Beyond Rio+20: Water Security as a Catalyst for Climate-Resilient Development by M. Jarraud

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Presentation made by Michel Jarraud, Secretary-General of the WMO, GWP Consulting Partners Meeting, 26. August 2012, Stockholm, Sweden

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Beyond Rio+20: Water Security as a Catalyst for Climate-Resilient Development by M. Jarraud

  1. 1. Beyond Rio+20: Water Security as a Catalyst for Climate-Resilient Development A GLOBAL FRAMEWORK FOR CLIMATE SERVICES by M. Jarraud WMO Secretary-General Presented at theGlobal Water PartnershipsAnnual Consulting Partners Meeting(Stockholm, 26 August 2012)
  2. 2. The climate system 2 (IPCC 2007)
  3. 3. Global, regional & local effects affect different societies in different ways 3 (From WMO Pub No. 952)
  4. 4. El Niño forecasting: a successful example
  5. 5. Climate change introduces additional complexity and uncertainty The past is no longer a trustworthy indicator of the future New paradigms required to support decision-making
  6. 6. Key anticipated impacts on water Altered precipitation regimes at different latitudes Regional variations in flooding and drought Water stored in glaciers and snow cover projected to decline Induced changes in soil moisture & vapotranspiration Mounting salinity intrusion through sea- level rise Perus Quelccaya ice cap (National Geographic Society )
  7. 7. Billions of USD per decade Geological 495 500 450 Hydrometeorological 400 345 350 300Economic losses 250 200 160related to disasters 150 88 103are increasing 100 50 4 11 14 24 47 0 56-65 66-75 76-85 86-95 96-05 decade Millions of casualties per decade GeologicalBut we are 3 2.66 Hydrometeorologicalsaving lives 2.5 2 1.73 1.5Source: EM-DAT: TheOFDA/CRED 1 0.65 0.67International Disaster 0.39Database 0.5 0.22 0.25 0.22 0.17 0.05 0 7 56-65 66-75 76-85 86-95 96-05 decade
  8. 8. WMO and UN-Water at Rio + 20 8
  9. 9. Climate information for decision-making Identifying the potential users Agriculture and food security Disaster risk reduction Energy production, transport and usage Finance and insurance Health Water quality and water resources management Trade and commerce Transport Tourism Urban development/management Recreation and sports ...and many more... 9
  10. 10. 10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. 4 initial GFCS priority sectors Water Food security Health Disaster risk reduction 12
  13. 13. GFCS structure 13
  14. 14. 3 key challenges: 1) Bridging global observational gaps 2) Incorporating non-traditional data 3) Data exchange issues 14
  15. 15. Research, Modeling and Prediction: towards a seamless transition
  16. 16. Climate ServicesInformation System 16
  17. 17. User Interface Platform 17
  18. 18. Examples of initial GFCS elements31st Greater Horn of Africa ClimateOutlook Forum; Djibouti, May 2012Capacity Development toextend GFCS benefits to the IGAD Pilot RCC: Greater Horn ofdeveloping world Africa consensus-driven climate 18 outlook; July - September 2011
  19. 19. Other examples
  20. 20. Possible initial implementation activities & projects Establish Framework leadership & management Define national mandates in climate services provision Strengthen capabilities in disaster risk reduction Improve communication between climate, agriculture and food security communities Enhance partnerships between climate services and water resources management Develop national working groups in climate and health Improve decision-making on climate-related risks Strengthen climate information regional infrastructure Advance in data recovery and digitizing Launch pilot projects
  21. 21. Summing-up 3 closely-related issues:  Adaptation to climate variability and change  Disaster risk reduction  Sustainable development & societal benefits Requirements:  Reinforcing developing countries adaptive capabilities  Multidisciplinary partnerships across all sectors  Capacity building to be seen as an investment, not an expenditureA key opportunity:  A Global Framework for Climate Services
  22. 22. Thank you 22

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