1. Main Keypad
3. Modifier Keys
4. Legacy keys
8. Windows & Menu Key
The main keypad is the primary portion of the keyboard that
contains all alphanumeric, symbol keys such as percent sign,
dollar sign, punctuations, etc. Also the tab, capslock keys
enter and backspace key are present.
They do not represent printing characters but used for displaying
control, data structuring, and transmission control depend on the
software currently use.
Tab – Allows the cursor to jump five spaces forward
Caps Lock - a key that, when activated, causes all alphabetic
Space Bar - Used to give spaces between the words.
Backspace key– Used to delete any character before the
current position of the cursor.
Enter Key – Used to enter commands or to move the cursor
to the beginning of the next line.
The Function keys are placed at the top row of the
keyboard marked with F1, F2.......F12
They are used to perform special functions.
They are designed to be held down in conjunction with
other keys to accomplish specific functions. The shift key is
used to change the capitalization of a main key. The same
goes for the Alt and Ctrl keys is used to change the
function of other pressed keys.
They are designed to be held down in conjunction with other
keys to accomplish specific functions. Esc normally used to
interrupt or cancel an activity. Print screen the key either
sends the current screen image to the computer clipboard.
The Scroll lock key is intended to temporarily stop the
scrolling of text or halt the operation of a program.
Pause/Break key it can be used by software to switch
between multiple login sessions, to terminate a program or
These include the cursor keys, which have four arrows.
These arrows move the cursor one space in the indicated
Above these keys are a block of
six keys that include the Insert
which allows text to be inserted,
Delete keys refers to removing a
file, the Home key is often used
to return the user to the
beginning of the line and the End
key which move to line end.
The keys marked with numbers from 0 to 9 are called Number
Also contain decimal point
arranged as on an adding
operations and enter key.
Numeric keypads make it
easier to enter large
amounts of numeric data.
Used to control LED of the Numlock, Caps Lock, and Scroll
Lock indicator lights on the keyboard which can be state of
being always on, always off or flash.
Windows and Menu Key
The window key opens, the start menu of windows
operating system. The menu key, opens a pop-up
menu that often the user additional commands.
•Fingers placed on home row (ASDF JKL;)
•Fingers curved in a scratch-like position and the thumb
positioned close to the center of the space bar.
•Palms, wrists, lower arms parallel to the slant of the
Fingers placed on home row (ASDF JKL;)
SMALL FINGER – A
INDEX FINGER – J
RING FINGER – S
MIDDLE FINGER – K
MIDDLE FINGER – D
RING FINGER – L
INDEX FINGER – F
SMALL FINGER - : ;
THUMB - SPACEBAR
THUMB - SPACEBAR
Fingers curved in a scratch-like position and
the thumb positioned close to the center of
the space bar.
The tips of
over home row
Palms, wrists, lower arms parallel to
the slant of the keyboard
Wrists kept low
and relaxed off
the keyboard or
Don’t your palm
or wrist touch the
I. Enumerate the 8 parts of a typical computer keyboard.
II. Answer the following. The keys on a computer keyboard are laid out in group.
Tell in which group the following keys belong, base on your answer above.
_________1. Equal Key
_________2. Esc Key
_________3. Crtl Key
_________4. F8 Key
_________6. Caps Lock Key
_________7. Left Arrow Key
_________8. 9 Key
_________9. Space bar Key
_________10. Del Key