Grammar Book
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Like this? Share it with your network

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Grammar book Gerardo Metropol
  • 2. Table of Contents 1. Present (-ar, -er, -ir) 2. Stem Changers 3. Irregular “yo” 4. Saber vs. Conocer 5. Reflexives 6. Se impersonal 7. Dipthongs with accents 8. ger/gir, uir/guir, and cer/cir 9. Hace___+Que+___ 10. Imperfecto 11. Preterite 12. Regular Conj. 13. Irregular Conj. 14. Compartives 15. Superlatives. 16. Future tense
  • 3. Present Tense ( -ar, -er, -ir) -ar verbs change toO amosAs aisA an -er and -ir verbs change to O emos/imos Es eis E en
  • 4. Stem Changers When you conjugate Some verbs the undergo stem changes There are three kinds of stem changes  o:ue  e:ie  e:I Example: cerrar (The e changes to ie inside the boot) cierro cerramos cierras cerráis cierra cierran
  • 5. Irregular “yo” When some verbs are conjugated only the yo form is irregular.Example:Tener TengoVenir VengoHacer Hago
  • 6. Saber vs. Conocer To talk about whether someone knows a fact or information use the verb saber. To talk about whether somone knows a person or place use the verb conocer. Example: Eduardo sabe mucha información de México. Example: Yo conozco a Juan.
  • 7. Reflexives A reflexive verb reflects the action of the verb back to the subject of the sentence. Example: lavarse Example in a sentence: Jose se lava. “Jose washed himself”
  • 8. “Se” Impersonal Se is a pronoun that refers to an undefined group of people. Example: Se habla ingles. (They speak english)
  • 9. Dipthongs with accents Dipthongs are when two vowels are next to each other in a word so the second vowel is changed. Example: oi oy ui uy The stress is placed on the strong vowel. If the diphthong has two weak vowels, the second one receives the stress
  • 10. ger/gir, uir/guir, and cer/cir ger/gir, uir/guir, and cer/cir verbs change in the yo from when conjugated into the present.  -ger/-gir verbs change the g to j  -uir/-giur verbs change the gu to g  -cer/-cer verbs with a vowel in front of it change c to zc  -cer/-cer verbs with a consonant in front of it change c to z
  • 11. Hace___+Que+___ Hace + time + que + present tense form of the verb. Example: Hace seis días que corro un maratón.
  • 12. Imperfecto To conjugate regular -ar verbs in the imperfect tensed drop the –ar and add the appropriate ending. aba ábamos abas abais aba aban To conjugate regular -er and -ir verbs in the imperfect tense drop the –er or –ir ending and add the apropriate ending. ía íamos ías, íais ía ían
  • 13. Preterite Past tense Known beginning/ and or ending “ Snapshot “ of time. Trigger words  Ayer  Anoche  Anteayer  La semana pasada…
  • 14. Regular Conj. A majority of spanish verbs use a regular conjugation in the preterite.  -ir -ar o imos a amos es en as an e en- a an  -er o emos es en e en-
  • 15. Car, Gar, Czar (IrregularConjugations) Car – que Gar – gue Zar - ce
  • 16. Spock (Irregular Conjugations)IR/SER DAR/VER HACER•Fui •I •Hice•Fuiste •Iste •Hiciste•Fue •Io •Hizo•Fuimos •Imos •Hicimos•Fueron •ieron •hicieron
  • 17. Cucaracha Verbs (Irregular Conjugations) The base of the verb changes and you add the appropriate ending  Andar-Anduv  Estar-Estuv  Poder-Pud  Poner-Pus  Quere-Quis  Saber-Sup  Tener-Tuv  Vener-Vin  Conducir-Conduj  Producir-Produj  Traducir-Traduj  Decir-Dij  Traer-Traj
  • 18. Snake/Snakey (IrregularConjugations) Snake Snakey Stem changers Y changers Change in third person Change in third person Dormir Leer Creer Contruir
  • 19. Comparatives Comparatives compare to things. Mas que Morethan Menos que Less than or fewerthan Tan the same Tanto como As much or as many as
  • 20. Superlatives Superlatives say that something is the best/most or worst/least at something Example : Juan es mas alto. (Juan is the tallest.) Juanita es la menos juegador de beisbol. (Juanita is the worst baseball player)
  • 21. Future Tense Verb Endings é emos ás án á án Irregular future verbs.  Examples-  Decir-dir sabedr –sabr  haber – habr salir –saldr  poder- podr tener-tendr  poner- pondr valer-valdr  querer-querr venir-vendr Future tense expresses something that hasn’t occurred yet..  Ex.