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Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011
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Shigeki Sakurai – Status of CCS – Presentation at the Global CCS Institute Members’ Meeting: 2011

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  • 1. Current CCS Activities in Japan October 4, 2011 Shigeki Sakurai Senior Executive Director Japan Coal Energy Center 1
  • 2. Contents1. CCS Policy in JAPAN2. CCS Significance in Coal Resources3. Current CCS Activities in Japan4. Implementation by JCOAL 2
  • 3. 1. CCS Policy in JAPAN(1) Basic Energy Plan (Cabinet Decision on June 18, 2010)(2) Fundamental Viewpoint for Future energy Policy in light on the Earthquake Disaster (Council on the Realization of the New Growth Strategy by METI on June 7, 2011)(3) Future Agenda: “Four Pillars” and “Three Strategies” (on June 7, 2011)(4) Future Directions of Coal Policy(5) An Innovative Zero-emission Coal Fired Power Generation System(6) CCS Technology Development Road Map 3
  • 4. (1) Basic Energy Plan (Cabinet Decision on June 18, 2010)(Advanced thermal power generation) While accelerating the technology development aimed at the practical application of CCS by around 2020, consider the introduction of CCS Ready in new construction and expansion of coal-fired plants in the future. Also, consider CCS introduction to coal fueled power generation by 2030, which is planned for future practical application. Specific requirements of CCS ready will be studied using the EU Directive as reference. As the requirement for CCS ready permit approval of a thermal power plant of more than 300,000kW, the EU Directive (June 2009) demands a survey of whether (1) an adequate geological storage site for CO2 exists, (2) CO2 transportation is possible technically and economically, and (3) future construction of CO2 capture/injection facilities is technically and economically possible. If CCS was found technically and economically feasible as a result of such a survey, space shall be secured for facilities necessary for CO2 capture and injection. 4
  • 5. (2) Fundamental Viewpoint for Future energy Policy in light on the Earthquake DisasterFrom “3E” to “S+3E” Source: Council on the Realization of the New Growth Strategy by METI on June 7, 2011 The importance of energy policys fundamental policy 3E (Energy Security, Economic Growth, Environment Protection) remains, but in addition to this, we must reaffirm that S (Safety obtainment) is a major premise. Especially for nuclear energy, it is imperative that all possible measures are taken to obtain safety. “Energy Security” requires not only a reduction in dependence on overseas resources, but also an establishment of energy supply framework which is strong against domestic emergencies such as natural disasters . To do so, we must take in consideration the potential risk where a reliance on large- scale centralized power occurs, and must realize a double-track / multiple layered system with a coexistence of decentralized power and non-electrical energy sources. For "Demand side", added to the continued efforts for streamlining of energy consumption through innovations in energy saving technologies, we must also rethink the way of society where limitless increase in energy consumption is accepted, and transform to "energy/power saving model“.Action based on time -line Short term (1~3 years): Removing fears of electricity supply is the priority task. Deploy safety supply oriented policy in order to support “recovery and restoration” of affected areas and the “recovery of Japanese economy”. Medium term (3~10 years):Obtain a balance between economic growth and environmental protection to aim for “sustainable growth" while under the premise of stable supply. Long term (10~20 years): Realization of world’s strongest energy supply/demand structure considering the outcome of technological innovations. 5
  • 6. (3) Future Agenda: “Four Pillars” and “Three Strategies” (Source; METI on June 7, 2011) On the foundation of "S+3E", have the "renewable energy" as a new pillar for the supply side alongside "fossil fuels" and "nuclear power“, and strengthen the "energy saving" efforts on the demand side. Accelerate energy demand structure reform and economic growth through energy system reforms, energy technology innovations, and international strategies. Realization of optimum supply structure Realization of energy/power saving demand structure Nuclear Renewable Energy Fossil fuel saving power energy - Improvement of economic - Innovation of energy - Reduction of environmental - Obtainment of high level growth through technical saving technologies impact safety innovation - Transfer to energy saving - Ensuring of stable supply - Maximum utilization of structure for a more potentials in natural resources economic society Energy system reform (Stable supply, competitiveness (participation by various entities)/ economic growth) Energy technology innovation (renewable energy, fossil fuel, energy saving / low carbon) International strategies Obtainment of resources Contribute to global warming issues International cooperation 6
  • 7. (4) Future Directions of Coal Policy (Source; METI on June 7, 2011) <1>Stable coal supply (Response to increase in coal demands in Asian Strengthenmulti-layered countries) Packaging ofrelationships system through co- infrastructure • Strengthening of strategic public-private undertakings in order todevelopment exports and of coal obtain resources resource utilization obtainmenttechnologies Japan to lead the worlds coal usage <2>Technological innovations <3>Worldwide development of towards zero emissions CCT • Promotion of high-efficiency thermal power • International contribution towards CO2 generation and CCS reduction • Multipurpose usage of low grade coal • Utilization of bilateral credit mechanism Further strengthening of ties with coal producing and coal consuming countries 7
  • 8. (5) An Innovative Zero-emission Coal Fired Power Generation System As a response to global warming issue, coal fired power generation is strongly demanded to reduce CO2 emissions. Coordinating high-efficiency coal fired power generation and CCS (Carbon Capture and Storage) in order to realize a complete system. (Source; METI(March, 2008))[Coal Gasification &Combustion] [Separation & Capture] [ Transportation] [Geological Storage] - Storage potential and Off-gas cost investigation (Returning to the smoke stack) (several areas around the country) - Verified in the U.S. Exhaust Gas Storage Tank Injection CO2Concentration: Liquefaction Facilities Transportation by Ship Facilities Well 7~40% [Geological Storage] CO2 Pump & Carburetor CO2 Storage Tank Facilities CO2Recovery DeviceCoal Gasification Power Plant Compressor-Verification tests in order to Chemical separation andexpand absorption methods of CO2the range of compatible coal types.-Development and verification ofoxygen separation devices 8
  • 9. (6) CCS Technology Development Road Map (Source; “Cool Earth Innovative Energy Technology Program”, METI(March, 2008)) 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 4,200sJPY 2,000sJPY 1,000sJPY/t-CO2 (Adoption of separation membrane) /t-CO2 /t-CO2 Drastic reduction of capture cost CO2 Capture - Chemical Absorption, Physical absorption/adsorption,Membrane separation,Utilization of unused low-grade exhaust heat to regenerate absorbent etc. - Size increase in separation membrane, Successive productionGeologicalStorage of Leap in storage potential CO2 Pilot study on Large-scale demonstration geological storage Full-scale domestic implementation of underground storage - Aquifer, Depleted oil and gas field, Coal seam - Transportation technologies 9
  • 10. 2. CCS Significance of Coal Resources (1) Potential of CCS (2) Significance of CCS (3) Future Market of CCS 10
  • 11. (1) Potential of CCS The technical global potential of CCS is about 2 trillion tons (equivalent to 70 years CO2 emission at the current level) (IPCC Special Report on CCS) It is estimated that 19% of the emission reduction in 2050 will be made by CCS (IEA, “Energy Technology Perspectives 2010”) Contribution of individual technologies in global warming countermeasures 11
  • 12. (2) Significance of CCS CO2 emission Global CO2 emissions by Sector Share (billion tons/year) Total Global CO2 emissions 28.96 100.0% From power generation 10.90 37.6% From Coal-fired power generation 8.68 30.0% (source)IEA CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion (2009) 30% of the world’s CO2 emission are from coal-fired plants In addition to efficiency improvement of coal-fired plants, capture/storage of CO2 emitted from them is a very important agenda when considering global CO2 emission reduction. Furthermore, the same technologies can be used for other large emission sources (iron making, cement production, etc). 12
  • 13. (3) Future Market of CCS Mt CO2/yr (source)IEA Technology Roadmap 2009 10Gt CO2/yr power industry Upstream biomass. gasInvestment Power sec.Every 10 years Indu.+ ups. sec.(Billion $) Total 13
  • 14. 3. Current CCS Activities in Japan(1) Implementation by J-POWER and others (Three major CO2 Capture technologies from thermal power plants)(2) Implementation by Toshiba (PCF)(3) Implementation by Hitachi(4) Implementation by RITE(5) Implementation by Japan CCS(6) Implementation by Nippon Steel Eng. Co. and Chiyoda Co. 14
  • 15. (1) Implementation by J-POWER and others (Three major CO2 Capture technologies from thermal power plants) 4 Partnership: J-POWER/MHI PCF 4 Method: Chemical Adsorption (KS-1) Post-combustion 4 Gas flow rate: 1,750Nm3/h J-POWER 4 CO2 Capture rate: 10 t/day Pilot Plant Matsuhima P/S 4 Test period: July ‘06 – October ‘08 4 Partnership: J-POWER,IHI, Mitsui corp., PCF CS Energy, ACA, Xstrata Coal, Shlumberger 4 Fund: Australian Gov. and Japanese Gov. Oxyfuel 4 Plant Capacity: 30MWe Combustion 4 CO2 Capture rate: Up to 75t/d Callide A P/S in QL, Australia 4 Storage: Depleted gas field / Saline Aquifer Demo. Plant 4 Test period: August ‘11 – Mid ‘14 4 Partnership: J-POWER/NEDO Coal Gasification 4 Method: Chemical Adsorption (MDEA) 4 Gas flow rate: 1,000Nm3/h Pre-Combustion J-POWER Wakamatsu 4 CO2 Capture rate: approx. 20 t/d Research Institute, Pilot Plant 4 Test period: Nov. ‘08 – March ‘10 EAGLE plant 15
  • 16. (2) Implementation by Toshiba (PCF) ・CO2 Capture rate : 10 tons /day ・Capture Technology : Post –combustion, amine absorption ・Operating Hours to Date : 5,255 hours ( as of July 2011 ) 16
  • 17. (2) Implementation by Toshiba (PCF) 17
  • 18. (3) Implementation by Hitachi 18
  • 19. (3) Implementation by Hitachi 19
  • 20. (4) Implementation by RITE (Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth) Technological development for preventing global warming • Turning fossil energy into clean energy • Fluid energy production from renewable resources • CO2 fixation using plants Support policymaking by Japan and other countries • Proposal of modeling-based global warming strategies for the near to distant future Geological Storage Capacity Estimation • Many aquifers and some depleted oil/gas reservoirs were investigated for a CO2 storage reservoir. • Detail site characterization of candidate sites for large scale demonstration are being conducted (JCCS). Nagaoka Project • 10,000 tons of CO2 were injected into a deep saline aquifer and various kinds of monitoring were applied to identify CO2 migration and distribution. • Those monitoring is on going now. 20
  • 21. (4) Implementation by RITESedimentary Layers around Japan Based on data of Government funded preliminary seismic and drilling survey for exploring of natural resources Geophysical Prospecting line (except depth /lithofacies) Boundary of sea area (Natural gas field) (more than 800m in thickness) Shallower than 200m in depth Shallower than 1000m in depth 21
  • 22. (4) Implementation by RITE Nagaoka test site • FY2000-2007 by METI, Japan CO2 Storage in Nagaoka field • Injected 10,400 ton CO2 Active oil and gas field (2003.7-2005.1) at Minami Nagaoka • Reservoir; Pleistocene sandstone (Teikoku Oil) • permeability ave. 7mD • porosity ca.23% • 48oC, 11MPa Reservoir Niigata 1,100m Tokyo 5000m Gas production RITE (Kyoto) 22
  • 23. (5) Implementation by Japan CCS Co. Ltd.(Shareholders are 36 companies, Electric power, Petroleum, Engineering, Ian and Steel and other companies) Outline of Japan CCS Co. Ltd. Established through investment by power, steel, oil, oil development, chemical and other companies in May 2008 with the aim of conducting research & development and surveys for practical application of the technologies for the separation, collection, transportation and geological storage of carbon dioxide (CCS) in Japan. Survey Status of Candidate Sites for CCS Demonstration Project Tomakomai (Hokkaido) Elastic wave exploration was carried out from October 2009 to September 2010. Test wells were drilled from November 2010 to June 2011. Now date obtained from the drilling are under analysis. Nakoso-Iwaki oki (Fukushima) Pipeline survey was conducted in July-August 2009. Tomakomai Negotiation for survey well drilling have been made with the local fishery cooperatives. In light of the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011, survey at the site and negotiations for them are suspended at the moment. Nakoso-Iwaki oki Kitakusyu (Fukuoka) Test boring was conducted from May to October 2010. Currently the data obtained through the test are under analysis to Kitakyushu assess the storage performance 23
  • 24. (6) Implementation by Nippon Steel Eng. Co. and Chiyoda Co.ECOPRO Project (Highly Efficient Pyrolysis Integrated Coal Gasification Project) The Australia/Japan joint demonstration project to do a gasification of low rank coal (Brown Coal) which the utilization at the state of Victoria in Australia is expected in the future, to produce substituted natural gas (SNG) and to implement CO2 capture and storage (CCS) The implementation for demonstration research of highly efficient pyrolysis technology which is developed by national project in Japan Gas (H2 , CO, CH4) Fuel, Chemicals SNG, FT-oil Entrained Flow gasifier NH3, CH3OH Power Generation 【 【 【 【Pyrolysis 】 】 】 】 IGCC, Gas Engine, Brown Coal Coal + Heat CO,H2,CH4,+ α Fuel Cell Light Oil Drying & Oil Chemicals Pulverizing BTX, Naphthalene Char Steel making Carbon material O2 【 Partial oxidation】 Coal + O2,steam CO,H2,+ Heat + α Slag Inorganic materials Energy Efficiency : 85%(at commercial plant) Cement, etc. Process Stability : Continuous operation of 900hrs Schedule Organization 2010~ ~ Preliminary Feasibility Study Australia Federal Government (DRET) 2012~2015 ~ Plant Construction Victoria state Government (DPI) 2015~2016 ~ Operation for Demonstration Brown Coal Business Research Australia (BCBRA) Nippon Steel Engineering/Chiyoda/JCOAL A Role of JCOAL Coal Gasification Technology Assessment & Market Study Austra ia l l l l Victoria Investigation for Trend of Low Rank Coal Gasification Technology 20t/d Pilot Plant Investigation for Drying Technology of Brown Coal at NSC Yawata works Coordination of the Working Group Activities Demonstration Plant 24
  • 25. 4. Implementation by JCOAL(1) Medium Term Business Plan of JCOAL(2) CCS Group in JCOAL(3) Callide Oxyfuel Project(4) Outline of the Work for Structuring Information of CO2 Storage in Southeast Asia(5) Eco Coal Town Project (ECT) 25
  • 26. (1) Medium Term Business Plan of JCOAL Fundamental Mission・Objective - Realization of Clean Coal Frontier - ・ JCOAL is achieving a sustainable economic growth and overcoming global warming issues through active utilization of coal based on the securing of stable coal as our fundamental objective as the unique body having expert knowledge and experience of coal related fields in the world , namely “ onestop organization of coal” just “ global JCOAL”.<6 Core Activities and 5 Business Principles > Clean Coal Policy 6 Core Activities • Securing Stable Coal Supply Exchanging Information , • Highly Efficient Coal Utilization Policy Proposal Promotion of Transfer Promotion of Clean Comprehensive Promotion Strategic Business of Development Coal of Coal Technology Coal Technology Resources Promotion •ECT Group Enhancement of Public ・LRC Group Relations & Human ・CCS Group Resources Development 5 Business PrinciplesComprehensive & Selective Business Business Business Development by further Flexible andOverlooked Business Development collaboration with memberDevelopment by Up & Development followed by Country companies and expected Maneuverable Business OpportunityDown Stream Integration Theme by Theme Strategy Business Opportunity 26
  • 27. (2) CCS Group in JCOAL CCS Group has been formed since April 2011(upgrade from CCS Team, started from July 2010) Main Mission i. Collection and provision of CCS-related information ii. Planning and Proposal of CCS-related business iii. Participation in investigation and research business on CCS iv. Participation in research and development , demonstration business on CCS v. Contribution to CCS-related business as a host of GCCSI Japanese members meeting Main Activities i. Promotion of Oxyfuel-CCS demonstration Callide project with Australia. (2006 - 2015) ii. Implementation of Joint Research and Development on Oxy-Combustion Technology with Dept. of Energy(DOE)/National Energy Technology Laboratory(NEL).(2010-) iii. Yubari CO2-ECBM Pilot Test was conducted in Hokkaido.(2003 - 2007) 27
  • 28. (3) Callide Oxyfuel ProjectProject positioning World’s first “Series system of Coal utilization, Power generation, CO2 capture andCO2 storage in the application to existing power plant system”Oxy-fuel combustion system Power Plant Coal C,H,O,N,S,Ash Boiler Flue gas ( ( ( ( ) ) ) ) N2 O2 , Callide-A #4 unit (30 MWe) treatment N2Air((((N2 O2 、 、 、 、 ) ) ) ) CO2 storage CO2 storage site O2 Compress/Cooling ・Store 10-20 x103 tonCO2 ASU H2O SO2 ・Surat Basin Saline Aquifer Flue gas recycle CO2 ( ) ・・・, , Schedule ・LETDF Announcement: 30 Oct 2006 ・APP Flagship Project: 15 Oct 2007 ・Signing JV Agreement: 20 March 2008 ・Launch Ceremony: 14 Nov 2008 ・Oxy-firing: 2011 - 2014 ・CO2 storage & monitoring: 2012 - 2016 ・CO2 storage feasibility study is supported by GCCSI. QLD Callide A P/S Australia CO2 storage Brisbane area 28
  • 29. (4) Outline of the Work for Structuring Information of CO2 Storage in Southeast Asia Dissemination of CCS and aiming to build up a commercial CCS project in Southeast Asia by taking the opportunity of the GCCSI Japan office opening in September 2011. The purpose of this work, Structuring Information of “CO2 Storage Potential and incremental Oil and Gas Volumes” for CO2-EOR and CO2-ECBM in Southeast Asia, is to accelerate and build up CCS projects in Southeast Asian countries. Work Items No. Work Items 1 Prepare Comprehensive Work Plan 2 Data Acquisition and Quality Check 3 Screening of Oil Fields on CO2-EOR Application 4 Screening of CBM Fields on CO2-ECBM Application 5 Estimation of CO2 Storage Potential and Incremental Oil Volumes for Oil Fields 6 Estimation of CO2 Storage Potential and Incremental Gas Volumes for CBM Fields 7 Summarization of Estimation Results 29
  • 30. (4) Outline of the Work for Structuring Information of CO2 Storage in Southeast AsiaWork Organization GCCSI, etc. GCCSI PM JCOAL, and JAPANESE LEGAL MEMBERS (JCOAL JAPANESE LEGAL MEMBERS) Estimation Works for CO2-ECBM Estimation Works for CO2-EOR (JCOAL and/or JAPANESE LEGAL MEMBERS) (JAPANESE LEGAL MEMBERS) Sub-contractor < Data Acquisition > 30
  • 31. (5) Eco Coal Town Project (ECT) To propose the master plan to realize the production of highly value added products from brown coal and bituminous coal in ECT. To propose the master plan and to conduct basic feasibility study based on optimum integration of Japanese Clean Coal Technologies (CCT) including engineering and operation system. To show the procedure to realize ECT in conjunction with needs from enterprises and the construction plan for infrastructures in coal producing countries. Long distance Coal AMM transmission mines VAM VAM N2 Goaf sealing (E)CMM CMM (E)CBM VAM Preparation turbine CO2 Gasifier Waste heat recovery boiler Waste heat O2 Ash CMM Gas recovery boiler Gas Concentration Turbine Turbine CFB refuse power plant Steam system Air IGCC Turbine Coal-fired Power Cogeneration of separator Plant CH4 power and heat Sludge Steam Turbine Air CMM gas Wet type Fermentation engine Dry type deSOx methane deNOx & deSOx Gypsum Waste water Coke, tar, BTX treatment Gas Holder Fly ash SNG, LNG, GTL, DME, etc. & slug Gas supply Activated control Carbon Automobile Waste water fuel treatment CH4 Lime Cement manufacturing Town Fly ash & slug processing Regional gas/heat technologies for roadbed material supply center Heat and concrete mixture, etc. pump Gas cogeneration system 31
  • 32. Thank you very much for your kind attention Major Activities of JCOAL ~ Coal One-stop Organization ~ 32

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