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Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use
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Ijf14 whistleblowing for journalistic use

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Several groups of journalists, or informal groups created for informational and political purposes, use tools of anonymous whistleblowing. As became clear after the success of WikiLeaks and the …

Several groups of journalists, or informal groups created for informational and political purposes, use tools of anonymous whistleblowing. As became clear after the success of WikiLeaks and the subsequent emergence of clones, it is not only the availability of the tool that creates the news. It is rather a whole process inserted in editorial logic, it is the sum of choices of transparency, safety and publicizing. Having successful stories is not easy, because this operational chain is often not even understood by inexperienced journalists. This talk will present methods used by journalists involved in similar editorial operations (10 countries in the world, more than 50 journalists) and an interview focused on how to use them.

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  • 1. WHISTLEBLOWING FORWHISTLEBLOWING FOR JOURNALISTIC USE:JOURNALISTIC USE: ANALYSIS OF THE USERSANALYSIS OF THE USERS INTERNATIONAL JOURNALISM FESTIVAL 2014INTERNATIONAL JOURNALISM FESTIVAL 2014 MAY 3, 2014, PERUGIAMAY 3, 2014, PERUGIA GIOVANNI PELLERANO –GIOVANNI PELLERANO – GIOVANNI.PELLERANO@LOGIOSHERMES.ORGGIOVANNI.PELLERANO@LOGIOSHERMES.ORG
  • 2. "An Open-Source Whistleblowing Framework" https://www.globaleaks.org
  • 3. GLOBALEAKS: THE STARTING POINTGLOBALEAKS: THE STARTING POINT "the largest leak of classified documents in its history.", BBC, 23 October 2010
  • 4. GLOBALEAKS: THE STARTING POINTGLOBALEAKS: THE STARTING POINT The WikiLeaks failure: too much centralized. the project moved slowly;1. cables released with few or no fact checking due to the lack of culture; 2. the project became easy target of censorship;3. the authors became criminals.4.
  • 5. GLOBALEAKS: THE STARTING POINTGLOBALEAKS: THE STARTING POINT "Julian Assange wanted by the Interpol", Interpol website, 10 October 2010
  • 6. GLOBALEAKS: THE STARTING POINTGLOBALEAKS: THE STARTING POINT "Bradley Manning Sentenced To 35 Years In Prison For WikiLeaks Disclosures ", Huffington Post, August 21, 2013.
  • 7. 2011: THE GLOBALEAKS IDEA2011: THE GLOBALEAKS IDEA What if something like WikiLeaks reaches the local scope?1. What if right data can reach the right persons? directyl!2.
  • 8. WHISTLEBLOWINGWHISTLEBLOWING Whistleblowing is nothing new and since time is considered the most important instruments in order to fight corruption; 1. A lot of times, it is not done with the right instruments;2. Quite always, the identity of the source is considered a secret that few people know and protect. 3.
  • 9. WRONG WHISTLEBLOWING INITIATIVESWRONG WHISTLEBLOWING INITIATIVES DO NOT TRY THIS AT HOMEDO NOT TRY THIS AT HOME An "Anti-Corruption Suggestion Box" in the center of a square in Kenya
  • 10. WRONG WHISTLEBLOWING INITIATIVESWRONG WHISTLEBLOWING INITIATIVES DO NOT TRY THIS AT HOMEDO NOT TRY THIS AT HOME WSJ's Safe House, runned on public internet and even without SSL. "Wall Street Journal faces backlash over WikiLeaks rival", The Guardian, Friday 6 May 2011
  • 11. 2011: GLOBALEAKS 0.1 PROTOTYPE2011: GLOBALEAKS 0.1 PROTOTYPE a free software framework in order to support the setup of local Whistleblowing initiatives; 1. built on the well-proved technologies in the field of confidentiality and anonymity. 2.
  • 12. TOR AND PGP ARE ...TOR AND PGP ARE ... well-proved technologies, well-proved technologies, well-proved technologies, well-proved technologies, well-proved technologies, well-proved technologies.
  • 13. 2011-2012: GLOBALEAKS RESEARCH GRANTS2011-2012: GLOBALEAKS RESEARCH GRANTS Thanks to the first prototype: USAID supported the work for Perun/Juznevesti, the first adopter of GlobaLeaks RFA/OTF funded one year of research for GlobaLeaks 2.0
  • 14. 2012: HERMES2012: HERMES logioshermes.org From 2012 it counts more than 15 members;1. We do "Social Innovation";2. We promote the diffusion of tools and projects of transparency; 3. R&D in the field of privacy, anonymity and whistleblowing.4.
  • 15. FROM A SOFTWARE TO A METHODOLOGYFROM A SOFTWARE TO A METHODOLOGY :globaleaks.org Documentation Guidelines for Whistleblowing Initiatives GlobaLeaks Fast Track Program GlobaLeaks Setup Guide GlobaLeaks Project Plan
  • 16. LOCAL PEOPLE NEED TRAINING!LOCAL PEOPLE NEED TRAINING!
  • 17. THE INITIATIVE NEEDS TO BE CONTINUOSLYTHE INITIATIVE NEEDS TO BE CONTINUOSLY PROMOTED!PROMOTED!
  • 18. THE ADOPTERS!THE ADOPTERS! https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GlobaLeaks#GlobaLeaks_uses
  • 19. THE ADOPTERS'S INTERVIEWTHE ADOPTERS'S INTERVIEW
  • 20. THE ADOPTERS'S INTERVIEWTHE ADOPTERS'S INTERVIEW
  • 21. THE ADOPTERS'S INTERVIEWTHE ADOPTERS'S INTERVIEW
  • 22. JOURNALISTIC USE CASE: PUBLEAKSJOURNALISTIC USE CASE: PUBLEAKS A specific foundation has been created; 1. More than 42 partners has been involved: printed newspaper, websites, televisions; 2. Partners of different colors with a collaboration agreement; 3. Periodic receivers training;4. Prototyped a special laptop dedicated to leak analysis. 5.
  • 23. JOURNALISTIC USE CASE: PUBLEAKSJOURNALISTIC USE CASE: PUBLEAKS INFORMATION → ACTIONINFORMATION → ACTION
  • 24. INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM USE CASEINVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM USE CASE
  • 25. ACTIVISM USE CASEACTIVISM USE CASE
  • 26. ANONYMOUS ACTIVISM: MAFIALEAKSANONYMOUS ACTIVISM: MAFIALEAKS Some anonymous people maintaining the platform; 1.
  • 27. ANONYMOUS ACTIVISM: MAFIALEAKSANONYMOUS ACTIVISM: MAFIALEAKS Some anonymous people maintaining the platform; 1. Engaged various public and important journalists; 2.
  • 28. ANONYMOUS ACTIVISM: MAFIALEAKSANONYMOUS ACTIVISM: MAFIALEAKS Some anonymous people maintaining the platform; 1. Engaged various public and important journalists; 2. Main difficulties in training them due to the impossibility for a direct communication. 3. NO PGP!NO PGP!
  • 29. WHY DID YOU DECIDE TO ADOPT IT?WHY DID YOU DECIDE TO ADOPT IT? 1. "after direct contact with Arturo" or "on suggestion of a friend"; 2. "I've read of the received pentests and I consider it secure"; 3. "I don't know why, but it seems the only solution so I've to trust it."
  • 30. DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED (TOP 3)DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED (TOP 3) 3° Usability; Despite the application has reached levels of usability very similar to those of a normal modern site, the need of use a special browser represents a great limit; 2° Non retuning whistleblowers; The whistleblower doesn't come back on the platform after his submission. 1° The laziness of the actors involved; PGP 80% of cases is not used. In one case due to lack of training (understandable), the remaining is due to laziness. DAMN!
  • 31. MAIN FACT CHECKING WORKFLOWSMAIN FACT CHECKING WORKFLOWS JOURNALISM TYPICALJOURNALISM TYPICAL
  • 32. MAIN FACT CHECKING WORKFLOWSMAIN FACT CHECKING WORKFLOWS FOIA BASEDFOIA BASED
  • 33. MAIN FACT CHECKING WORKFLOWSMAIN FACT CHECKING WORKFLOWS CROWDSOURCING BASEDCROWDSOURCING BASED
  • 34. SUBMITTED MATERIALSUBMITTED MATERIAL SUBMISSIONS FREQUENCYSUBMISSIONS FREQUENCY SUBMISSIONS WITH ATTACHMENTSSUBMISSIONS WITH ATTACHMENTS SUBMISSIONS OF PUBLIC INTERESTSUBMISSIONS OF PUBLIC INTEREST SUBMISSION RATINGSUBMISSION RATING 0forirrilevant,5forCRITICAL
  • 35. SUBMITTED MATERIALSUBMITTED MATERIAL
  • 36. THANK YOU!THANK YOU!GIOVANNI PELLERANO –GIOVANNI PELLERANO – GIOVANNI.PELLERANO@LOGIOSHERMES.ORGGIOVANNI.PELLERANO@LOGIOSHERMES.ORG

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