Sahana Recent Brief 120109


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Recent Capabilities Developed for Sahana at RELIEF experiments sponsored by the Naval Postgraduate School

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  • Greetings. My name is Mark Prutsalis and I am the President & CEO of the Sahana Software Foundation. Sahana is a free and open source disaster management system. What that means is that it is free to download, free to use however you wish – there are no license fees…. Ever - and being open source, it can be easily customized by anyone to serve the needs of any jurisdiction or organization. There are many benefits to the use of open source software, which is increasingly recognized for its low barriers to entry and its longevity. Using open source software, you will never be held hostage to a company’s changing terms and conditions or licensing and maintenance fees; if the manufacturer of a proprietary software product goes out of business, you may have to make an enterprise-wide change in your systems – but with open source software, anyone with knowledge of common programming languages – PHP, Perl, Python, Javascript, html - and open source environments – such as Apache and MySql – can modify, customize, support and maintain your open source application. The risks and costs are low and the benefits are plentiful. And Sahana is about the application of those principles to the small sector of disaster management software. “No innovation matters more than that which saves lives” said the Secretary of National Defense for the Philippines, on the use of Sahana deployed in the aftermath of disastrous mudslides in his country in 2005. At the Sahana Software Foundation, we strive to live up to that quote every day. Our goal is to provide an open source platform that is committed to open standards for data exchange between different applications, to give emergency managers and disaster response professionals access to tools and information that they need to better manage disasters.
  • Before discussing the recent capabilities developed for Sahana, I want to spend a few minutes on the background of Sahana. The historic trigger for Sahana was the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 that left almost a quarter of a million dead, millions homeless and jobless, and several countries devastated structurally, economically and psychologically.
  • So technology can address many of the data management challenges and requirements by providing solutions that are scalable, efficient, automatic and by providing live data and situational awareness to emergency managers and other decision makers
  • Following the tsunami, Sahana was developed by the open source community in Sri Lanka along guided by some international experts - for use by Sri Lanka’s Centre for National Operations, Sri Lanka’s version of FEMA, which was responsible for coordinating the country’s relief and response efforts to the tsunami. Sahana’s four original modules remain core functionality in Sahana today. Sahana provides a single database for recording who is doing what where – identifying what the needs are – where people are located – and where assistance is needed.
  • For example, in Pakistan following the Kashmir earthquake in 2005, Sahana was integrated with the government’s existing databases to collect missing persons reports at a national call-center and to register evacuated victims at hospitals outside the affected areas. This allowed them to reconcile missing persons reports, verify the identify of the hospitalized, and to reunite separated families. And Pakistan is still using Sahana code today in its own disaster management systems
  • Sahana’s disaster victim registry was adapted to match the official paper forms and business processes used by the City for the intake of individuals and families and even pets at City shelters. This is one of the strengths of Sahana as its framework is designed to make it easy to make such modifications.
  • The Sahana Foundation Relief & TNT team is made up of volunteers from around the world and from many different organizations, including:Academia:Trinity College’s Humanitarian Free & Open Source Software (H-FOSS) ProjectUniversity of MarylandLocal Government:Airport authority, MinneapolisNGOsLos Angeles Emergency Preparedness FoundationOxfam UKPrivate SectorGoDaddyKestrel GroupGlobaliistVirtusaRespere
  • Thank you; I see my time is up. I’d be glad to answer any questions you may have throughout the weekend. If you write quickly, these are all the ways to contact me.
  • Sahana Recent Brief 120109

    1. 1. SahanaFree & Open Source Disaster Management System<br />“No innovation matters more <br />than that which saves lives”<br />Avelino J. Cruz, Jr., Secretary of National Defense, Philippines on the use of Sahana deployed in the aftermath of disastrous mudslides in the Philippines<br />Mark Prutsalis<br />President & CEO<br />Sahana Software Foundation<br />
    2. 2. The Historic Trigger: 12/26/04 Indian Ocean Tsunami<br /><ul><li>At least 226,000 dead
    3. 3. Up to 5 million people lost homes, or access to food and water
    4. 4. 1 million people left without a means to make a living
    5. 5. At least $7.5 billion in the cost of damages</li></li></ul><li>Problem: Aftermath of Disasters<br />The traumacaused by waiting to be found or find the next of kin<br />Coordinatingall aid groups and helping them to operate effectively as one<br />Managingthe multitude of requests from the affected region and matching them effectively to the pledges of assistance<br />Trackingthe location of all temporary shelters, camps, etc.<br />
    6. 6. How Can Technology Help?<br />Scalable management of information<br />No stacks of forms and files to manage<br />Efficient distribution of information<br />Accessibility of information on demand<br />Automatic collation and calculation<br />No delay for assessments and calculations<br />Live situational awareness<br />Reports are updated live as data is entered<br />
    7. 7.
    8. 8. Sahana Core Modules<br /><ul><li>Organization Registry</li></ul>Maintains data (contact, services, etc) of groups, organizations and volunteers responding to the disaster<br /><ul><li>Missing Persons / Disaster Victim Registry</li></ul>Helps track and find missing, deceased, injured and displaced people and families<br />
    9. 9. Sahana Core Modules<br /><ul><li>Request Management</li></ul>Tracks all requests and helps match pledges for support, aid and supplies to fulfilment<br /><ul><li>Shelter Registry</li></ul>Tracks data on all temporary shelters setup following the Disaster<br />
    10. 10. Sahana Technology and Features<br /><ul><li>FOSS
    11. 11. Synchronization
    12. 12. Web Services
    13. 13. Messaging
    14. 14. Localization
    15. 15. GIS & Open Standards:
    16. 16. KML, WMS, GeoRSS, WFS
    17. 17. EDXL, CAP
    18. 18. Mobile Accessibility
    19. 19. LiveCD, LiveUSB
    20. 20. Portable App
    21. 21. VM</li></li></ul><li>Sahana Deployments<br />Asian Tsunami in Sri Lanka – 2005<br />Kashmir Earthquake in Pakistan – 2005<br />Landslide disaster in Philippines– 2005<br />YogjakartaEarthquake, Indonesia – 2006<br />Cyclone Sidr in Bangladesh – 2007<br />Coastal Storm Plan in New York City – 2007<br />Ica Earthquake, Peru – 2007<br />Sarvodaya (NGO), Sri Lanka - 2008<br />Bihar Floods, India - 2008<br />Chendu-Sitzuan Province Earthquake, China – 2008<br />National Disaster Management Center & Ministry of Resettlement & Disaster Relief Services, Sri Lanka – 2009<br />Bethesda Hospitals Emergency Preparedness Partnership, Maryland - 2009<br />National Disaster Coordinating Council in Philippines – 2009<br />National Coordinating Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) in Indonesia - 2009<br />
    22. 22. Sahana use in Pakistan<br />
    23. 23. Shelter Management for NYC Office of Emergency Management (OEM)<br />
    24. 24. NYC Sahana Intake Based on Official Paper Forms<br />
    25. 25. NYC OEM Situational Awareness<br />
    26. 26. Recognition<br /><ul><li>UNESCAP Technical Paper: A Case Study of the Sahana Disaster Management System of Sri Lanka – 2009
    27. 27. Sourceforge Community Choice Awards Best Project for Government Finalist – 2009
    28. 28. Communications of the ACM: Revitalizing Computing Education Through Free and Open Source Software for Humanity - 2009
    29. 29. Disaster Resource Guide Quarterly: New Open Source Software Could Greatly Improve Federal and State Disaster Relief Operations - 2008
    30. 30. Asia-Pacific Development Information Programme ePrimer: ICT for Disaster Management – 2007
    31. 31. UNDP IOSN Case Study on Sahana – 2006
    32. 32. Free Software Foundation Award for Social Benefit – 2006
    33. 33. SHG Good Samaritan Award – 2006
    34. 34. BBC Documentary, The Codebreakers – 2006
    35. 35. Sourceforge Project of the Month – June 2006
    36. 36. User Award from Redhat Summit – 2005
    37. 37. ICTA Awards to contributors - 2005</li></li></ul><li>Recent Advancements in Sahana’s Capabilities<br />Completed as part of RELIEF 9-04 & 10-1 experiments sponsored by the Naval Postgraduate School<br />
    38. 38. Global Voluntary Sahana Development Team<br />Onsite team:<br />Mark Prutsalis, Brooklyn, NY<br />Chamindra de Silva, Colombo, Sri Lanka<br />Gavin Treadgold, Christchurch, New Zealand<br />David Bitner, Minneapolis, Minnesota<br />Trishan de Lanerolle, Hartford, CT<br />Chris Fei, Hartford, CT<br />Mifan Careem, Colombo, Sri Lanka<br />Brent Woodworth, Los Angeles, CA<br />Dan Zubey, Phoenix, AZ<br />Remote virtual team:<br />Antonio Alcorn, Hartford, CT<br />Ravith Botejue, Colombo, Sri Lanka<br />Ajay Kumar, Chas, India<br />Fran Boon, London, UK<br />Louiqa Raschid, College Park, MD<br />
    39. 39. $400 Netbook as Server<br />
    40. 40.
    41. 41.
    42. 42.
    43. 43.
    44. 44.
    45. 45.
    46. 46.
    47. 47.
    48. 48. OpenLayers Integration with Local Open Street Maps Server & InSTEDD’sGeoChat<br />
    49. 49. Remote Data Collection on OLPC<br />
    50. 50. Integration with Walking Papers<br />
    51. 51. OpenLayers Integration with Local Google Earth Fusion Server<br />
    52. 52. Data Points from InSTEDDGeoChat<br />
    53. 53. OpenLayers Integration with (Poorly) Mosaiced and Referenced UAV Imagery of the Experimentation Site<br />
    54. 54. SahanaSMS Android App<br />
    55. 55. Data Points Plotted from Sahana Organization Registry & SMS/Android App<br />
    56. 56. Use of DHC FGDC Symbology<br />
    57. 57. Location of Mesh Network Radios Plotted Using Android App<br />
    58. 58. Developer of Android App sent location from Random Hacks of Kindness Event<br />
    59. 59. Sahana contributor Ajay Kumar downloaded Android app and sent info within 5 minutes<br />
    60. 60. We drilled into his <br />location to locate him<br />
    61. 61.
    62. 62. Demonstrated Global & Community Crowdsourcing Capabilities<br />
    63. 63. Situational Awareness within Sahana<br />
    64. 64. KML Streaming into Google Earth<br />
    65. 65. Summary<br /><ul><li>Open Source/Open Standards: Consumer & Producer of Geo-Spatial Data using GeoRSS, WMS, KML & OpenLayers
    66. 66. Integration with UAV and satellite imagery
    67. 67. Crowdsourcing and assessment through Android Application & SMS Gateway
    68. 68. US NIMS Compliance through l10n utilizing DHS NIMS/ICS symbology & terminology
    69. 69. Demonstration of low barriers to entry: Deployable Platform: $400 netbook as server</li></li></ul><li>THANK YOU<br />Mark Prutsalis<br />President & CEO<br />Sahana Software Foundation<br /><br /><br />Skype: mark.prutsalis<br />IRC #sahana: mprutsalis<br />