IWRM in Asia, a balance sheet - by Wouter Lincklaen Arriens
IWRM in Asia a balance sheet Colombo, 25 Feb 2011 Wouter Lincklaen Arriens
Outline1. Knowledge – models to co-create local solutions2. Progress – cases of encouraging practice3. Partnerships – building coalitions for change
What is IWRM?• IWRM is a process• that brings stakeholders together• to increase water security in river basins• through win-win solutions• that are locally appropriate• and generate a triple bottom line of economic, social and environmental outcomes.• IWRM is not a plan.
IWRM Process in Basins Finding Keys for Success Roadmap for Investment Program in adaptive management Changing Conditions Project Activity Source: Lincklaen Arriens 2009 Adapted from UNESCO-NARBO Guidelines
IWRM is a Process in Basins IWRM Process Approach: Increase a triple bottom line • Economic benefits $ • Social benefits $ • Environmental benefits $ Optimize stakeholder satisfaction • Adopt inclusive approach • Find win-win solutions • Generate buy-in for IWRM Source: Lincklaen Arriens 2009
Increasing Water Security Natural - Social - Economic Natural Capital Sustainable: Healthy river and watershed Credit At Risk:Zero Will deteriorate if NOT taking action Debit Unsustainable: Needs significant investments to recover
Increasing Basin Capital From stake-holders to stock-holders?
Water SecurityGuiding Vision “Societies can enjoy water security when they successfully manage their water resources and services to: 1. Satisfy household water and sanitation needs in all communities 2. Support productive economies in agriculture and industry 3. Develop vibrant, livable cities and towns 4. Restore healthy rivers and ecosystems 5. Build resilient communities that can adapt to change.” Released in February 2009
Water SecurityGuiding Vision… Basin Capital…1. All households 1. Economic capital2. Productive economies 2. Natural capital3. Livable cities 3. Social capital4. Healthy rivers5. Resilient communities
Long Term Goal Short Term Goal Mid Term Goal12 2025 10 2015 11 2020 Benchmarked RBO Benchmarked RBO Benchmarked RBO Asia Pacific Indonesia South East AsiaIWRM Process 9 4th Strategicin the Plan 2011 (2009-2013) 8 3rd Strategic Management Era PlanBrantas (2004-2008)river basin 7 2nd Strategic Plan(Indonesia) (1999-2003) 6 4th Master Plan (Conservation and Effective WRM) (1998) 5 1rd Strategic Plan (1994-1998) 4 PJT I EstablishmentPublic (1990) 1990Corporation 3 3rd Master Plan (Urban Water) Development Era(ISO certified) (1985) 2 2nd Master Plan (Irrigation) (1973) 1 1st Master Plan (Flood Prevention) (1961) 1961
Why We Need to Share Models?If you want to teachpeople a new way ofthinking, don’t bother toteach them.Instead, give them a tool,the use of which will leadto new ways of thinking.- Buckminster Fuller From: Peter Senge. 2010. The Necessary Revolution – Working Together to Create a Sustainable World. Broadway Books.
New Thinking We are leaving Industrial Age thinking behind us… From: Peter Senge. 2010. The Necessary Revolution – Working Together to Create a Sustainable World. Broadway Books.
Encouraging Progress IWRM reflected in policies and laws Oversight taken out of irrigation agencies to ministries of natural resources and environment IWRM reflected in mandate of RBOs New RBOs created in several forms Longer-term investment roadmaps in basins NARBO - Network of Asian River Basin Organizations created, now > 75 organizations ADB supports IWRM process in 25 basins in Central, South, Southeast and East Asia
Promising Results Performance benchmarking with peer reviews introduced for RBOs and for basins (Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Viet Nam, Philippines) Basin councils formed (Indonesia) IWRM investment roadmaps peer-reviewed (Indonesia, Cambodia, Viet Nam, India) ISO certification for public corporation type RBOs (Indonesia) RBOs start twinning partnerships (Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Japan, Korea) Sustainable Hydropower Assessment Tool
Leadership Examples Restoring flow by allocation (Yellow River) Investing in wetland restoration (Sanjiang) Building own capacity (Mahaweli Authority) IWRM roadmap and investments (Citarum) IWRM roadmap for state (Orissa, Karnataka) Govt-CS Basin council (Solo River) RBO police for enforcement (Laguna Lake) RBOs led by monk and entrepreneur (Thailand) Gender in area water partnerships (Pakistan) High-powered RBO for civilization (Bagmati)
Partnering: Coalitions for Change• IWRM = adaptive management for locally appropriate action• Generate and share usable knowledge to co-create solutions• Engage all perspectives from toad to satellite• Cultivate boundary-spanning leadership for vision, inspiration, and momentum
How Can We Promote Leadership?New thinking: Seeing systems Collaborating across boundaries Creating From: Peter Senge. 2010. The Necessary Revolution – Working Together to Create a desired futures Sustainable World. Broadway Books. No problem can be solved from the same level of consciousness that created it. - Albert Einstein
We Need to Work Across Boundaries Transforming people and organizations Driving Innovation Solving Problems Win-win means agreements or solutions are mutually beneficial and satisfying. - Stephen R. CoveyFrom Ernst & Chrobot-Mason. BoundarySpanning Leadership. McGraw-Hill. 2011
Boundary Spanning Leadership Enable Reinvention Advance Interdependence Develop Community Build Trust Foster Respect Create Safety From Ernst & Chrobot-Mason. 2011. Boundary Spanning Leadership. McGraw-Hill.