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  • 1. CCS Activities in Qatar and relevance toCCS Activities in Qatar and relevance tothe GCC regionthe GCC regionMr. Saif S . Al- NaimiMr. Saif S . Al- NaimiDirector HSE Regulations & Enforcement, Qatar PetroleumDirector HSE Regulations & Enforcement, Qatar Petroleum&&Dr. Nasser Al-MohannadiDr. Nasser Al-MohannadiManager QP Research & Technology Centre, Qatar PetroleumManager QP Research & Technology Centre, Qatar Petroleum
  • 2. OutlineOutlinePart 1: Policy, Legal and Regulations• Climate Change – UNFCCC process• Why CCS ? and Energy related CO2 emission reduction technology• QP Vision/Strategy• Policy options in practice• CCS in CDM• Key Messages/ Developments• ConclusionPart 2: Carbon Storage research in Qatar – QCCSRC• Overview• Objectives• Research
  • 3. Part 1: Policy, Legal and Regulations
  • 4. BAP (2007)KP FCP SCPTargetsBindingCommitments2OC450ppm CO2IPCC ReportClimateChangeMitigationActionsClimateChangeActions –DevelopedCountriesClimate Change Overview of theProcess( UNFCCC negotiations)2008 - 20122013 - 20204DohaClimateGateway(COP18)
  • 5. Source : IEA, 2012b. Energy technology perspectives 2012: Pathways to a clean energy system. OECD/IEA,France.Why CCS- Energy-related CO2 emission reductionsby technologyNote: Percentages represent share of cumulative emissions reductions to 2050. Percentages in brackets representshare of emissions reductions in the year 2050.
  • 6. • Shell, QP, the Qatar Science & Technology Park (QSTP)and Imperial College London are collaborating in a $70-million 10-year investment R&D project in new storagetechnologies• One of the operators has initiated an acid gas reinjectionprogramme - re-injects approximately one million tonnesof CO2 per year into a saline aquifer formationCarbon Capture & Storage (CCS)Carbon Capture & Storage (CCS) in Qatarin Qatar
  • 7. QP’s vision/ strategyQP’s vision/ strategy• CCS is recognized as one of the key mitigationtechnology to deal with climate change and isconsidered as the medium /long term mitigation plans• Actively supported the inclusion of CCS projects underCDM in the UNFCCC negotiations• Main sponsors of many CCS events- Doha Carbonand Energy Forum-More than 150 experts participated• Research and Development in specific areas• Capacity Building• Process of developing policy, legal and regulatory framework
  • 8. Policy Short-term Long-termResearch Collaboration ** ***Role of HSE in Energy sector ** ***Public–Private partnership(ventures)* **Standards for industrialapplication*Export market development *National investment plan ** ***Pricing Reform *Policy Options on CCSPolicy Options on CCS-Recommendations from-Recommendations fromDoha Carbon and Energy Forum -2010Doha Carbon and Energy Forum -2010Categories are groups according to short-term vs. long- terms measures.* indicates policy practice (*= moderate, ** = large and *** = very large)
  • 9. UNFCCC decision of CCS in CDMUNFCCC decision of CCS in CDM• By decision 10/CMP.7 (At Durban in 2011), the Conference of the Partiesserving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP) adoptedthe modalities and procedures for carbon dioxide capture and storage ingeological formations (CCS) as CDM project activities• In the same decision, the CMP requested the Subsidiary Body for Scientificand Technological Advice (SBSTA) to consider the following:• (a) CCS project activities which involve the transport of carbon dioxide(CO2) from one country to another or which involve geological storage sitesthat are located in more than one country;• (b) A global reserve of certified emission reductions (CERs) for CCS projectactivities, in addition to the 5 per cent reserve referred to in decision10/CMP.7, annex, paragraph 21
  • 10. UNFCC- COP18/CMP8 decision on CCS underUNFCC- COP18/CMP8 decision on CCS underCDMCDM• 40. Decides that the eligibility under the clean development mechanism of carbondioxide capture and storage in geological formations project activities which involvethe transport of carbon dioxide from one country to another or which involvegeological storage sites that are in more than one country and the establishment of aglobal reserve of certified emission reduction units for carbon dioxide capture andstorage in geological formations project activities shall be considered by SubsidiaryBody for Scientific and Technological Advice at its forty-fifth session• 41. Also decides that while carbon dioxide capture and storage in geologicalformations project activities which involve the transport of carbon dioxide from onecountry to another or which involve geological storage sites that are in more thanone country would merit inclusion under the clean development mechanism,more practical experience of carbon dioxide capture and storage projectactivities in geological formations under the clean development mechanismwould be beneficial;
  • 11. Key Messages / DevelopmentsKey Messages / Developments• Only modest CCS-specific policy developments have occurred in the past 12 months,however there has been a rebalancing of climate policy settings for carbon pricingmore generally.• The level of funding for CCS demonstration projects is increasingly vulnerable andlevel of funding support still available will service fewer projects.• The current mix of policy settings and prevailing regulatory environments aresomewhat supportive of positive investment decisions in CCS demonstrationprojects, but policy settings over the medium to longer term are seen to belargely inadequate to ensure future project viability.• Source: The global status of CCS /2012 report
  • 12. ConclusionConclusionPolicy, legal, and regulatory developments are keyfactors determining whether CCS will progress as animportant GHG mitigation technique. There is a widerange of policy, legislation, and regulation that isrelevant to CCS, from international climate changeagreements, through national climate and energypolicy, to project-specific legislation and regulation.
  • 13. Part 2: CCS research in QatarQatar Carbonates and Carbon Storage Research Centre
  • 14. • research partnership between QP, Shell, QSTP and Imperial College London• focus on carbon storage/sequestration not capture techniques• expand fundamental research• providing improved tools for carbon sequestration• build local capacity (currently 5 Qatari PhD students)• transferring knowledge and technology: QP, Shell and QSTPOverviewOverview
  • 15. ObjectivesObjectivesTargeted research over 10 years and $70 millionAim: Improve Oil Recovery and Carbon Storage in Carbonate ReservoirsThe Strategy:- Characterise & understand the Qatari reservoirs in depth- Develop state-of-the art reservoir flow simulators- Use to design optimum CO2 storage and oil & gas recovery processes- Validate with ‘Field-scale Laboratory’
  • 16. Capacity buildingCapacity building• Qatari nationals conducting PhD studies at ICL• QCCSRC establishing a presence in Qatar• Move of lab equipment to QSTP; start 2013 with move of HPHT interfacial tension rig,expanding in years after
  • 17. QCCSRC Lab Grand Opening - 13 SeptemberQCCSRC Lab Grand Opening - 13 September1717
  • 18. An elevator style experience taking visitors on a filmic CCS journey600,000 metres into space and 2,200 metres underground to demonstrate howenergy powers our lives and how CO2 could be safely stored undergroundQatar Carbonates and Carbon Storage Research Centre at COP18
  • 19. Fundamental Carbonate Reservoir & Seal (Project 1)• Reconstruct the evolution of rock formations of Qatari reservoirs using outcropanalogues in Oman.• Identify predictive geological rules and properties of fractured carbonate reservoirsand the in situ fluids.• Emphasising fieldwork and state-of-the-art equipment.Research resultsResearch results
  • 20. Reservoir pore/fracture scale physics and chemistry (Project 2)• Expand understanding of rock-fluid property interactions at reservoir conditionsinvolving CO2 / brine / hydrocarbons.• Link pore-core scale laboratory experiments with modelling.• Emphasis on state-of-the-art experimental measurements to validate models (highpressure/high temperature rigs and core flooding rigs with in-situ monitoring).Research resultsResearch results
  • 21. Research resultsResearch resultsIntegrated simulator for carbonate reservoirs (Project 3)• Integrated Methodology and Simulator tools.• Apply new tools for modeling of plume behaviour of injected CO2, fracturedreservoirs, and geochemical modelling.• Incorporate results from Projects 1 and 2 into an integrated reservoir simulatorcustomised to Qatari reservoirs.• Use the simulator/simulation technology to design and optimize new improvedrecovery strategies and CO2 sequestration operations.
  • 22. THANK YOU FORTHANK YOU FORYOUR KIND ATTENTIONYOUR KIND ATTENTION2323
  • 23. 2424Mr. Saif S . Al- NaimiMr. Saif S . Al- NaimiDirector HSE Regulations & Enforcement, Qatar PetroleumDirector HSE Regulations & Enforcement, Qatar PetroleumTel: +974 40132555Tel: +974 40132555E-Mail : sss_alnaimi@qp.com.qaE-Mail : sss_alnaimi@qp.com.qa&&Dr. Nasser Al-MohannadiDr. Nasser Al-MohannadiManager QP Research & Technology Centre, Qatar PetroleumManager QP Research & Technology Centre, Qatar PetroleumTel: +974 40135677Tel: +974 40135677E-Mail: ns_almohannadi@qp.com.qaE-Mail: ns_almohannadi@qp.com.qaContact Details