One Health Center: Animals, Water, Food and Society
Why is One Health important?
Millions of people worldwide die or suffer from diseases that are not attributable to a single cause but instead are the result of a confluence of factors related to water, animals, and plants that work concurrently and synergistically to adversely affect human health.
Given this synergy, integrated, holistic interventions will have larger impact and be more cost-effective than individual, isolated interventions in each area.
The mission of the One Health Center (OHC) is
to assess and respond to global health problems arising from the human-water-animal-food interface, and
to design, implement, and evaluate practical, cost-effective, and sustainable solutions that focus on the foundations of health in collaboration with local partners.
Operationalizing the mission
The mission will be realized by:
integrating expertise drawn from a variety of disciplines, including medicine, public health, veterinary medicine, social sciences, engineering, and agricultural and environmental sciences
engaging collaboratively with partners in California and around the world in action-based research aimed at improving and promoting health using the One Health approach
training a cadre of global leaders, health workers, scientists, and engineers in the One Health approach
Some examples of OHC research/intervention areas
Improved water management in underserved areas of the world to conserve water, increase its quantity and quality, and utilize it more effectively to specifically improve health outcomes
Poultry immunization to improve animal health, reduce the risk of zoonotic diseases, and improve access to eggs and poultry meat for children
Enhanced vector-control and disease-surveillance strategies
Improved food safety through water and ecosystem management
Promotion of low-cost and sustainable approaches to combat malnutrition, especially among children
Use of agricultural biotechnology for improved nutrition and food security
Implementation of better household practices to prevent the spread of water-related diseases
One Health Framework
UCGHI Advisory Board N. California Hub UCD Director: Conrad Assoc. Dir: Wilkes S. California Hub UCR Director: Deolalikar Assoc. Dir: Yates Steering Committee Sub-Committee on Research Sub-Committee on Education Sub-Committee on Communication & Development OHC Governance Structure
OHC Signature Research Project Impact and Cost-Effectiveness of the One Health Approach on Child Health and Nutritional Status in Uganda
Proposal highly ranked by the National Institutes of Health.
Pilot a randomized control trial in rural Soroti district of Uganda that will involve the following staged interventions:
hand-washing-with-soap stations and educational campaigns
poultry immunization to improve animal health and increase access to eggs and poultry meat for young children
treatment for intestinal parasites among children
lipid-based nutrient supplements for home fortification of complementary foods for children under two
Conduct rigorous impact evaluation of the different interventions to determine the added benefits of the One Health approach.
Partners for Signature Project
Department of Medicine, Makerere University, Kampala
The Malaria Consortium
Ministry of Health, Government of Uganda
Program in International and Community Nutrition, UC Davis
Center for Disease Vector Research, UC Riverside
New 2 unit graduate course on One Health was offered in April 2010.
The course consisted of eight 2 hour sessions during the month.
Video-conferencing brought students and faculty together at three sites: UC Davis, UC Davis Medical Center, and UC Riverside.
Enrollment limited to 25 graduate students from the three sites.
UCD students were drawn from International and Community Nutrition; International Agricultural Development; Center for Health & Environment; Medical residents; and School of Veterinary Medicine.
UCR graduate students came from the Departments of Cell, Molecular and Developmental Biology; Entomology; Environmental Sciences; and Sociology.
OHC Contribution to UCSF Master’s Program
Foundations of Global Health Includes 4 lectures by OHC faculty, including:
Overview presentation on the concept and importance of One Health
Three presentations on the socioeconomic determinants of zoonotic diseases; relationship between malnutrition, agriculture and animal health; and waterborne disease and watershed management.
Possible field placements for Master’s students in action-based research projects in water management, nutrition, animal health, and vector disease control.
Other OHC Training Activities
Co-sponsored international workshop, UCR: “Facing the Challenges of Vector-Borne Diseases in the 21st Century,” March 2010
OHC-UCR has applied for an NSF IGERT (Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship) grant on “Water SENSE: Social, Engineering and Natural Sciences Engagement.”
Symposium on One Health for students and faculty from all UC campuses, February 2011.
Some OHC Partners
African Centre for Water Research, South Africa
American Water Works Association
California Department of Public Health
California Regional Water Quality Control Board
Engineers without Borders – International & USA
International Centre for Insect Physiology & Ecology, Kenya
International Water Management Institute, Sri Lanka
IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, Netherlands
-Loma Linda University (Department of Global Health) -Makerere University, Uganda -Malaria Consortium -Mosquito and Vector Control Association of California -Municipal Water Districts -NIH/Fogarty Global Infectious Diseases Training Program -Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania -World Bank, Washington, DC -World Health Organization