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IWRM and advanced university education: Focal Issues of Senegal by Prof. Serigne Faye
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IWRM and advanced university education: Focal Issues of Senegal by Prof. Serigne Faye


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Presentation made by Prof. Serigne Faye, Coordination of MSc Hydrogeology, Senegal, Toolbox workshop, 25. August 2012.

Presentation made by Prof. Serigne Faye, Coordination of MSc Hydrogeology, Senegal, Toolbox workshop, 25. August 2012.

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  • 1. IWRM ToolBox workshop and the Consulting Partners meeting Stockholm , August 25 and 26th, 2012• “ IWRM and advanced university education: Focal Issues of Senegal” By Pr. Serigne FAYE Univ. Ch.A.Diop – Dakar Senegal Coordination of MSc Hydrogeology National Water Partership President
  • 2. Climatic conditions in West Africa
  • 3. Risks and catastrophes• Frequent flooding events – Habitats demand vs. Low land occupation – Water Infiltration problems due to land occupation Zone résidentielle de Dakar, 2006 Médina Gounass 2008 (Dakar suburban zone)
  • 4. • Wetlands and soils degradation • Denudated lands in extension • Aquatic vegetation • Uses of pesticides • Biodiversity loss
  • 5. • Difficulties to water access – Burden to fetch water – Water born diseases – Water pricing Usine des eaux de Keur Momar SarrGuédiawaye (Dakar), 2008 Borne fontaine à Kafountine (région de Ziguinchor), 2007
  • 6. • Sanitation and default of sanitation – Stagnant rainwater – Waterborne diseases.Thiaroye Sur-Mer (2008), Dakar Niang S., 2008
  • 7. • Food security problems • Soils salinisation in alluvial valley • Rural poverty increase Périmètre SAED (MANÉ, 2008)
  • 8. • Urbanisation et water distribution problem• Coastal erosion• Estuaries, deltas, coastal hydrographic network – Threat in touristic sector – Land loss – GW and SW salinisation in coastal areas…
  • 9. IWRM within academic reform• Bachelor degree Bsc – 6 semesters• Master degree M – 4 semesters• Doctorate D – 3 to 4 years• 5 Universities: UCAD, UGB, UZ, UB, UT
  • 10. Graduate and Post graduate courses with IWRM modules1. Bachelor of Geography at UGB2. Master of Geography at UGB3. Master in Hydrogeology at UCAD4. Master in Water Resources, Environment – Development at UCAD5. Doctoral School Water, Water Quality and Usages (EDEQUE)6. Two Regional courses on GW and IWRM /AGW net -Capnet- BGR –GWP wa7. Initiative under auspice of GWP-WA to develop IWRM curricula in water resource within the sub region
  • 11. Bachelor and Master in Geography at UGB• option: Ecosystem and Environment• IWRM modules taught from 1st to 3rd year: hydrology in natural setting, hydro climatology, surface hydrology, applied hydrology, mobilisation and Water management, water territory and governance, IWRM• Tools used: technical manual from 2iE – GWP Toolbox and other sources• Improvement required: lack of scientific dimensions – water territories – water territories governance – lack of practical case studies – difficulties in implementing IWRM tools
  • 12. Master Hydrogeology• Objectives: train specialists in GW resources able to: – conduct research in different domains (prospection, exploitation, management, protection) in Hydrogeology, – Implement water supply Projects/programs – Foster water policy and IWRM in the context of aridity and CC at decision making levels.• Modules taught: Quantitative hydrogeology, GW modeling, Hydrochemistry/isotopes hydrology/pollution, hydrology and watershed hydrology, climatology, GIS and RS techniques, Geophysic, boreholes drilling,• IWRM taught: GW management and IWRM with strong :institutional, regulatory and policy in WRM, economic and social instrument, water use, CC impacts, mobilization impact and risk assessment, GW vulnerability and protection• Improvement need: difficulties to implement IWRM in GW management despite institution, policy, technical instrument
  • 13. 2. Master in Geography: Water resource, environments and development (Geography Dpt)• General approach : – Processes and factors description within water cycle at watershed scale, – Estimation, prevision and modeling methods from precipitation to run off – Hydrologic risks management, high stage, flooding, low stage, draught, pollution, – Surface water management and protection, – Water Perceptions, usages by indigenous, – indigenous/modern hydraulic infrastructures, – Geopolitics in water sector (cooperation and conflict)• OBJECTIVES: – Train specialists in water resource in its relation with space and societies/users able to – Evaluate, sustainably manage surface water resources in small watershed – analyse factors and socio and spatial benefits related to water resources
  • 14. IWRM Modules taught• Water governance,• Applied climatology• Natural risks;• Ecosystem dynamics and issues ,• environment et water mobilization• Climatology and hydrology,• Water mobilization and territorial development,• Territory and health,• Geopolitic and water conflicts
  • 15. Université Cheikh Anta DIOP de Dakar Doctoral School« Water, water quality and usages » EDEQUE
  • 16. • Continental Hydrology • Hydrogeology • Climate and climate impactsWater resources • Hydraulic and fluid mechanics • Water and indigenous/modern spatial strategies Water Usages • Economics-water management and demands
  • 17. • Water and Development • Water, Environment and health water, • Integrated Water Resource Management IWRMEnvironment and societies • Water policy-laws • Littoral Environment • Littoral Gouvernence Littoral management • Littoral Engineering
  • 18. Few recommandations• Short postgraduate courses in IWRM for larger audience shoud be promoted along with university degrees• Lack of Readily available pedagogic package materials (powerpoint with practical cases studies – guidebook)• Implementation issues: success in some small watersheds and river basin organisation like OMVS• Partners involvment issue: government, NGO, Association
  • 19. Thank you very much for your attention
  • 20. Research themes • CC, water resources andTheme 1 ecosystemsTheme 2 • Efficient Water usages - IWRMTheme 3 • Water, health and Environment
  • 21. Programme de recherche en cours (suite) • Water policy, laws, water value andTheme 4 pricing • Littoral and watershed Integrated Axe 5 management Axe 6 • Quality of water
  • 22. Programme de recherche en cours (suite)Theme 7 •Institutionnel reform
  • 23. EDEQUE objectives• Train researchers and professionals in water sector sciences• Initiate and develop water related projects• Promote and rise awareness water problems at decisions makers levels through training and research• Promote and develop water related education
  • 24. EDEQUE: NEPAD Center of Excellence leader of the network of West African centers of Excellence1. Hydraulic infrastructures towards economic development ( water for energy, agriculture and others usages);2. Water resource management (transboundary and basins water resources management and protection, sustainable usages)3. Water, sanitation and health – millennium Dvt goals;4. Water and climate: adaptation to CC, risk management ;5. Water governance ( institutional, role and responsibility of stakeholders, involvement in process) ;6. Funding in water and sanitation sector7. Education, knowledge, information and capacity building .8. Coastal zone water and lakes sustainable management 25
  • 25. Missions of l’EDEQUE Ensure high quality research supervision Implement an interdisciplinary approach in water sector Finding Research fund for Doctorale thesis Foster local, regional and international integration through incrementing professional competence, problem-solving abilities towards progress in the provision of water for human and economic development
  • 26. Benefits• Alliance of diverse research teams and their specific objectives on water resource development and management ( interdisciplinary approach) to describe, analyze and implement project in water sector with aspects related to engineering, social, policy…• Most of them have already a common history (teaching and research) and work within common structures (UCAD) and partners structures (others universities, governmental structures, international organisations).• Research teams also share an interest for practical applications leading to careers in the industry.• The program benefits from an excellent integration of its doctorates on the job market.• More than 50 researchers and highly qualified professionals involved in EDEQUE and working in different programs (UNESCO, AMMA, Water, Coastal zone, climalology , CC , IWRM, policy and economics projects)
  • 27. Context of IWRM in Senegal Worldwide water crisis  Decline in Potable water availability and water shortage  Increase in water demand  Water crisis in many basins  Climatic variability and CC impacts: water, ecosystem, food Health, coast, risks 1970 2000 2010 2015 World 3,6 billions 6,5 billions 7,6 billions 8,2 billions Population 3880 m3 2150 m3 1840 m3 1720 m3
  • 28. • IWRM modules taught in this master• UETC-7 : General Hydrogeology: (5 CREDITS)•• UETC-8 : general Hydrology : (5 CREDITS)• UEHY-2 : Watershed Hydrology : optional A (5 CREDITS)• UEHY-5 : Water management et protection : optional A (5 CREDITS)• UEHY-7 : Impacts et policy in WRM: optional A (3 CREDITS)