Improving Rural Household Food Security through Reuse of Treated Waste Water in Lambayeque and Arequipa Departments in Per...
PACIFIC 1.8% freshwater 70 % population 2,093 m³/person ATLANTIC 97.7% Freshwater 26% population 211,284 m³/person TITICAC...
Water Insecurity in Peru <ul><li>Water availability is declining in some areas, such as the Chancay-Lambayeque Basin in N....
Food Security Consecuences of Water Scarcity <ul><li>Haga clic para modificar el estilo de texto del patrón </li></ul><ul>...
Highland Peru :  Chronic Poverty, Food Insecurity, Rudimentary Irrigation Systems
WASTE WATER RE-USE IN LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION <ul><li>2,000 HECTARES RECOVERED BY LANDLESS POPULATION. </li></ul><ul><li>IRRI...
Centro de Estudios Sociales Solidaridad in Lambayeque, PERU Haga clic para modificar el estilo de texto del patrón
IMPACT OF WASTE WATER RE-USE <ul><li>2,000 HECTARES OF BARREN LAND MADE PRODUCTIVE </li></ul><ul><li>CREATION OF RURAL JOB...
IMPROVED WATER MANAGEMENT  FOR FOOD SECURITY ADAPTS (2009-11) Free Univ. Amsterdam, BothENDS, AEDES, AcaciaWater. Dutch Fu...
Use of Treated Wastewater for Tara  Andaray High School, Arequipa  Installation:  $1,750/hectare Crop value:  $46,000 year...
Use of Treated Wastewater & Drip Irrigation <ul><ul><li>Low </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wate...
THANKS!
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Food security through reuse and treated waste and water in Lambayeque and Arequipa Departments in Peru - - Workshop 3 - CP meeting Day 1

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Food security through reuse and treated waste and water in Lambayeque and Arequipa Departments in Peru - - Workshop 3 - CP meeting Day 1

  1. 1. Improving Rural Household Food Security through Reuse of Treated Waste Water in Lambayeque and Arequipa Departments in Peru Karen Kraft, Executive Director AEDES Peruvian Water Forum, GWP S America
  2. 2. PACIFIC 1.8% freshwater 70 % population 2,093 m³/person ATLANTIC 97.7% Freshwater 26% population 211,284 m³/person TITICACA .5% freshwater 4% population 10,174 m³/ person Water Security in Peru Peru has 4.6% of the world´s freshwater , yet 2/3 of Peruvians live on the edge of water stress in the economically vital Pacific Basin
  3. 3. Water Insecurity in Peru <ul><li>Water availability is declining in some areas, such as the Chancay-Lambayeque Basin in N. Peru that has seen a 63% decline in three decades. </li></ul><ul><li>In other areas, such as the Arma-Chichas watershed of Arequipa, farmers expect that the Coropuna glacier melt currently used to plant crops will disappear in the next 25 years. </li></ul>Our regional insecurity is compounded by unequal water rights, wasteful use practices and poor infrastructure .
  4. 4. Food Security Consecuences of Water Scarcity <ul><li>Haga clic para modificar el estilo de texto del patrón </li></ul><ul><li>Segundo nivel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tercer nivel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cuarto nivel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quinto nivel </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Abandoned Fields: Only 70% of irrigated fields under cultivation Low Harvest Yields due to Water Stress Overwatering on day of water allotment damages plants and causes erosion <ul><li>Haga clic para modificar el estilo de texto del patrón </li></ul><ul><li>Segundo nivel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tercer nivel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cuarto nivel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quinto nivel </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Borrowing Water is time consuming and leads to social conflicts. Small-holders are dependent on the water rights of large land-holders
  5. 5. Highland Peru : Chronic Poverty, Food Insecurity, Rudimentary Irrigation Systems
  6. 6. WASTE WATER RE-USE IN LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION <ul><li>2,000 HECTARES RECOVERED BY LANDLESS POPULATION. </li></ul><ul><li>IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE IMPROVEMENTS, ALFALFA & FORRAGE PLANTED </li></ul><ul><li>YEAR ROUND USE OF CHICLAYO´S WASTE WATER FOR ALFALFA, FEED CORN AND SORGHUM CROPS. </li></ul><ul><li>TREATED WASTE WATER RESOURCES ARE ADMINISTERED BY THE COMMUNITY, VIA LOCAL MANAGERS. </li></ul><ul><li>THIS IS NOT AN ENGINEERING FEAT. SUCCESS IS DUE TO SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF PRODUCTION AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION. CES SOLIDARIDAD PLAYED A KEY ROLE </li></ul>
  7. 7. Centro de Estudios Sociales Solidaridad in Lambayeque, PERU Haga clic para modificar el estilo de texto del patrón
  8. 8. IMPACT OF WASTE WATER RE-USE <ul><li>2,000 HECTARES OF BARREN LAND MADE PRODUCTIVE </li></ul><ul><li>CREATION OF RURAL JOBS FOR LANDLESS: 4,000 WORKERS (2 per hectare). </li></ul><ul><li>IMPROVED FOOD SECURITY ; SALES OF MILK PRODUCTS </li></ul><ul><li>REDUCTION OF POVERTY LEVELS. INCOME IMPROVEMENT OF US$ 500/monthly. </li></ul><ul><li>HEIGHTENED LAND VALUE: 1 HECTARE = US $ 5,000 </li></ul><ul><li>IMPROVED SANITATION PRACTICES, TRASH REMOVAL ON FARM LAND AND NEARBY BEACHES. </li></ul>
  9. 9. IMPROVED WATER MANAGEMENT FOR FOOD SECURITY ADAPTS (2009-11) Free Univ. Amsterdam, BothENDS, AEDES, AcaciaWater. Dutch Funds Use efficiency: 40% gravity 95% drip Store Rainwater
  10. 10. Use of Treated Wastewater for Tara Andaray High School, Arequipa Installation: $1,750/hectare Crop value: $46,000 year 3 <ul><li>Haga clic para modificar el estilo de texto del patrón </li></ul><ul><li>Segundo nivel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tercer nivel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cuarto nivel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quinto nivel </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Use of Treated Wastewater & Drip Irrigation <ul><ul><li>Low </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twice </li></ul></ul>ADVANTAGES OF TARA
  12. 12. THANKS!
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