Gwp in action 2009 2013 - reflections in international year of water cooperation kenzo hiroki-1 sep
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Gwp in action 2009 2013 - reflections in international year of water cooperation kenzo hiroki-1 sep Gwp in action 2009 2013 - reflections in international year of water cooperation kenzo hiroki-1 sep Presentation Transcript

  • GWP in Action 2009-2013 - Reflections in International Year of Water Cooperation - Kenzo Hiroki Member, GWP Steering Committee
  • - IWRM is a decisive element for survival- -A lesson of Great East Japan Earthquake
  • Great East Japan Earthquake - 18,000 people and 100 billion USD were lost - 3Photo: Tohoku Construction Association March 11th, 2011 View slide
  • A miracle in Kamaishi City 1,000 people died out of a population of 40,000 by Tsunami in March 11, 2012 In Kamaishi City Only 5 out of the 2,900 primary and junior high school students lost their lives. A casualty rate of 0.17 % is 1/15 of the rate for the general public (2.5%, (55% in tsunami in 1896)) View slide
  • A miracle and a tragedy in 3.11 Tsunami  Strong awareness that tsunami may come at any moment  Students and teachers have cooperated for creating hazard maps  Community working with schools to be prepared for tsunami (drills, etc.)  Lack of understanding that tsunami may reach the school  Children were kept in school while teachers discussed what to do  The school was not in a flood zone in community tsunami hazard map A miracle in schools of Kamaishi City Casualty rate: 0.17% A tragedy in a school in a northern city Casualty rate: 70% Pre-disaster IWRM (IFM) process was decisive element in the miracle
  • People’s Participation IWRM Process creates a “miracle” Progress of Water Cooperation 2. Conceptualization of tsunami evacuation 4 2 1 5 3 5. Miracle of Kamaishi 1.Awareness on tsunami risk 3. Consultation with family and community through children 4. Tsunami education, drills & community practice
  • “Can we afford losing our children by lack of IWRM?” Our Lesson
  • GWP in Action 2009-2011
  • Events affecting our water in 2009-2013 1. Recurrent Water Challenges  Still lack of access to water and sanitation Mega Flooding, Tsunami and other water-related Disasters (Floods in Pakistan, Thailand, China, US, Caribbean, India, etc. Tsunami in Japan, Drought in Africa, Australia, U.S., etc.) Regional and national water disputes/conflicts 2. Social crisis affecting water Economic boom and debacle Food and Energy Crisis Increasing urban problems
  • Events affecting our water in 2009-2013 3. Global water/non-water discussion dictating our future Climate Change Dialogue Process (COP, etc.) Rio+20 and Post-2015 Agenda UN and other resolutions (UN-GA human right for water and sanitation, UN 5 Year Drive of Sustainable Sanitation, International Year of Water Cooperation, UN World Toilet Day…)  Globalization of water issues have happened  New lessons and challenges have been learnt
  • 11 1. Have we grown? 2. Have we seen satisfactory advancement of IWRM? 3. Have we responded to emerging water challenges fast enough? 4. Have we had enough money and will we ? GWP in 2009-2013 Key Questions
  • Growth of GWP membership - Nearly tenfold increase in 10 years (2002-2012)- 2 069 2 176 2 359 2 585 2 770 149 154 157 164 167 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 0 500 1 000 1 500 2 000 2 500 3 000 3 500 4 000 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 CountriesPartners Number of Partners Number of Countries
  • 13 13 Goal 1. Promoting water as a key part of sustainable development • Benin adopts IWRM Plan after four-year effort by GWP West Africa (GWP West Africa) • Aghstev River Basin Council was established by mediation of GWP Armenia (GWP Central Asia and Caucasus) • Panama National IWRM Plan was launched with help of GWP Panama (GWP Central America) • GWP Mediterranean helped establishing IWRM and coastal management framework , piloting in Buna-Bojana Area
  • 14 14 Goal 2. Addressing critical development challenges • GWP Eastern Africa and partners trained negotiation skills of women from 37 African countries (GWP Eastern Africa) • Video-consultation system for flood risk reduction in 15,000 villages was established by help of GWP Fujian (GWP China) • Small water service providers were officially recognized as MDG contributors by eforts of GWP Philippines (GWP South East Asia) • Douala Urban Council took IWRM into its Urban Work Plan (GWP Central Africa)
  • 15 15 • GWP Caribbean’s provision of seed funds led to Suriname Water Resources Information System (GWP Caribbean) • GWP Brazil & Mozambique organized Portuguese speaking country media workshop (GWP South America et al.) • Water quality during pilgrimage was improved by Menik Ganga Area Water Partnership (GWP South Asia) • GWP Mali trained 30 Partners to use Toolbox (GWP West Goal 3. Reinforcing knowledge sharing and communications
  • 16 16 Goal 4. Building more effective network • MOU with Cap-Net and with FAO were signed (GWPO) • UNECE Water and Health Protocol was put into action by support of GWP Romania and Ukraine (GWP ECE) • GWP Laos, Chile, and Gambia were accredited (GWP South East Asia, South America and West Africa) • GWP South Africa won bidding for USAID Limpopo Project
  • 17 Number of GWP Actions Action category by GWP Tool Box 2012 Strategy 2009 to 2012 Total since 1998 A Enabling Environment 19 39 77 B Institutional Roles and Capacity 16 37 91 C Management Instruments 19 71 118 Total: 54 147 286 We have grown in terms of countries, memberships, and actions.
  • Have we seen satisfactory advancement of IWRM?
  • HDI: Human Development Index Global Progress of IWRM Plan (2008-2012) - UN-Water Survey on Status of IWRM (2012) - Source: Status report on the integrated approaches to water Resources Management, UN-Water
  • Number of countries which GWP directly helped in producing or implementing IWRM Plans Period Number of countries which GWP directly helped in producing or implementing IWRM Plans Number of countries which GWP directly helped in producing IWRM Plans 2002- 2012 36 21 2009- 2012 21 6
  • 0 2 2 2 2,8 33 20 16 25 13 8 9 23 18 21 18 14 20 31 22 9 14 19 33 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Financing IWRM IWRM Plan IWRM Policy IWRM Law Not relevant Under development Developed, not implemented Implementation Started Implementation advanced Fully implemented Global Status of IWRM Plan and Implementation Source: Status report on the integrated approaches to water Resources Management, UN-Water
  • 7 0 0 6 0 32 18 5 17 0 10 23 22 5 4 18 24 31 24 17 20 21 27 30 29 14 13 16 19 50 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Cross-sector coordination Capacity Building Monitoring & Info. Financing WR Infra. Stakeholder Participation Not relevant Under development Developed, not implemented Implementation Started Implementation advanced Fully implemented Global Status of IWRM Plan and Implementation Source: Status report on the integrated approaches to water Resources Management, UN-Water
  • KeyInfra. Development/ Financing Financing IWRM Monitoring the Resource Disaster management Water efficiency management Climate change adaptation Institutional capacity building Coordination between levels Cross-sector coordination Legislation Knowledge sharing Stakeholder participation Transboundary capacity Management by private sector Key management challenges in IWRM Source: Status report on the integrated approaches to water Resources Management, UN-Water Low Med. High HighestPriority: No problem We have seen good global progress in IWRM, but still much more to do
  • Have we responded to emerging water challenges fast enough?
  • GWP Action to meet new challenges Challenge Global Action Regional/Country Action Food & Energy Crisis  Perspective Papers on Groundwater & Irrigation  Synthesis Report on CC, Water & Food Security  Water for Food Security at GWP-CPM Rainwater Harvesting in Greece by GWP-MED; Challenge Program on Water and Food in Limpopo; GWP India Pilot Project for Rainwater Harvesting Sanitatio n and waste water  Policy Briefs on Wastewater  Partnering woth Sanitation and Water for All Wastewater Reuse Project in Armenia; Wastewater Management Plan and School Water Supply and Sanitation in Botswana; Review WS on Water and Sanitation in 8 CWP in Central Asia RIO+20 and Green Economy  Policy Briefs on Water Security for Growth and Sustainability  Perspective Paper on Water in the Green Economy Astana Action Plan to connect water management and green economy; GWP CACENA Report on Water Security;
  • Major Water-Related Disasters (2010 – 2011) Philippines Flood 110 dead Dec. 24, 2010– Jan. 2011 Nigeria Flood 40 dead Sep. 13, 2010 Philippines Tropical cyclone 35 dead Oct. 18, 2010 Nicaragua Flood 66 dead Aug. 17, 2010 Burkina Faso Flood 16 dead Jul. 21, 2010 France Extratropical cyclone 53 dead Feb. 28, 2010 Honduras Flood 117 dead Aug. 2010 India Flood 203 dead Nov. 15, 2010 Pakistan Flood 1,985 dead Jul. 28, 2010 Pakistan Flood 60 dead Jul. 21, 2010 Poland Flood 16 dead May. 17, 2010 Tajikistan Flood 73 dead May. 06, 2010 Indonesia Tsunami 530 dead Oct. 24, 2010 Benin Flood 46 dead Jul. 2010 Philippines Flood 16 dead Mar. 14, 2011 Bolivia Flood 56 dead Feb. 14, 2011 Philippines Flood 23 dead Jan. 25, 2011 Brazil Flood 806 dead Jan. 11, 2011 United States Local storm 354 dead Apr. 22, 2011 United States Local storm 142 dead May. 22, 2011 Colombia Flood 138 dead Apr. 2011 Kenya Flood 100 dead May. 08, 2010 China Flood 1,691 dead May. 29, 2010 Philippines Flood 16 dead Nov. 01, 2010 Australia Flood 16 dead Dec. 25, 2010-Jan. 2011 Indonesia Flood 291 dead Oct. 02, 2010 Bolivia Flood 26 dead Jan. 01, 2010 Colombia Flood 418 dead Apr. 06, 2010 Afghanistan Flood 70 dead May. 05, 2010 Afghanistan Flood 65 dead Jul. 27, 2010 Philippines Tropical cyclone 146 dead Jul. 12, 2010Pakistan Flood 456 dead Aug. 2010 Thailand Flood※ 813 dead Oct. 2011 Angola Flood 7 dead Mar. 01, 2010 Bangladesh Flood 10 dead Jul. 19, 2011 Brazil Flood 72 dead Jun.19, 2010 China Flood 102 dead Sept. 2011 China Flood 152 dead Jun. 2010China Local storm 30 dead Jan. 01, 2010 China Tropical cyclone 75 dead Sep. 20, 2010 Japan Tsunami 15,824 dead Mar .11, 2011 Myanmar Flood 106 dead Oct. 20, 2011 China Flood 168 dead Jun. 03, 2011 China Flood 59 dead Aug. 13, 2010 China Local storm 17 dead Apr. 17 ,2011Myanmar Tropical cyclone 45 dead Oct. 22, 2010 El Salvador Flood 35 dead Sep. 2011 Guatemala Flood 43 dead Oct 12, 2011 Guatemala Tropical cyclone 174 dead May. 28, 2010 India Flood 34 dead Sep. 2011 India Flood 196 dead Aug. 06, 2010 India Local storm 54 dead May. 06, 2010 Bangladesh Flood 15 dead Oct. 01, 2010 India Flood 53 dead Jul. 5, 2010 India Flood 200 dead Sep. 18, 2010 India Flood 98 dead Jul. 05, 2010 India Tropical cyclone 114 dead Apr. 13, 2010 Sri Lanka Flood 43 dead Jan. 05, 2011 Madagascar Tropical cyclone 35 dead Feb. 14, 2011 Brazil Flood 256 dead Apr. 04, 2010 Mexico Tropical cyclone 12 dead Sep. 15, 2010 Mexico Tropical cyclone 20 dead Jun. 30, 2011 Mexico Flood 25 dead Sep. 20, 2010 Mexico Tropical cyclone 22 dead Jun. 30, 2010 Namibia Flood 65 dead Mar. 01, 2011 Kenya Flood 94 dead Mar. 01, 2010 Madagascar Tropical cyclone 120 dead Mar. 10, 2010 Nepal Flood 89 dead Jun. 2011 Niger Flood 3 dead Aug. 01, 2010 Chad Flood 24 dead Aug. 15, 2010 Nepal Flood 138 dead Aug. 21, 2010 Thailand Flood 258 dead Oct. 10, 2010 Philippines Tropical cyclone 43 dead Aug. 27, 2011 Philippines Flood 103 dead Sept. 24, 2011 Philippines Storm 84 dead July 26, 2011 Viet Nam Flood 84 dead Oct. 01, 2010 Viet Nam Flood 50 dead Nov. 12, 2010 Viet Nam Flood 21 dead Oct. 14, 2010 Cambodia Flood 207 dead Aug. 2011 Source: EM-DAT/CRED as of Jan 19, 2012 * The data for Oct 2011 flood in Thailand is from CRED/UN ISDR Press Conference Report, Jan 18, 2012 (includes missing) Disasters with more than 50 persons dead or more than 100,000 persons affected In case a country has multiple disasters, disasters with less than 10 persons dead are omitted
  • GWP in Action to address climate change and water-related disasters Year & Event GWP Global Action GWP Regional/ Country Action 2009 COP15  GWP as Observer to UNFCCC;  Perspective Paper for Greater Resilience  Background Paper on Climate Change Adaptation Climate Change Adaptation Strategy in South Africa; Linking water to CC in Mali; Dhaka WS for flood mitigation; Fujian WS on Extreme Climate Events in China; Youth producing vulnerability map in Barbados; Guyana WS on water and disasters; Honduras WS on water scarcity; Cuzco CC training WS for teachers; CCA and Water & Land Management Dialogue in Copenhagen, Hanoi, Bamako and MOnbasa 2010 COP16 Flood in Pakistan  GWP joined Nairobi Work Program on CC  GWP and WMO established Help Desk on Integrated Flood Management GWP Pakistan joined recovery and rehabilitation actions of Pakistan Flood; GWP Zambia to incorporate CCA into National Development Plan; High-Level Roundtable on CC in China; Integrated Flood Management Dialogue in Malaysia; Agreement by CABEI and GWP Central America to address CC; GWP El Salvador and FUNDE to arrange dialogue on CC policy;
  • Year & Event GWP Global Action GWP Regional/ Country Action 2011 COP17 Great East Japan Earthquake Thailand Flood Drought in Africa & Australia  GWP helped a decision to convene UNFCCC WS on water management & CC  GWP organized Water Climate and Development Day at COP17  UNFCC Report on CC and Freshwater Management with GWP contribution Water Climate and Development Program (WACDEP) launched for Africa; CCA Strategy for SADAC; Urban Flood Risk Management Framework for Dhaka; GWP Central America to help Regional Strategy for CC; Regional WS on CC and IWRM by GWP Peru; Regional WS on flood management and CC by GWP MED 2012 COP18 Rio+20 6th World Water Forum Hurricane Sandy  GWP-WMO Drought Help Desk was established  GWP coordinated country responses to UN status report on IWRM  GWP hosted a prep. WS on water and CC for the UNFCCC's SBSTA Knowledge shared to improve climate resilience in South Asia; Journalists' role in water and climate change enhanced in Cameroon; CCA Report on Agriculture in South Asia; WS on Integrated Drought Management for Central and Easter Europe GWP has responded to emerging challenges fast and utmost at global, regional and country levels
  • Have we had enough money, and will we have it?
  • 30 GWP Budget: 2002 - 2016 2004-2008 Strategy 2009-2013 Strategy  GWP crossed financial “death valley” without affecting support to regions/countries  GWP has good financial prospect in the next period
  • How have we spent money? 68%7% 3% 22% GWPO Total Expenditure 2010-2012 Region/Countries Tool Box/Technical Support Global Governance Secretariat Total: 26.9million EUR/3 years  We had not much, but Max for Regions/Countries  We will have sufficient funds for next strategy  Special thanks to Ania and the Secretariat for their straightjacketing and fundraising efforts
  • 32 1. Have we grown? Yes! 2. Have we seen satisfactory advancement of IWRM? Yes! 3. Have we responded to emerging water challenges fast enough? Yes! 4. Have we had enough money ? No, but we will! GWP in 2009-2013 Key Questions
  • What to do next? - Towards Next Strategy -
  • What will you do collectively/individually in the next strategic period? Starting from better status of IWRM; with increased number of GWP Partners; with established recognition of GWP and IWRM; based on your achievement in the Region/ Country; equipped with extensive knowledge chains and available technology; and with closer ties with your partners and friends in the Region/Country
  • Wake up call IWRM still does not have secure position in Post-2015 Agenda - Do not assume that IWRM is given -
  • Goal 1: End Poverty  Build resilience and reduce deaths from natural disasters by x% Goal6:Achieve Universal Access to Water & Sanitation  Provide universal access to safe drinking water at home, and in schools, health centers, and refugee camps  End open defecation and ensure universal access to sanitation at school and work, and increase access to sanitation at home by x%  Bring freshwater withdrawals in line with supply and increase water efficiency in agriculture by x%, industry by y% and urban areas by z%  Recycle or treat all municipal and industrial wastewater prior to discharge Post-2015 Target on Water proposed by HLP
  • Including “Universal Access to Benefit of IWRM” in Post-2015 Water Target  National/Basin Plans of IWRM  Implementation & monitoring mechanism of the Plans  Governance Structure of IWRM  Resources Arrangement for IWRM to happen  Assurance of people’s participation in the IWRM Process  Coverage of IWRM Plans in Countries and Basins  Legal/administrative framework for IWRM  Implementation mechanism and structure  Resource arrangement by Countries  Number of people which are covered by the above “Universal Access” Benchmarks
  • Influencing Post-2015 Process “One push/partner will make big changes” Countries -Thematic Consultation -Regional Consultation UN- System Task Team High Advisory Groups (HLP, SDSN) Leaders Member States Open Working Group UN General Assembly 2,800 GWP Partners GWP Regions GWP Countries Thousands of Friends of GWP GWPO GWP-TEC Friends of GWPO/TEC Mobilizing Stakeholders, Media & Private Sector
  • Epilogue: Cooperation to plant cherry blossom trees along the tsunami footprint • Activities to plant cherry blossom trees along the border line which the 3.11 tsunami reached • An attempt by community to remind local people of tsunami for years to come People’s efforts to turn lessons into better water cooperation continue not to repeat the tragedy
  • Thank you
  • Progress of Climate Change Convention • 2009 — COP15 in Copenhagen Copenhagen Accord was taken note by the COP. Countries submitted pledges on emissions reductions or mitigation action, all non-binding. • 2010 — COP16 in Cancun Cancun Agreements, a set of significant decisions to address the long- term challenge of climate change collectively and comprehensively, was largely accepted by the COP. • 2011 — COP 17 in Durban The Durban Platform for Enhanced Action was accepted by the COP to deliver a universal greenhouse gas reduction protocol, legal instrument, etc. for the period beyond 2020. • 2012 — COP18 / CMP8 in Doha Timetable for the 2015 global climate change agreement and increasing ambition before 2020 was agreed. The Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol was adopted by the CMP at CMP8.