Guide To Green Electronics

1,467 views
1,410 views

Published on

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,467
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
47
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Guide To Green Electronics

  1. 1. 5 6 •PANASONIC •TOSHIBA 4 •PHILIPS •HP 7 •APPLE 3 •ACER • L GE O •SHARP •S O • NY NOKI N OV •SONY ER A 8 2 • LE LL •MOTOROLA ICS OFT •DE S 9 1 S TSU •SAMSUNG WH ON RO JI BE O W 10 IC •FU 0 •M F IL T IR L GR O G ST -- • NIN T EN DO EE O N? + VERSION 14 greenpeace.org/electronics This Guide ranks leading mobile phone, game console, TV and PC manufacturers on their global policies and practice on eliminating harmful chemicals, taking responsibility for their products DECEMBER 2009 once they are discarded by consumers, and their impact on the climate. Companies are ranked on information that is publicly available and clarifications and communications with the companies. greenpeace.org/electronics NOKIA Ranking = 7.3/10 Nokia stays in 1st place with a slightly reduced score of 7.3, losing a point for failing to do proactive lobbying for the revised RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances in electronics) Directive to adopt a methodology for further restrictions of hazardous substances, and immediately ban chlorinated and brominated substances. As of this version of the Guide, Criterion C1 has been sharpened to require companies not only to have a chemicals policy underpinned by the precautionary principle, but also to support a revision of the RoHS Directive that bans further harmful substances, specifically brominated flame retardants (BFRs), chlorinated flame retardants (CFRs) and PVC vinyl plastic. Overall, Nokia does best on the toxic chemicals criteria, followed by energy, and does least well on e-waste issues. It gains a point for having almost all its new models of mobile phones free of BFRs. Nokia scores very well on toxic chemical issues; all its new models have been free of PVC since the end of 2005, and it is now aiming to have all new models free of all brominated and chlorinated compounds and antimony trioxide from the start of 2010. Nokia scores maximum points for its comprehensive voluntary take-back programme, which spans 85 countries providing almost 5,000 collection points for end-of-life mobile phones. It also scores top marks for the information it provides to customers on what to do with their discarded products. However, its recycling rate of 3 to 5 percent is very poor; more information is needed on how Nokia calculates these figures; it also needs to start using recycled plastics beyond just for packaging. Nokia’s score on energy has dropped slightly due to a point lost for failing to clarify concerns about the additionality of its renewable energy purchases and to provide more information about the EU RECs (Renewable Energy Credits) it is buying; it sourced 25 percent of its total energy needs from renewable sources in 2007 and has a target to increase its use of renewable energy to 50 percent by 2010. Top marks (doubled) are given for product energy efficiency as all but one of its mobile phone chargers exceed the Energy Star requirements by between 30 and 90 percent. It provides a third party verification certificate for its disclosed CO2 emissions - however, while it scores full marks for committing to reduce its own absolute CO2 emissions by a minimum of 10 percent in 2009 and 18 percent in 2010, from a baseline year of 2006, it fails to score any points on its support for global cuts in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Nokia needs to call for GHG emissions to peak by 2015 and for industrialised countries as a group to accept mandatory cuts of at least 30 percent by 2020. NOKIA Overall Score BAD (0) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) GOOD (3+) Precautionary Principle and support for revision of RoHS Directive. Chemicals Management Timeline for PVC & BFR phaseout Timeline for additional substances phaseout PVC-free and/or BFR-free models (companies score double on this criterion) Individual producer responsibility Voluntary take-back Information to individual customers Amounts recycled Use of recycled plastic content Global GHG emissions reduction support Carbon Footprint disclosure Own GHG emissions reduction commitment Amounts of renewable energy used Energy efficiency of new models (companies score double on this criterion)
  2. 2. NOKIA Detailed Scoring Chemicals Precautionary Principle PVC-free and/or Chemicals Timeline for Timeline for additional and support for revision of BFR-free models RoHS Directive. Management PVC & BFR phaseout substances phaseout (double points) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) GOOD (3+) GOOD (3+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2.5+) Nokia’s definition of the Nokia has already phased out Nokia has eliminated remaining Nokia has banned the use of Nokia scores 2.5 points (doubled) precautionary principle supports some harmful chemicals and uses of PVC. See PVC elimination beryllium and its compounds in as it has almost achieved its goal. taking voluntary steps to identified future substances for case study. More information. all new products developed from New models are PVC-free since eliminate potential hazardous elimination. More information. Nokia aims to have all new 1/1/09 with the exemption of use the end of 2005. As from January substances despite lack of New version (2009) of Nokia’s products across its global product as gold dopant. The intentional 2007, the first products without full scientific certainty. More substance list. range launched from 2010 free addition of 10 types of phthalates components containing BFRs information. Despite some of restricted flame retardants, is also banned in new products. have been introduced. Starting remaining ambiguities (which including all brominated and More information. from 2010 Nokia aims to have Nokia needs to clarify to stay chlorinated compounds, not All products from 2010 will all new products launched free on 2 points), Nokia states that just those in PVC and flame be free of antimony trioxide. of brominated and chlorinated it supports a methodology for retardants, as well as antimony However, there is no target compounds and antimony further restrictions in RoHS, trioxide. More information. to phase out other antimony trioxide. where restriction criteria are compounds. More information. based on potential risk in the full More information. Eco-declarations provided for product life cycle. It supports all Nokia products. further restrictions for chlorinated All new models of mobile and brominated substances but phones are PVC free, free of does not specify restrictions on brominated and chlorinated at least PVC, CFRs and BFRs in compounds and antimony the next 3-5 years. For 3 points trioxide. Nokia should show evidence of proactive advocacy.. E-Waste Provides info for Use of recycled plastic Provides voluntary Reports on amount of Support for Individual individual customers on content in products - and take-back where e-waste collected and Producer Responsibility take-back in all countries timelines for increasing no EPR laws exist recycled where products are sold content PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) GOOD (3+) GOOD (3+) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) BAD (0) Nokia supports and lobbies for Take-back is offered in 85 The information provided is very Nokia states that it gets back just Nokia is still actively researching IPR. To regain top marks, Nokia countries, including in Africa and good, with addresses, phone 3 percent of redundant phones. the use of recycled plastics, will need to explore options for Latin America, with almost 5000 numbers and directions to Nokia But it is unclear if this is as a which are currently used only in operationalising IPR. It also needs Nokia collection points globally. Care Centres and updates about percentage of all Nokia sales, or packaging. It’s about time Nokia to continue to lobby for IPR, More information here and the development of new take- all brands of mobiles returned started using recycled plastics inter alia to ensure the revised here. Nokia has announced on back programmes, most recently – and over which period and in its mobile phones, as its WEEE legislation sets clearer their Argentine website that they those launched in 10 Middle geography. More information competitors are doing. requirements (enforcement will soon roll out a take-back Eastern countries and 11 African here and here. More information. criteria) for the implementation of programme in Argentina. countries. More information. IPR by enforcing: differentiated financing for own-brand real end-of-life costs (e.g. no longer collective financing such as market share but individual financing such as return share) for WEEE and preventing the indefinite use of the Visible Fee. More information. Energy Support for global Company Commitment to Amount of Energy efficiency of mandatory reduction of carbon footprint reduce own direct renewable energy New Models GHG emissions disclosure GHG emissions used (double points) BAD (0) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) GOOD (3+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) GOOD (3+) Nokia has signed the Bali Nokia reports on 2008 energy Nokia is committed to reducing Nokia’s target for renewable All Nokia’s new models of Communiqué. For full marks, consumption, as well as CO2 emissions by a minimum of electricity is to cover 25% of chargers meet or exceed the Nokia needs to support direct (231,000 tonnes of CO2 10% in 2009 and 18% in 2010, its total needs during 2007 EPA’s Energy Star requirements. industrialised countries cutting emissions) and indirect CO2 from a baseline year of 2006. – 2009, increasing to 50% in All except one of the currently emissions by at least 30% by emissions. More details are Nokia is to ensure that its key 2010. See p.49 here. The 2007 available chargers exceed the 2020 and call for global GHG needed on what comprises these suppliers set energy efficiency target has been achieved. Nokia requirements in no load mode by emissions to peak by 2015. The indirect emissions. and CO2 emission reduction provides details of the various between 30 and 90%. need for companies to act on this More information here and targets. More information. renewable energy certificates More information. global issue is pressing. here. Details of the various measures that it purchases. Through its More information. Nokia has published a and targets that Nokia is taking renewable energy purchases and verification statement. are given. More information. energy efficiency measures it aims to reduce CO2 emissions by a minimum of 10% in 2009 and 18% in 2010, compared to 2006. Nokia loses a point because it fails to address concerns about additionality and provide more information about the EU RECs it is buying. More information here and here.
  3. 3. 5 6 •PANASONIC •TOSHIBA 4 •PHILIPS •HP 7 •APPLE 3 •ACER • L GE O •SHARP •S O • NY NOKI N OV •SONY ER A 8 2 • LE LL •MOTOROLA ICS OFT •DE S 9 1 S TSU •SAMSUNG WH ON RO JI BE O W 10 IC •FU 0 •M F IL T IR L GR O G ST -- • NIN T EN DO EE O N? + VERSION 14 greenpeace.org/electronics This Guide ranks leading mobile phone, game console, TV and PC manufacturers on their global policies and practice on eliminating harmful chemicals, taking responsibility for their products DECEMBER 2009 once they are discarded by consumers, and their impact on the climate. Companies are ranked on information that is publicly available and clarifications and communications with the companies. greenpeace.org/electronics SONY ERICSSON Ranking = 6.9/10 Sony Ericsson moves up to 2nd place, with an increased score of 6.9, up from 3rd place with a score of 6.5 in v.13. It is the best performer on the toxic chemicals criteria of all the ranked brands, being the first to score full marks on all chemicals criteria. It also does well on energy. All Sony Ericsson products are already free from PVC vinyl plastic and brominated flame retardants (BFRs), with the exception of a few components that are still being phased out. Sony Ericsson has already met the challenge of the new criterion on chemicals by banning antimony, beryllium and phthalates from new models launched since January 2008. Moreover, Sony Ericsson is one of only two companies (the other is Acer) that is proactively lobbying in the EU for the revision of the RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances in electronics) Directive to adopt a 3 to 5 year timeline for further restrictions on organo-chlorine and bromine substances. It is weakest on waste and recycling issues, scoring nothing on use of recycled plastic. It gains a point for reporting that, in 2008, around 5 percent of its mobile phones (based on sales volume) had been collected and recycled through European recycling schemes. Figures are also given for programmes in the US, Australia and Canada, but more information is needed on how these data are gathered and calculated. Sony Ericsson scores a point on its information to consumers about its take- back programme. For more points on e-waste, it needs to continue to increase its lobbying for Individual Producer Responsibility, extend its take-back and recycling programmes, and use recycled plastic across all its products – not just a few models. On energy, Sony Ericsson gains a point for signing the Copenhagen Communiqué, which calls for global emissions to peak and begin to decline rapidly within the next decade; this scenario will require a reduction of 50-85 percent by 2050. It also states that developed countries need to take on immediate and deep emission reduction commitments that are much higher than the global average, but provides no concrete numbers. It scores points for committing to reduce absolute greenhouse gas emissions from its internal activities by 20 percent by 2015 (2008 baseline) and reports that 40 percent of its electricity use globally comes from renewable sources. However, it loses a point on this criterion as it needs to address concerns about the additionality of its renewable energy purchases by providing more information about its RECs (Renewable Energy Credits), details of hydro and other renewable energy (RE) sourced and clarify if this is in addition to RE sourced via the Swedish grid. All of its products meet and exceed the Energy Star standard. It reports CO2 emissions from its own manufacturing and product transportation, but fails to have these emissions verified by a third party. SONY ERICSSON Overall Score BAD (0) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) GOOD (3+) Precautionary Principle and support for revision of RoHS Directive. Chemicals Management Timeline for PVC & BFR phaseout Timeline for additional substances phaseout PVC-free and/or BFR-free models (companies score double on this criterion) Individual producer responsibility Voluntary take-back Information to individual customers Amounts recycled Use of recycled plastic content Global GHG emissions reduction support Carbon Footprint disclosure Own GHG emissions reduction commitment Amounts of renewable energy used Energy efficiency of new models (companies score double on this criterion)
  4. 4. SONY ERICSSON Detailed Scoring Chemicals Precautionary Principle PVC-free and/or Chemicals Timeline for Timeline for additional and support for revision of BFR-free models RoHS Directive. Management PVC & BFR phaseout substances phaseout (double points) GOOD (3+) GOOD (3+) GOOD (3+) GOOD (3+) GOOD (3+) Sony Ericsson supports the Sony Ericsson is ahead of many Since 2007 all SE products have All new SE products are now SE scores maximum points Precautionary Principle as defined companies by already eliminating been PVC free and in 2009 all beryllium free and phthalate (doubled) on this criterion. by the Rio Declaration and is substances from its new products charger cables except one legacy free. Antimony is also banned All SE products are already PVC- implementing it. that others have only identified for charger, became completely free apart from two minor remaining free, with the exception of cables More information. future action. More information. of PVC. All models placed on the applications where antimony is in early models of chargers. Since Evidence of Sony Ericsson’s SE’s pdf List of Banned & market after 1 January 2008 used; alternatives have been January 2008, all new SE models position and lobbying on RoHS Restricted Substances. are BFR free in circuit boards, developed for moisture protection are BFR-free with the exception of 2.0 More information. casings and cables, older models and antimony is being phased a few components whose phase SE stated at a Chemsec may still contain BFRs in circuit out, but the use of antimony in out is on-going. At present, new conference held at the EU boards and substrates. varistors has been exempted Sony Ericsson products are 99.9% Parliament, attended by More information. from the phase out plan until free from all halogenated flame Greenpeace, that it supports Banned & Restricted replacement materials have been retardant. More information. a 3-5 year timeline for further Substances. identified. More information. Environmental product restrictions on organo-chlorine See also p. 7-8 Sustainability There are also a few exemptions declarations for phones and and bromine substances Report. for products placed on the market mobile broadband devices. before 1 January 2008. More information. E-Waste Provides info for Use of recycled plastic Provides voluntary Reports on amount of Support for Individual individual customers on content in products - and take-back where e-waste collected and Producer Responsibility take-back in all countries timelines for increasing no EPR laws exist recycled where products are sold content PARTIALLY BAD (1+) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) BAD (0) Sony Ericsson has launched an Sony Ericsson has initiated its Sony Ericsson intends to provide Sony Ericsson estimates that in Sony Ericsson’s new ‘GreenHeart’ individual product ’environmental new ‘environmental warranty’ information to customers in all 2008 around 5% of SE phones pioneer phones use a minimum warranty’ as part of its commitment programme that includes take- the countries in which it operates. (based on sales volume) have of 50% recycled plastics. The to Individual Producer Responsibility, back and recycling in Taiwan, More information. been collected and recycled MH300 Green Heart ™ headset by which it commits to recycle its China, Thailand, Singapore, Sony Ericsson is in the process through European recycling includes 100% recycled plastics products in an environmentally Malaysia, Philippines, Australia of providing links on its ‘support’ schemes. Figures are also in most plastic parts. sound way when any SE product is USA and Canada, with a total page to recycle mobile phones. given for programmes in the US, More information. taken to any designated collection of 500 collection points; Sony Information can be accessed from Australia and Canada, but it is not Also p.13 2008 Sustainability point globally, regardless of Ericsson intends to complete this a few countries (eg. US, Canada, clear whether the figures given Report. where the product was originally rollout by 2009 in all the countries Australia, UK). represent Sony Ericsson phones Sony Ericsson is looking to use purchased. More information. in which it operates. SE has added More information. or overall totals. To keep the one post consumer recycled plastics Also p.14 of 2008 Sustainability India, New Zealand and Israel to its Previously full information was point, SE needs to provide more further in its products. To score Report. SE also states that it take-back programme. SE states accessible to customers in details of its calculation, to clarify points, SE needs to use recycled supports legislation and participates that take-back in other countries is 25 European countries, the if the 5% European recycling rate plastics across all its products in the process of putting legislation coming soon. More information. USA, Canada, Australia, China, is for SE-branded phones only or and report the amount of recycled in place. For full marks, SE needs Previous links, where recycling Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, for all phones coming back into plastic sourced as a % of all to clarify that this means supporting information has not yet been Thailand, Taiwan, India, New recycling systems, and how these plastics used. More information. differentiated/ individualised transferred here and here. her Zealand and Israel. Customers in data are gathered. financing for own-brand real end- other countries are informed that More information. of-life costs (e.g. no longer collective SE take-back is coming soon. financing) for WEEE, and provide This link is still accessible. details of operationalisation of IPR. Energy Support for global Company Commitment to Amount of Energy efficiency of mandatory reduction of carbon footprint reduce own direct renewable energy New Models GHG emissions disclosure GHG emissions used (double points) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) GOOD (3+) Sony Ericsson signed up in Sony Ericsson reports its total Sony Ericsson has new, absolute From 2008 all Sony Ericsson sites All new models after 2005 meet support of the Bali Communiqué, GHG emissions reduced from targets to reduce its total GHG in Sweden purchase renewable the requirements of Energy Star, the Poznań Communiqué and 64,426,057 kg CO2 equivalents in emissions. By 2015 it aims to: energy (wind, solar and hydro), and “…67% are better than the most recently the Copenhagen 2007 to 57,390,998 kg in 2008; - reduce emissions from the full making up about 40% of the EU CoC power requirements. The Communiqué, which calls for a large part of this reduction is life cycle of its products by 15%; total electricity used at all Sony standby power is not more than global emissions to peak and due to a drop in business travel. - reduce emissions from its Ericsson sites. SE loses a point 0.1 W for all new charger models begin to decline rapidly within the For more points Sony Ericsson internal activities by 20%. Both as it needs to address concerns after 2005.” More information. next decade; this scenario will needs to provide evidence of targets are based on 2008 levels. about the additionality of its Also p.10 2008 Sustainability require a reduction of 50-85% external verification. More information here and renewable energy purchases by Report . by 2050. It also states that More information. here. providing more information about developed countries need to take See p.11-13 & 18 of new Also p.3 of 2008 Sustainability its RECs, details of hydro and on immediate and deep emission Sustainability Report. Report. other RE sourced and clarify if reduction commitments that this is in addition to RE sourced are much higher than the global via the Swedish grid. More average, but provides no concrete information. numbers. More information here and here.
  5. 5. 5 6 •PANASONIC •TOSHIBA 4 •PHILIPS •HP 7 •APPLE 3 •ACER • L GE O •SHARP •S O • NY NOKI N OV •SONY ER A 8 2 • LE LL •MOTOROLA ICS OFT •DE S 9 1 S TSU •SAMSUNG WH ON RO JI BE O W 10 IC •FU 0 •M F IL T IR L GR O G ST -- • NIN T EN DO EE O N? + VERSION 14 greenpeace.org/electronics This Guide ranks leading mobile phone, game console, TV and PC manufacturers on their global policies and practice on eliminating harmful chemicals, taking responsibility for their products DECEMBER 2009 once they are discarded by consumers, and their impact on the climate. Companies are ranked on information that is publicly available and clarifications and communications with the companies. greenpeace.org/electronics TOSHIBA Ranking = 5.3/10 Toshiba moves up to 3rd place, from 5th, even though its score drops from 5.7 points in v.13 to 5.3 points. It loses a point for failing to support the need for RoHS 2.0 Directive (Restriction of Hazardous Substances in electronics, currently being revised) to adopt an end-of-life methodology for adding new substances and an immediate ban on organo- chlorine and bromine compounds. It risks losing more points if it fails to bring to market new models of all its consumer electronics products free of PVC vinyl plastic and brominated flame retardants (BFRs) by 1 April 2010, its own timeline for meeting this commitment. Toshiba is strongest on the chemicals criteria, with three models of laptops having circuit boards free from BFRs (with two of these also having PVC-free power cords for the Japanese market only), mobile phones with reduced PVC and BFRs, and EcoMark-certified products without PVC. Toshiba has announced that it will launch a TV (model 55X1) in December 2009 that has no BFRs in the cabinet and no PVC/BFRs in the main control circuit board. Toshiba has also committed to introduce alternatives to phthalates, beryllium and antimony by 2012 in all its products. The company scores poorly on e-waste due to its lack of support for Individual Producer Responsibility and its low use of recycled plastic. It loses a point for failing to expand its TV take-back programme to non-OECD countries; it has made little progress on rolling out global take-back for all its products over the last year. However, Toshiba reports a recycling rate of 12 percent globally for a group of five types of products that includes TVs, PCs and 3 types of home appliances. It also provides separate global recycling rates for TVs (21.2 percent in 2008) and PCs (12.8 percent based on sales 10 and 7 years ago, respectively). On energy, Toshiba scores most of its points on the energy efficiency of its products. Toshiba reports that all PCs developed in 2009 (up to the end of July) comply with the new Energy Star 5, except non-OS models. All new LCD TVs released since November 2008 are Energy Star compliant and 34 models exceed the specifications by 30 percent or more. It is rewarded for supporting global cuts in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions with greater cuts for industrialised countries and for disclosing GHG emissions from its own operations and supply chain, but these are not third party verified. The company commits to cut GHG emissions and it has clarified that it aims to stop further increases by (financial year) 2012. Toshiba reports that the percentage of renewable energy used by the Toshiba Group in total (additional to that supplied by the grid) is approximately 0.6 percent up from 0.1 percent last year, although it fails to score points for this low percentage. TOSHIBA Overall Score BAD (0) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) GOOD (3+) Precautionary Principle and support for revision of RoHS Directive. Chemicals Management Timeline for PVC & BFR phaseout Timeline for additional substances phaseout PVC-free and/or BFR-free models (companies score double on this criterion) Individual producer responsibility Voluntary take-back Information to individual customers Amounts recycled Use of recycled plastic content Global GHG emissions reduction support Carbon Footprint disclosure Own GHG emissions reduction commitment Amounts of renewable energy used Energy efficiency of new models (companies score double on this criterion)
  6. 6. TOSHIBA Detailed Scoring Chemicals Precautionary Principle PVC-free and/or Chemicals Timeline for Timeline for additional and support for revision of BFR-free models RoHS Directive. Management PVC & BFR phaseout substances phaseout (double points) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) GOOD (3+) GOOD (3+) GOOD (3+) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) Support for the precautionary Toshiba has Green Procurement Toshiba has committed to Toshiba has committed to Toshiba has no models of PC principle on Toshiba’s global Guidelines for suppliers and phasing out PVC and BFRs from replace phthalates, beryllium and completely free of PVC and BFRs. corporate site refers to taking ranks suppliers. See pdf le. all its products – not only from compounds and antimony and It makes 3 models of notebook action on toxic chemicals Toshiba’s PC and Network their notebook PCs and mobiles compounds by 2012 in all its PCs (Portégé A600/dynabook NX, regardless of lack of full scientific Company updated guidelines. - with a timeline of FY 2009. consumer electronic products, if R500 and R600/dynabook SS certainty. However, Toshiba Summary of revisions. More information. alternatives are available. RX2) with circuit board laminates makes no mention of the need for Guidelines for Green Toshiba outlines its plan for More information. free of halogens and antimony and RoHS 2.0 to adopt an end-of-life Procurement v.7. introducing BFR and PVC For commitment to phase out the latter 2 models have PVC-free methodology for adding new alternatives in TVs; Toshiba will these substances in notebook power cords for the Japanese substances and an immediate bring a TV to market in December PCs. market only. More information ban on organo- chlorine and 2009 which has no BFRs in the here and here. bromine compounds (at least cabinet and no PVC/BFRs in the Information on mobile phones PVC, CFRs, and BFRs within 3-5 main control circuit board. including PVC free USB cables and years). More information. But what about Toshiba’s other halogen free printed circuit boards. For PC Division see products, besides PCs and mobile More than 90% of parts are BFR commitment 4. phones, given that in the next free. More information. three months all products should Case studies of other products be free of PVC and BFRs? It here. Toshiba will launch a TV seems very unlikely that Toshiba (model 55X1) in December 2009, will meet this timeline, which will which has no BFRs in the cabinet result not only in a loss of points and no PVC/BFRs in the main for backtracking, but potentially control circuit board. also for insincere allegations. See halogen-free hard disk More information. drives here. E-Waste Provides info for Use of recycled plastic Provides voluntary Reports on amount of Support for Individual individual customers on content in products - and take-back where e-waste collected and Producer Responsibility take-back in all countries timelines for increasing no EPR laws exist recycled where products are sold content BAD (0) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) Toshiba believes that IPR Voluntary take-back of PCs, Comprehensive and improved Toshiba reports its ratio of Toshiba used 1,300 tons provides incentives for Design for covering 80% of total (PC) sales, is information to customers on the “recycling weight to the sales of recycled plastics in the Recycling. To score points Toshiba provided in Canada, South Korea, take-back of used PCs. Toshiba weight” for specified products manufacture of washing needs to explicitly support IPR Australia, New Zealand, China, now provides information on (including TVs, PCs and 3 types machines, Multi-Function with no ‘flexibility’ caveat. For full Singapore, Thailand and much of SE voluntary take-back of notebook of home appliances) based on Peripherals (MFPs), and other marks, it needs to clarify that this Asia. A take-back service in India PCs to customers in Thailand, current (not past) sales. For 2008, products in 2007, representing means supporting differentiated/ was launched in May 2009 and Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, the recycling rate is 12.6%. a recycled plastic ratio of 1.3%. individualised financing for there are similar plans in Burma, Philippines and India. Toshiba provides separate global Toshiba plans to increase the ratio own-brand real end-of-life costs Pakistan and Cambodia. Toshiba’s More information. recycling rates for TVs (21.2% of recycled plastics to up to 25% (e.g. no longer collective financing recycling programs don’t include Select: Services & Support in 2008) and PCs (12.8% based of total plastics use as part of its such as market share but instead other Toshiba products like TVs, that Information on take-back of on sales 10 and 7 years ago, next voluntary plan, which will be more real and individualised are so problematic at end-of-life. consumer electronics including respectively. Toshiba needs after FY 2012. financing such as return share) Toshiba loses a point because it has TVs in the US here. to clarify how it calculates EU More information. for new WEEE, in addition to failed to expand its TV take-back recycling rates. Example of recycled plastic lobbying for IPR and exploring programme to non-OECD countries. More information. parts used in PC case and how IPR can be operationalised. More information here and in a Multi Function Peripheral. More information. here. Toshiba is part of recycling joint venture MRM, which offers take-back of consumer electronics, including TVs. More information. Energy Support for global Company Commitment to Amount of Energy efficiency of mandatory reduction of carbon footprint reduce own direct renewable energy New Models GHG emissions disclosure GHG emissions used (double points) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) BAD (0) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) Toshiba supports global Toshiba reports on emissions Toshiba aims to stop increasing Toshiba gives some examples Toshiba reports that all new LCD mandatory cuts in GHG emissions from R&D, through procurement, emissions by FY2012. It plans of renewable energy at Toshiba TVs released since November by over 50% and by 60-80% for manufacturing, use & recycling, to control the absolute reduction facilities and estimates that the 2008 are Energy Star compliant developed nations by 2050 and at which scores 2 points, see p. 45 at a level of 1.96 million tons by percentage of renewable energy and 34 models exceed the least 30% by 2020 as compared of CSR report 2009. FY2012, to have emissions peak at used by Toshiba Groups in total specifications by 30% or more. to 1990 levels. For full marks, GHG emissions are calculated in 70% less than the FY1990 level, (additional to that supplied by the The 34 models exceeding ES 3.0 Toshiba needs to support the call accordance with ISO14064. and decrease them by a further grid) is approximately 0.6% up are not expressed as a % of all TV for global emissions to peak by More information. 10% by 2025. More information. from 0.1% last year. To score models. More information. 2015. More information. But Toshiba fails to score full Toshiba has a target of reducing points, Toshiba needs to invest Toshiba reports that all PCs marks as verification is for the CO2 emissions by 47% by 2012, in renewable energy and set a developed in 2009 (up to the end whole CSR report, not just the but this is a relative ‘rate to net target and timeline for increased of July 2009) comply with the GHG emissions, which should be production output’. Reduction of use of RE globally. new Energy Star 5, except no-OS verified to the ISO standard. non-CO2 GHG emissions is 38% More information. models. More information. Details of third party verification. by 2012 for total emissions. The More information. baseline year is 2000. See p. 47 CSR report 2009.
  7. 7. 5 6 •PANASONIC •TOSHIBA 4 •PHILIPS •H P 7 ER •APPLE 3 •AC • L GE VO •SHARP •SONY •S O • NY NOKI O 8 EN ER A 2 •L LL •MOTOROLA ICS T •DE S 9 1 OS OF U •SAMSUNG WH ON ICR JITS BE O W 10 •FU 0 •M F IL T IR L GR O G ST -- •N IN T E ND O EE O N? + VERSION 14 greenpeace.org/electronics This Guide ranks leading mobile phone, game console, TV and PC manufacturers on their global policies and practice on eliminating harmful chemicals, taking responsibility for their products DECEMBER 2009 once they are discarded by consumers, and their impact on the climate. Companies are ranked on information that is publicly available and clarifications and communications with the companies. greenpeace.org/electronics PHILIPS Ranking = 5.3/10 Philips stays in 4th place despite a reduced score of 5.3, down from 5.9 points in v.13. While Philips scores well on both toxic chemical and energy issues, it loses points for failing to support the need for the RoHS 2.0 Directive (Restriction of Hazardous Substances in electronics, currently being revised) to adopt an end-of-life focussed methodology for adding new substances and an immediate ban on organo-chlorine and bromine compounds. On chemicals, Philips has committed to eliminating PVC vinyl plastic and all brominated flame retardants (BFRs) in all its new product models by the end of 2010, and six types of phthalates and antimony by 31 December 2010. Beryllium and its compounds are already restricted; arsenic has been eliminated from TV glass and other display products from 2008. Philips has now put on the market TVs with PVC/BFR-free housings (EU market only so far), PVC/BFR-free Senseo and oral healthcare products and a PVC-free remote control, but these are insufficient to score one point (doubled). Philips is weakest on e-waste and recycling, scoring zero on use of recycled plastic and for no longer reporting on recycling rates based on past sales. It loses the point it was awarded for voluntary take-back and recycling for failing to expand its take-back programme beyond India and the pilots in Brazil and Argentina. Philips now supports Individual Producer Responsibility (IPR), is engaging in a European NGO and industry coalition in support of IPR, and is committed to actively working towards developing IPR-based recycling systems and their supporting financial mechanisms. On energy, Philips scores full marks for supporting the levels of cuts in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions needed to abate dangerous climate change and for committing to absolute cuts in its operational carbon footprint of 25 percent by 2012 (using a baseline year of 2007). It also scores points for disclosing externally verified carbon dioxide equivalent emissions from its own operations, for sourcing 16 percent of all electricity used in 2009 from renewables and for reporting to the latest Energy Star standard. All TVs sold in the US and 90 percent of European models meet Energy Star v.3. PHILIPS Overall Score BAD (0) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) GOOD (3+) Precautionary Principle and support for revision of RoHS Directive. Chemicals Management Timeline for PVC & BFR phaseout Timeline for additional substances phaseout PVC-free and/or BFR-free models (companies score double on this criterion) Individual producer responsibility Voluntary take-back Information to individual customers Amounts recycled Use of recycled plastic content Global GHG emissions reduction support Carbon Footprint disclosure Own GHG emissions reduction commitment Amounts of renewable energy used Energy efficiency of new models (companies score double on this criterion)
  8. 8. PHILIPS Detailed Scoring Chemicals Precautionary Principle PVC-free and/or Chemicals Timeline for Timeline for additional and support for revision of BFR-free models RoHS Directive. Management PVC & BFR phaseout substances phaseout (double points) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) GOOD (3+) GOOD (3+) GOOD (3+) BAD (0) Philips’ definition of the Philips scores top marks for Philips had a goal to have certain Six types of phthalates and Philips has put on the market TVs Precautionary Principle identifies providing Product and Process models of consumer products antimony will be eliminated by with PVC/BFR-free housings (EU the need to take preventative Specs, criteria for identifying free of PVC and BFRs by the December 31 2010. Arsenic has market only so far), PBV/BFR- measures without full scientific ‘future substances’ for elimination end of 2008 and aims to phase been eliminated from TV glass free Senseo and oral healthcare certainty. More information. and examples, namely ‘reported’ out PVC and all BFRs in all new and other displays from 2008. products and a PVC-free remote However, Philips states no substances. More information. models by the end of 2010. More information. control. More information. support for the need for RoHS Restricted substances in Philips has eliminated BFRs Beryllium and its compounds are 2.0 to adopt an end-of-life Products list. and PVC in TV housings for the already restricted with a threshold methodology for banning Restricted substances in EU market, in Senseo and oral of 1000 ppm, but include additional harmful substances Processes list. healthcare products. exemptions. More information. and an immediate ban on organo- Criteria for identifying ‘future’ More information. Philips needs to provide a timeline chlorine and bromine substances substances for phase out. for overcoming the exemptions on (at least PVC, CFRs and BFRs List of “relevant” substances. beryllium and to clarify why other within 3 – 5 years). types of phthalates (beyond the six specified) are not scheduled for elimination. E-Waste Provides info for Use of recycled plastic Provides voluntary Reports on amount of Support for Individual individual customers on content in products - and take-back where e-waste collected and Producer Responsibility take-back in all countries timelines for increasing no EPR laws exist recycled where products are sold content PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) BAD (0) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) BAD (0) BAD (0) Philips supports the principle It is Philips’ intention to help Philips provides general advice to Philips reports that in 2008 Philips introduced a vacuum of Individual Producer establish global collection and customers on recycling, contacts the total amount of WEEE cleaner which is made with Responsibility (IPR) at least as far recycling systems. for recyclers in most of the EU recycled waste in EU countries 50% post industrial plastics and as differentiation is concerned More information. (excluding some New Member was 69,818 tons. It no longer 25% bio based plastic; the use but not as far as provisions Philips has a voluntary take- States), and a search tool to provides details of its recycling of post consumer plastics is not that avoid the costs falling on back programme in India locate recyclers courtesy of the rate as a % of past sales. mentioned. others. Philips has signed the encompassing 8 cities with 27 Consumer Electronics Association More information. More information. IPR coalition statement and has service centres. in the US. pledged to actively work towards More information. More information here and developing IPR based recycling Pilot projects have started in here. systems and their supporting Brazil and Argentina, otherwise, Good information for financial mechanisms. there is no voluntary take-back customers in India. More information. For full offered by Philips, although in the marks on IPR Philips needs to US Philips lists local recyclers for document its operationalising customers to contact. of IPR and continue to lobby for More information. IPR, inter alia by ensuring that To regain the lost point, Philips the revised WEEE legislation needs to institutionalise the pilot sets clearer requirements projects and expand its take-back (enforcement criteria) for programme to other countries. the implementation of IPR. It also needs to reject Art 14.2. (continued use of the Visible Fee) of the EC proposal for a revised WEEE Directive. Energy Support for global Company Commitment to Amount of Energy efficiency of mandatory reduction of carbon footprint reduce own direct renewable energy New Models GHG emissions disclosure GHG emissions used (double points) GOOD (3+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) GOOD (3+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) Philips believes that global Philips discloses its CO2 Philips is committed to reducing In 2008, Philips doubled its All TVs sold in the US and 90% emissions should peak in equivalent emissions to be its operational carbon footprint by purchase of green electricity from of European models meet Energy 2015 and decline thereafter approximately 2.147 million tons 25% by 2012, using 2007 as a 7% in 2007 to 16% currently. Star v.3. In 2008 all Philips TV to achieve a 50-80% cut in in 2008 that are verified by KPMG baseline. Philips has committed By 2012, the number of sites models exceeded the requirement 2050. It supports mandatory in its Annual 2008 Report. Some to strong reduction targets, but that use green electricity should for standby power consumption by cuts in domestic emissions in of these emissions are from needs to back this up by showing be raised to the level needed to at least 70%. More information. industrialised countries of at least supply chain inbound logistics. annual emissions reductions, achieve the 25% carbon footprint 10% of Philips current battery 30% by 2020. For top marks, emissions from regardless of acquisitions. reduction target by 2012. For charger models fulfil the Energy More information. a second stage of the product More information. maximum points Philips needs Star v.2 requirements. These supply chain (scope 3) are See Annual Report for to increase its purchasing of models exceed the technical needed. More information. baseline year (p.63) renewable energy. Philips has Energy Star requirements by Data de nitions and scope asked its suppliers to introduce 5-15%. – p.181, Operational carbon procedures to avoid double More information. footprint – p.183-184, KPMG counting of renewable energy veri cation p.189 certificates. More information.
  9. 9. 5 6 •PANASONIC •TOSHIBA 4 •PHILIPS •HP 7 •APPLE 3 •ACER • L GE O •SHARP •S O • NY NOKI N OV •SONY ER A 8 2 • LE LL •MOTOROLA ICS OFT •DE S 9 1 S TSU •SAMSUNG WH ON RO JI BE O W 10 IC •FU 0 •M F IL T IR L GR O G ST -- • NIN T EN DO EE O N? + VERSION 14 greenpeace.org/electronics This Guide ranks leading mobile phone, game console, TV and PC manufacturers on their global policies and practice on eliminating harmful chemicals, taking responsibility for their products DECEMBER 2009 once they are discarded by consumers, and their impact on the climate. Companies are ranked on information that is publicly available and clarifications and communications with the companies. greenpeace.org/electronics APPLE Ranking = 5.1/10 Apple continues its climb up the ranking from 11th place in v.12 to 9th in v.13 and is now in 5th place, with a score of 5.1 points, up from 4.9. Apple does best on the toxic chemicals criteria, where it scores most of its points. It scores substantially less on waste and energy. In this evaluation, Apple wins and loses some points on toxic chemicals, but gains on energy. All Apple products are now free of PVC and BFRs, with the exception of PVC-free power cords in countries where their safety certification process is still ongoing. For this Apple continues to score full marks (doubled). The tightened C1 criterion now requires companies not only to have a chemicals policy informed by the precautionary principle, but also to show support for bans on PVC vinyl plastic and brominated/chlorinated flame retardants (CFRs/BFRs) during the revision of the EU’s RoHS Directive (Restriction of Hazardous Substances in electronics). Apple gains a point for lobbying the EU institutions, but for full marks it needs to provide a public position on its support for immediate restrictions in RoHS 2.0 on organo- chlorine and bromine compounds. It also needs to clarify its stance regarding the position of the trade federation TechAmerica on further immediate restrictions and in particular PVC and BFRs. Apple loses a point for providing even less information (on its updated web-pages) about its supply chain communications than before. This criterion evaluates disclosure of information flow in the supply chain. Apple also loses a point for minimal information about its future toxic chemical phase-out plans, reducing its communication on this subject on its updated web-pages. Apple wins points on the energy criteria, for disclosing full product lifecycle emissions, including supply chain and reporting the amount of CO2-equivalent emissions saved through renewable energy (RE) in 2008. However, this provides no indication of the amount of RE used as a portion of Apple’s electricity use, as this depends on the fossil fuel source displaced by this RE. Apple scores a point for reporting that its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions were reduced by 3 percent year over year from 2006 to 2007. Despite having left the US Chamber of Commerce over differences in climate policy, it is disappointing that Apple has yet to make a statement on the need for mandatory reduction of GHG emissions. Its score on the energy efficiency of its products would improve if it provided data on what proportion of its products exceeds the latest Energy Star standards and by how much. On the e-waste criteria, Apple has improved coverage of its take-back programme with take-back and recycling services now extended to the Asia-Pacific region, including India, China, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore, New Zealand, Korea and Australia. It reports a 2008 recycling rate (as a percentage of sales seven years ago) of 41.9 percent, up from 38 percent in 2007 and 18 percent in 2006; however, it needs to provide details on how this is calculated. Apple has set a new goal of achieving a 50 percent recycling rate by 2010. APPLE Overall Score BAD (0) PARTIALLY BAD (1+) PARTIALLY GOOD (2+) GOOD (3+) Precautionary Principle and support for revision of RoHS Directive. Chemicals Management Timeline for PVC & BFR phaseout Timeline for additional substances phaseout PVC-free and/or BFR-free models (companies score double on this criterion) Individual producer responsibility Voluntary take-back Information to individual customers Amounts recycled Use of recycled plastic content Global GHG emissions reduction support Carbon Footprint disclosure Own GHG emissions reduction commitment Amounts of renewable energy used Energy efficiency of new models (companies score double on this criterion)

×