Building Integrated WMO/GWP Drought Management Programme


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Presentation made by Dr Bruce Stewart, Director of Climate and Water Department, WMO, GWP Consulting Partners Meeting, 26. August 2012, Stockholm, Sweden

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Building Integrated WMO/GWP Drought Management Programme

  1. Integrated Drought ManagementWMO OMM ProgrammeBuilding drought resilience to support global poverty reduction A joint WMO/GWP programme 1
  2. Why Integrated DroughtWMO OMM Management? 2
  3. Status and trends of drought WMO OMM in AfricaDrought events per country from 1970 to 2004 • Two thirds of Africa is classified as either deserts or drylands. • Climate change to exacerbate drought: Current climate scenarios- driest regions of the world will become even drier Source: Adapted from Noojin, Leah 2006. Factors that influence Famine in Sub-saharan African Countries 3
  4. Natural and Social DimensionsWMO OMM of Drought Decreasing emphasis on the natural event (precipitation deficiencies) Increasing emphasis on water/natural resource management Increasing complexity of impacts and conflicts Agricultural Hydrological Meteorological Socio-economic Time/Duration of the eventSource: Wilhite 2006 4
  5. Current trends in DroughtWMO OMM ManagementReflecting the three major components ofDrought management :• Monitoring and early warning• Risk and impact assessment• Mitigation and response The current trends are moving towards: • Increased emphasis on drought policy and preparedness • Improved drought monitoring tools and early warning systems • Development of regional drought preparedness networks 5
  6. Integrated Drought ManagementWMO OMM Programme • Integrated Drought Management (IDM) is a critical component of disaster risk reduction programmes, climate adaptation strategies and national water resources policies, bringing together the needs of the different stakeholders affected by droughts. • Together with its partners, the joint WMO/GWP Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP) aims to provide preventive and demand-driven support mechanisms for the communities, countries and regions affected by drought. 6
  7. WMO OMM Regional Presentations Regional Presentations on: • Integrated Drought Management Program, CEE, Dr Elena Mateeescu • Drought Program, South Asia, Sardar Tariq • Experiences on Drought Management in the Mediterranean, Prof. Michael Scoullos 7
  8. IDMP - History and backgroundWMO OMM (1/2) • Development Phase of “Associated Programmes” initiated through the Global Water Partnership (GWP) in the late 1990’ies • Idea: Develop an Associated Programme on Drought Management (APDM) alongside the Associated Programme on Flood Management (APFM) • First Concept of APDM developed in HWRP in 2002 • Concept “on ice” with GWP due to consolidation of programmes • Lobbying for APDM together with CHy and the then WCP, various papers addressing drought holistically • Development of a paper on drought risk management (Grabs, Sivakumar/Stewart in 2008) • Since November 2009: Renewed interest of GWP to enter in the development of a APDM 8
  9. IDMP - history and backgroundWMO OMM (2/2) • APDM to be built using the APFM success as a template, i.e. using main building blocks of APFM as elements of APDM such as: – Concept Paper (developed in 2011), – Case studies, – Side publications and “Tools”, – Demonstration projects, – Capacity building activities, – HelpDesk on Drought Management involving Support Base Partners • Added complexity: integration of water, weather and climate aspects in integrated drought management, together with the socio- economic domain and impact sectors (agriculture, water management, land-use, etc.) • In the building up phase of an APDM: Co-development of the Programme by HWR and CLPA branches. Name changed to Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP), webpage created, IDMP concept promoted at various meeting (e.g. WWF6) 9
  10. IDMP - ObjectivesWMO OMM The central objective of IDMP is: “To support stakeholders at all levels by providing policy and management guidance and by sharing scientific information, knowledge and best practices for Integrated Drought Management” through actions finalized to:1. build climate resilience; 4. respond to specific regional and2. reduce economic and social national needs and requirements losses; 5. alleviate poverty in drought-3. cut across sectoral, disciplinary, affected regions and institutional jurisdictions; 10
  11. IDMP - ApproachWMO OMM 1. To shift the focus from reactive to proactive measures through drought mitigation, vulnerability reduction and preparedness; 2. To integrate the vertical planning and decision making processes at regional, national and community levels into a multi-stakeholder approach including key sectors, especially agriculture and energy; 3. To promote the evolution of the drought knowledge base and to establish a mechanism for sharing knowledge and providing services to stakeholders across sectors at all levels; 4. To build capacity of various stakeholders at different levels. 11
  12. IDMP - BeneficiariesWMO OMM • People living in drought prone areas • Governmental organizations and agencies with improved capacities in the development and implementation of national drought policies, management (including land, water and agriculture development) and preparedness plans including monitoring and prediction; • Regional and national organizations, agencies and institutions engaged in monitoring, prediction, and providing early warning of drought and taking preventive actions; • Non-governmental organizations and government agencies responsible for the implementation of drought response activities at various levels.The principal approach is to develop global co-ordination of efforts to strengthendrought monitoring, risk identification, drought prediction and early warningservices and development of drought management knowledge base. 12
  13. IDMP - Next stepsWMO OMM• Establishment of an Ad-hoc Steering Committee• Establishment of an IDMP Technical Support Unit (TSU)• Interaction with GWP and key associated partners• Integration and incorporation of WMO efforts on: – High-Level Meeting on National Drought Polices (HMNDP), – Regional Climate Outlook Fora, – Drought Monitoring Centres, – Drought indices, – Roving seminars for farmers, etc. 13
  14. IDMP - StructureWMO OMM • Should this be similar to Integrated Flood Management • Management Committee • Advisory Committee • Key Partners • Associated Partners • HelpDesk 14
  15. GENERAL DISCUSSIONWMO OMM General Discussion on: • Proposed Governance Structure • Linkages in IDM Programme: sectors (water, agro, meteorology), inter-regional (RWPs) experience sharing, UN-agencies, international/regional organizations and national governments. • Key elements of IDM Programme 15
  16. WMO OMM ConclusionsThe IDMP will contribute to the global and local coherence of drought-relatedefforts of existing organizations and agencies with regard to: • Better scientific understanding for drought management; • An improved knowledge base, with better access to information, knowledge products and services; • Drought risk assessment, monitoring, prediction and early warning; • Policy and planning for drought preparedness and Thank you for mitigation across sectors; and coming • Drought risk reduction and drought response. 16