when: 1. There are controversies involved 2+ states 2. The case involves ambassadors or other public ministers Marbury v. Madison • Supreme court case that established power of judicial review
    • 15.  Supreme Court has the power to decide the constitutionality of: • State and federal legislation • Actions of chief executives • Decisions of other courts Inother words, the Supreme Court has the final authority on the meaning of the Constitution They have the POWER to declare acts and laws unconstitutional
    • 16. *Rule of Four: At least 4 of 9 justices must agree to hear a case in the S.C.

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