Introduction to GWP Central America: progress and future plans

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November 201
by Gabriela Grau

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  • waterWastewater (regulationwithoutenforcement) and agrochemicalsEn CAM, entre 1930 y el 2008 se registraron 248 eventosextremos, de los cuales 85% hidrometerológicos (inundaciones, tormentastropicales, deslizamientos de tierra, etc), 9% sequías, 4% incendiosforestales... esdeciraz<xproximadamente 98% tieneunarelaciónestrechacon el exceso o la escasez de agua ...y quiénessuelen ser los másafectados? ... lascomunidadesmáspobres y vulnerables... PERO también son fuertementeimpactados los procesos de desarrollonacional. Esteefectonegativo en la economíanacional no les permite a los gobiernossacar a sus pobres de la pobreza.
  • Central American Commission of Environment and Development (CCAD) led by Ministers of EnvMoU  CCAD and CRRH Strategic/planning framework: ERCC + ECAGIRH + PACAGIRHCentral American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI)
  • Introduction to GWP Central America: progress and future plans

    1. 1. Introduction to GWP Central America: progress and future plans By Gabriela Grau Senior Network Officer – Latin America
    2. 2. Content• Water context in a nutshell• Evolution of GWP in CAm• GWP’s contribution to this region• Progress on “Central American water, climate and development programme”
    3. 3. Water context in a nutshell WMO: ”CAM has enough water, they use less than 10%”BUT 41 M people  2/3 in Pacific basin <1/3 of water Water quality is deficient  ES: 2% of water in rivers  apt human & agriculture  CR: 70% of sewage is released without treatment W&S high coverage  60% of service is deficient CC and water  1930-2008  248 extreme events (94%)  Poor + economy (11 events13.6 billion USD)
    4. 4. Evolution of GWP in Central America CATAC (Central America Technical BelicePanama Guatemala El Salvador = Advisory Committee) 2000 mission Costa Rica Nicaragua GWP El Salvador (’06) Honduras GWP Guatemala (’06) GWP Honduras (’06) GWP Costa Rica (’06) GWP GWP Centroamerica Secretariat  (Regional Water Partnership)* 2006 GWP Panama (’07) GWP Nicaragua (’07) Belice *Secretariat based in Honduras
    5. 5. Partners by type of organisation Type of organisation Central AmericaGovernment 28 (18 %)Municipalities, publicservice providers 24 (15 %)ONG 65 (40 %)Education andresearch 24 (15 %)Professionalassociations 4Private enterprises 9Other (Int. & donors) 7Total 161
    6. 6. Number of Partners by country… Country /CWP # of Partners Belize 4 GWP Costa Rica 25 GWP El Salvador 39 GWP Guatemala 28 GWP Honduras 21 GWP Nicaragua 27 GWP Panama 17 Total 161 AVG = 26
    7. 7. Partners by country… not only numbers!Country Highest Government water/env. authorities Belize (Hydrology Unit National Meteorological Service) Ministerio de Ambiente, Energía y TelecomunicacionesCosta Rica (MINAET) Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería (MAG) Servicios Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (SNET/MARN)El Salvador Comisión Ejecutiva Hidroeléctrica del río Lempa Comisión Trinacional del Plan TrifinioGuatemala Ministerio de Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (MARN) Secretaría General de Planificación (SEGEPLAN)Honduras Dirección de Recursos Hídricos (SERNA)Nicaragua Ministerio de Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (MARENA) Panama Autoridad Nacional del Ambiente (ANAM)
    8. 8. Partners by country… not only numbers!Country Main water supply and sanitation agencies Belize (Public Utilities Commission) Instituto Costarricence de Acueductos y AlcantarilladosCosta Rica (AyA)El Salvador (WS&S at local government level)Guatemala Red de Agua y Saneamiento de Guatemala (RASGUA)Honduras Servicio Nacional de Acueductos y Alcantarillados (SANAA) Empresa Nicaragüense de Acueductos y AlcantarilladosNicaragua Sanitarios (ENACAL) Instituto de Acueductos y Alcantarrillados Nacionales Panama (IDAAN)
    9. 9. Partners by country… not only numbers!Country Top national universities and research centres Belize Universidad Nacional de Costa RicaCosta Rica Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (CATIE)El Salvador Universidad Centroamericana José Simeón Cañas Esc. de Ingenieria Santitaria, Universidad de San CarlosGuatemala Instituto Nacional de Bosques Centro de Estudios Ambientales, Univ del ValleHonduras Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras Centro para la investigación en Recursos Acuáticos deNicaragua Nicaragua (CIRA-UNAM) Centro de Investigaciones Hidráulicas e Hidrotécnicas de la Panama Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá
    10. 10. GWP CAm’s contribution to the region Triggered the preparation of water bills in the region + improved their quality + contributed to two Water Acts (Nic ’07 & Hon ’09)  7 Conferences for Legislators, followed by technical advice and consultation processes Reactivation of Reg. IWRM strategy (ECAGIRH) + content of ECAGIRH & PACAGIRH (reg. IWRM plan) expected to be approved by Ministers of Env. (CCAD)
    11. 11. Some examples of achievements at CWP level…Panama: methodology to ensure broaderparticipation in implementation of PanamaCanal Basin mgt plan + preparation of IWRMNational PlanEl Salvador: increased budget for W&S byUSD 30M + AECID&IADB  through studyon public spending + mediaCosta Rica: establishment of NationalWater Policy (2005) basis for: Plan Nacionalde Aguas & Pollution and consumption levies(9M USD/’10 + reduced pollution)
    12. 12. Some examples of achievements at CWP levelHonduras: Water Act + regulatoryframework  Ministers’ CouncilNicaragua: Water Act led to the creationof ANA guidelines for IWRM/basinplanningGuatemala: Government established theGabinete Específico del Agua (vice-President + 10 ministers + SEGEPLAN) &GWP advisor to the governmenton water related dialogues
    13. 13. Central American Water, Climate and Development ProgrammeKey Programme components: (LL from Africa)1. To incorporate CC adaptation and IWRM as a high priority and mainstreaming issue in the national development of CAM countries.2. To build institutional capacity to reduce vulnerability and for CC adaptation through sustainable WM.3. To diffuse and support the implementation of successful adaptation strategies and develop sustainable funding strategies for water security and climate resilience. Aligned to the Reg. CC Strategy (approved by Ministers of Env.) Inception phase under discussion  part of ERCC implementation plan for approval by all CAM Presidents (Dec 11).
    14. 14. Central American Water, Climate and Development ProgrammeMain Programme partners and progress:• Central American Commission of Environment and Development (CCAD) – Strategic/planning framework: ERCC + ECAGIRH + PACAGIRH• Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI) – Baseline study on financial mechanisms (LL + KM + pilot)• UN-Economic Commission for LAC – The Economics of Climate Change in Central America (DFID-funded) – Baseline study on fiscal situation (threats to income and demands on expenditures within CC)  (finance sector) fiscal incentives to adaptation and sustainability• GWP Partners
    15. 15. Political willStrategic frameworkPlanning frameworkKey Partners and stakeholdersCredibility and technical capacityFinancial resources ?
    16. 16. THANKS !

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