Prof. Michael Scoullos Chairman, GWP-Med Promoting alternative water sources in urban areas and islands GWP Consulting Partners Meeting 2010 Stockholm, 3 -4 September 2010
Fig. 1. Mean rainrates over Mediterranean Basin from January 1998–July 2007 (Mehta & Yang, 2008) Rain Rate (mm/day) Water is a rare and fragile resource in the Mediterranean . The Mediterranean climate is typified by an enormous irregularity in the distribution of rainfall in space and time .
Greece is a typical Mediterranean country, with unbalanced rainfall , where integrated water management systems are still either deficient or absent. Management efforts are concentrating on the implementation of provisions of the Water Framework Directive. There are parts of the country that are under severe water stress, such as numerous islands of the Aegean Sea. Annual mean precipitation values (in mm H2O) Cycladic Islands
Water Security is the reliable availability of an acceptable quantity and quality of water for health, livelihoods and production, coupled with an acceptable level of water-related risks. [ Grey & Sadoff, 2007 ]
To achieve water security, investments are needed in infrastructure to store and transport water, treat and reuse waste water as well as in robust institutions and the information and capacity to predict, plan for and cope with climate variability. [GWP TEC, 2009]
To promote rainwater harvesting as a sustainable way of providing community access to safe water, thereby improving ecosystem conservation.
To promote multi-stakeholder rainwater harvesting initiatives.
To promote the knowledge on all aspects of rainwater harvesting systems and approaches.
To position rainwater harvesting as a powerful tool for climate change adaptation.
Rainwater Harvesting Project Aims & Objectives The project is essentially a “demonstration case” aiming at educating people of all ages towards a “new” (eventually not so new..!) “water culture” necessary for addressing the current water needs.
Installation of Rainwater Harvesting Systems in selected public buildings/properties (schools, town halls etc.) . The harvested rainwater is used for several non-potable uses (watering, toilet flushing etc.) contributing to water supply consumption reduction and water saving. All installations are harmonized with the architectural identity of the islands and the landscape. They include both above- and under-ground tanks.
Educational Programme : ( i ) Production of educational material, ‘The Gift of Rain’ ( ii ) Educational programme for students aged 10-15 years old ( iii ) Teacher training on education for sustainable development, focusing on water issues .
Training Seminars for local technicians/workers ( construction workers, plumbers, engineers etc. ) .