Water, Climate Change and Water Security, Dr. Letitia A. Obeng Chair Global Water Partnership World Water Day, 22 March, 2011


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  • Energy and power generation are also linked to water. Industrialized countries have tapped well into their hydropower potential, whilst developing regions have not – as yet…. Over 70% of hydropower potential in Europe has been developed, whilst in Africa, only 5% of it has been developed. The next slide speaks for itself…..
  • There are many climate change challenges for water management. Understanding the physical scienceChanging rainfall; Leveraged effects on runoff and streamflowTemperature, evaporation and aridity; Impact on groundwater recharge and storage; Dynamics of glacier and snow melt; More frequent “extremes”Social and socio economic dynamicsVariability; Disaster vulnerability; Industry, trade and competitiveness; Food and agriculture, the critical challenge; Investing in reliability; Hydropower opportunities and threats; Ecosystem sacrificesCompounding factors, other driversPopulation growth; Economic development and consumption changeTechnology; Urbanisation and land use change; Climate mitigation strategiesClimate information is an important part of assessing the risks and figuring out how to adapt.
  • Climate change will affect oceans, coasts, islands, forests, lakes, rivers – many aspects of the environment. Climate change will affect people, and animals. Water is important for so many different aspects of life. The Agriculture, sector, the water supply and sanitation sector, health, education, industry, urban and rural development, transport.. the list is long. As the different sectors look to their adaptation measures, it is important that they look to each other, because of this unique connection that they have. – the medium of water.
  • Water, Climate Change and Water Security, Dr. Letitia A. Obeng Chair Global Water Partnership World Water Day, 22 March, 2011

    1. 1. Water, Climate Change and Water Security<br />Dr. Letitia A. Obeng<br />Chair<br />Global Water Partnership<br />World Water Day, 22 March, 2011<br />
    2. 2. GWP communications<br />
    3. 3. Water - A Global Concern<br />The challenge of securingsafe and plentiful water for all of us is one of the mostdaunting challenges faced by the world today… Our experiences tell us thatenvironmental stress due to lack of water maylead to conflict and wouldbegreater in poor countries <br />UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon<br />WEF, 24 Jannuary 2008<br />Humanityisfacing « water bankrupcy » as a result of a crisisevengreaterthan the financialmeldownnowdestabilizing the global economy … itisalreadybeginning to takeeffect, and therewillbe no way of bailing the earth out of water scarcity … <br />G. Lean, The Independent, 15 March 2009 <br />
    4. 4. http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/idb/worldpopgraph.php<br />
    5. 5. The volatility in food prices in 2008 should be treated as a warning sign of what is to come!<br />Riots<br />Mohamed AIT KADI GWP/TEC<br />
    6. 6. Hungry people in the developing world<br />
    7. 7. …<br />(Source:David Grey )<br />
    8. 8. AFP-Getty Images<br />(Sources David Grey, http://www.companysj.com/v244/hurricane.html)<br />
    9. 9. Ethiopia: Rainfall, GDP and Agricultural GDP<br />
    10. 10. WATER <br />Sources: UN Water/internet<br />
    11. 11. Integrated Water Resources Management<br />An approach that reflects the need to achieve a balance among:<br />Economic efficiency<br />Social equity<br />Environmental sustainability<br />
    12. 12. Water Security<br />water security for all, broadly defined, means <br />harnessing water’s social and productive potential and <br />limiting its destructive force.<br />
    13. 13. A Water Secure World – Balance<br /><ul><li>Financed water management plans for implementation
    14. 14. High level leadership and ownership
    15. 15. Strong inter-sectoral cooperation
    16. 16. Institutions
    17. 17. Information
    18. 18. Infrastructure
    19. 19. Managing trade-offs
    20. 20. Good governance</li></li></ul><li>Water, Climate Change and Water Security<br />Water is crucial for socio-economic development<br />Water is the primary medium through which climate change will impact people, ecosystems and economies<br />Water resources management should therefore be an early focus for adaptation to climate change<br />But, water is both part of the problem and an important part of the solution. Its sustainable management will help towards achieving water security. <br />
    21. 21. GWP: an international organization<br />Formed in 1996 to promote better water management<br />Registered as IGO in 2002- sponsored by Sweden,10 other governments & international bodies<br />Complementary to UN- works closely with UN-Water<br />Strong governance system<br />Global Steering Committee<br />Global Technical Committee <br />Financial Partners Group<br />Global Secretariat based in Stockholm<br />13 Regional and 78 Country Water Partnerships <br />
    22. 22. Working Towards A Water-Secure World<br />13 Regional Water Partnerships<br />78 Country Water Partnerships<br />2,339 Partner Organizations in 153 countries<br />