Mary Kerstetter (left), sits next to an Iraqi government official, Salam Singer, at the country’s first National 4-H Conference held in Baghdad in May. Kerstetter recently returned to the United States after more than two years as an agricultural advisor for USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) in Iraq, where she was instrumental in establishing 4-H clubs across the country. Photo courtesy of Mary Kerstetter. In March 2010, the program began a vast expansion when Kerstetter volunteered to stay in Iraq for another year. With her extension, she was reassigned to a new post in MahmudiyahQada in South Baghdad. There, she continued to volunteer as 4-H organizer. With the help of U.S. and Iraqi government officials and local volunteers, Kerstetter established two additional 4-H clubs near Baghdad and took the steps to form a national 4-H organization, which is locally known as the Iraqi National Center for Youth Clubs 4-H, so the program could expand country-wide.Kerstetter’s efforts paid off. By December 2010, 25 4-H clubs were established in Iraq and they established an official Iraqi 4-H website to help easily educate and share information across the country.In May 2011, Kerstetter helped organize the first National 4-H Conference, a meeting of 4-H club leaders from all around Iraq at the al Saldeer Palace in Baghdad. More than 50 participants attended, including 4-H officials, U.S. and Iraqi government officials and guest speakers from local colleges and universities. During the meeting, the official Iraqi 4-H flag, which includes the signature 4-H clover and the colors of the Iraqi flag, was unveiled.Before Kerstetter left Iraq, 42 4-H clubs had been established with more than 1,100 members.
You have the opportunity to assist the youth of Iraq to enjoy 4-H.
Gestures: Right hand over heart: sing of respect or thanks Right hand, palm up, finger tips touching: slow down or be patient Quick upward head snap with tongue click: means NO Gesture with full hand NEVER one finger – consider rude Not acceptable: thumbs up, OK – not the same meaning as in USATalking with guests:Arabic is their main language, and the group will have 3 translatorsAlways speak TO the guest, avoid talking to the translator – speak slowly, use simple words, and stop after each point or question, so the translator can translate.Do NOT speak louder – it doesn’t help, but we all have that natural tendencySmiling is international – so do much of that!Have a small notebook with a pencil handy: drawings also help
Major agricultural products are cereals, including wheat and barley. Iraq is also a producer of dates, sheep and goat meat, chicken meat, and milk. Most agricultural activity is concentrated in the fertile lowlands in the Mesopotamian plains irrigated from the Tigris and the Euphrates. The Kurdish areas in the north, which have received minimal attention due to the conflict between the central government and the Kurds, remain underdeveloped and mostly dependent on rainwater. Agricultural production in Kurdish areas has improved under the UN sanctions regime, due to the distribution of fertilizers and spare parts by international agencies in those areas. User Contributions:Read more: Iraq Agriculture, Information about Agriculture in Iraqhttp://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/economies/Asia-and-the-Pacific/Iraq-AGRICULTURE.html#ixzz1SQ7tmeLH
Penn State and Nebraska
Iraqguests 2011 (2) package
Hosting our 4-H Iraq GuestsBE A RESPECTFUL 4-H HOST
THANK YOU! SHUKRAN A Look at 4-H in Iraq…growing a program! Overview of Iraq Culture Do’s & Don’ts Summary
4-H IN IRAQFounded 2009 –USDA WorkerMary Kerstetter, aformer 4-H’er andvolunteer fromPennsylvannia Mary Kerstetter (left), sits next to an Iraqi government official, Salam Singer, at the country’s first National 4-H Conference held in Baghdad in May.
4-H IN IRAQIt started with sheep…2 clubs and grew with boys, girls andadult volunteers from many careers. Our own former Hardee County Ag Agent and County Director Lockie Gary assisted Mary with training when he was working in Iraq for 6 months. Lockie got former State 4-H Leader Dr. Marilyn Norman to support the new program with 4-H materials and supplies.December 2010 – 25 4-H Clubs; Iraqi 4-H website establishedMay 2011 –1st National 4-H Conference was held in Baghdad 50 4-H’ers attended with official delegates Official 4-H Iraq 4-H Flag presented and 4-H cloverCurrently, 42 4-H Clubs with 1,100 members ( boys & girls)
IRAQ CULTURESeveral ETHNIC GROUPS – 2 Largestare:• Arabs ( 18.5 million)•Kurds (5 million)Know that Iraqis practice the Islam religion.Its based on 5 pillars— 1. faith, 2. prayers, 3. alms and charity, 4. fasting and 5. pilgrimage to Mecca.The Koran is their holy book and they worship in a Mosque. Iraqi women usually wear a head scarf, even if theyre dressed in Western clothing. Its a show of respect.
IRAQ CULTURE Greeting our guests: Be polite and shake the male hand neither too firm or meekly Wait for females to extend a hand to you and then lightly shake their hand. Address our guests by Mr. or Mrs. with their family name. Extend your RIGHT hand only – left hand is taboo. Respect and Trust: Socialize first with beverages before jumping into business Iraq men do not share the same concept as Americans on ―personal space‖ – it is disrespectful to step back from an Iraq male. Iraq women are the exception, you should not stand close, touch or stare at the women. Do not let your sole of your shoe be seen when you sit– it is very insulting.
IRAQ CULTURE Gestures: Right hand over heart Right hand, palm up, finger tips touching Quick upward head snap with tongue click Gesture with full hand NEVER one finger Not acceptable: thumbs up, OK – not the same meaning as in USA Talking with guests: Arabic is their main language Always speak TO the guest – speak slowly, use simple words, and stop after each point or question, so the translator can translate. Do NOT speak louder Smiling is international – so do much of that! Have a small notebook with a pencil handy: drawings also help
IRAQ CULTURE Understanding Iraqi Names: Women do not take their husband’s name Parents add a title before their name by taking the name of their 1st son When including their family heritage in their name: Women add :bint – meaning daughter of Men add: ibn or bin – meaning son of Adults have Title First Name Birthplace or From the Occupation Family Abu Yusuf Muhammed Al-Tikriti Al-Sayf Father of Yusuf his name birthplace family name Umm Yusuf Rahil bint Hassan ibn Ibrahim Al-Saddaf Mother of Yusuf her name family heritage family name
IRAQ CULTURE Agriculture: Livestock Estimates: Cattle- 2.5 million Buffalo- 285 thousand Sheep- 7 million Goats- 1.5 million
IRAQ CULTURE Wheat and barley are most important agricultural crops. Sheep and goats are tended by nomadic and semi-nomadic groups. Cattle production is mainly dairy at the household production level. Milk processing is hampered by electricity shortages and security concerns.
DO’S & DON’TSDO… DO NOT….. relax and smile – they are also talk about the war, religion orhesitant about you! politics wear a 4-H shirt; long pants point with one finger address guests as Mr. or Mrs. use your left hand in giving orwith greeting their family name Praise their possessions too much If possible, greet them in their or they will give you and expect a giftlanguage; learn some key words in returnlike Offer pork meet or alcohol Hello…marrhaba Expose the soles of your feet Thank You..shukran Goodbye…maa as-salama Yes…ee No…ia Food – ak-il Water – may
SUMMARYFlorida 4-H is one of 3 statessupporting the Iraq 4-H program asthey need.In October, each university of these3 states will send a trainer toErbil, Iraq for 7 days to teach 4-Hstaff and leaders more topics on 4-H.Great opportunities to culturallearning through 4-H Pen Pal Clubsexist for our Florida 4-H program.Together with our guests we sharethe same mission in any language:“To Make the Best Better” throughHead - Heart – Hands and Health
http://cryptome.org/iraq-culture.htm‘Iraq Culture Smart Card’ developed by Marine Corps Intelligence ActivityKerstetter, M. ‘4-H Program in Iraq Ensures a Brighter Future for Its Children’ USDA.Foreign Agricultural Service. 2010.Kerstetter, M. ‘USDA Employee Founds 4-H in Iraq, Brings Hope to Iraqi Youth’ USDABlog July 2011.Knitter, Pfc. Emily. ‘Head, Hearts, Hands and Health – 4-H Clubs in Iraq’ America’s NorthShore Journal. August 2010. Slide Program developed by Georgene Bender, Regional Specialized Agent 4-H, University of Florida / IFAS 4-H Youth Development July 2011RESOURCES USED