Internet Landscape &           ICANN’s roleCHALLENGES FOR OPEN INNOVATION         Sébastien Bachollet       ICANN Board of...
Self-management of these resources hasallowed the global Internet to grow from this…         08/11/2011   ICANN - Global F...
To this…08/11/2011    ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011   3
And, eventually, to this…This image is a mathematical map of Internet routing in 2002. The colors highlight the geographic...
Internet - An Evolving Ecosystem                                              What’s next?                                ...
What is Multi-stakeholder• An environment where decisions are taken  in concertation with  – Governments  – Businesses  – ...
ICANN• International Corporation for Assigned Names  and Numbers  – Founded in 1998  – Not-for-profit public-benefit corpo...
V2                  ICANN multi-stakeholder model  Ombudsman                          Chair                  Board of Dire...
The ICANN Mission1. Coordinates the allocation and assignment of thethree sets of unique identifiers for the Internet    a...
How ICANN’s work supports the                  Internet                   New                          Unique             ...
What ICANN does not do• Content regulation• Provide Spam protection• Protection of Children online• Detection and remediat...
Domain names                                                                .arpa              enum                       ...
Top Level Domains (April 2011)    08/11/2011   ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011   14
Total Domain Registrations Q4 2010                      • End of Q2 2011 closed with base of more                         ...
Internationalized Domain Names      08/11/2011   ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011   16
gTLD TimelinePredating ICANN(before 1998)                                             2004 Round     .com .edu            ...
Public Participation and the    Draft Applicant Guidebook    •   November 2008 (version 1)    •   May 2009 (excerpts)    •...
08/11/2011   ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011   19
Who Can Apply? Entities from anywhere in the world that      meet the pre-defined criteria and       requirements as outli...
How Much?Evaluation fee - US$ 185,000•    Paid to ICANN•    US$5,000 of which is due upon TAS registration•    Refunds app...
New gTLDs- linguistic communities      08/11/2011   ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011   22
New gTLDs-missions, businesses     08/11/2011   ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011   23
New gTLDs - Geographic   08/11/2011   ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011   24
gTLDs Projects08/11/2011   ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011   25
TUESDAY NOVEMBER 8th            [2:30pm - 4:45pm]  NEW INTERNET EXTENSIONS   (GTLD : GENERIC TOP LEVEL                    ...
Sébastien Bachollet          • sebastien@bachollet.com          • http://sebastien.bachollet.fr/• ICANN    – Board Member ...
Sébastien Bachollet • ITEMS       – Consultant Manager – SI & gouvernance d’Internet • Gérant Fondateur de BBS – 7 ans    ...
Sébastien Bachollet
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  • 1969 and 1972 is when we first started seeing the beginnings of the internet with the Arpanet and email. By 1991 we had the world wide web. Remember first e-mail address?‘90s brought wireless connectivity. That’s when search engines started coming into play. Yahoo was founded in 1995; Google wasfounded in 1998. It’s when we first started seeing the first bits of social networking and blogs started coming on – sharing of music and images over the internet.2000s, that’s when social media is really kicking up with Facebook and Twitter. We’re starting to see people be able to access the internet on their phones and Voice over IP, which are things like Skype.
  • Article 7, Section 2
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe second quarter of 2011 closed with a base of morethan 215 million domain name registrations across all TopLevel Domains (TLDs), an increase of 5.2 million domainnames, or 2.5 percent over the first quarter. Registrationshave grown by more than 16.9 million, or 8.6 percent, sincethe second quarter of 2010.The base of Country Code Top Level Domains (ccTLDs)was 84.6 million domain names, a 3.6 percent increasequarter over quarter, and an 8.4 percent increase year overyear in the base.1The .com and .net TLDs experienced aggregate growth,surpassing a combined total of 110 million names in thesecond quarter of 2011. This represents a 1.8 percentincrease in the base over the first quarter of 2011 and an8.3 percent increase over the same quarter in 2010. New.com and .net registrations totaled 8.1 million during thequarter. This reflects a 2.0 percent increase year over yearin new registrations, and a 2.3 percent decrease in newregistrations from the first quarter.The order of the top TLDs in terms of zone size changedslightly compared to the first quarter, as .cn (China) movedfrom ninth to eighth largest TLD, dropping .eu (EuropeanUnion) from eighth to ninth.The largest TLDs in terms of base size were, in order, .com,.de (Germany), .net, .uk (United Kingdom), .org, .info, .nl(Netherlands), .cn, .eu and .ru (Russian Federation).
  • Bzh = Breton –West coast of France “Little Britain”: .gal is Galicia (Not the Polish one- Northwest Spain, just above Portugal .eus is the ISO 639-1 (the official list of abbreviations for languages) code for the Basque language .cym is Welsh .scot is Scotland. .Cat is the existing domain for Catalonia
  • Sébastien Bachollet

    1. 1. Internet Landscape & ICANN’s roleCHALLENGES FOR OPEN INNOVATION Sébastien Bachollet ICANN Board of Directors Brussels, Belgium, 8 November 2011 1
    2. 2. Self-management of these resources hasallowed the global Internet to grow from this… 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 2
    3. 3. To this…08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 3
    4. 4. And, eventually, to this…This image is a mathematical map of Internet routing in 2002. The colors highlight the geographical and commercial distribution of the Internets 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 4 various networks.
    5. 5. Internet - An Evolving Ecosystem What’s next? 2000+ Social Media, Apps, Mobile Internet and more VoIP/TV Blogs Social Networking 1990+ Music/Images/Video Search Engines Wireless Connectivity 1991 World Wide Web 1972 E-mail1969 Arpanet 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 5
    6. 6. What is Multi-stakeholder• An environment where decisions are taken in concertation with – Governments – Businesses – Civil Society – Individual users – Any other stakeholder not covered by the above 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 6
    7. 7. ICANN• International Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers – Founded in 1998 – Not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with participants from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet’s unique identifiers: • Domain Names • IP Addresses – Took over these functions from the US Government 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 7
    8. 8. V2 ICANN multi-stakeholder model Ombudsman Chair Board of Directors Governmental GPresident and CEO 16 9 10 13 14 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 15 L L L L L Advisory A Committee C ICANN Staff Nominating MDR – 68 Committee Technical Internet SV – 11 Per ICANN Liaison Engineering DC – 9 Bylaws, Article Group Task Force Sydney - 5 VII, section 2 Brussels - 5 Other US - 11 TLG IETF Other non-US - 14 ASO GNSO ccNSO At-Large Security & Root Server Stability System Regional Internet gTLD Registries ccTLD registries Internet Users Advisory Advisory (At-Large Registries gTLD Registrars (.us, .uk, .au, .it, . Advisory Committee Committee ARIN IP interests be, .nl, etc.) RIPE NCC ISPs Committee, LACNIC Businesses in conjunction APNIC Universities with RALOs) AfriNIC Consumers ALAC SSAC RSSAC 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 8
    9. 9. The ICANN Mission1. Coordinates the allocation and assignment of thethree sets of unique identifiers for the Internet a. Domain Names (forming a System referred to as “DNS”) b. Internet Protocol (“IP”) addresses, autonomous system (“AS”) numbers; and c. Protocol port and parameter numbers2. Coordinates the operation and evolution of the DNS root name server system3. Coordinates policy development reasonably and appropriately related to these technical functions 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 9
    10. 10. How ICANN’s work supports the Internet New Unique Diverse, distri protocols buted data and services networks Domain IP Name Number System Resources Protocol and port Secure parameters StableInternet resources Interoperability allows themust be consistent Internet toand interoperable grow, change, and remain open to new users Variety of data technologies and applications 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 10
    11. 11. What ICANN does not do• Content regulation• Provide Spam protection• Protection of Children online• Detection and remediation of revenue fraud• Address the digital divide• Lay cables, or build networks• Develop or deal in applications• Design or approve technical standards for the Internet…..• And much, much more! 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 12
    12. 12. Domain names .arpa enum .int.com .net .org.info .biz .name .pro .coop .museum .aero .xxx .jobs ? .post .travel .mobi .tel .asia .cat .mil .gov .edu.jp … .cn .it .de … .tf 08/11/2011 .ke … .za - BRU … .re .fr ICANN - Global Forum .pe 2011.mx .us 13 .ca
    13. 13. Top Level Domains (April 2011) 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 14
    14. 14. Total Domain Registrations Q4 2010 • End of Q2 2011 closed with base of more than 215 million domain names • Increase of 16.9 million domains (8.6%) over Q2 2010 • Base of ccTLDs was 84.6 million domains • Base of .com and .net totaled 110 million domains • The largest TLDs in terms of size were • .com • .de • .net • .uk • .org • .info • .nl • .cn • .eu Source: Zooknic, July 2011 • .ru Verisign, July 2011 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 15
    15. 15. Internationalized Domain Names 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 16
    16. 16. gTLD TimelinePredating ICANN(before 1998) 2004 Round .com .edu .aero .biz .coop .asia .cat .gov .int .mil .net .info .museum .jobs .mobi .tel .org .arpa .name .pro .travel .post .xxx 2000 Round New gTLD Program Policy development Dec 2005 to Sep 2007 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 17 17
    17. 17. Public Participation and the Draft Applicant Guidebook • November 2008 (version 1) • May 2009 (excerpts) • March 2009 (version 2) Board • October 2009 (version 3) • February 10 (excerpts) Approval of • May 2010 (version 4) Final Application Period 12 Jan to • November 2010 (Proposed Final version) Guidebook 12 Apr 2012 • April 2011 (Discussion Draft) • May 2011 (current version) June 2011 On-going statusICANN Board Publication Communications reporting on ICANN’sPolicy approval Final Applicant Campaign started websiteJun 2008 June 2011 Guidebook 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 18 18
    18. 18. 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 19
    19. 19. Who Can Apply? Entities from anywhere in the world that meet the pre-defined criteria and requirements as outlined in the Applicant GuidebookATTENTION!• Not for individuals• This is a business commitment to become a REGISTRY! 20 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 20
    20. 20. How Much?Evaluation fee - US$ 185,000• Paid to ICANN• US$5,000 of which is due upon TAS registration• Refunds apply in certain cases• Other fees may apply – might not be paid to ICANN These are evaluationOn-going Registry Fees and Registry fees only. Consider carefully the• US$ 25,000 annual Registry fee costs for running a• Transaction fee US$ 0.25 Registry.21 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 21
    21. 21. New gTLDs- linguistic communities 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 22
    22. 22. New gTLDs-missions, businesses 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 23
    23. 23. New gTLDs - Geographic 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 24
    24. 24. gTLDs Projects08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 25
    25. 25. TUESDAY NOVEMBER 8th [2:30pm - 4:45pm] NEW INTERNET EXTENSIONS (GTLD : GENERIC TOP LEVEL DOMAIN)16, rue Kléber – 92442 Issy-les-Moulineaux – FranceOffice : 70 rue Amelot – 75011 PARIS+33 (0)1 4338 6262 - www.items-int.euhrannou@items-int.euwww.gtldteam.comcontact@gtldteam.com
    26. 26. Sébastien Bachollet • sebastien@bachollet.com • http://sebastien.bachollet.fr/• ICANN – Board Member – 2010 – 2014 – Vice-chair ALAC – 2007 – 2010 – Business Constituency – 2001 – 2004• IFFOR – Board Member – 2011 – 2014• Isoc France – President d’honneur – 2009 … – President – 2004 – 2009 • www.isoc.fr• Egeni – President – 2001 – 2008• Publications – Des souris et des hommes – 2005 – Géopolitique de l’Internet – 2003 08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 27
    27. 27. Sébastien Bachollet • ITEMS – Consultant Manager – SI & gouvernance d’Internet • Gérant Fondateur de BBS – 7 ans – Consultant SI & gouvernance d’Internet • Cigref – 3 ans – Délégué Général Adjoint – International – fournisseurs – gouvernance • SNCF – 8 ans – Socrate terminaux distribution (GL) – Stratégie distribution & système (GL) – DSI adjoint (SNCF) • Air Inter – 5 ans – Marketing + système distribution08/11/2011 ICANN - Global Forum - BRU 2011 28
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