Global Dialogue and Country Consultations
on Water Security and Sustainable Growth
DR ANI A GROBICKI
GWP EXECUTIVE SECRETA...
www.unwater.org
Slide 2
Global Dialogue on Water Security and
Sustainable Growth
OBJECTIVES:
• To generate new knowledge o...
www.unwater.org
Slide 3
The GWP-OECD Global Dialogue
Launched at Stockholm World Water Week on
2 September 2013
High Level...
Global Dialogue Process
4
www.unwater.org
Slide 5
National Stakeholder Consultations on
Water – Phase I: Jan to April 2013
5
Facilitated by GWP in 2...
www.unwater.org
Slide 6
The Country Consultations present the UN-Water recommendations
to key stakeholders at country leve...
www.unwater.org
Slide 7
GWP MED:
Tunisia
GWP WAF+CAF:
Ghana
Benin
Cameroon
GWP EAF:
Kenya
GWP SAF:
Tanzania
Zambia
Zimbabw...
www.unwater.org
Slide 8
The GWP-OECD Global Dialogue
Proposed dates :
23 May 2014 : Africa Water Week, Dakar (speech by HE...
Post-2015 Development Agenda
9
• National stakeholder consultations
feed into the work of the OWG
• Direct GWP input into ...
 The Future We Want: “water is at the core
of sustainable development”
 Water is at the heart of adaptation to climate
c...
 Building on the MDG
Target on water supply and
basic sanitation
 The human right to safe
drinking water and sanitation
...
 Finishing the “unfinished business” in
water resources management is also a
priority
– Agenda 21 (1992), subsequent CSD
...
Building on existing commitments
and experience: Governance
Strengthening water governance
highlighted in many internation...
 Improving water quality and
wastewater management needs to
be a priority too
– Water quality has to date been very
much ...
 Increased resilience to
water-related disasters
– Floods and droughts (Climate
Change/adaptation)
– Human-influenced dis...
.. which cover the dimensions of sustainable
development and contribute towards poverty reduction
Post-2015 development go...
Proposed Targets
A. Achieve universal access to safe drinking water,
sanitation and hygiene
B. Improve by (x%) the sustain...
 Universal access to sanitation, benefits outweigh costs 5.5 to 1
 Universal access to drinking-water, the ratio is 2 to...
 Infrastructure
Water supply, sanitation, irrigation, hydro, water
treatment, flood control - operation and maintenance
a...
Next steps
1. 30 National consultations Feb-
May 2014 (GWP) - feed into Open
Working Group: May 2014
2. Interaction with O...
Global Dialogue on Water Security and
Sustainable Growth
22
• Partnership between GWP
and the OECD
• Report to be launched...
Thank you !
A growing international
network since 1996
Over 3000 Partner organizations worldwide
85 Country Water Partners...
Presentation March 2014 - Ania Grobicki
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  • An expert team of economists based at the University of Oxford, Earth Change Institute will provide analysis to the HLP.
  • Country Consultations are being undertaken to link with an expert Task Force of economists and also with a High Level Panel, enabling participants to engage in evidence-based discussions about the economic implications of alternative pathways toward water security.The Country ConsultationsTo investigate perceptions and priorities regarding water security, country consultations are taking place in more than 30 countries, facilitated by the Global Water Partnership. Most of the countries invited to be part of the consultation have a seat on the UN’s open working group on the Sustainable Development Goals.Country consultations are running from February 2014 to April 2014, and will feed guidance and information into the Task Force and High Level Panel. A preliminary summary of country consultations will become available in June 2014.The Expert Task ForceAn Expert Task Force on Water Security and Sustainable Growth has been established, comprising a multi-disciplinary team of leading economists, water managers and scientists.This task force will build the case for global action to address water-related risks by quantifying the impacts of water insecurity and documenting the benefits of risk reduction, and by demonstrating how alternative pathways to water security can be implemented. This new knowledge will enable countries to better understand and manage water risks, and ensure that efforts to promote economic growth and development are not jeopardized by these risks.The Expert Task Force is co-chaired by Dr. Claudia Sadoff and Professors David Grey and Jim Hall (Oxford University).The High Level Policy PanelA High Level Policy Panel is being convened to address the concerns and priorities of top-level policy makers with regards to water security and sustainable growth. Her Excellency Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, President of Liberia and UN Goodwill Ambassador for Water and Sanitation, and Mr Angel Gurría, OECD, will co-chair the High Level Panel.
  • The thematic consultation on waterThis consultation is a about everything that has to do with future water challenges – the BIG water - with the purpose to listen to peoples opinions on what we have learn on from the present MSGs and what is important in a new development agenda on water. The process for the water consultation is organically developing alongside with the other consultations and issues for discussion and partners are added. It is facilitated by UN-Water bringing in its members and partners but is open to anyone to engage at different level. The actual steering and management is co-led by UNICEF, DESA and UN-Water management team. The web-based consultation will consist of two broad parts; the first is the general global umbrella dialogue on water trying to reach out to a large number of stakeholders not focusing on a particular water issue. The other part is the so called sub-consultations which will focus on sub sets of water and possibly attract a broader range of water experts found in civil society, academia, private sector, governments and within the UN-System.The on-line water consultation will be divided into three phases: Phase I is the global water consultation which will remain online and active for the whole duration of the consultation while Phase II focusing the thematic sub-consultations will start from mid-January and run up to till March 3rd 2013. Phase III will start in March and focus on summarising the outcome from the different discussions and the formulation of policy recommendations to the final report.The conversation will culminate in a high level face to face meeting in the Hague on the global World Water Day where the outcomes and policy recommendations will be discussed. The final report containing experiences and proposed policy recommendations will be finalized by the end of March to be delivered to the HLP but will also inform the GA and can be used by individual countries for negotiations in the during the MDG summit.WASH, securing water for productive uses, reducing risks from extreme weather events and CC, capacity building: sharing experience, institutional strengthening, appropriate monitoring programmes of water resources quantity and quality.
  • This follows up the 22 consultations carried out in Feb-May 2013 and reported to the OWG at their 24 May meeting. The focus chnaged from consulting on priorities to that of water goal and targets.
  • GWP has been making significant contributions to the post-2015 development framework and support for a dedicated water goal.In 2013 UN-Water initiated an expert consultation process where UN-Water’s 31 UN-members and 36 international Partners, including GWP, came together to analyze what role water could have in the Post-2015 Development Agenda. The result is a joint paper with technical advice.The consultation process was based on the common vision that a broad water goal would capture the fundamental importance of water for both humans and the environment.The proposed goal builds on existing commitments such as the Millennium Development Goals and the priorities agreed at Rio+20. The goal sets up a framework that is universally applicable, but that also responds to national circumstances.GWP’s input into the paper was based on a series of 22 country consultations that GWP facilitated in 2013. Starting 18 February 2014, a second series of consultations will be conducted by GWP and can inform the Open Working Group (OWG) process in 2014. A report from the OWG is due in September 2014.In February, GWP Executive Secretary Ania Grobicki moderated a workshop on Water and Sanitation as part of the UN General Assembly’s Thematic Debate on Water and Energy. We have also been invited to participate in the UNGA Workshop on Partnerships in the post-2015 framework, taking place in April of this year.
  • Most consultations have concluded that a dedicated water goal is necessary. For example the Future We Want (an online web based consultation) put water at the heart of sustainable development.Similarly the High Level Panel, chaired by the Presidents of Indonesia and Liberia and Prime Minister of UK. Reported in July 2013 and concluded that a water goal is needed with targets covering drinking water, sanitation, water resources management and managing wastewater.
  • It is crucial that the new development agenda and SDGs build on past experience and complete unfinished business. The MDG targets on WASH remain a priority and the aim should be for universal access.
  • At the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002 a target was set to prepare integrated water resources management plans. Many countries have adopted an integrated approach but this is a work in progress. The future development agenda must take this forward to address key WRM challenges.
  • Good governance underpins all other aspects of water. Without a sound basis of equitable, participatory and accountable water governance and strong effective institutions there is a high risk that investments will fall well short of their aims.
  • Water quality and wastewater management have been neglected in earlier global statements but were highlighted as of increasingly important at the Rio+20 conference in 2012.
  • Water related disasters have not hitherto been mainstreamed into water agenda. They affect more and more people and national economies and need to form part of the future development agenda.
  • The proposed Goal for Water is : Securing Sustainable Water for All. The aim is to set a 15 year period for the new development agenda from 2015 to 2030. This comprehensive goal sets out the broad purpose of the water goal in simple language that can be readily understood and communicated. It is coupled with five targets that are inter-related, all of which are needed to meet the goal. They cover (i) drinking water supply and sanitation, (ii) water resources management, (iii) water governance, (iv) wastewater pollution and water quality and finally (v) water-related disasters. The goal and targets are all inter-linked and require an integrated approach so that there is synergy across the range of interventions needed to meet the targets.
  • These five targets have been formulated after an extensive consultation among over 25 UN agencies plus partners including GWP. The aim is to have clear target that set out objectives that are measurable and realistic. The aim is for countries to set values for the various numbers (x, y z) etc. which would then be compounded to give overall global values. The final wording of the targets is the responsibility of the OWG and the aim of the meeting is not to discuss the wording but to consider if they cover the key issues important to the country, if any key priority is not covered and if they set a suitable framework for the future development agenda.
  • Growing body of evidence on the cost-benefits of investing in water.
  • In the second part of the meeting it is important to consider what are the implications for the country should the General Assembly decide on the water goal and targets. For example in terms of the means of implementation related to infrastructure, capacity, finance, science, monitoring and reporting. Other issues can also be discussed related to implementing and meeting the goal by 2030.
  • There are other parallel processes that will feed into the SDGs and post-2015 Development Agenda.The development agenda will include many other themes with water just one of 11 possible themes.The country consultations will provide a country report and the GWP will prepare a synthesis report that takes the key points from the 30 consultations and feed this into the OWG.
  • The Global Water Partnership (GWP) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) have launched a Global Dialogue on Water Security and Sustainable Growth to highlight the evidence of the different development paths that countries can follow, based upon their water resources endowment.The project coincides with the work of the UN in developing the Post-2015 Development Agenda. It builds on GWP’s recent water thematic consultation and its contribution to the preparation of a UN-Water paper on recommendations for a global water goal. It also builds on OECD’s recent work on Water Security for Better Lives.Goal and Objectives The goal of The Global Dialogue is to promote and accelerate a transition to water security, connecting policy makers and practitioners through evidence-based global and country-level consultations on water security and sustainable growth.The project will draw attention to the relevance of water security to economic development within the post-2015 development framework and coincides with the process of United Nation’s Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals.
  • Presentation March 2014 - Ania Grobicki

    1. 1. Global Dialogue and Country Consultations on Water Security and Sustainable Growth DR ANI A GROBICKI GWP EXECUTIVE SECRETARY M ARCH 2014
    2. 2. www.unwater.org Slide 2 Global Dialogue on Water Security and Sustainable Growth OBJECTIVES: • To generate new knowledge on the economics of water security and sustainable growth • To generate high level and broad based support for a dedicated Global Water Goal
    3. 3. www.unwater.org Slide 3 The GWP-OECD Global Dialogue Launched at Stockholm World Water Week on 2 September 2013 High Level Panel Co-Chairs : H.E. President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia, who is also AMCOW Goodwill Ambassador for Water and Sanitation Mr. Angel Gurria, Secretary General of OECD, formerly Mexico’s Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance
    4. 4. Global Dialogue Process 4
    5. 5. www.unwater.org Slide 5 National Stakeholder Consultations on Water – Phase I: Jan to April 2013 5 Facilitated by GWP in 22 countries: •Discussed challenges and priorities post-2015 •Countries want goals specific to their own situation - a common thread was about implementing water resources management following an integrated approach. •Issues raised have informed the development of the UN-Water Recommendations •Stakeholder report was presented to the OWG for their meeting of 24 May 2013 •Brought the voice of the stakeholders into the UN process. •Supported by UNDP, UN ECE, SDC and EUWI- AWG
    6. 6. www.unwater.org Slide 6 The Country Consultations present the UN-Water recommendations to key stakeholders at country level. They cover 26 countries, some the same as phase I to get follow up and some new countries to extend the outreach. The consultations promote and provide feedback on the proposed Water Goal and targets including informing senior officials in New York involved in the SDG negotiations. The Consultations generate country level perspectives on the implications of these recommendations for the countries. The country consultations will also inform a joint GWP and OECD project: “Global Dialogue on water security and sustainable growth”. Country Consultations on Water – Phase II: Jan to April 2014
    7. 7. www.unwater.org Slide 7 GWP MED: Tunisia GWP WAF+CAF: Ghana Benin Cameroon GWP EAF: Kenya GWP SAF: Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe 30 Countries involved in the Consultation GWP SEA: Indonesia Viet Nam GWP SAS: Pakistan Sri Lanka Bangladesh Nepal GWP CACENA: Kazakhstan Tajikistan GWP SAM: Peru Brazil Argentina Colombia GWP CAM: Guatemala Nicaragua GWP CAR: Trinidad and Tobago GWP CEE: Bulgaria Slovenia Poland Romania GWPO: United Arab Emirates Each of these countries has a seat on the Open Working Group on the SDGs
    8. 8. www.unwater.org Slide 8 The GWP-OECD Global Dialogue Proposed dates : 23 May 2014 : Africa Water Week, Dakar (speech by HE President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, GWP Patron) 1/3 June 2014 : Singapore International Water Week (Half day meeting of the High-Level Panel in camera, followed by a plenary discussion) September 2014 : side event at the UN General Assembly in New York April 2015 : World Water Forum, Daegu, South Korea (launch of the final report). Outcomes feed into discussions on SDGs prior to the UNGA in September 2015.
    9. 9. Post-2015 Development Agenda 9 • National stakeholder consultations feed into the work of the OWG • Direct GWP input into thematic debates in New York • High Level Panel and influential Report to raise level of discussion
    10. 10.  The Future We Want: “water is at the core of sustainable development”  Water is at the heart of adaptation to climate change  Billions lack access to the most basic water supply and sanitation services  Increasing demand, pollution, risks, competition for water resources  Current situation presents a global threat to human health and wellbeing as well as to the integrity of ecosystems Why a dedicated water goal?
    11. 11.  Building on the MDG Target on water supply and basic sanitation  The human right to safe drinking water and sanitation – Obligations on all Member States for progressive realization of the right  Finishing the “unfinished business” in WASH to provide access for all must remain a top priority Building on existing commitments and experience: Water, Sanitation, Hygeine
    12. 12.  Finishing the “unfinished business” in water resources management is also a priority – Agenda 21 (1992), subsequent CSD meetings (2005, 2008) and Rio+20 (2012)  UN-Water WRM survey of more than 130 countries presented to Rio+20 conference in 2012. – widespread adoption of integrated approaches to water management, – But…  Need to implement IWRM plans prepared after the Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development 2002  Significant challenges remain! Building on existing commitments and experience: Water Resources Management
    13. 13. Building on existing commitments and experience: Governance Strengthening water governance highlighted in many international agreements. Underpins all other water targets and also links to related goals such as food, energy & health. - Ensure access to and make good use of finance. - Build stronger institutions and regulation. - Establish accountable, participatory and transparent processes.
    14. 14.  Improving water quality and wastewater management needs to be a priority too – Water quality has to date been very much neglected – 80% of wastewater is discharged without treatment – Impact on the water resource and therefore on drinking-water supply – Impact on ecosystems  These concerns were clearly expressed at Rio+20 Building on existing commitments and experience: Wastewater and water quality
    15. 15.  Increased resilience to water-related disasters – Floods and droughts (Climate Change/adaptation) – Human-influenced disasters such as chemical spills  Rio+20 called for stronger coordination between disaster risk reduction and development planning Building on existing commitments and experience: water related disasters
    16. 16. .. which cover the dimensions of sustainable development and contribute towards poverty reduction Post-2015 development goals need to address five priority areas… Healthy people Universal access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene, improving water quality and raising service standards Increased prosperity The sustainable use and development of water resources, increasing and sharing the available benefits Equitable societies through Robust and effective water governance with more effective institutions and administrative systems Protected ecosystems Improved water quality and wastewater management taking account of environmental limits Resilient communities Reduced risk of water-related disasters to protect vulnerable groups and minimize economic losses
    17. 17. Proposed Targets A. Achieve universal access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene B. Improve by (x%) the sustainable use and development of water resources in all countries C. All countries strengthen equitable, participatory and accountable water governance D. Reduce untreated wastewater by (x%), nutrient pollution by (y%) and increase wastewater reuse by (z%) E. Reduce mortality by (x%) and economic loss by (y%) from natural and human-induced water-related disasters
    18. 18.  Universal access to sanitation, benefits outweigh costs 5.5 to 1  Universal access to drinking-water, the ratio is 2 to 1  Irrigation infrastructure in Africa, rates of return are up to 26%  Overexploitation of groundwater Middle East and Northern Africa 2% of GDP  Watershed protection initiatives in the US yield up to USD 200 for every dollar invested, compared to conventional water treatment costs  One dollar invested in public water and sewer infrastructure adds USD 9 to the national economy  Early warning systems for storms, floods, and droughts throughout Asia indicate potential returns of up to USD 559 for each USD 1 invested A water goal makes economic sense
    19. 19.  Infrastructure Water supply, sanitation, irrigation, hydro, water treatment, flood control - operation and maintenance and the sustainability of services, including governance issues  Policy, laws, plans & coordination  Institutions  Enhanced human capacities  Remove barriers to attract finance  New science and technology solutions  Monitoring, data and reporting Implications: implementing the targets
    20. 20. Next steps 1. 30 National consultations Feb- May 2014 (GWP) - feed into Open Working Group: May 2014 2. Interaction with OWG/Member States/Other emerging SDG topics: during 2014 3. OWG report to General Assembly: September 2014 4. Intergovernmental negotiations in 2015 with General Assembly decision on post-2015 Development Agenda: Sept 2015
    21. 21. Global Dialogue on Water Security and Sustainable Growth 22 • Partnership between GWP and the OECD • Report to be launched at WWF7 on the Economics of Water Security and Sustainable Growth • Work feeds into the UN negotiations on the Post- 2015 Development Agenda
    22. 22. Thank you ! A growing international network since 1996 Over 3000 Partner organizations worldwide 85 Country Water Partnerships 13 Regional Water Partnerships

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