Experience Using Tool Box In Regions


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Experience Using Tool Box In Regions

  1. 1. Lessons and regional linkages through the Tool Box in other GWP regions D. Thalmeinerova, GWP
  2. 2. ToolBox experience (up to now) <ul><li>Transfer of IWRM knowledge from CEE to CACENA using ToolBox </li></ul><ul><li>Localized version of ToolBox in SEA </li></ul><ul><li>ToolBox as “planning” tool in IWRM process in SAF </li></ul><ul><li>ScoreCard project in West/East Africa </li></ul>
  3. 3. CEE / CACENA <ul><li>Three pillars of ToolBox activities: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dissemination of knowledge on IWRM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training “sessions” based upon the needs and demands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of case studies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main mission: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to support the water community to recognize the characteristics of tools suited to improve water governance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to facilitate capturing and exchanging experiences derived from IWRM processes </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Activities in CEE <ul><li>To provide source of knowledge on IWRM and supplement “EU duties” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EU Water Framework Directive appears to be a complex and plentiful approach that to be understood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ rote” (mechanical) transposition of EU water related directives might miss the aim of IWRM </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To develop case studies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Totally 81 case studies elaborated in period 2004-2009 (mainly on involvement of the public at the planning process – new aspect in post-socialist countries) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To incorporate IWRM issues in education curricula of universities </li></ul>
  5. 5. Activities in CACENA <ul><li>ToolBox as a source of training documentation: 8 seminars in CACENA (2004 – 2008) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Themes” selected by participants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tool Box database (including case studies) used for presentations </li></ul></ul>ToolBox as a “manual” for new water initiatives (e.g. projects to be financed)
  6. 6. Value added of the Tool Box in CEE/CACENA <ul><li>Contribution to capacity building </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulation of “joint effort” of water experts who acted in isolation of each other (or fighting against each other) </li></ul><ul><li>Better (illustrative) interpretation of IWRM concept (rather than popularization of the term “IWRM”) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Some shortcomings of ToolBox <ul><li>in CEE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ToolBox competes with EU guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>in CACENA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Printed version most comfortable then internet connection </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Lessons learnt in CEE and CACENA <ul><li>Clear structure of ToolBox portrays IWRM approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clear understanding that river basins are units for water resources planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased awareness that different sectors have to work together (including water sectors!!!!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory approach is not a “break” but “accelerator” of future actions committed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Projects being developed are now confronted whether (if) IWRM components are present </li></ul>
  9. 9. ToolBox activities in SEA <ul><li>In 2005, a prototype of IWRM ToolBox web site in SEA launched </li></ul><ul><li>Intention was to motivate users to study the “IWRM Tools” and to get them to contribute cases and become part of a “ToolBox Community” </li></ul>
  10. 11. GWP-SEA ToolBox (Cases Grouped by IWRM Themes)
  11. 12. GWP-SEA ToolBox (All Cases Grouped by Country)
  12. 13. Activities in SAF <ul><li>Project: Unpacking the IWRM ToolBox using the Lower Manyame IWRM Demonstration Project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lessons learned in developing IWRM Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion how each tool is applied in the IWRM plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publication disseminated to other basins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ToolBox training for WaterNet students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular training for MSc IWRM students </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Application of GWP ToolBox in national water planning <ul><li>ToolBox used in Eritrea, Malawi, Ethiopia and Zambia (PAWD initiative) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>as a reference source to improve water governance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>as a framework for analysis of the water resources situation </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Eritrea (institutional arrangements) <ul><li>Specific challenges to be addressed in course of IWRM planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak integration and coordination of water sector institutions; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of clarity in the mandates of the various government agencies; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inadequate capacity (institutional and human) to study and assess the nation water resources, prepare development plan and implement and monitor projects; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low capacity of the existing WRM institution (WRD) to fulfil the mandate & responsibilities; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inadequate qualified expertise and infrastructure for research </li></ul></ul>Tools: - Institutional roles (B1.1-1.11) - Institutional Cap Building (B2.1-2.3)
  15. 16. <ul><li>National Level </li></ul><ul><li>Local Level </li></ul><ul><li>Sub local </li></ul><ul><li>Level </li></ul>Outcome: A new Institutional framework has been proposed Proposed Institutional Framework Water Authority Regulatory & Plan Research & Inform. Dev’t & Mgt HRD & Training C. Implementing Bodies National Water Advisory Board Audit Gender Advisor Finance & Adminst. Transboundary Water Mgt ERI-CWP Forum Zoba Water Service/Sewerage Contractors Consultants NGOs/Agencies Sub-Zoba Water Supply & Sewerage Services Major Cities Water Supply & Sewerage Services
  16. 17. Eritrea (water resources management functions) <ul><li>Enforcement and compliance, </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery of cost of WRM, </li></ul><ul><li>Collecting water resources information and operating databases, </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation of WR and environmental assessments, </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring of water availability and use </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict mediation; </li></ul>Tools: - Water resources assessment (C1.1-1.2, 1.5) - Social change instruments (C4.1-4.2) - Regulatory instruments (C6.1-6.2) Plus: workshops, seminars
  17. 18. <ul><li>A new legislation drafted: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation for the Issuance of Permits for water use and construction of hydraulic works (Draft 2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation for the issuances of waste water permits (Draft 2002) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guideline for community managed water supply, sanitation and hygiene (2008 operational) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water resources sector plan (2008-2015) </li></ul></ul>Outcome: Management Instruments developed for better water resources management
  18. 19. Lesotho: Road Map for IWRM Areas for change defined using ToolBox “categories” <ul><ul><li>Working questions: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Q 1: Is it [specific tool] relevant to Lesotho? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Q 2: Is the element [of a tool] adequately developed and available? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Q 3: Is the element [of a tool] functioning according to intention? </li></ul></ul>Recommendations were made on various elements under these change areas to be applied
  19. 20. 1 4 Yes A3.3 – Financing options II – Loans and equity 1 4 Yes A3.2 – Financing options I – Grants and internal sources 1 1 Yes A3.1 – Investment policies A3 Financing and incentive structures – financial resources to meet water needs - - Yes A2.3 – Reform of existing legislation 1 4 Yes A2.2 – Legislation for water quality 1 4 Yes A2.1 – Water rights A2 Legislative framework – Water policy translated into law 1 1 Yes A1.2 – Policies with relation to water resources 2 3 Yes A1.1 – A national water resources policy Scores by National Stakeholders In Lesotho during workshop A1 Policies – setting goals for water use, protection and conservation Q3 Q2: Q1: Enabling Environment (A TOOLS) Tools of the ToolBox as a basis
  20. 21. Other countries` experience <ul><li>Ethiopia (ToolBox for capacity building) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Regional Training of Trainers (TOT) Course on Conflict Management and Negotiation Skills for IWRM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial instruments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water/GP modeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IWRM Facilitation skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Zambia (ToolBox as analytical tool) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applied in Root Cause Analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Malawi (ToolBox as strategic intervention tool) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used together with Problem Tree method </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Results achieved in PAWD program <ul><li>Toolbox has supported IWRM Planning in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>IWRM Plans developed in 5 countries: Zambia, Malawi, Kenya, Senegal and Mali </li></ul><ul><li>Cases for the IWRM Planning documented and uploaded on the GWP website for information sharing with others </li></ul>
  22. 23. Lessons learnt in application of ToolBox in IWRM planning (PAWD countries) <ul><li>IWRM planning process – always make linkages to broader national economic development goals </li></ul><ul><li>IWRM plan needs to be focused and realistic to attract political support and funding for implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Integration in IWRM is not easy and examples from elsewhere though useful may not be relevant as this depends on context </li></ul><ul><li>The toolbox should be used as a reference and not guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Toolbox need to be updated (climate change issues and issues of water infrastructure are less developed) </li></ul>
  23. 24. Water Governance ScoreCard <ul><li>Program for Effective Water Governance (7 countries involved: Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana and Niger and in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda) </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis and mapping of water governance in a visually clear standard format </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ScoreCard methodology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ToolBox structure used in assessment </li></ul></ul>