Introduction - a Potential Global Goal for Water
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Introduction - a Potential Global Goal for Water

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A presentation of GWP's country consultations, undertaken in order to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals and the post-2015 development agenda. This project is a collaboration with ...

A presentation of GWP's country consultations, undertaken in order to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals and the post-2015 development agenda. This project is a collaboration with UN-Water.

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  • The national consultations are being undertaken in collaboration with UN-Water, based on their Technical Advice Paper, which was developed with GWP as a Partner: http://www.unwater.org/news-events/news-details/en/c/213666/. UN-Water’s homepage: http://www.unwater.org/home/en/
  • Ban Ki Moon Sec Gen of the UN has said that the future Development Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) reflect the views of countries and stakeholders and asked for wide consultations. This was not done for the MDGs which were developed by ‘experts’ with little consultations.There has been a lot of activity since the beginning of 2013 to get a wide range of views. GWP carried out 22 country consultations in early 2013 with country reports on priorities and a synthesis report that was provided to the Open Working Group for their first meeting to discuss water in July 2013. The OWG is a group of ambassadors based in New York from a select group of countries covering the world.The list of countries is given in the guidelines provided by GWP.
  • GWP is now carrying out consultations in 30 countries (some new and some the same as first consultation in 2013). The present round of consultations aim to mobilize the voice of stakeholders and get country level feedback to influence the global policy dialogue and contribute to shaping potential sustainable development goals after 2015. The list of 30 countries is given in the GWP Guidelines and include 4 new countries (Cameroon, Morocco, Nigeria and Zimbabwe).  The present consultations will build on the findings of the earlier set of country dialogues organised by GWP in Q1 2013. The earlier dialogues were held in 22 countries to determine priorities for a future post-2015 development agenda. This work was submitted to the UNDP, the UN Task Team and UN Open Working Group (OWG) in May 2013. It contributed towards developing the future development agenda. The output was well received by the UN, which is keen to have the perspective from country stakeholders.
  • Most consultations have concluded that a dedicated water goal is necessary. For example the Future We Want (an online web based consultation) put water at the heart of sustainable development.Similarly the High Level Panel, chaired by the Presidents of Indonesia and Liberia and Prime Minister of UK. Reported in July 2013 and concluded that a water goal is needed with targets covering drinking water, sanitation, water resources management and managing wastewater.
  • It is crucial that the new development agenda and SDGs build on past experience and complete unfinished business. The MDG targets on WASH remain a priority and the aim should be for universal access.
  • At the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002 a target was set to prepare integrated water resources management plans. Many countries have adopted an integrated approach but this is a work in progress. The future development agenda must take this forward to address key WRM challenges.
  • Good governance underpins all other aspects of water. Without a sound basis of equitable, participatory and accountable water governance and strong effective institutions there is a high risk that investments will fall well short of their aims.
  • Water quality and wastewater management have been neglected in earlier global statements but were highlighted as of increasingly important at the Rio+20 conference in 2012.
  • Water related disasters have not hitherto been mainstreamed into water agenda. They affect more and more people and national economies and need to form part of the future development agenda.
  • The proposed Goal for Water is : Securing Sustainable Water for All. The aim is to set a 15 year period for the new development agenda from 2015 to 2030. This comprehensive goal sets out the broad purpose of the water goal in simple language that can be readily understood and communicated. It is coupled with five targets that are inter-related, all of which are needed to meet the goal. They cover (i) drinking water supply and sanitation, (ii) water resources management, (iii) water governance, (iv) wastewater pollution and water quality and finally (v) water-related disasters. The goal and targets are all inter-linked and require an integrated approach so that there is synergy across the range of interventions needed to meet the targets.
  • These five targets have been formulated after an extensive consultation among over 25 UN agencies plus partners including GWP. The aim is to have clear target that set out objectives that are measurable and realistic. The aim is for countries to set values for the various numbers (x, y z) etc. which would then be compounded to give overall global values. The final wording of the targets is the responsibility of the OWG and the aim of the meeting is not to discuss the wording but to consider if they cover the key issues important to the country, if any key priority is not covered and if they set a suitable framework for the future development agenda.
  • Growing body of evidence on the cost-benefits of investing in water.
  • In the second part of the meeting it is important to consider what are the implications for the country should the General Assembly decide on the water goal and targets. For example in terms of the means of implementation related to infrastructure, capacity, finance, science, monitoring and reporting. Other issues can also be discussed related to implementing and meeting the goal by 2030.
  • There are other parallel processes that will feed into the SDGs and post-2015 Development Agenda.The development agenda will include many other themes with water just one of 11 possible themes.The country consultations will provide a country report and the GWP will prepare a synthesis report that takes the key points from the 30 consultations and feed this into the OWG.
  • The national consultations are being undertaken in collaboration with UN-Water, based on their Technical Advice Paper, which was developed with GWP as a Partner: http://www.unwater.org/news-events/news-details/en/c/213666/. UN-Water’s homepage: http://www.unwater.org/home/en/

Introduction - a Potential Global Goal for Water Presentation Transcript

  • 1. A Potential Global Goal for Water National Consultations A COLLABORATION BETWEEN GWP AND UN -WATER
  • 2. Overall objectives and process To contribute to the SDG consultation process as well as to the discussions on the post-2015 development agenda at large… Guided by the priorities agreed at the Rio+20 Conference 2012. Drawing on several consultative processes: • Thematic, national and regional consultations (incl GWP in 2013). • High Level Panel. • Open Working Group on SDGs (OWG). • Budapest Water Summit.
  • 3. Aims of the national consultations To obtain views from 30 key countries on the post-2015 development agenda for water and sustainable development. To build awareness and examine the recommendation presented in the UN-Water paper on a dedicated goal for water from the country perspective. Influence the global policy dialogue to ensure water is not neglected in the future development agenda. To examine implications of adopting the goal and targets.
  • 4. Why a dedicated water goal?  The Future We Want: “water is at the core of sustainable development”  Water is at the heart of adaptation to climate change  Billions lack access to the most basic water supply and sanitation services  Increasing demand, pollution, risks, competition for water resources  Current situation presents a global threat to human health and wellbeing as well as to the integrity of ecosystems
  • 5. Building on existing commitments and experience: Water, Sanitation, Hygeine  Building on the MDG Target on water supply and basic sanitation  The human right to safe drinking water and sanitation – Obligations on all Member States for progressive realization of the right  Finishing the “unfinished business” in WASH to provide access for all must remain a top priority
  • 6. Building on existing commitments and experience: Water Resources Management    Finishing the “unfinished business” in water resources management is also a priority – Agenda 21 (1992), subsequent CSD meetings (2005, 2008) and Rio+20 (2012) UN-Water WRM survey of more than 130 countries presented to Rio+20 conference in 2012. – widespread adoption of integrated approaches to water management, – But… Need to implement IWRM plans prepared after the Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development 2002  Significant challenges remain!
  • 7. Building on existing commitments and experience: Governance Strengthening water governance highlighted in many international agreements. Underpins all other water targets and also links to related goals such as food, energy & health. - Ensure access to and make good use of finance. - Build stronger institutions and regulation. - Establish accountable, participatory and transparent processes.
  • 8. Building on existing commitments and experience: Wastewater and water quality  Improving water quality and wastewater management needs to be a priority too – Water quality has to date been very much neglected – 80% of wastewater is discharged without treatment – Impact on the water resource and therefore on drinking-water supply – Impact on ecosystems  These concerns were clearly expressed at Rio+20
  • 9. Building on existing commitments and experience: water related disasters  Increased resilience to water-related disasters – Floods and droughts (Climate Change/adaptation) – Human-influenced disasters such as chemical spills  Rio+20 called for stronger coordination between disaster risk reduction and development planning
  • 10. Post-2015 development goals need to address five priority areas… .. which cover the dimensions of sustainable development and contribute towards poverty reduction Universal access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene, improving water quality and raising service standards Healthy people Increased prosperity Equitable societies Protected ecosystems Resilient communities The sustainable use and development of water resources, increasing and sharing the available benefits through Robust and effective water governance with more effective institutions and administrative systems Improved water quality and wastewater management taking account of environmental limits Reduced risk of water-related disasters to protect vulnerable groups and minimize economic losses
  • 11. Proposed Targets A. Achieve universal access to safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene B. Improve by (x%) the sustainable use and development of water resources in all countries C. All countries strengthen equitable, participatory and accountable water governance D. Reduce untreated wastewater by (x%), nutrient pollution by (y%) and increase wastewater reuse by (z%) E. Reduce mortality by (x%) and economic loss by (y%) from natural and human-induced water-related disasters
  • 12. A water goal makes economic sense  Universal access to sanitation, benefits outweigh costs 5.5 to 1  Universal access to drinking-water, the ratio is 2 to 1 Irrigation infrastructure in Africa, rates of return are up to 26%   Overexploitation of groundwater Middle East and Northern Africa 2% of GDP  Watershed protection initiatives in the US yield up to USD 200 for every dollar invested, compared to conventional water treatment costs  One dollar invested in public water and sewer infrastructure adds USD 9 to the national economy  Early warning systems for storms, floods, and droughts throughout Asia indicate potential returns of up to USD 559 for each USD 1 invested
  • 13. Implications: implementing the targets  Infrastructure Water supply, sanitation, irrigation, hydro, water treatment, flood control - operation and maintenance and the sustainability of services, including governance issues      Policy, laws, plans & coordination Institutions Enhanced human capacities Remove barriers to attract finance New science and technology solutions  Monitoring, data and reporting
  • 14. Next steps 1. 30 National consultations FebMay 2014 (GWP) - feed into Open Working Group: May 2014 2. Interaction with OWG/Member States/Other emerging SDG topics: during 2014 3. OWG report to General Assembly: September 2014 4. Intergovernmental negotiations in 2015 with General Assembly decision on post-2015 Development Agenda: Sept 2015
  • 15. This Country Consultation is undertaken in collaboration with UN-Water and will contribute to the formulation of a water goal and targets www.unwater.org