Before discussing the recent capabilities developed for Sahana, I want to spend a few minutes on the background of Sahana. The historic trigger for Sahana was the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 that left almost a quarter of a million dead, millions homeless and jobless, and several countries devastated structurally, economically and psychologically.
So technology can address many of the data management challenges and requirements by providing solutions that are scalable, efficient, automatic and by providing live data and situational awareness to emergency managers and other decision makers
Following the tsunami, Sahana was developed by the open source community in Sri Lanka along guided by some international experts - for use by Sri Lanka’s Centre for National Operations, Sri Lanka’s version of FEMA, which was responsible for coordinating the country’s relief and response efforts to the tsunami. Sahana’s four original modules remain core functionality in Sahana today. Sahana provides a single database for recording who is doing what where – identifying what the needs are – where people are located – and where assistance is needed.
For example, in Pakistan following the Kashmir earthquake in 2005, Sahana was integrated with the government’s existing databases to collect missing persons reports at a national call-center and to register evacuated victims at hospitals outside the affected areas. This allowed them to reconcile missing persons reports, verify the identify of the hospitalized, and to reunite separated families. And Pakistan is still using Sahana code today in its own disaster management systems
Sahana’s disaster victim registry was adapted to match the official paper forms and business processes used by the City for the intake of individuals and families and even pets at City shelters. This is one of the strengths of Sahana as its framework is designed to make it easy to make such modifications.
The Sahana Foundation Relief & TNT team is made up of volunteers from around the world and from many different organizations, including:Academia:Trinity College’s Humanitarian Free & Open Source Software (H-FOSS) ProjectUniversity of MarylandLocal Government:Airport authority, MinneapolisNGOsLos Angeles Emergency Preparedness FoundationOxfam UKPrivate SectorGoDaddyKestrel GroupGlobaliistVirtusaRespere
Thank you; I see my time is up. I’d be glad to answer any questions you may have throughout the weekend. If you write quickly, these are all the ways to contact me.
Sahana Recent Brief 120109
SahanaFree & Open Source Disaster Management Systemhttp://www.sahanafoundation.org<br />“No innovation matters more <br />than that which saves lives”<br />Avelino J. Cruz, Jr., Secretary of National Defense, Philippines on the use of Sahana deployed in the aftermath of disastrous mudslides in the Philippines<br />Mark Prutsalis<br />President & CEO<br />Sahana Software Foundation<br />
The Historic Trigger: 12/26/04 Indian Ocean Tsunami<br /><ul><li>At least 226,000 dead
Up to 5 million people lost homes, or access to food and water
1 million people left without a means to make a living
At least $7.5 billion in the cost of damages</li></li></ul><li>Problem: Aftermath of Disasters<br />The traumacaused by waiting to be found or find the next of kin<br />Coordinatingall aid groups and helping them to operate effectively as one<br />Managingthe multitude of requests from the affected region and matching them effectively to the pledges of assistance<br />Trackingthe location of all temporary shelters, camps, etc.<br />
How Can Technology Help?<br />Scalable management of information<br />No stacks of forms and files to manage<br />Efficient distribution of information<br />Accessibility of information on demand<br />Automatic collation and calculation<br />No delay for assessments and calculations<br />Live situational awareness<br />Reports are updated live as data is entered<br />
Sahana Core Modules<br /><ul><li>Organization Registry</li></ul>Maintains data (contact, services, etc) of groups, organizations and volunteers responding to the disaster<br /><ul><li>Missing Persons / Disaster Victim Registry</li></ul>Helps track and find missing, deceased, injured and displaced people and families<br />
Sahana Core Modules<br /><ul><li>Request Management</li></ul>Tracks all requests and helps match pledges for support, aid and supplies to fulfilment<br /><ul><li>Shelter Registry</li></ul>Tracks data on all temporary shelters setup following the Disaster<br />
Sahana Technology and Features<br /><ul><li>FOSS
VM</li></li></ul><li>Sahana Deployments<br />Asian Tsunami in Sri Lanka – 2005<br />Kashmir Earthquake in Pakistan – 2005<br />Landslide disaster in Philippines– 2005<br />YogjakartaEarthquake, Indonesia – 2006<br />Cyclone Sidr in Bangladesh – 2007<br />Coastal Storm Plan in New York City – 2007<br />Ica Earthquake, Peru – 2007<br />Sarvodaya (NGO), Sri Lanka - 2008<br />Bihar Floods, India - 2008<br />Chendu-Sitzuan Province Earthquake, China – 2008<br />National Disaster Management Center & Ministry of Resettlement & Disaster Relief Services, Sri Lanka – 2009<br />Bethesda Hospitals Emergency Preparedness Partnership, Maryland - 2009<br />National Disaster Coordinating Council in Philippines – 2009<br />National Coordinating Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB) in Indonesia - 2009<br />
ICTA Awards to contributors - 2005</li></li></ul><li>Recent Advancements in Sahana’s Capabilities<br />Completed as part of RELIEF 9-04 & 10-1 experiments sponsored by the Naval Postgraduate School<br />
Global Voluntary Sahana Development Team<br />Onsite team:<br />Mark Prutsalis, Brooklyn, NY<br />Chamindra de Silva, Colombo, Sri Lanka<br />Gavin Treadgold, Christchurch, New Zealand<br />David Bitner, Minneapolis, Minnesota<br />Trishan de Lanerolle, Hartford, CT<br />Chris Fei, Hartford, CT<br />Mifan Careem, Colombo, Sri Lanka<br />Brent Woodworth, Los Angeles, CA<br />Dan Zubey, Phoenix, AZ<br />Remote virtual team:<br />Antonio Alcorn, Hartford, CT<br />Ravith Botejue, Colombo, Sri Lanka<br />Ajay Kumar, Chas, India<br />Fran Boon, London, UK<br />Louiqa Raschid, College Park, MD<br />