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Oh  What a Lovely War
 

Oh What a Lovely War

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War World One

War World One

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    Oh  What a Lovely War Oh What a Lovely War Presentation Transcript

    • OH, WHAT A LOVELY WAR World War One: Big Picture and Oshawa May 13, 2014 Oshawa Durham A.M. Kiwanis Club Robert T. Bell & Glenn McKnight
    • Overview Part One: Big Picture Part Two: Canada's Role Part Three: Oshawa's Role Part Four: Legacy of the war
    • Glenn McKnight Glenn is a Director with the Foundation for Building Sustainable Communities and he has been active as a citizen journalist capturing the stories and memories of local Oshawa military history. Stories from War of 1812, American Civil War, Fenian Raids, WW 2, WW 2 and Korean Wars He is a volunteer with the 1948 Partition Project which is collecting memories of those who suffered the partition of British India
    • Glenn McKnight Glenn is a Director with the Foundation for Building Sustainable Communities and he has been active as a citizen journalist capturing the stories and memories of local Oshawa military history. Stories from War of 1812, American Civil War, Fenian Raids, WW 2, WW 2 and Korean Wars He is a volunteer with the 1948 Partition Project which is collecting memories of those who suffered the partition of British India
    • Robert T. Bell Is a local REALTOR ® with Guide Realty Limited Brokerage & owner of Durham Metal Detectors. Always interested in history & the community he is a long time member of the Oshawa Historical Society, The Durham Region Branch of the Ontario Genealogical Society, & is currently an appointed member of Heritage Oshawa. Volunteering with the Foundation for Building Sustainable Communities he has been involved in the War of 1812 Project & the Canadian Victory Garden. He is believer in life long learning!
    • Part One The Big Picture The Big Picture
    • “REASONS FOR WAR” Europe divided into many alliances & the big 2 were: Central Powers – Italy, Austria-Hungary & Germany Triple Entente (Allies) – France, Great Britain & Russia
    • •June 28, 1914: Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to A-H throne & wife Sophia visited Sarajevo, Bosnia.
    • •BLACK HAND (Serbian terrorist group who want Bosnia free),try to kill Franz. • Tried a bomb & failed. •GAVRILLO PRINCEP shoots both
    • WAR BEGINS!!! • Germany declares war on Serbs July 28th , 1914
    • •Aug. 4th , 1914, Great Britain declares war on Germany for violating Belgium’s neutrality.
    • • Schlieffen Plan goes thru Belgium to circle Paris, •Germany stopped at 1st Battle of Marne (Sept. 6-10, 1914). •French troops sent in taxis to front line in red uniforms.
    • New Technology and War •Trenches •Poison gas (Chlorine, Mustard) •Tanks •Planes •Machine guns •Zeppelins
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=G9iR0xJW-Fk
    • Part Two Canadian Role in the War Canada's Role and the War
    • War by Numbers 660,000 Canadians recruited 70 % British born 67,000 died 160,000 wounded Cost $2 billion
    • CEF Battles Mons St. Eloi Neuve Chappele Ypres x 2 Givenchy La Basse Loos Amiens Valenciennes Plugstreet St. Julien The Somme Courelette Vimy Ridge Hill 70 Paschendale Arras Cambria
    • The Impact of the War
    • •Became TOTAL WAR-complete mobilization of resources & people. •Women take over jobs in factories
    • PLANNED ECONOMIES Systems run by gov't agencies that expanded powers to meet needs such as: conscription, regulate import/exports, ration food, control prices, wages & rent control Income Tax
    • • The financial cost of the war amounted to almost $38 billion for Germany • Austria-Hungary $20 billion. • Other $2 billion The war cost Central Powers $60 billion Britain $35 Billion Canada $2 Billion France $24 Billion Russia $22 Billion USA $22 billion Other $2 billion The war cost the Allies $125 billion
    • Terms for Germany Defeat Abdication of the Kaiser Pay war reparations Reduction to a 100,000 standing army Get rid of air force & reduce navy Return Alsace & Loraine Sections of Germany given to Poland.
    • Part Three Oshawa Local HistoryOshawa's Role in the War
    • Part Three Oshawa Local History Ontario Regiment Many local residents joined the 116 Battalion and the 182 Battalion fighting with the 9th Infantry Brigade and the 18th Reserve Battalion - 330 number of dead ? of wounded ? of recruits
    • “Enemy Amongst Us”
    • Imprisonment of Ukranians • At the declaration of war a War Measures Act was implemented • 300 local Ukrainians imprisoned, detained and documented • In 1918 a local church was invaded by the police as apparently reported in the Oshawa Times
    • Home (Barnardo) Children * Approximately 118,000 children sent * Sent from 1863 to 1939 * Sent to Canada at a young age * Only 2% were Orphans! * They were sending them to “A better life” * Some were given “into care” with intentions of reunification that never happened * Siblings were separated “in care”
    • Enlisted Oshawa June 10, 1915 Gassed France July 24, 1918
    • Nursing Sisters - Angels of Mercy * Called Sisters because many belonged to Religious orders * About 2,504 served in WWI * Given the rank of Lieutenant * Called Bluebirds because of their Blue dresses, they wore white aprons & veils * Often in harms way - 46 killed in the line of duty
    • Sarah Ellen Garbutt * Enlisted April 3, 1917 Kingston * Arrived in England June 8 * Hospitalized in England June 27 * Died of cancer Aug 20, 1917 age 42
    • Red Baron
    • What happened to veterans
    • Closing
    • More Recreation of WW 1 Victory Garden Doors Open Oshawa Sept 27th Five Geocache locations -William Piano Factory -Armory -Train Station -Simcoe United -Robson Leather
    • Thank You