National development and sectoral plans WP2 GWP Cameroon case study_hycinth banseka_28 aug


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National development and sectoral plans WP2 GWP Cameroon case study_hycinth banseka_28 aug

  1. 1. Hycinth BANSEKA Stockholm, Sweden 28th August 2013 WACDEP Cameroon (WP 2)
  2. 2. Country Context Geography/Culture: African country, part of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), and member of CEMAC; Referred to as "Africa in miniature" for its geological and cultural diversity; It is also home to over 200 different linguistic groups. Located in Gulf of Guinea, with a Surface area of 475,442 km2 Population: Population estimated at 19.5 million in 2009, and projected to reach 26.5 million in 2020. Basically young, with youth less than 15 years old accounting for 45% of population as against 3% for aged people above 65 years old. Women account for 50.5 per cent of the population.
  3. 3. Country Context • National Development Processes (climate and water related): – Currently implementing the first phase (2010 – 2014) of the Growth and Employment Strategy Paper (GESP) within the context of the 2035 national vision; – National IWRM Strategy and Action Plan currently being elaborated; – National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy drafted, and yet to be presented for validation; – National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan elaboration process is ongoing; – National Climate Change Observatory created since 2009, but not yet operational. ONACC is Cameroons « NIE ».
  4. 4. Water Resource Situation • Cameroon is endowed with abundant water resources both in quantity and quality, with a dependency ratio of 4.4%. • The countries water resources are contained within five major river basins: Lake Chad basin, Niger basin, Sanaga basin, Congo basin, and the Coastal basins.
  5. 5. Climate Situation • Cameroon is characterized by diverse and distinct ecosystems and related climates, and have been organized into five major agro ecological or agro climatic zones distinguished by dominant physical, climatic, and vegetative features – tropical forest zone with “bimodal” rainfall; – tropical forest zone with “mono- modal” rainfall; – coastal and maritime zone; – savannah zone; and – Sudano-Sahelian zone
  6. 6. Work Package 2: • Title:National development and Sector Plans • Objective: – Support government of Cameroon to mainstream water security and climate resilience into development planning, decision-making processes; – ensure national level investment options developed are aimed at securing water resources for climate resilient development.
  7. 7. Work Package 2 • Activities planned / Progress – Support Ministry of water in the elaboration of climate resilient national IWRM Action Plan; – Situation Analysis Report validated – Consultant recruited to develop strategic options – Taskforce set-up by Ministry in charge of water – Support Ministry of Environment and UNDP Cameroon in integrating water security issues into the national vulnerability and risk analysis report for Cameroon; – Report elaborated and validated in June 2012, with GWP- Cmr inputs. GWP Cmr participated in three validation workshops.
  8. 8. Indicator • Number of national organisations / institutions supported in developing legal frameworks/policies /strategies, sector and national development plans- integrating water security and climate resilience; • Target: – 2014: 02 – 2015: 02
  9. 9. Recommendations • Identify ongoing and strategic processes early, and strive to understand the entire process; • Organise targeted meetings with individuals leading the processes; • Members of taskforce responsible for processes you intend to influence should be target of your capacity building activities; • Be realistic with your indicators
  10. 10. Main challenges/constraints • Lack of capacity in the relatively « new » domain of climate change adaptation; • Government acceptance, involvement and ownership is a time consuming process.
  11. 11. Merci