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Natural Resources Canada – Carbon Capture & Storage in Canada – Claude Gauvin, Director of Energy Technology Policy Officer – Global CCS Institute Regional Meeting Washington DC – January 2012

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    Natural Resources Canada – Carbon Capture & Storage in Canada – Claude Gauvin, Director of Energy Technology Policy Officer – Global CCS Institute Regional Meeting Washington DC – January 2012 Natural Resources Canada – Carbon Capture & Storage in Canada – Claude Gauvin, Director of Energy Technology Policy Officer – Global CCS Institute Regional Meeting Washington DC – January 2012 Presentation Transcript

    • “Carbon capture and sequestration technology holds enormous potential to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions as we useour own energy resources to power our economy.” Prime Minister Stephen Harper February 19, 2009 Carbon Capture & Storage in Canada Claude Gauvin, Director of Energy Technology Policy Office of Energy Research and Development, Natural Resources Canada January 19, 2012
    • Overview• CCS is critical for reconciling an economically important energy sector with climate change objectives• Canada is taking action to address challenges and advance CCS• Significant investments in demonstration projects are proceeding• Domestic and international engagement
    • Energy – Important to Canada’s economic prosperity• Energy means more to Canada than any other industrialized Energy as a Percentage of Canadian Total (2009) country 25% 23.4% • only OECD country with 20.6% sustained oil production growth 20% • Stable and secure energy 15% supplier • Major consumer 10%• $84B in exports in 2009, 6.7% primarily oil and gas 5% 1.8% • 23.4% of total exports 0%• In 2009, energy represented Investment Exports GDP Employment 6.7% of GDP, with direct employment of about 263,000 people
    • Canada’s Approach to CCS• Recognizes the potential for CCS to enable continued production and use of fossil fuels in a way that: • Protects the environment by reducing GHG emissions; • Enhances energy security by enabling continued development of Canada’s vast resources; • Enables Canada to benefit from its natural advantage in CCS by promoting innovation in Canada’s clean energy technology sector.• Targets investments and actions to facilitate the adoption of CCS in the medium to long term• Builds on several years of domestic and international work: • Canada’s Clean Coal and CO2 Capture and Storage Technology Roadmaps; • Canada-Alberta ecoENERGY CCS Task Force (2008); • G8 Gleneagles (2005) and Toyako-Hokkaido (2008) Summits; • U.S.-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue (2009).
    • Opportunities for CCS in Canada 2009 Facility GHG Emissions (Mt CO2 Eq)Canadian Arctic Amounts of 2 Mt or less are not shown Island Basin Beaufort- Mackenzie Basin Baffin BasinIntramontane Basins Labrador Western Basins Canadian Sedimentary Hudson Bay NL Basin Basins Gulf of 4 BC 13 AB St. Lawrence 117 Basins QC SK 20 22 ON 49 Atlantic St. Lawrence NB Basins River Basins 10 NS 11 Southwestern Ontario –5– Basins
    • Canada has Experience in CO2 Injection & Storage Enhanced Oil Recovery using CO2 Acid gas operations Deep Saline Formation Storage projects Gas pipeline infrastructure CO2 pipeline infrastructure
    • Role of CCS in GHG Emissions Reduction Strategy 260 Mt Canada’s commitment: 17% reduction by 2020 Source: NRTEE ‘Achieving 2050: A Carbon Pricing Policy for Canada’, 2009CCS market penetration will require incentives to reduce CO2 emissions
    • CCS Challenges• Economic gap – between costs and incentives• Technical risks – new technologies• Regulatory frameworks not yet fully in place• Public acceptance• Time pressures: technology lock-in
    • EOR can assist the economics CCS – Chemicals / CO2-EOR Fertilizers / Upgraders (CFU) CCS – Coal Power CCS – In-Situ Generation Oil Sands CO2- Vehicle EOR Efficiency CO2- Wind EOR Power Nuclear
    • Canada is Taking Action to Advance CCS• Research and development• Demonstration projects• Domestic and international engagement• Legal and regulatory frameworks• Public outreach
    • Canada’s Investments in Demonstration Projects $3 billion in public funding, $7 billion total investment Shell - QuestSpectra - Fort Nelson Project: Oil sandsProject: Natural gas processing Capacity: 1.2 Mt/yrCapacity: 1-2 Mt/yr Public $: $120M fed + $745M provPublic $: $7.4M fed + $3.4M prov TransAlta - Pioneer Project: Coal-fired electricity Capacity: 1 Mt/yr Public $: $342.8M fed + 436M prov Enhance - Alberta Carbon Trunk Line Project: Oil sands & pipelines Capacity: 14 Mt/yr Public $: $63.2M fed + $495M prov Weyburn-Midale CCS Project Project: Gasification, MMV Capacity: 2.8 Mt/yrSwan Hills Public $: $15.2M fed + $3.8M SK +Project: In-situ coal gasification $1.05M ABCapacity: 1.3 Mt/yr SaskPower - Boundary DamPublic $: $285M prov (no fed $) Project: Coal-fired electricity Capacity: 1 Mt/yr Public $: $240M fed
    • Summary• The energy sector is a critical component of the Canadian economy• Fossil fuels will remain important for the next few decades .• CCS is one component of Canada’s approach to reducing GHG emissions.• Canada supports R&D, demonstration, regulatory development and public engagement in CCS• Canada is engaged domestically and internationally
    • Carbon Capture & Storagein CanadaThank You