Bellringer•List the differenttypes of tobaccoproducts that youknow about. Put astar next to theproducts in your listthat you think areaddictive.
Section 1 Tobacco UseObjectives• List six types of tobacco products.• Identify the drug that makes all forms oftobacco addictive.• Name six dangerous chemicals found intobacco smoke.• Identify four carcinogens found insmokeless and other forms of tobacco.• State the reasons why herbal cigarettesare not a healthy choice for teens.
EVERY 72 seconds someone in the US dies from TobaccoTobacco kills 1,200 people A DAYOn average, smokers lose 15 years of life.Worldwide, someone dies from tobacco every6 SECONDS5.2 MILLION children alive today will die from a tobacco-relatedillness.Cigarettes contain over 4,500 chemicals
All Tobacco Products AreDangerous•Nicotine is the addictive drug foundin all tobacco products.•Cigarette smoke contains morethan 4,000 chemicals. Of these, atleast 40 are carcinogens.•Carcinogens are chemicals oragents that cause cancer.
• Tar is a sticky, black substance in tobaccosmoke. Tar contains the followingcarcinogens:• Cyanide• Formaldehyde• Lead• Vinyl chloride•Cigarette smoke also contains carbonmonoxide, a toxic gas that keeps oxygenfrom getting into the bloodstream.All Tobacco Products AreDangerous
•Smokeless tobacco products, such aschewing tobacco and snuff (dip), alsocontain nicotine and tar.•Smokeless tobacco products also containother carcinogens, such asarsenic, nickel, benzopyrene, andpolonium.All Tobacco Products AreDangerous
All Tobacco Products Are Dangerous• Snuff and chewing tobacco lead to mouthsores and oral cancer.• Pipe tobacco, cigars, and even herbalcigarettes also contain nicotine and tar, andtherefore contain a large number ofcarcinogens.
Nicotine Is Addictive• Like all addictive drugs, nicotine affects the brain andother parts of the body and leads to physicaldependence and addiction.• Quitting tobacco use is difficult and withdrawal isunpleasant, but the dangerous effects of tobacco arefar worse than the trials of quitting.
Bellringer•Draw an outline of aperson, and label all theparts of the body you thinkmight be affected by tobaccouse.
Objectives• State the short-term effects of tobacco use.• Summarize the long-term health risks associatedwith tobacco use.• State the effects of secondhand smoke on anonsmoker.• Describe how smoking affects unborn childrenwhose mothers smoke during pregnancy.• List three reasons you would give a friend toencourage him or her not to smoke.
Short-Term Effects of Tobacco Use• Nicotine has the following short-termeffects:• Stimulates the brain reward system• Increases heart rate and blood pressure• Increases breathing rate• Increases blood-sugar levels• Stimulates the vomit reflex• Carbon monoxide blocks oxygen from the blood.• Tar and other chemicals damage the lungs and inside of the mouth.
Long-Term Effects of TobaccoUse•Long-term tobacco use leads toaddiction.•Long-term tobacco use has a numberof minor effects, such as stained teethand fingers and a pervasive smell ofsmoke.
Long-Term Effects of Tobacco Use•Mouth Smoking changes thenatural chemical balance inside themouth, leading to increasedplaque, gum disease, and toothdecay. Tar in tobacco smoke stainsteeth yellow.
Long-Term Effects of Tobacco Use•Brain Smoking reduces oxygen tothe brain, narrows bloodvessels, and can lead to strokes.Nicotine also changes the brain inways that lead to addiction.
Long-Term Effects of Tobacco Use•Heart Nicotine increases heart rateand blood pressure and narrowsthe blood vessels. It also increasesthe risk of hardened and cloggedarteries, which can lead to a heartattack.
Long-Term Effects of Tobacco Use• Lungs Cigarette smoke puts carcinogensdirectly into the lungs. It kills the tiny hairsthat remove harmful substances from thelungs. The loss of these hairs increasesthe risk of bronchitis, emphysema, andlung cancer.
Long-Term Effects of Tobacco Use• Skin Smoking breaks down theproteins that give skin elasticity. Thisleads to wrinkles and premature agingof the skin. Smoking also increases aperson’s chances of developing skincancer.
Long-Term Effects of Tobacco Use• Immune System Chemicals in smokereduce the activity of immune systemcells. Damaging the immune systemincreases the chances of suffering fromdiseases such as cancer.
Effects of Smoke on Nonsmokers• Sidestream smoke is the smoke that escapesfrom the tip of a lit cigarette, cigar, or pipe.This can be as much as half of the totalsmoke.• Mainstream smoke is the smoke that isinhaled through a tobacco product andexhaled by the user.• Environmental tobacco smoke (secondhandsmoke) is a combination of mainstream andsidestream smoke.
Effects of Smoke onNonsmokers•Lung cancer caused by secondhandsmoke kills 3,000 nonsmokers in theU.S. each year.•Secondhand smoke also causes otherillnesses, including reduced heartfunction, headaches, nausea, anddizziness.
Effects of Smoke on Nonsmokers•Children who live with smokers sufferfrom a higher rate of lower respiratoryinfections and asthma.•Smoking while pregnant can lead tomiscarriage, premature birth, suddeninfant death syndrome, anddevelopmental problems.
Bellringer / QUICK WRITE:• The American writer Mark Twainsaid, “Quitting smoking is easy; I’vedone it dozens of times.” What do youthink he meant by this statement?
Objectives• Discuss the factors that contribute totobacco use.• Summarize three ways that tobaccouse affects families and society.• List four things a person can do tomake quitting smoking easier.• Name five benefits of being tobaccofree.• List five ways to refuse tobaccoproducts if they’re offered to you.
Why Do People Use Tobacco?•Family and Friends•Misconceptions•Advertising•Curiosity•Rebellion
Tobacco Use Affects the Family and Society• Costs to families include:• Over $1,500 a year to buy tobacco• Lost wages due to illness• Medical bills• Funeral bills• Costs to society include billions of dollars for medicalcare that smoker’s cannot pay for themselves.
Tips for Quitting•Reasons to quit smoking include:•Smoking is unhealthy.•Smoking is expensive.•Smoking stinks.•Smoking looks unattractive.•Smoking damages your skin.
Tips for Quitting•Quitting smoking is difficult, but thereare many support programs andproducts that can help you.•Nicotine substitutes are medicines thatdeliver a small amount of nicotine tohelp you quit smoking.
Tips for Quitting• Important steps in quitting smokinginclude:•Decide you can do it•Get started•Change your habits•Set goals•Get support
Making GREAT Decisions•Don’t forget the Making GREATDecisions model. Practicingthese skills can help you quitsmoking or decide never tostart in the first place.
Building Resiliency• Being offered tobacco products orquitting smoking are stressful situations.Resilient people continue to beoptimistic when life gets tough. The nextslide provides eight skills to help buildyour resiliency.
Skills for Refusing Tobacco• As with alcohol and other drugs, youshould practice and use refusal skillswhen people offer you tobacco.• When using refusal skills:•Be honest•Give a reason•Suggest analternative
Benefits of Being Tobacco-Free• Here are some more reasons to quit smoking, or to avoid starting in thefirst place:• Fewer colds, sore throats, and asthma attacks• Not coughing when you are sick• Avoiding stained teeth and bad breath• Tasting food and smelling the flowers• Not smelling like smoke• Not exposing others to smoke
Benefits of Being Tobacco-Free• After you quit smoking:• Within a half hour, blood pressure and heart ratereturn to normal• Within 8 hours, carbon monoxide leaves blood• Within a few days, smell, taste, and breathingimprove• Within months, lung health improves, risk of lungcancer, emphysema, and heart disease decrease
Building Self-Esteem• It is easier to remain tobacco-free when youhave high self-esteem. The next slideprovides tips for building your self-esteem.
“A man cannot be comfortablewithout his own approval.”—Mark Twain