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Multiple Truths of the Semantic Web - Web Science 2013
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Multiple Truths of the Semantic Web - Web Science 2013

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Presented at Web Science 2013 (Paris) workshop on Social Science Theory

Presented at Web Science 2013 (Paris) workshop on Social Science Theory

Published in: Education

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  • is to be understood as a system of ordered procedures for the production, regulation, distribution, circulation, and operation of statements. More simply put, what humans tend to hold for truth is a product of social contexts considered to be true. This interrelatedness of power, knowledge, and truth cannot be separated when studying social phenomena; and, thus should be incorporated into the discourse of Web Science.
  • Discussion of the scientific imaginaries - what constitutes a “science” within a scientific community; as well as the pressures that shape “science” from the outside (e.g. political, social, cultural etc.) -- Fortun’s, Jasanoff -- often used in policy discussions: “ Sociotechnical imaginaries serve in this respect both as the ends of policy and as instruments of legitimation.” Moreover via Foucault, "Whereas a 'science' begins with the invention of an object of analysis, an epistemological operation based on abstraction from the real, as the starting point from which it develops its own 'project of reality,' a savoir relocates the object thus scientifically delineated within a field of relationships in which the instruments of the scientific project are forced into contact with all the rigidity, inertia and opacity which the real displays in its concrete functioning. (156-157) --- Foucault, Michel. The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality. Ed.
  • , the Semantic Web and the Web are interconnected sharing principles of openness and the absence of absolute truth. Yet, unlike the Web, the Semantic Web allows for further annotation and the consideration of context by the machine. 1) artificial intelligence and knowledge representation community. 2) Different viewpoints - authentication of resources (what are the discursive effects - from manifesting these truths?)
  • is apparent that the discourse of “truth” is being applied to the it from outside the field of Web Science. We write: “ The discussion of “truth” - and the discourse of truth, as applicable to a process such as the Semantic Web - is to be understood as a system of ordered procedures for the production, regulation, distribution, circulation, and operation of statements.” [The idea of order... even the nature of the web graph... it's an attempt to make order... but is there really any order? (You can use that famous image here.) We apply that order to the SW. (The way others apply a “chaotic” web onto its state of being.
  • is apparent that the discourse of “truth” is being applied to the it from outside the field of Web Science. We write: “ The discussion of “truth” - and the discourse of truth, as applicable to a process such as the Semantic Web - is to be understood as a system of ordered procedures for the production, regulation, distribution, circulation, and operation of statements.” [The idea of order... even the nature of the web graph... it's an attempt to make order... but is there really any order? (You can use that famous image here.) We apply that order to the SW. (The way others apply a “chaotic” web onto its state of being.
  • as overarching truths; and, to not assign these assumptions the status as “ absolute” truths. And as the Semantic Web allows users (and engineers) to develop truths and knowledge it is important to understand that "the strength of knowledge lies not in its degree of truth, but in its age, its embeddedness, its character as a condition of life”
  • Transcript

    • 1. Multiple Truths of the Semantic Web Presented by: Kristine Gloria The Tetherless World Constellation Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY With thanks to co-authors Marco Fernando Navarro and Dominic DiFranzo as well as the extended RPI Tetherless World Team
    • 2. Agenda 6 I. Foucault’s theorization of truth II. Why the Semantic Web? III. Future of social theory and scientific inquiry
    • 3. Foucault’s Truth “‘Truth’ is linked in a circular relation with systems of power that produce and sustain it, and to effects of power which it induces and which extend it”. - Foucault, 1980
    • 4. Shifting the discourse of the Semantic Web away from the technical to one that brings discourse into the Semantic Web as a “science”.
    • 5. Why the Semantic Web? We asked: How the Semantic Web receives its relegation of truthfulness?
    • 6. Truth and trust are key topics of interest in the Semantic Web. •Trust[1] & authority •Querying “fuzzy knowledge” [2] •Accountability •The approaches and theories are numerous indicating that object are not absolute and subject to a recasting of “connections” •What Foucault referred to as “dubious unities” [2] Simou, Nikolaos, Giorgos Stoilos, and Giorgos Stamou. "Storing and Querying Fuzzy Knowledge in the Semantic Web Using FiRE." Uncertainty Reasoning for the Semantic Web II. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2013. 158-176. [1] Golbeck, Jennifer, Hal Warren, and Eva Winer. "Making trusted attribute assertions online with the publish trust framework." Privacy, Security and Trust (PST), 2012 Tenth Annual International Conference on. IEEE, 2012.
    • 7. We contend that while such technologies offer a more complete knowledge graph, it is not absolute, perfect, or consistent. photo credit: media slate, 2008
    • 8. Instead, this “completeness” gives way to disagreements, different truths, facts and ideologies.
    • 9. Multiple Truths Open World assumption & the Three As Principle help to create a digital platform where many truths (created by, interpreted, and maintained by many people) can co-exist together.
    • 10. Questions? 6

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