One of the main innovations introduced by the new Regulations is the obligation for Member States to exchange social security information only by electronic means (article 4 IR) . In order to reach the objective set by the Regulations, an integrated system providing a common secure framework is to be set up. This new system is called the EESSI system (Electronic Exchange of Social Security Information). Currently 31 countries participate in the information exchange (EU27 + Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Switzerland). EESSI is a messaging system that will allow national social security institutions to exchange social security information electrocally in a secure manner . It replaces the current paper E-forms. Legal framework: Article 78 of Regulation 883/2004 Article 4(2) of Implementing Regulation (IR): “ The transmission of data between the institutions or the liaison bodies shall be carried out by electronic means either directly or indirectly through the access points under a common secure framework that can guarantee the confidentiality and protection of exchanges of data.”
Governments and global single market Opportunities, challenges and threats of an increased interoperability between States Jackie Morin November 2011
Single market Monti report Free movement of workers is the most contested and at the same time the least used of the four freedoms Is mobility a good thing for Europe : Yes 66% Is mobility a good thing for you : Yes 33%
A huge potential for mobility Living or working Temporary stay Would consider doing so in the future BUT15% would not because of too many obstacles and 53% because ‘not interested Living in another Member State Having worked in another MS Having an EHIC 2.5 % 10 % 28 % 38 %
Mobility paradigm Article 45 Freedom of movement for workers shall be secured within the Union Article 48 EP and council shall adopt measures in the field of social security which are necessary to provide freedom of movement for workers Social security systems are very different and of full national competence Who is ensured What are the benefits What are the entitlement conditions
<ul><li>Free movement of workers (and family members) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right to work in any other EU Member State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibition of obstacles to free movement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coordination of social security for insured persons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One applicable legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggregation of periods of insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Export of cash benefits </li></ul></ul>Reconciliation Similar principles at EU level /Different national realities Two Regulations
I go to the UK to work I will be ensured in the UK for all social security purpose (equal treatment) My pension rights will be aggregated
I go to Spain for my pension My pension will be paid by Germany Health care will be provided by Spain (with DE reimbursement)
I go to France for work Family benefits will be paid by France to my family in Poland
Electronic Exchange of Social Security Information (EESSI) Need to create an efficient system of cooperation between high number of actors dealing with different systems Electronic exchange as the new norm EESSI Network
Coordination constraints Neutral and simple for citizens One contact point Benefiting citizens’ rights Provide better service by speedier settlement of claims and payment of benefits Better quality of data Secure and efficient for institutions More than 15,000 institutions connected through access points (around 70) Online Directory More than 15 million messages exchanged per year Paper E forms replaced by structured electronic documents Secured routing
EESSI High-level Architecture Member State 1 Member State 2 Member State 4 Member State 3 Member State “n” CN National Network EESSI International Network S Testa National Network National Network National Network National Network National Network
Interoperability is only the first step Connect national electronic environments (continuity) Improve performance (reduce delays) Measure efficiency (indicators) Better control of fraud and errors Further developments (e-EHIC, e-Portable forms)
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