Towards concrete actions for advancing the integration of gender, water and food security by Barbara Tapela
Towards concrete actions for advancing the integration ofgender, water and food security
KEY POINT• For many vulnerable women and men in rural and urban settings, water insecurity is a social construct of ‘resource management’, which is determined by political, economic and social power dynamics underpinning the institutions that provide: – Structure to social relations, – Access to bases of social power and productive wealth, and – Stability to the organization of human societies (Tapela, 2012).• Political economy context is therefore critical.
Political Economy Context• The socio-institutional landscape where water governance reforms are implemented ‘is in fact the result of a constantly evolving political game, which reflects the current distribution of power between local actors and their struggle to control the natural, institutional, financial and political resources…In this political battle for power, the poorest and most marginalized are often the losers’ (Bene et al, 2009)
Gendered struggles for access to water in South Africa Barbara Nompumelelo Tapela
Glimpses from Ntlakavini Village of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Messina Thohoyandou KRU GER N1 NAT I ONA Pietersburg L PARK Nelspruit Mafeking Pretoria GAUTENG Johannesburg N ORTH WEST MPUMALAN GA KWAZULU/ FREE STATE N ATAL Kimberley Ulundi N ORTHERN CAPE Bloemfontein LESOTHO Pietermaritzburg N1 Durban Ntlakavini EASTERN CAPE Bisho N1 E L ast ondon / Mdantsane Cape T own WESTERN CAPE P E ort lizabeth
Phongola Dam…panoramic view • Click to open video
Women’s struggles for access to water • Click to open video
Men’s struggles for access to water • Click to open video
CONCLUSION• In adopting concrete actions to advance the integration of gender, water and food security…• A critical question is: How do we grapple with the diversity, complexity and dynamism of the many contexts?• Answers to this question will contribute to enhancing the effectiveness of institutional interventions and the governability of water- linked ecosystems.
GOVERNANCE GOVERNING SYSTEMS-TO-BE- SYSTEMS INTERACTIONS GOVERNED Social State Cultural Policy Impacts Markets Pressures Political Participation Civil Society Economic Ecological(Adapted from Kooiman (2008))