There are a lot of big earthquakes that are overdue along the Chile Nation. The last big earthquake was in 2011.
There are mountainous regions with a big fault line on the edge of California. The last big earthquake was in 2004.
There is a fault line that runs down near the edge of the Alaska border. The last big earthquake was in 1964.
There is a fault line the surrounds the islands of Indonesia. The last big earthquake that occurred in Indonesia was in 2010.
Japan is the number one country with earthquakes that occur each year. The last big earthquake to occur was in 2011.
The fault line that is in California also runs down the border of Mexico. The last big earthquake to occur was in 2010.
In Southern Italy there is a fault line that runs through the country. The last big earthquake to occur was in 2009.
8. Southern China
In Southern China it is a very mountainous region for Mt. Everest. There is also a fault line near the Himalayas. The last earthquake to occur was in 2010.
Through the center of Turkey there is a fault line. The last earthquake to occur was in 2010.
10. New Zealand
There is another fault line that runs through the nation of New Zealand. There last big earthquake was in 2010.
I have learned that earthquakes occur around fault lines when plate boundaries shift due to too much pressure between them. The underground origin of the earthquake is called the focus and the point where the earthquake meets on the surface is called the epicenter. There are about 50 earthquakes that occur each day. Scientists measure the shockwaves from an earthquake with the Richter scale. The scale measurement is from 1.0 to 10.0.
Earthquakes are very hard to predict. Each day scientists are trying to come up with better ways to predict them. They can’t pinpoint the exact day a big earthquake will occur, but they can speculate that one will occur within several decades or so based on previous earthquakes and pressure building along the fault lines. Scientists also use seismic hazard maps to predict where an earthquake may occur. A seismic hazard map is a map that scientists use to show what regions are likely or not likely to have an earthquake.
Most big earthquakes occur around plate boundaries. These plate boundaries are located at the end of a continent or in the ocean. A big spot is around the Indonesia region because in the Indian Ocean there are many volcanoes called the ring of fire. When the volcanoes erupt, they can contribute toward an earthquake occurrence.