Oh What a Lovely War

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War World One

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Oh What a Lovely War

  1. 1. OH, WHAT A LOVELY WAR World War One: Big Picture and Oshawa May 13, 2014 Oshawa Durham A.M. Kiwanis Club Robert T. Bell & Glenn McKnight
  2. 2. Overview Part One: Big Picture Part Two: Canada's Role Part Three: Oshawa's Role Part Four: Legacy of the war
  3. 3. Glenn McKnight Glenn is a Director with the Foundation for Building Sustainable Communities and he has been active as a citizen journalist capturing the stories and memories of local Oshawa military history. Stories from War of 1812, American Civil War, Fenian Raids, WW 2, WW 2 and Korean Wars He is a volunteer with the 1948 Partition Project which is collecting memories of those who suffered the partition of British India
  4. 4. Glenn McKnight Glenn is a Director with the Foundation for Building Sustainable Communities and he has been active as a citizen journalist capturing the stories and memories of local Oshawa military history. Stories from War of 1812, American Civil War, Fenian Raids, WW 2, WW 2 and Korean Wars He is a volunteer with the 1948 Partition Project which is collecting memories of those who suffered the partition of British India
  5. 5. Robert T. Bell Is a local REALTOR ® with Guide Realty Limited Brokerage & owner of Durham Metal Detectors. Always interested in history & the community he is a long time member of the Oshawa Historical Society, The Durham Region Branch of the Ontario Genealogical Society, & is currently an appointed member of Heritage Oshawa. Volunteering with the Foundation for Building Sustainable Communities he has been involved in the War of 1812 Project & the Canadian Victory Garden. He is believer in life long learning!
  6. 6. Part One The Big Picture The Big Picture
  7. 7. “REASONS FOR WAR” Europe divided into many alliances & the big 2 were: Central Powers – Italy, Austria-Hungary & Germany Triple Entente (Allies) – France, Great Britain & Russia
  8. 8. •June 28, 1914: Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to A-H throne & wife Sophia visited Sarajevo, Bosnia.
  9. 9. •BLACK HAND (Serbian terrorist group who want Bosnia free),try to kill Franz. • Tried a bomb & failed. •GAVRILLO PRINCEP shoots both
  10. 10. WAR BEGINS!!! • Germany declares war on Serbs July 28th , 1914
  11. 11. •Aug. 4th , 1914, Great Britain declares war on Germany for violating Belgium’s neutrality.
  12. 12. • Schlieffen Plan goes thru Belgium to circle Paris, •Germany stopped at 1st Battle of Marne (Sept. 6-10, 1914). •French troops sent in taxis to front line in red uniforms.
  13. 13. New Technology and War •Trenches •Poison gas (Chlorine, Mustard) •Tanks •Planes •Machine guns •Zeppelins
  14. 14. http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=G9iR0xJW-Fk
  15. 15. Part Two Canadian Role in the War Canada's Role and the War
  16. 16. War by Numbers 660,000 Canadians recruited 70 % British born 67,000 died 160,000 wounded Cost $2 billion
  17. 17. CEF Battles Mons St. Eloi Neuve Chappele Ypres x 2 Givenchy La Basse Loos Amiens Valenciennes Plugstreet St. Julien The Somme Courelette Vimy Ridge Hill 70 Paschendale Arras Cambria
  18. 18. The Impact of the War
  19. 19. •Became TOTAL WAR-complete mobilization of resources & people. •Women take over jobs in factories
  20. 20. PLANNED ECONOMIES Systems run by gov't agencies that expanded powers to meet needs such as: conscription, regulate import/exports, ration food, control prices, wages & rent control Income Tax
  21. 21. • The financial cost of the war amounted to almost $38 billion for Germany • Austria-Hungary $20 billion. • Other $2 billion The war cost Central Powers $60 billion Britain $35 Billion Canada $2 Billion France $24 Billion Russia $22 Billion USA $22 billion Other $2 billion The war cost the Allies $125 billion
  22. 22. Terms for Germany Defeat Abdication of the Kaiser Pay war reparations Reduction to a 100,000 standing army Get rid of air force & reduce navy Return Alsace & Loraine Sections of Germany given to Poland.
  23. 23. Part Three Oshawa Local HistoryOshawa's Role in the War
  24. 24. Part Three Oshawa Local History Ontario Regiment Many local residents joined the 116 Battalion and the 182 Battalion fighting with the 9th Infantry Brigade and the 18th Reserve Battalion - 330 number of dead ? of wounded ? of recruits
  25. 25. “Enemy Amongst Us”
  26. 26. Imprisonment of Ukranians • At the declaration of war a War Measures Act was implemented • 300 local Ukrainians imprisoned, detained and documented • In 1918 a local church was invaded by the police as apparently reported in the Oshawa Times
  27. 27. Home (Barnardo) Children * Approximately 118,000 children sent * Sent from 1863 to 1939 * Sent to Canada at a young age * Only 2% were Orphans! * They were sending them to “A better life” * Some were given “into care” with intentions of reunification that never happened * Siblings were separated “in care”
  28. 28. Enlisted Oshawa June 10, 1915 Gassed France July 24, 1918
  29. 29. Nursing Sisters - Angels of Mercy * Called Sisters because many belonged to Religious orders * About 2,504 served in WWI * Given the rank of Lieutenant * Called Bluebirds because of their Blue dresses, they wore white aprons & veils * Often in harms way - 46 killed in the line of duty
  30. 30. Sarah Ellen Garbutt * Enlisted April 3, 1917 Kingston * Arrived in England June 8 * Hospitalized in England June 27 * Died of cancer Aug 20, 1917 age 42
  31. 31. Red Baron
  32. 32. What happened to veterans
  33. 33. Closing
  34. 34. More Recreation of WW 1 Victory Garden Doors Open Oshawa Sept 27th Five Geocache locations -William Piano Factory -Armory -Train Station -Simcoe United -Robson Leather
  35. 35. Thank You

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