Prensky (2001) – digital natives = Our students today are all “native speakers” of the digital language of computers, video games and the Internet Digital immigrants - As Digital Immigrants learn – like all immigrants, some better than others – to adapt to their environment, they always retain, to some degree, their "accent," that is, their foot in the past.
Contextualized language samples - type of context allows them to make inferences about the language Contextualized learning environment - the multimedia combines audio, video, pictures, and text in new ways that help to create a unique rich learning environment. This type of context allows students to make new combinations for enhanced learning
Context – environment Chunks - Chunks are groups of words that are learned as an unanalyzed whole. For example, beginning learners often memorize salutations as chunks, that is, without understanding the grammar of these expressions. Scripts - Scripts involve any cultural behavior that can be broken down into a sequence of events. The classic example of a cultural script is when a person dines in a restaurant: finding a seat, reading the menu, ordering drinks from the waitstaff, etc. Language learning needs to include cultural scripts since these scripts regulate how a speaker will use the target language in real world situations.
Any written or spoken language that the learner encounters that may be used to construct linguistic knowledge. "Good" input is said to be comprehensible and meaning-bearing. People who interact with learners often modify their speech to facilitate learner comprehension by simplifying the input for the learner. Intake is the input that is comprehended and that impacts the learner's developing linguistic system. It is important to keep in mind that much input that the learner is exposed to is not comprehended and therefore unable to affect the learner's system.
Organize your digital life! Save time! Too many bookmarks and email addresses? Personalized Access anytime from any computer
Show my own?
Add content – widgets, feeds (webnote, to do list), customize language
They select the background, the clothing, eye color, hair color and shape, and accessories. They record their voices either directly on the website or with the voice recorder on the computer. They may also call Voki and record from their phone. Students send their Vokis to the teacher who may post them on a blog, wiki, or website.
What is Voki?Voki enables users to express themselves on the web in their own voice using a talking character. You can customize your Voki to look like you or take on the identity of lots of other types of characters… animals, monsters, anime etc. Your Voki can speak with your own voice which is added via microphone, upload, or phone.Voki lives on your blog, social network profile and will soon be integrated in various instant messaging platforms. You will also be able to download it to most video supported phones. What's with the name?Voki is a combination of "vox", which is Latin for voice, and "Loki", which, is a prankster character in Norse Mythology. Who made Voki?Voki is brought to you by the folks at Oddcast, a New York based company that has been creating speaking characters on the web for years. These are the same people behind the popular Careerbuilder Monk-e-mail. Will Voki always be free?Yes, you will always be able to come and create a character for free at Voki. However, we may offer special items or characters for sale at some point. Also some of the things you can do with your Voki, like downloading it to your phone, may cost money. It is also likely that you will see different kinds of sponsorship on the site. No matter what we do to make money through Voki, we'll make sure we keep you in the loop, get your feedback, and try not to do anything that makes Voki less entertaining to have.
What type of technology user are you?
How do you see your virtual life compared to
your personal and professional life?
What type of technology users might your
Time on task
Chunks and scripts
Input and Intake
Kelm focuses on using online videos to
increase time on task.
In small language-specific groups (when
possible) and using a technology tool (you
decide!), come up with an idea for increasing
time on task outside of the classroom.
Be prepared to discuss the tool and talk
about your task.
A list of ideas that come to mind related to
how technology can help you increase the
time that you spend studying a foreign
Contextualization is the meaningful use of
language for real communicative purposes. It
helps students understand how language
users construct language in a given context.
Through video we see things in context.
Through audio we make associations from
the sounds we hear.
Through online social programs we exchange
real information with real people who
understand what we communicate.
How does Kelm define "contextualized
language samples" vs. "contextualized
What’s the difference?
Why is context important?
Thinking of technological applications/tools –
what have you “learned by doing”?
Phrases in chunks
Schema Theory – knowing what you are
supposed to say in certain situations (script)
“Chunks and scripts bring learners back to
What’s the difference?
How can students get lost in input online?
How can we better guide them?
The Internet provides thousands of examples
of speech. How can we as educators help
learners process and comprehend the
resources, thereby enhancing the level of
This is a good question for us to discuss
since we are using an online resource instead
of a textbook. Your thoughts?
Technology will not replace teachers in the
future but teachers who use technology will
probably replace teachers who do not
• Netvibes.com (similar to igoogle or pageflakes)
What is it? A customizable webpage
where you can assemble all your
widgets, feeds, social networks, email,
video, blogs all in one place
(even to do lists!)
Handout to get set up
Vocaroo is a free service that allows users
to create audio recordings without the
need to install any software
How might you use Vocaroo in
Tool to record video and audio that allows
you to participate in live video calls, record
video messages, and send and receive
video emails with absolutely no downloads
Register and then begin recording
(allow flash player settings if prompted)
Click on “Send message” and record!
How might you use Snap Yap in language
Example – introductions for exchange partners
Voki enables users to express themselves
on the web in their own voice using a
1. Click on register
2. Check email and click on link to activate!
Customize your character
Give it a voice (phone, mic, typing-
accent/language and voice options for
Share with others
In your target language….
Where you are from
4 characteristics about yourself, 2 that
you ARE, 2 that you ARE NOT.
When your birthday is
Three things you learned