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Smart transportation: Predict demand and optimize transportation capacity and assets. (1) Understanding and modeling a holistic view of demand, (2) Creating dynamic multimodal plans and models, (3) …

Smart transportation: Predict demand and optimize transportation capacity and assets. (1) Understanding and modeling a holistic view of demand, (2) Creating dynamic multimodal plans and models, (3) Modeling scenarios and better planning routes, schedules and maintenance, (4) Gaining deeper insights.

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  • 1. George Mattathil -5/11/2011Let’s Build a Smarter Planet: Rail © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 2. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailA mandate for changeMorgan Stanley estimates that there will be US$300 billion worth of global investment toupgrade, expand and initiate railway networks during the next five years. Consistent with thisinvestment, consider the growth that is occurring across the world:  By 2012, rail industry revenue is forecast to be US$514 billion, with a 3.3 percent compound annual growth rate (CAGR) from 2007 to 2012  The global rail supply market grew 9 percent from 2006 to 2007 and is expected to continue growing 2.0-2.5 percent over the next nine years  Asia Pacific will grow at 6 percent average CAGR, while China alone will grow 11.8 percent CAGR from 2007 to 2012.5  U.S. freight railroad demand will increase 88 percent by 2035, requiring an estimated US$148 billion of investment for existing lines  Europe’s passenger railway market will have a value of US$116.5 billion in 2012, an increase of 19.3 percent from 2007 and a CAGR of 3.6 percentIf the rail industry is to meet this projected growth, it needs to solve substantial, eventransformational, business issues and challenges. Based on an independent studycommissioned by IBM in 2008, the top four challenges cited by global rail executives werecapacity and congestion, operational efficiency and reliability, structural and competitionissues, and safety and security © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 3. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailAir travel is under pressure from high-speed rail which isperceived as more convenient, greener and competitively priced(under 600Km) Share of Madrid-Seville80% market – AVE Estimated share of UK 3-hour70% domestic market – SNCF Share of Korea63% market – KTX Share of Tokyo-Akita60% market – JR East Decline in inter-city50% flights – THSR Share of Madrid-Barcelona46% market – AVE―An airplane on wheels‖ Air France-KLM Chairman, Jean-Cyril Spinetta on the TGV. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 4. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailDemands on transportation providers will increase over time, drivingthe need for new intelligence and insight, greater connectivity andtransparency, and improved customer service.DRIVERS OF CHANGE CHALLENGES STRATEGIC IMPERATIVESPopulation explosion Capacity and congestion Predict demand andWorld population is growing and Meet the growing, changing optimize capacity andtransportation providers will need demand efficiently, consistently assets.to expand capacity to keep up. and profitably?Urbanization Empowered customers Dramatically improveAs the number and size of cities Deliver transportation choices the end-to-end customergrows, pressure on transportation and information in the way that experience.systems to move people and end customers value.materials between and withinthose cities grows.Globalization Efficient, green operations Improve operationalThe growing interconnectedness Reduce cost and dependency on efficiency while reducingof the world is driving inter-city and scarce resources while reducing environmental impact.international growth in demand, with environmental impact.an expectation of improved service.Technology Safety and security Assure safety and security.Technology now enables the capture Unobtrusively reduce exposureand analysis of real-time information to security risks and increase theabout the status, location and safety of operations, with lesscondition of everything. cost and impact on customers. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 5. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailDrivers of change: Exploding populations, urbanization, globalizationand technology are driving change, which creates unique challengesand opportunities for transportation providers.2 billion / 7 billion 476 cities over 1 millionIt took all of history for human In 2010 there are 476 urban areas withpopulation to reach 2 billion, and only at least 1 million people. That’s anone generation to more than triple to increase of 573% from 1950 when therenearly 7 billion. were 83. Over half the world’s population now lives in urban areas.>100x growth 4 billion / 1 billionInternational trade in manufactured Today, there are over 4 billion mobilegoods increased more than 100 times phone users, and over 1 billion internet(from $95 billion to $12 trillion) in the users, growing rapidly to 2 billion.50 years following 1955. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 6. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailThe needfor progress is clear.Capacity and congestion Empowered customers100 billion Euros 30,000 in 6 daysTraffic congestion costs the European 30,000 people from 47 countriesUnion over 1% of GDP, or over 100 billion downloaded an airline’s new smartphoneEuros per year. application in the first 6 days.7 billion / 6 billion 87% use the WebBy 2020 there may be global demand for 7 87% of U.S. travelers use the Web.billion air passenger trips. Yet airports andairlines will only have capacity for 6 billion. 4.6 billion cell phones(Organization for Economic Cooperationand Development) 4.6 billion worldwide by the end of 2009.$30 trillion 60% and -19%The world will spend about $30 trillion over 60% of consumer sentiment around thethe next two decades on new roads and U.S. air travel industry is negative, andsimilar projects according to CIBC there are 19% fewer brand-loyal travelers ineconomist Benjamin Tal. 2008 than in 2006—a recipe for commoditization. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 7. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailThe needfor progress is clear.Efficient, green operations Safety and security2.8 billion gallons >41 thousand lives The U.S. Department of Transportation reports4.2 billion hours over 41,000 road fatalities every year from 1995U.S. road traffic congestion during to 2007.2007 wasted 2.8 billion gallons of fueland 4.2 billion hours. Total cost ofwasted fuel and time was $87.2 billion. $5.9 billion3% or 13% >60% of operating costAirlines worldwide generate 3% of all Airlines spend $5.9 billion per year on security (IATA).greenhouse gas emissions. Some say Airports spend >60% of their operating cost on safetythat because aircraft operate in the upper and security (ACI).atmosphere, the impact may be equivalentto 13% of emissions from all sources. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 8. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailThe opportunity for progress is clear.18% less traffic 423 miles using 1 gallonA European city reduced traffic by up One ton of rail freight can be moved 423 miles usingto 18%, and increased use of public one gallon of fuel, and a single freight train cantransit by 80,000 passengers per day. replace 280 trucks, reducing fuel use, congestionCitizens voted to support the project. and emissions.1.5% per year 50% 10% fewer breakdowns A container port in the UK reduced equipmentby 2050 breakdowns by 10%.Airline industry environmental targets:1.5% average annual improvement in 60% fewer delayed bagsfuel efficiency from 2009 to 2020. A European airport reduced mishandled baggage by 60% using an innovative RFID-based solution.Cap aviation CO2 emissions from2020 onwards (carbon neutral growth).50% reduction in CO2 emitted by 2050relative to 2005. 99.15% on time An Asian high-speed railway achieves 99.15% on- time performance. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 9. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailThe reality of living in a globally integrated world is upon us. Frozen credit markets, limited access to capital, unpredictable funding. Economic downturn and future uncertainty of economic growth. Environmental sustainability challenges and new global regulation. Oil and fuel volatility and long-term cost escalation. Information explosion, channel proliferation and loss of market-making power. Emergence of indirect substitutes and alternatives. Changing travel demand and shifts in buying behaviors. The need to increase or decrease capacity rapidly to align with demand. New customer demands and business models.The world is connected: economically, socially and technically. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 10. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailThis mandate for change is a mandate for smart. The infrastructures, systems and processes that underpin how business and society function are becoming digitally aware, interconnected and infused with intelligence. The new intelligence applies to how services are delivered, to the movement of people, freight, money, information, electricity and more. Each represents a chance to do something better, faster and more productively. This is a new frame of reference with enormous promise for economic growth, with opportunities to think and act in new ways. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 11. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailSuccess will depend on deeper, more holistic and informedplanning, collaboration and execution. Transportation providers willneed to become smarter. PREDICT DEMAND AND DRAMATICALLY IMPROVE THEOPTIMIZE CAPACITY AND ASSETS END-TO-END TRAVELER OR CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE Predict demand, align transportation asset and infrastructure deployment Understand customer needs and continuously adapt operations. and provide information and services to meet those needs in the manner preferred. TRANSPORTATION PROVIDERS IMPROVE OPERATIONAL ASSURE SAFETY EFFICIENCY WHILE REDUCING AND SECURITY ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT Leverage new sources of Continuously balance cost and information and new ways environmental impact of scarce of using that information to resource use while exploring new improve security and safety. operational alternatives. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 12. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailAlmost all usable information was once authored or processed bya person. That kind of information is now being overwhelmed bymachine-generated data from sensors, RFID, meters, microphones,surveillance systems, GPS systems and all types of objects. Volume of digital data The number of emails sent every day is estimated to be over 200 billion. Every day, 15 petabytes of new information is being generated. This is 8 times more than the information in all U.S. libraries. By 2010, the amount of digital information will grow to 988 exabytes (equivalent to a stack of books from the Sun to Pluto and back). © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 13. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailDecision making velocity is about optimizing the speed of insight aswell as the confidence that decisions and actions taken will yield thebest outcomes. Velocity of decision making Every week, the average information worker spends 14.5 hours reading and answering email, 13.3 hours creating documents, 9.6 hours searching for information and 9.5 hours analyzing information. For every 1,000 knowledge workers, $5.7 million is lost annually in time wasted reformatting information between applications. Not finding the right information costs an additional $5.3 million per year. 42% of managers say they inadvertently use the wrong information at least once per week. 70% of executives believe that poor decision making has had a degrading impact on their companies’ performance. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 14. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailThe transformation to smart is enabling us to becomemore efficient, productive and responsive. Traditional approach Smarter approach Instinct and intuition Fact-driven Corrective Directive Years, months, weeks Hours, minutes, seconds Decision support Action support Efficient Optimized © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 15. Let’s build a smarter planet: Rail + + = An opportunity to think and act in new ways. Predict demand Dramatically improve Improve operational Assure safety and optimize the end-to-end traveler efficiency while reducing and security. capacity and assets. or customer experience. environmental impact. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 16. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailSmart transportation:Predict demand and optimize transportation capacity and assets.SMART IS SMART ISUnderstanding and modeling a holistic Modeling scenarios and better planningview of demand—across the routes, schedules and maintenance bytransportation network. optimizing assets, infrastructure and capacity.SMART IS SMART ISCreating dynamic multimodal plans and Gaining deeper insights into the utilizationmodels, and executing real-time of transportation assets and infrastructure.operations based on real-time data. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 17. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailSmart transportation:Predict demand and optimize transportation capacity and assets.(continued)Netherlands Railways uses ILOG software to weigh 56,000 Stockholm—IBM solutions improved congestion and qualityvariables including passenger demand and available assets of life reducing peak period traffic by 18%. Use of publicto assemble and schedule over 5,000 trains per day, transit increased by 80,000 passengers per day. CO2realizing a 6% savings in operating efficiency and saving emissions from vehicles were reduced$28.5M per year. Also improved on-time performance by by 14%. Increased revenue is channeled back into2%, helping capture an additional $57M in fares. improving public transportation.Queensland Motorways reduced road congestion during A large railway in Asia uses an automated crewpeak hours, improved Brisbane commuter experience scheduling system that evaluates the skills and locationand supports local economic prosperity by avoiding of available employees in real time to assign staff totraffic snarls in commercial areas. scheduled trains. Employees receive their assignments via cell phone text messages, and log in to work using biometric scanners, ensuring positive identification and access control. The system provides management with real time information about available staff and forward- looking intelligence to optimize resource allocation, reducing staff shortages and overtime expense. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 18. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailSmart transportation:Dramatically improve the end-to-end traveler or customer experience.SMART IS SMART ISIncreasing revenue and share by Reducing cost and differentiatingdeveloping more loyal customers who customer service.become advocates.SMART IS SMART ISOptimizing capacity to meet demand and Better serving customers byreduce delays. anticipating and catering to their needs throughout the journey and by collaborating with adjacent service providers. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 19. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailSmart transportation:Dramatically improve the end-to-end traveler or customer experience.(continued)A European airport, in partnership with an international A leading global logistics firm uses ILOG Optimizationairline, reduced mishandled baggage by 60% with an software to route and consolidate shipments for theirRFID-based baggage handling system. Reduced customers, lowering supply chain transportation coststransfer time by 22% and operational cost by 40%. by up to 25%.Singapore Land Transport Authority provides a unified IBM developed an application for Air Canada using the Applepayment system using smart cards for public transit, iPhone, iPod Touch, and Blackberry allowing passengers totolls and parking, improving the commuter experience. book flights, download electronic boarding passes, check-in,Planners use data from the system to develop optimal get flight status and book rental cars and other services.routes and schedules, reducing congestion and There were over 30k downloads of the app from 47 countriesincreasing the appeal of public transit. Reduced fare in the first 6 days and a 13.5% increase in mobile check-ins.leakage by 80% and cost of fare processing by 2%. 93% of Air Canada passengers say multichannel self service has improved their travel experience. Canadian New Media Award for Best Mobile App of 2009. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 20. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailSmart transportation:Improve operational efficiency while reducing environmental impact.SMART IS SMART ISIncreasing the extended transportation Increasing the ability to deal with irregularnetwork capacity using current operations across the transportationinfrastructure and assets without network and modes.increasing spend, including collaboratingwith adjacent service andinfrastructure providers.SMART IS SMART ISSaving money and time by knowing Modeling the financial impact ofthe location, status and availability of business decisions, streamliningyour assets—reducing total resource planning, and monitoringuse and carbon footprint performance to maximize revenue,enterprise-wide. margins and cash flow. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 21. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailSmart transportation:Improve operational efficiency while reducing environmental impact.(continued)A U.S. state department of transportation used Cognos Taiwan High Speed Rail Corporation uses IBM Maximoto improve their operational reporting and financial for their advanced maintenance management solutionmanagement, which had a direct positive effect on which used condition-based monitoring to predict andtheir bond rating and interest rates available to them. act on maintenance requirements and manage over 320k asset elements. They have improved asset life and availability with 99.15% on-time train performance.A major European railroad reduces maintenance cost COSCO, a global shipping firm, engaged IBM to helpby 30% by moving from curative and preventative optimize their supply chain using the Supply Chainmaintenance to predictive maintenance using Maximo. Network Optimization Workbench (SNOW). As a result of the engagement, COSCO consolidated from 100 to 40 distribution centers, lowered logistics cost by 23% and reduced CO2 emissions by 15%. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 22. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailSmart transportation:Assure safety and security.SMART IS SMART ISPredicting and avoiding vehicle failure. Reducing congestion and accidents by balancing traffic across routes or modes.SMART IS SMART ISBetter managing security uniformly Improving reliability and uptime byacross the transportation network with optimizing the supply chain and MROreduced cost, while protecting the processes.privacy of individuals. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 23. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailSmart transportation:Assure safety and security. (continued)A U.S. hub airport implemented a digital video A national rail system in Europe monitors its railsurveillance solution and a security command and infrastructure in real time and resolves more thancontrol center. The system also uses information from 50% of issues before they affect train operationbiometric handprints and badge readers. The system using a service management solution built with IBMis more effective at recognizing risks and alerting the Tivoli software.command center. The effective labor cost savings isUS $2.2m per year.Using RFID tags on parts and containers, IBM has An Italian parcel delivery company reduced theirhelped a major aircraft manufacturer track aircraft security staff and increased the level of security forparts through the entire life cycle including all their 10 hub facilities using an IBM solution thatmaintenance and the plane in which it is used. The centrally monitors intrusion, access control readers,solution has allowed them to be more responsive to digital video and other sensor technologies.customers, and reduced fleet down-time withoutcompromising safety. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 24. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailThe smarter transportation system is an interdependent ecosystem—integrated around standard information, processes and technology. Transportation Government providers Participants aggregate, analyze Information s and act upon data to: Terminal Processes Regulators operators 1. Predict demand and optimize transportation Technology assets and infrastructure. Freight and Travel Passenger and service logistics 2. Dramatically improve the service end-to-end traveler or journey information providers providers Freight shipment customer experience. information 3. Improve operational Passengers Freight Location, status and and drivers customers efficiency while reducing condition of assets and environmental impact. infrastructure Vehicle and Influencers: Usage patterns across 4. Assure safety and security. infrastructure Associations all modes of transportation manufacturers and universities © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 25. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailIBM’s solution strategy is aligned with the needs oftransportation providers. STRATEGIC IMPERATIVES HOW IBM HELPS MEET THE NEED Predict demand and optimize  Demand and revenue management  Road user transportation capacity, assets and  Enterprise asset management and MRO charging infrastructure.  Route and schedule optimization  Fleet optimization  Traffic modeling and prediction  Integrated fare management  Irregular operations management Dramatically improve the end-to-  Reservation system modernization  Loyalty management end traveler/customer experience.  Multichannel self-service  Cargo management  Ticketing and payment systems  Risk management  One view of the customer  CRM  Customer analytics Improve operational efficiency while  Enterprise asset management  Resource optimization reducing environmental impact.  Enterprise infrastructure management  Carbon management  Enterprise application systems  Condition monitoring  Green supply chain optimization  Systems virtualization Assure safety and security.  Identity and access management  Biometric identification  Condition based monitoring  Risk analytics using wireless sensors  Digital video  Data and application security surveillance  Server and endpoint security  Network security © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 26. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailWhat makes IBM different? IBM’s breadth of experience working with transportation providers worldwide across all modes of transportation is unparalleled. IBM has strong analytical tools to aggregate, analyze and act upon data gathered from disparate sources—providing solutions for planning, scheduling, routing, CRM, pricing, revenue management, intelligent traffic and infrastructure management. IBM has practical experience implementing innovative solutions to help clients become smarter—more instrumented, interconnected and intelligent. IBM is the market leader in collaborating with transportation clients to deliver: the fastest time to value with minimum risk through innovative solutions; the most comprehensive portfolio of hardware, software and services; and deep domain experience and expertise. IBM Centers of Excellence, IBM research, proofs of concept and first-of-a-kind projects demonstrate innovation and competence in solution implementation. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 27. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailWe’ve only just begun to uncover what is possible on asmarter planet. The infrastructures, systems and processes that underpin how business and society function are becoming digitally aware, interconnected and infused with intelligence. The new intelligence applies to how services are delivered; to the movement of people, freight, money, information and electricity; and to how billions of people live and work. Each represents a chance to do something better, faster and more productively. This is a new frame of reference with enormous promise for economic growth, with opportunities to think and act in new ways. Let’s work together to drive real progress. © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 28. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailIBM Offerings OverviewFrom Hardware to Software to Services to Financing and R&D … We’ve Got It Covered! Research & Hardware Software Global Services Global Financing Development World’s Largest World’s Largest World’s Largest World’s Most World’s Largest Computer Hardware Middleware Software Professional Service Influential Research Technology Provider Provider Provider Organization Financing Provider Enterprise Servers  WebSphere  Global Business  World Leader in  Financing for Services Patents – 13th Hardware, Software Storage Systems  DB2 Consecutive Year & Services  Global Technology Printing Systems  Tivoli Services  5 Nobel Prize  Financing for both Technology  Lotus Winners IBM and 3rd-Party  Managed Services Elements  Rational  World Leader in  Industry Focused Proponent of Open  Global Asset  Software Product Solutions Standards Recovery Services Services Integrated Solutions © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 29. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailIBM Research Worldwide © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 30. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailRail: AnalyticsTraditional Passenger Rail Schedule Optimization Railroad Blocking Optimization for Freight Rolling Stock Optimization Planning Rolling Stock Preventative Maintenance Planning Infrastructure Preventative Maintenance Planning RFID Tracking For Operational Monitoring & Analysis Emerging  Sensor Networks for Automatic Train Formation  Embedded Sensors for Condition-Based Monitoring and Predictive Maintenance  Video Inspection of Rolling Stock  Video Security of Rail Yards / Property  Customer Loyalty, Analytics, Performance Dashboards  Customer On-Board Buying Trends Next Gen  Positive Train Control : Monitoring Trains To Proactively Prevent A Catastrophic Failure  Remote Locomotive Control on the Main Line © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 31. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailSmarter Rail Solution Research to Improve Operation Safety,Efficiency & ResilienceInstrumentation: Asset Condition Analysis Dynamic Scheduling & PlanningCondition monitoring Integrate, mining, predict & real Analyze impact & generate optimal response planEnable accurate, time alarmreal time & effective sensing Use cases How to optimize maintenance schedule: Are there any patterns of the asset lifetime? Asset Failure e.g. certain type of Time-table rescheduling asset/model in certain geo location & weather conditions has shorter lifetime. Accident Asset lifetimeSensor based asset pattern analysis Rolling stock rescheduling Inspection & Monitoring Integrate Emergency detected … ->Dynamic Response Dispatch Driver & crew rescheduling Asset condition prediction center How to reduce Maintenance rescheduling Natural Hazards unexpected asset (e.g. Weather) failure? e.g. predict when a certain asset’s certain measurement would be Timely React: Train halt, low over safe/alarm limit down speed, reroute, cancel train run, new work/maintenance Way side environment schedule, … monitoring © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 32. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailCorrelated Incident Pattern Analysis & Early Warning forRailway Operations’ Emergency Management Defects on the Train Rail sensors Defects on the Track Metrologic Avoid or Mitigate al Services Weather threats Scheduling & Emergency Incidents Disaster Early Command Forecast & Warning Disaster threats System Report Services patterns  Railway emergencies are caused by  Research project proposal: Correlated Incident Pattern complex reasons Analysis & Early Warning – Track or train defects – Railway sensor data mining, weather & disaster – Hazards brought by weather or disasters information mining correlated with incidents & sensor data  Railway sensors produce tons of – Incident causes pattern analysis monitoring data, but – Real time data processing for early warning – Not well analyzed to detect patterns – Not correlated with weather & disaster data  Need access to customer data & sensor systems © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 33. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailHazard Risks Analysis for Railway Operations’Emergency Management rescue resource placement Landslides railway snow flood monitoring Risk analysis & identification hazard alerting environment factors railway quality train status  Railway hazards are influenced by various of  Research project proposal: Hazard Risks Analysis environmental factors for Railway – areas climate, geology, and etc. – Identify hazard risks based on historical temporal / spatial data, environmental factors, and railway / train status  Railway vulnerability depends on and schedule – railways quality, trains status & workloads – recommend mitigation and response strategies to support  Disaster loss is further determined by emergency planning and decison-making. – affected trains, passengers and goods  Need access to historical disaster data, incident data and geo-information © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 34. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailMassive Passenger Detainment Simulation & Forecast for RailwayOperations’ Emergency Management Massive Passenger Detainment Train emergency (accident) ? ? Emergency Station ? Train Track emergency (disaster)  Railway emergencies always happen  Research project proposal: Massive Passenger Detainment – Accidents & disaster emergencies Simulation & Forecast – Emergency classifications & impact  Railway emergency brings major secondary safety cascading analysis challenges for railway operations – Interact with train scheduling system – Massive scheduling changes – Passenger detainment progression analysis – Massive passenger detainment at – Passenger behavior & evacuation simulations major stations  Need access to customer data & scheduling system interfaces © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 35. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailIBM Research Projects: Mote-Based Wireless Sensor NetworkingBusiness Challenge Data from existing trackside sensors, including the RFID-based Automatic Equipment Identification (AEI) System, Hot Box Detectors, Wheel Impact Load Detectors (WILD), are sparse due to high deployment costs. Data does not provide timely information (e.g. bearing failures) to circumvent problems (e.g. derailment).Strategic Initiative Develop next generation rail car technology infrastructure to provide near real-time information One infrastructure supporting multiple sensor modalitiesProposed Solution: Mote-based wireless sensor networking Maintains a mesh network for the train that is continuously updated as railcars are added to /removed from the train Supports periodic condition reports and real-time alerts Railcar Gateway Wireless sensor nodes tracking Weight distribution Mote-based wireless sensor networking Bearing Sensors Brake temperature control © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 36. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailA Major European Railway ServicePreventing accidents with smarter transportation systemsThe Need:With different applications and business processes in place to manage maintenance “With this project, we want toof 500,000 ―rolling stock‖ (trains, locomotives, wagons, etc.), it was difficult for staff at move from curative andthis European railway company to gather the data necessary to predict problems preventive maintenance tobefore they affected rail services. predictive maintenance. Our ambition is to reduceThe Solution: maintenance costs by 30%.”The company launched a comprehensive project to optimize maintenance of its —Project Director for a Majortrains, locomotives, wagons and other ―rolling stock.‖ Through its work with IBM and European Railway Serviceuse of IBM® Maximo® Asset Management, the company has integrated maintenanceprocesses and centralized information, including real-time data collected by intelligentsensors placed on railway equipment ─ making it available to the company’s 10,000maintenance management officers via desktop PCs and PDAs. Solution components:  IBM® Maximo® AssetWhat Makes it Smarter: Management Predictive maintenance and analysis of data is helping company prevent accidents and avoid domino effects that can cause service disturbances 30% reduction in maintenance costs by moving from a preventive to predictive maintenance model Improved level of service delivered to passengers with real-time visibility into operations TIP14114-FREN-00 © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 37. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailA national railway companyImproves the reliability and safety of railways with greaterefficiency and accuracyThe Need: Solution components:A national railway in Canada needed the ability to identify and diagnose trainequipment health, reduce derailments, have more accurate and efficient equipment  IBM WebSphereILOG Rulesmaintenance and generate alarms/alerts accordingly. Additionally, it needed to for .NETconsolidate all decision systems in one place in order to enable change  IBM Software Services formanagement, react to new needs and implement cross-detector logic. WebSphere – Lab ServicesThe Solution:With a solution based on IBM WebSphere ILOG Rules for .NET, IBM hasimplemented a system that measures and correlates a large of number of criticalhealth factors associated with running a train in real-time using ―wayside detectors.‖The system analyzes data such as speed, heat of wheels and contact between railand wheel. It then makes decisions based on combined logic. and suggestsproactive recommendations for scheduling maintenance, ordering parts or evenstopping the train.What Makes It Smarter: Improves ability to diagnose train equipment health, minimizing the potential for derailment Gains a more accurate and efficient process for proactively maintaining equipment at optimal levels Generates and monitors alarms in real time, helping operators eliminate potential safety hazards before they can cause larger issues Enables business users to manage rules © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 38. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailA European national rail serviceSOA-based online ticketing system speeds train systeminto the futureThe Need:This railway was deploying a high-speed rail system within the country to offerpassengers a viable alternative to flying. However, NRS needed to eliminate itssiloed IT systems and a very basic Web-based ticketing system to competeeffectively against both other rail companies and low-cost airlines flying withinthe country.The Solution:IBM Global Business Services was engaged to design and implement a serviceoriented architecture (SOA)-based infrastructure for its corporate IT systems.At the same time, IBM and Accenture worked with NRS to deploy on mainframe anew, state-of-the-art SOA-based online ticketing system that provides real-timeinformation to customer regarding train schedules, seat availability,and applicable fares. Solution components:What Makes it Smarter:  IBM Global Business The new online ticketing system provides new information to passengers, helping Services - GBS Application them make more informed travelling decisions Innovation Services After launching its high speed rail, sales increased 200%, confirming market  IBM WebSphere share in the new market for airline passengers  IBM Rational Software SOA gives NRS more flexibility in adding or replacing various systems  IBM System z components, such as the e-billing system that may be needed in the near future © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 39. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailAmtrakExtending Maximo to Meet Unique Business Requirements Amtraks Northeast Corridor is the busiest railway in North America, with more than 2,600 trains operating over some portion of the Washington-Boston route each day, and carried 10,897,852 passengers in FY 2008 on the Acela Express, Regional Service or other trains. Business Challenges IBM Solution Business Benefits  Asset management solution for  Maximo Asset Management selected  Improved labor utilization – track maintenance of linear infrastructure in 2004 labor to specific work of Amtrak-owned property, including  Integration to SAP financials and  Achieved greater compliance to 363 miles of the Northeast Corridor ESRI GIS Federal Rail Administration (FRA) connecting Washington DC to regulatory inspections  Tailored multiple screens to fit the Boston, the busiest passenger line in Amtrak business processes  Have gained over US$8M annual the country with trains regularly  Integration to track geometry car to Return on Investment (ROI) in reaching speeds of 125-150 mph. capture conditions reimbursable work done for others on  Need to integrate with financial, the mix-use Northeast Corridor graphical information (GIS) and  Maximo Linear Asset Manager added in 2008  Replaced multiple time keeping analytical systems systems with a single time keeping  Able to address the needs of linear  Manage over 1,500 support fleet solution developed by Amtrak in assets and support fleet vehicles with Maximo Maximo © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 40. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailSan Francisco Bay Area Rapid TransitUsing IBM Technology to Improve Safety and Reliability ―Because we are managing an aging fleet while planning for the future, the efficiency of BART requires visibility across all of our assets to provide safe and uninterrupted railway services to our customers.‖ - Program Director, BART Business Advancement Program Business Challenges IBM Solution Business Benefits  Complete replacement of financial,  IBM Maximo for Transportation to  Supports purchase, test and HR, maintenance, inventory control manage rolling stock and support acceptance of new passenger cars and purchasing systems fleet  Allows BART to adopt international  Single database for multiple assets  IBM Maximo Asset Management to standards for inventory conventions including 669 Rail Cars, 246 Miles of manage linear assets and facilities  Provides complete visibility into all Track, and 39 Stations, including a  Integration to corporate financial and assets and services allowing BART to large number of elevators and HR systems better address regulatory escalators requirements  Transition from main frame, client server and desk top applications to web architecture  Manage passenger car replacement project © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 41. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailTaiwan High Speed RailRevolutionizing High Speed Rail Service in Taiwan For traveling at up to 300 km per hour from Taipei City and Kaohsiung City in about 90 minutes the efficiency of the transportation system is heavily dependent on proper maintenance and repair of thousands of components. Business Challenges IBM Solution Business Benefits  Support the country’s first high  IBM Maximo for the Maintenance  Overall efficiency in cost & budget speed rail system with operations Management System (MMS) that management, resource forecasting, that started in 2007 supports asset management, work labor utilization and inventory  Maintain 130 Trains, with 90,700 daily order scheduling, project planning, turnover passengers, over a 335 Km rail inventory management, resources  Automated signature process network management and purchasing  Improved work order reaction times, management  Manage over 300,000 assets asset efficiency and purchasing including rolling stock, track, signals,  IBM Maximo Asset Management to efficiency depots, stations, facilities and manage rail rolling stock, support  Consistent data integrity across communications fleet, linear assets, stations, facilities multiple asset types and communications equipment  Achieve a 99% on time rate within 6  Met the on time rate target with an seconds of scheduled train stops  Integration to ERP, HR and data overall average of 99.15% collection systems © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 42. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailBombardier TransportationSupporting global rail services with a single assetmanagement solution Founded in 1942 by Joseph Bombardier, Bombardier is the global leader in passenger rail equipment and third largest manufacturer of civil aircraft. Rail services represent 20% of Bombardier Transportation’s revenue. Business Challenges IBM Solution Business Benefits  Bombardier Transportation required  IBM Maximo for Transportation to  Improved Warranty tracking a multi-site, multi-language EAM manage rolling stock, including asset  Failure reporting available to all solution to support rail service management, work management and Bombardier customers operations at over 60 separate rail warranty recovery  Able to manage customer systems around the world  IBM Maximo Asset Configuration configuration of delivered rail assets  Manage over 100,000 assets globally, Manager to support the configuration  Manage aftermarket parts business supporting over 100 work sites management of rail equipment  Implemented inventory optimization  Replace customization with out of  Integration to SAP corporate from an IBM Business Partner and the box capabilities for configuration financial system reduced inventory costs by 20% management & warranty recovery  Meets long term strategic direction  Integrate with existing financial system & support planned interfaces with health monitoring & RFID © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 43. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailWashington MetroAsset Management in the United States’ Capital With a 106.3 mile rail network and more than 12,300 bus stops, Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA) is one of the largest North American Transit Systems. Business Challenges IBM Solution Business Benefits  A complex operating environment  IBM Maximo for Transportation to  Increased labor utilization and asset with 1,141 rail cars, 1,500 active manage rolling stock and support reliability buses, 1,686 service vehicles and fleet  Inventory fully visible to Maintenance other equipment  IBM Maximo Asset Management to Staff  Deploy a single asset management manage linear assets and facilities  Real time access to up to date asset solution across the enterprise to  Integration to corporate financial, HR information, enabling efficient job manage all assets & dispatching systems scheduling to minimize passenger  Replace antiquated financial, HR, impact maintenance, inventory control and  Able to accurately capture assets purchasing systems maintenance costs  Standardized business process across the enterprise © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 44. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailTube LinesTaking Stock of Assets with IBM Maximo to support theLondon Underground ―Creating a single source of all asset information has provided unprecedented visibility of asset performance across the three lines managed by Tube Lines‖ - Asset Systems Technical Manager, Tube Lines Business Challenges IBM Solution Business Benefits  An up-to-date solution to proactively  IBM Maximo Asset Management to  Maximo Asset Management has maintain 200 miles of track, 255 manage rolling stock, linear assets enabled Tube Lines to provide a trains, 100 stations, 2,395 bridges and facilities consistent approach to maintenance and structures, 71 lifts and 227  Mobile access to Maximo to support management across 15 asset classes escalators work management  Real time access to up to date asset  Deploy a single asset management  Integration to incorporate ERP and information, enabling efficient job solution across the enterprise HR systems scheduling to minimize passenger  Provide engineers with mobile impact access to asset information  Reduced duplication, improved  Streamline processes and improve information accuracy and trend resource effectiveness analysis for more proactive maintenance strategies © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 45. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailDB Schenker RailKeeping up with the trains using IBM Maximo DB Schenker Rail, formerly English, Welsh & Scottish Railway, is the United Kingdom’s largest rail freight company, moving over 100-million tonnes of freight each year with 8,000 trains each week. Business Challenges IBM Solution Business Benefits  Increase regulatory compliance and  IBM Maximo to support asset, work,  Helped achieve regulatory compliance achieve availability & reliability campaign, materials and warranty  Preventive maintenance driven by targets for the EuroCargo Rail management of rolling stock multiple meters division  IBM Maximo for Transportation  Increased workshop staff productivity  Improve the efficiency of the industry solution to include key % maintenance staff capabilities for maintenance  Successful knowledge transfer from  Address a highly mobile workforce counters, wheel set wear, labor IBM to EWS staff with a multi-site and multi-lingual reporting, component tracking and  Solution is quick and flexible capability reliability analysis  Able to use the system close to out of  Select a new EAM system where  Integration to SAP ERP the box, with limited system there was confidence in the supplier, configuration future prospects for the system and  Expanding Maximo to all divisions knowledge transfer – ability to configure system ourselves © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 46. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailGuangzhou MetroUsing Maximo to lead China’s transformation to a mass transit society Guangzhou Metro is undertaking a huge infrastructure build-out designed to double its capacity to 4 million passengers per day. The sheer pace of its expansion was making it increasingly difficult for Guangzhou Metro to manage, monitor and maintain the swelling base of assets Business Challenges IBM Solution Business Benefits  Extend asset life and maximize rider  IBM Maximo Asset Management to  Increased safety and reliability of the safety and convenience support all asset types, including Guangzhou metro network through  Track every asset in Guangzhou trains, track, stations and facilities predictive maintenance capabilities Metro’s network over its entire  Integrated EAM and ERP using the  Extended life of fixed asset investments lifespan, including servicing IBM Maximo Enterprise Adapter  Improved process efficiency by virtue guidelines and service history resulting in financial and physical of asset management and ERP process  Integration of asset management perspective on asset management integration with key enterprise functions to decisions  Improved cost efficiency through the enable improved decision-making  Guangzhou Metro worked with IBM coordinated management of parts and process optimization to deploy an integrated asset inventories  Shift to performing maintenance on a management solution flexible  Improve asset management decision predictive basis — before enough to track assets across the making through improved information breakdowns occur lifecycle transparency © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 47. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailIBM SMART SURVEILLANCE SOLUTION WAS PIONEERED BY IBMRESEARCH AND HAS BROAD CAPABILITIES  Video data is indexed and can be used for several applications Flexibility  The same surveillance data can provide business intelligence, damage detection, employee identification and help address regulatory compliance requirements  Data reuse can reduce costs and improve efficiency Scalability  Open standards make it easier to add or change hardware and analytics technologies  Extend beyond time/date queries or alertsBroad Search Capabilities  Allow queries based on color, object, size  Allow compound queries (e.g. all white vans in the downtown area since January 1) Integration  Open standards enable integration with other IT systems, sensors and algorithms Standards  Open standards supports cross-agency sharing, enabling use of the same data by multiple applications © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 48. Let’s build a smarter planet: RailTrademarks and notes IBM Corporation 2009  IBM, the IBM logo and ibm.com are registered trademarks, and other company, product or service names may be trademarks or service marks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at ―Copyright and trademark information‖ at www.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml  Adobe, the Adobe logo, PostScript, the PostScript logo, Cell Broadband Engine, Intel, the Intel logo, Intel Inside, the Intel Inside logo, Intel Centrino, the Intel Centrino logo, Celeron, Intel Xeon, Intel SpeedStep, Itanium, IT Infrastructure Library, ITIL, Java and all Java-based trademarks, Linux, Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, the Windows logo, and UNIX are trademarks or service marks of others as described under ―Special attributions‖ at: http://www.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml#section-special  Other company, product and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others.  References in this publication to IBM products or services do not imply that IBM intends to make them available in all countries in which IBM operates. © 2010 IBM Corporation