Women's Health and Empowerment Overview


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  • Sustainable approaches to improve the health, well-being and empowerment of HIV-infected women and their families are urgently needed in addition to expanding HIV care and treatment programs throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Craig Cohen, Sheri Weiser and Shari Dworkin as part of the COE, along with their colleagues at the Kenya Medical Research Institute are spearheading a proposal for a randomized cluster controlled trial of an agricultural intervention supported by microfinance. Their team is working with agriculturalist from UC Davis, and the Ministry of Agriculture, Adok Timo a local microfinance organization, KickStart, the developers of the human powered water pump technology, among others on Shamba Maisha. The goal is to test whether the intervention improves food insecurity, nutrition and health among HIV infected patients living in western Kenya, as well as improved household economics, and empowerment among women.
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  • Women's Health and Empowerment Overview

    1. 1. Women’s Health and Empowerment Center of Expertise Vision: We envision a world in which all women and girls are empowered and healthy. Mission: Our mission is to promote justice, equity and scientific advances to reduce gender and health disparities globally.
    2. 2. COE Vision of Empowerment <ul><li>Empowerment is the ABILITY to </li></ul><ul><li>ACT on choices, involving </li></ul><ul><li>three related processes: </li></ul><ul><li>Address causes of disempowerment; </li></ul><ul><li>Improve women’s access to and control over current and future resources; and </li></ul><ul><li>Use improved access to resources & decision-making to achieve individual and collective well-being and health. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Women’s Health & Empowerment Background <ul><li>Advances in women’s health globally are impeded by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Female poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited access to education and economic opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender bias and discrimination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unjust laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insufficient state accountability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These forces intersect to restrict access to vital women’s health </li></ul><ul><li>services and information women need to improve their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Our focus is on an area of great global disparity-- sexual and reproductive health and rights--which has implications for women’s health throughout their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>By emphasizing women’s rights and empowerment, we are uniquely poised to engender the social changes and sustainability that will yield long-term improvements in health and well-being. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Women’s Health and Empowerment Goals <ul><li>Advancing sexual and reproductive health and rights </li></ul><ul><li>Safe Motherhood </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing violence against women </li></ul><ul><li>Family planning and reproductive health technologies </li></ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of environmental threats to women </li></ul>
    5. 5. Women’s Health and Empowerment Organization
    6. 6. Women’s Health and Empowerment Contribution to the Field <ul><li>Key Components </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on the interplay and interconnectedness of women’s empowerment and health </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct research on women’s empowerment and health; connect research with education and training of new leaders. </li></ul><ul><li>Inter-Disciplinary Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Health Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Nursing & Midwifery </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health </li></ul><ul><li>Empowerment Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>Law </li></ul><ul><li>Sociology </li></ul><ul><li>Arts & Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Psychology </li></ul>
    7. 7. Women’s Health and Empowerment Research Agenda <ul><li>Test new policies, interventions and technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What policies and programs can improve women’s health through empowerment, and vice versa? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Study natural experiments and identify effective cross-cutting interventions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aim to increase understanding and data available on the relationship between women’s health and empowerment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examine barriers and test alternative approaches to overcome them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proven technologies exist - what impedes the delivery and/or use? </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Research Example: Shamba Maisha
    9. 9. Women’s Health and Empowerment Planned Research Activities <ul><li>Develop signature research projects </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate research workshops that specifically address intersection of women’s health and empowerment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct workshops internationally to ensure partnership and capacity strengthening. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create mentoring opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>between junior and established </li></ul><ul><li>researchers in Women’s Health and Empowerment </li></ul>
    10. 10. Women’s Health and Empowerment Planned Research Activities (cont’d) <ul><li>Identify potential Requests for Proposals and other collaborative opportunities in women’s health and empowerment </li></ul><ul><li>Set up research seed grant program in conjunction with a foundation or donor </li></ul><ul><li>Create a database of current Women’s Health and Empowerment research (within UC system and by partners) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a compendium of methodologies and tools, particularly those related to measurement of empowerment </li></ul>
    11. 11. Women’s Health and Empowerment Planned Education Activities <ul><ul><li>Contribution to UCSF Masters in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Health Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fall 2010 Seminar : Interdisciplinary introduction to Safe Motherhood </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Winter 2011 Seminars : Interdisciplinary, linked by common area/approach. Topics to be determined. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate WH&E focused field placements for graduate students </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long term vision - Joint Degree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One degree granted by two UC campuses </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Under discussion </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Women’s Health and Empowerment Planned Education Activities (cont’d) <ul><ul><li>Build on current/planned UC courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catalogue current UC courses in health and/or empowerment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen Interdisciplinary Teaching Capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up workshops to train faculty in interdisciplinary teaching methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan workshops for faculty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan November 2010 retreat to develop core curriculum, standardize definitions and review methodologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish Student Advisory Committee </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Women’s Health and Empowerment Knowledge Dissemination Activities <ul><li>Establish COE external advisory board representing multiple constituencies </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance COE visibility and outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptualize, draft, and edit book (UC Press) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>COE’s first multidisciplinary publication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evaluate Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish measures for internal COE evaluation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide technical assistance for empowerment program evaluation in global settings </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Women’s Health and Empowerment Partners <ul><li>Academic </li></ul><ul><li>Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria </li></ul><ul><li>Aga Khan University School of Nursing </li></ul><ul><li>Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>University of Zambia </li></ul><ul><li>University of Zimbabwe </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya Medical Research Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-national </li></ul><ul><li>WHO </li></ul><ul><li>UNFPA </li></ul>
    15. 15. Women’s Health and Empowerment Partners (cont’d) <ul><li>Governmental </li></ul><ul><li>National Center for HIV/AIDS/STDs and Dermatology in Cambodia </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnamese Ministry of Health </li></ul><ul><li>Institute for Public Health in Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Eritrea Women’s Fistula Program </li></ul><ul><li>Public Health Research Institute, Mysore, India </li></ul><ul><li>Non-governmental </li></ul><ul><li>CARE Sonke Gender Justice </li></ul><ul><li>PATH Just Detention International </li></ul><ul><li>Marie Stopes International Global Fund for Women </li></ul><ul><li>California Family PACT Program ICRW </li></ul><ul><li>Population Council EngenderHealth </li></ul><ul><li>Pathfinder International </li></ul><ul><li>IPAS </li></ul><ul><li>Ibis Reproductive Health </li></ul><ul><li>Venture Strategies for Health and Development </li></ul>
    16. 16. Women’s Health and Empowerment Existing Regional Focus <ul><li>AFRICA </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Zimbabwe </li></ul><ul><li>Zambia </li></ul><ul><li>ASIA & THE PACIFIC </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodia </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>LATIN AMERICA </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico </li></ul>
    17. 17. “ When women thrive, all of society benefits, and succeeding generations are given a better start in life” “ Gender equality is more than a goal itself. It is a precondition for meeting the challenge of reducing poverty, promoting sustainable development and building good governance.” - Kofi Annan