One Last Change - Implementation of IWRM in Africa


Published on

Address to the Global Water Partnership (GWP)'s Consulting Partners Meeting 2009, on the theme of "One Last Chance" - demonstrating how IWRM (Integrated Water Resource Management" is critical to Africa's future. Presentation by Alex Simalabwi.

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

One Last Change - Implementation of IWRM in Africa

  1. 1. Alex Simalabwi GWPO August 2009 Implementation of IWRM in Africa One last chance
  2. 2. GWP 2015
  3. 3. It is 2015 and the world is taking stock of progress on MDGs Africa has missed the MDG targets You have been asked to go back in time from 2015 to 2009 for the one last chance to make a difference
  4. 4. 2009 2015 what would you do?
  5. 5. You have heard of Africa’s potential... <ul><li>Oil & gas reserves in North Africa and the Gulf of Guinea; and other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Hydropower potential in Central and Eastern Africa with highest potential in DRC, Ethiopia & Cameroon. </li></ul><ul><li>Coal deposits in Southern Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Geothermal energy in East Africa region (Kenya, Ethiopia and Djibouti). Wind power potential in North Africa (Morocco and Egypt) and Southern Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 3.7 % of arable land is irrigated-corresponding to 10 % South America, 29% East and south-east Asia and 41% South Asia respectively. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism potential ..good </li></ul>
  6. 6. You venture to see for yourself...
  7. 7. Rich Wildlife
  8. 8. Beutiful Coast line
  9. 9. Biodiversity
  10. 10. Deltas
  11. 11. Untapped resources in mining
  12. 12. Plenty of sunshine that dazzle the eye at sunset..
  13. 13. Wake up to the might thunder of falls
  14. 14. Kids wave at you as you pass...and you notice something..
  15. 18. Africa’s challenges come to your mind.... <ul><li>5% GDP loses due to poor coverage of water and sanitation, 2% to power outages, between 5%-25% to droughts & floods, and 5% to future impacts of climate change </li></ul><ul><li>61 million population increase without access to water s ince 1970, </li></ul><ul><li>Only 4% storage of annual renewable flows, compared with 70%-90% in developed countries </li></ul><ul><li>only 7% of Africa’s hydropower developed </li></ul><ul><li>2008 food crisis led to high prices, leading to social and political unrest </li></ul><ul><li>Home to 10 % world's poor in 1970; by 2000, risen to 50 percent </li></ul><ul><li>Population on the raise, urban migration up, climate change to compound the situation </li></ul>
  16. 19. Climate Change Energy Food prices
  17. 20. In the light of these threats, what would you do?
  18. 21. You ask yourself, whats the impact?
  19. 23. The Per Pinstrup-Andersen Equation (Wageningen Lecture March 2005) Rhetoric Declarations Plans Targets Action
  20. 24. The phone rings..& you hear of another declaration on water by AU Heads of State at Sharm el Shelkh in Egypt
  21. 25. You are told..National IWRM Planning...GWP involved in more than 12 countries..5 completed, others on-going
  22. 26. ...But what has been ask? <ul><li>IWRM acknowlged by many countries </li></ul><ul><li>New water policies and laws in place </li></ul><ul><li>Progress overall on creating an enabling environment </li></ul><ul><li>Great awareness raised and high level political will as evidenced in Sharm el Shelkh AU declaration </li></ul><ul><li>In some countries, IWRM Plans have been incorporated in National Developement Plans: Zambia, Mali, Malawi </li></ul><ul><li>In these countries, IWRM plans linked to annual national budgets for water sector </li></ul><ul><li>Stakeholder participation has increased </li></ul><ul><li>Great partnerships with (MOUs in place) -SADC, ECOWAS and AMCOW </li></ul><ul><li>High recognition of GWP Africa regions </li></ul>
  23. 27. Plans have been developed, so what?
  24. 28. Many lessons learned <ul><li>Political will in word and deed required...cultivate it </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on few development challenges..ride on them </li></ul><ul><li>Communication and managed consultation important </li></ul><ul><li>IWRM is not a one-size-fits-all, context matters </li></ul><ul><li>IWRM is a means not an end </li></ul><ul><li>IWRM is an iterative and adaptive process </li></ul><ul><li>IWRM tools are context-specific </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships and alliances crucial </li></ul><ul><li>Facillitation is to let those with the mandate to do,... DO </li></ul><ul><li>Need to engage other sectors..economic sectors..and non water alliances, allies in economic sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Media can be an aly or a foe </li></ul><ul><li>Involve funding agencies from start and through out </li></ul><ul><li>Fundraising should be at all levels...PAWD focused on central fundraising but should have been at all levels </li></ul>
  25. 29. To have impact..focus on drivers of socio-economic devpt <ul><li>Drivers of economy are outside the ‘water’ sector… Water is not the economic driver </li></ul>
  26. 30. IWRM Plans should be linked to national developement plans and adresss critical challenges such as climate change, food security and overall water security for developement
  27. 31. Addressing these challenges in this one last chance needs strategic alies, technical resources and collaboration
  28. 32. Collaboration and aliances..crucial “ If I have seen further than others, it is by standing upon the shoulders of giants.” … ..Isaac Newton
  29. 33. One last chance.. towards a GWP Pan-Africa Program <ul><li>GWP Regions in Africa joining forces for a pan-africa program with AMCOW and RECs..following up on Sharm el Shelkh Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>Priority themes focussing on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transboudary water mgt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IWRM implementation and National developement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Gorvernace including Financing and monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Funding model at all levels and decentralised but in collaboration with AMCOW, AFDB, SADC, ECOWAS, ECCAS and others </li></ul><ul><li>Harnesing the power of the network..for impact across Africa </li></ul>
  30. 34. GWP Africa
  31. 36. <ul><li>Can these lessons and concepts be applicable in Asia, Latin America, Carrribean, Eastern Europe, China? </li></ul>
  32. 37. One last chance for GWP regions in Asia, Latin America, Carrribean, Eastern Europe, China?
  33. 38. <ul><ul><li>If you had only one last chance, would you look beyond Africa, beyond your region and ask? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What did they do? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How did they do it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What challenges did they face? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What resource did they need? </li></ul></ul>
  34. 39. What would you do?