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Glyn Moody - open question

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Talk given at OpenForum Europe 2011 …

Talk given at OpenForum Europe 2011

The power and potential of openness becomes more evident every day. The (open) Internet, open source, open content, open data and open standards are all becoming more central to modern life.

But against that background of success, it is easy to take openness for granted. This talk will examine the main threats to openness, and suggest ways they can be mitigated.

Published in: Technology, News & Politics

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Transcript

  • 1. an open question
      glyn moody
  • 2. the power of open
  • 7. open Internet
  • 13. open source
    • the Internet
      • BIND, Sendmail, Apache, Firefox
      • 14. championed open standards
    • Linux
      • Google, Facebook, Twitter
      • 15. Android (600,000 activations/day)
      • 16. 91% of top 500 supercomputers
  • 17. open content
    • Project Gutenberg
      • 36,000 ebooks
    • Wikipedia
      • 19 million articles
    • Flickr
      • 5 billion pictures (2010)
    • YouTube
      • 8 years of video content uploaded every day
  • 18. open data
    • Human Genome Project
      • produced US$800 billion of economic output
    • OpenStreetMap
      • still early days
      • 19. EU spent €9.5bn on gathering public sector data, and collected €68bn selling and licensing it (closed)
      • 20. US spent €19bn and realised €750bn (open)
  • 21. open standards
    • creates level playing-field for procurement
    • 22. prevents lock-in
    • 23. crucial for open source
  • 24. open Internet
    • key feature: don't need permission to innovate
    • 25. key threat: loss of Net neutrality
    • 26. key action: new anti-discrimination law for ISPs, mandating equality for Internet packets unless requested and paid for by customer
  • 27. open source
    • key feature: ability freely to re-use and build on existing code
    • 28. key threat: software patents
    • 29. key action: clarify that software is not patentable in *any* circumstances, even when there is a ”technical effect”
  • 30. open content
    • key feature: ability to freely re-use and build on existing works
    • 31. key threat: chilling effect of Draconian copyright enforcement (Website blocking, criminalisation, ACTA etc.)
    • 32. key action: repeal/abandon disproportionate measures (HADOPI, Digital Economy Act, ACTA)
  • 33. open data
    • key feature: ability freely to aggregate existing datasets
    • 34. key threat: European database ”sui generis” right
    • 35. key action: repeal European database legislation (Directive No. 96/9/EC)
      • NB 1995 EC study
  • 36. open standards
    • key feature: creates a level playing field
    • 37. key threat: ”pseudo-open” standards that employ Fair, Reasonable and Non-Discriminatory, (FRAND) licensing
    • 38. key action: ensure all open standards are strictly Restriction/Royalty-Free (RF); revert to EIF 1.0 wording
  • 39. closing down openness
    • openness and sharing have ancient roots - commons
    • 40. openness 2.0 is very young – began in 1970s and 80s with Project Gutenberg and GNU
    • 41. despite – *because* – of its huge successes, under attack
    • 42. much easier to close down something open than to open something closed
  • 43. open question
      [email_address] @glynmoody on identi.ca/Twitter opendotdotdot.blogspot.com

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